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Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 88. -  Principals in public and private elementary and secondary schools, by selected characteristics: 1993-94
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                       |        |       Percent of principals, by       |Average years of    |Average annual salary of principals,
                       |        |        highest degree earned\2\       |  experience        |   by length of school year\3\
       Selected        |Total\1\|_______________________________________|____________________|
    characteristics    |        |Bache-|Master's|Education |  Doctor's  |  As a   |  Prior   |____________________________________
                       |        |lor's |        |specialist| and first- |principal| teaching |        |10 months|   11   |   12
                       |        |      |        |          |professional|         |experience| Total  | or less | months | months
_______________________|________|______|________|__________|____________|_________|__________|________|_________|________|________
           1           |   2    |  3   |   4    |    5     |     6      |    7    |    8     |   9    |   10    |   11   |   12
_______________________|________|______|________|__________|____________|_________|__________|________|_________|________|________
                       |                                                   Public schools
                       |__________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Total .................| 79,618 |  1.4 |   63.4 |     25.8 |        9.3 |     8.7 |     11.0 |$54,858 | $50,103 |$53,117 |$58,399
                       |________|______|________|__________|____________|_________|__________|________|_________|________|________
  Men .................| 52,114 |  1.1 |   65.1 |     24.7 |        9.1 |    10.3 |     10.0 | 54,922 |  49,545 | 52,946 | 58,492
  Women .............. | 27,505 |  2.0 |   60.2 |     27.9 |        9.8 |     5.6 |     13.0 | 54,736 |  50,908 | 53,439 | 58,195
                       |        |      |        |          |            |         |          |        |         |        |
Race/ethnicity         |        |      |        |          |            |         |          |        |         |        |
  White, non-Hispanic .| 67,081 |  1.5 |   62.8 |     26.5 |        9.2 |     9.0 |     10.8 | 54,466 |  48,797 | 52,893 | 58,311
  Black, non-Hispanic .|  8,018 |  0.0 |   64.3 |     23.7 |       11.9 |     7.1 |     12.7 | 57,669 |  58,346 | 54,061 | 58,836
  Hispanic ............|  3,269 |  2.7 |   74.5 |     17.3 |        5.5 |     6.3 |     11.3 | 55,862 |  50,035 | 54,898 | 59,597
  Asian or Pacific     |        |      |        |          |            |         |          |        |         |        |
    Islander ..........|    620 |  6.7 |   50.9 |     25.4 |       17.0 |     5.6 |     11.7 | 59,447 |  56,916 |  (\4\) |  (\4\)
  American Indian or   |        |      |        |          |            |         |          |        |         |        |
    Alaskan Native ....|    631 |  1.1 |   65.8 |     24.8 |        8.2 |     8.2 |      9.9 | 51,117 |  46,401 | 49,121 | 55,337
                       |        |      |        |          |            |         |          |        |         |        |
Age                    |        |      |        |          |            |         |          |        |         |        |
  Under 40 ............|  5,936 |  4.5 |   71.2 |     18.9 |        5.3 |     2.8 |      7.8 | 46,542 |  41,817 | 46,877 | 49,779
  40 to 44 ............| 14,571 |  1.6 |   65.4 |     26.2 |        6.7 |     5.0 |     10.3 | 52,038 |  48,033 | 49,581 | 55,443
  45 to 49 ............| 25,427 |  0.9 |   59.8 |     30.0 |        9.3 |     7.1 |     11.4 | 55,423 |  50,663 | 53,705 | 58,872
  50 to 54 ............| 18,868 |  1.0 |   63.9 |     24.9 |       10.3 |    10.3 |     11.8 | 56,559 |  52,464 | 54,279 | 59,643
  55 or over ..........| 14,817 |  1.4 |   63.8 |     22.4 |       12.4 |    15.1 |     11.6 | 57,826 |  52,414 | 56,355 | 62,148
                       |        |      |        |          |            |         |          |        |         |        |
Type of school         |        |      |        |          |            |         |          |        |         |        |
  Elementary ..........| 53,684 |  1.5 |   64.1 |     25.7 |        8.6 |     8.9 |     11.2 | 54,161 |  50,306 | 52,930 | 57,620
  Secondary ...........| 18,262 |  1.2 |   63.1 |     25.4 |       10.3 |     8.0 |     10.6 | 56,601 |  47,100 | 53,982 | 60,204
  Combined ............|  2,747 |  2.6 |   60.2 |     27.8 |        9.4 |     7.5 |     10.9 | 52,825 |  50,729 | 51,879 | 54,040
                       |========|======|========|==========|============|=========|==========|========|=========|========|========
                       |                                                   Private schools
                       |__________________________________________________________________________________________________________
Total .................| 25,015 | 25.9 |   51.6 |      8.2 |        5.9 |     8.8 |      9.4 |$32,075 | $21,994 |$32,215 |$35,295
                       |________|______|________|__________|____________|_________|__________|________|_________|________|________
  Men .................| 11,606 | 23.1 |   49.6 |      6.8 |        9.2 |     9.0 |      7.6 | 35,597 |  21,144 | 41,663 | 38,350
  Women .............. | 13,410 | 28.3 |   53.3 |      9.4 |        3.0 |     8.6 |     11.1 | 29,185 |  22,537 | 27,818 | 32,231
                       |        |      |        |          |            |         |          |        |         |        |
Race/ethnicity         |        |      |        |          |            |         |          |        |         |        |
  White, non-Hispanic .| 23,133 | 25.6 |   52.1 |      8.1 |        5.8 |     8.7 |      9.5 | 31,969 |  21,289 | 32,071 | 35,283
  Black, non-Hispanic .|  1,060 | 26.5 |   43.6 |     11.0 |        4.6 |     8.3 |      7.4 | 34,383 |   (\4\) |  (\4\) | 35,801
  Hispanic ............|    524 | 34.5 |   44.0 |      9.2 |       12.1 |    10.1 |     12.1 | 31,350 |   (\4\) |  (\4\) |  (\4\)
                       |        |      |        |          |            |         |          |        |         |        |
Age                    |        |      |        |          |            |         |          |        |         |        |
  Under 40 ............|  4,794 | 38.1 |   36.6 |      8.2 |        1.4 |     3.5 |      5.0 | 26,308 |  17,903 | 33,527 | 29,420
  40 to 44 ............|  4,403 | 35.9 |   45.5 |      8.5 |        5.3 |     5.3 |      7.9 | 30,486 |  20,004 | 30,127 | 33,044
  45 to 49 ............|  5,144 | 22.2 |   59.0 |      8.1 |        5.5 |     8.3 |      9.9 | 34,641 |  23,945 | 31,812 | 38,932
  50 to 54 ............|  4,120 | 15.1 |   59.1 |      7.7 |       11.0 |     9.6 |     11.1 | 37,727 |  27,338 | 35,421 | 40,097
  55 or over ..........|  6,553 | 20.0 |   56.0 |      8.3 |        6.8 |    14.8 |     12.4 | 31,781 |  23,679 | 31,308 | 35,144
                       |        |      |        |          |            |         |          |        |         |        |
Type of school         |        |      |        |          |            |         |          |        |         |        |
  Elementary ..........| 13,354 | 26.1 |   54.2 |      8.0 |        4.7 |     9.4 |     10.4 | 28,779 |  23,427 | 30,050 | 30,687
  Secondary ...........|  2,304 |  6.0 |   67.4 |     14.0 |       12.4 |     7.8 |     10.5 | 43,683 |   (\4\) | 40,018 | 45,195
  Combined ............|  6,772 | 29.4 |   44.2 |      6.6 |        5.5 |     8.0 |      7.5 | 33,634 |  17,957 | 39,884 | 37,490
_______________________|________|______|________|__________|____________|_________|__________|________|_________|________|________

\1\Total differs from data appearing in other tables because of varying survey processing procedures and time period coverages.
\2\Percentages for those with less than a bachelor's degree are not shown.
\3\Excludes principals reporting a salary of $0. About 7.4 percent of private school principals had $0 salary. If these principals are included in the average annual salary calculations, the average for all private school principals is $29,714.
\4\Too few cases for reliable estimate.

NOTE.--Details may not add to 100.0 percent because of rounding and survey item nonresponse.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, "Schools and Staffing Survey, 1993-94." (This table was prepared November 1996.)


1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest