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Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 87. -  Staff, enrollment, and pupil/staff ratios in public elementary and secondary schools, by Fall 1990 to fall 1996
___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                     |     Pupil/staff ratio             |           Fall 1994                 |           Fall 1995                 |           Fall 1996
                     |___________________________________|_____________________________________|_____________________________________|_____________________________________
                     |        |        |        |        |             |              |        |             |              |        |             |              |
 State or other area |  Fall  |  Fall  |  Fall  |  Fall  |             |              | Pupil/ |             |              | Pupil/ |             |              | Pupil/
                     |  1990  |  1991  |  1992  |  1993  |     Staff   |   Enrollment | staff  |     Staff   |   Enrollment | staff  |     Staff   |   Enrollment | staff
                     |        |        |        |        |             |              | ratio  |             |              | ratio  |             |              | ratio
_____________________|________|________|________|________|_____________|______________|________|_____________|______________|________|_____________|______________|________
          1          |     2  |     3  |     4  |   5    |       6     |        7     |   8    |       9     |       10     |    11  |       12    |       13     |    14
_____________________|________|________|________|________|_____________|______________|________|_____________|______________|________|_____________|______________|________
   United States\1\ .|    9.2 |    9.2 |    9.1 |    9.0 |   4,904,757 |   44,111,482 |    9.0 |   4,994,358 |   44,840,481 |    9.0 |   5,117,616 |   45,592,213 |    8.9
                     |________|________|________|________|_____________|______________|________|_____________|______________|________|_____________|______________|________
Alabama .............|    9.7 |    8.8 |\2\ 9.3 |\2\ 9.1 |\2\   81,544 |      736,531 |\2\ 9.0 |      83,256 |      746,149 |\2\ 9.0 |\2\   84,914 |      748,156 |\2\ 8.8
Alaska ..............|    8.5 |    8.5 |    8.3 |    8.0 |\2\   15,150 |      127,057 |\2\ 8.4 |\2\   15,022 |      127,618 |\2\ 8.5 |\2\   14,791 |      129,919 |\2\ 8.8
Arizona .............|   10.1 |   10.0 |    9.4 |    9.5 |      74,540 |      737,424 |    9.9 |      75,931 |      743,566 |    9.8 |      79,429 |      799,250 |   10.1
Arkansas ............|    8.8 |    8.5 |    9.0 |    8.8 |      50,201 |      447,565 |    8.9 |      49,178 |      453,257 |    9.2 |\2\   51,004 |      457,349 |\2\ 9.0
California ..........|   11.8 |   11.9 |\2\12.3 |\2\12.4 |\2\  436,140 |    5,407,475 |\2\12.4 |\2\  444,014 |    5,536,406 |\2\12.5 |\2\  468,246 |    5,687,901 |\2\12.1
                     |        |        |        |        |             |              |        |             |              |        |             |              |
Colorado ............|    9.3 |    9.5 |    9.8 |    9.9 |      64,985 |      640,521 |    9.9 |      67,447 |      656,279 |    9.7 |      71,226 |      673,438 |    9.5
Connecticut .........|    7.6 |    8.0 |    7.7 |    8.0 |      64,742 |      506,824 |    7.8 |      66,133 |      517,935 |    7.8 |      68,861 |      527,129 |    7.7
Delaware ............|    9.2 |    9.3 |    9.2 |    9.1 |      11,759 |      106,813 |    9.1 |      11,869 |      108,461 |    9.1 |      12,203 |      110,549 |    9.1
District of Columbia |    7.9 |    7.2 |    7.7 |    7.6 |      10,507 |       80,450 |    7.7 |       9,410 |       79,802 |    8.5 |       9,318 |       78,648 |    8.4
Florida .............|    8.6 |    8.8 |    9.1 |    9.0 |     226,975 |    2,111,188 |    9.3 |     237,721 |    2,176,222 |    9.2 |     248,773 |    2,242,212 |    9.0
                     |        |        |        |        |             |              |        |             |              |        |             |              |
Georgia .............|    8.9 |    8.9 |\2\ 8.5 |\2\ 7.9 |\2\  161,390 |    1,270,948 |\2\ 7.9 |\2\  165,058 |    1,311,126 |\2\ 7.9 |\2\  148,294 |    1,346,761 |\2\ 9.1
Hawaii ..............|   11.3 |   11.2 |   10.0 |    9.9 |      16,567 |      183,795 |   11.1 |      16,841 |      187,180 |   11.1 |      16,867 |      187,653 |   11.1
Idaho ...............|   12.2 |   12.1 |   11.8 |   11.8 |      21,194 |      240,448 |   11.3 |      21,814 |      243,097 |   11.1 |      22,611 |      245,252 |   10.8
Illinois ............|    9.5 |    9.4 |    9.4 |    9.5 |     204,413 |    1,916,172 |    9.4 |     209,036 |    1,943,623 |    9.3 |\2\  221,285 |    1,973,040 |\2\ 8.9
Indiana..............|    8.8 |    8.8 |    8.6 |    8.5 |     115,441 |      969,022 |    8.4 |     116,363 |      977,263 |    8.4 |     119,800 |      983,415 |    8.2
                     |        |        |        |        |             |              |        |             |              |        |             |              |
Iowa ................|    8.3 |    8.1 |    8.2 |    8.3 |      60,469 |      500,440 |    8.3 |      62,075 |      502,343 |    8.1 |      63,003 |      502,941 |    8.0
Kansas ..............|    8.5 |    8.6 |    8.3 |    8.2 |      56,790 |      460,838 |    8.1 |      57,265 |      463,008 |    8.1 |      58,040 |      466,293 |    8.0
Kentucky ............|    8.6 |    8.4 |    8.3 |    8.1 |      81,720 |      657,642 |    8.0 |      84,425 |      659,821 |    7.8 |\2\   75,073 |      656,089 |\2\ 8.7
Louisiana ...........|    8.6 |\3\12.0 |    8.7 |    8.6 |      96,124 |      797,933 |    8.3 |      93,070 |      797,366 |    8.6 |      94,113 |      793,296 |    8.4
Maine ...............|    8.0 |    8.0 |    7.5 |    7.5 |      29,264 |      212,601 |    7.3 |      29,413 |      213,569 |    7.3 |      29,988 |      213,593 |    7.1
                     |        |        |        |        |             |              |        |             |              |        |             |              |
Maryland ............|    9.1 |    9.2 |    9.3 |    9.3 |      84,699 |      790,938 |    9.3 |      87,868 |      805,544 |    9.2 |      85,522 |      818,583 |    9.6
Massachusetts .......|    8.8 |    8.5 |    8.5 |    8.4 |     108,281 |      893,727 |    8.3 |     113,154 |      915,007 |    8.1 |     116,749 |      933,898 |    8.0
Michigan ............|    9.2 |    8.9 |    9.2 |    9.4 |     164,766 |    1,614,784 |    9.8 |     177,495 |    1,641,456 |    9.2 |     194,954 |    1,684,386 |    8.6
Minnesota ...........|    9.8 |    9.9 |   10.0 |   10.8 |      74,914 |      821,693 |   11.0 |      74,891 |      835,166 |   11.2 |      86,856 |      847,204 |    9.8
Mississippi .........|    8.6 |    8.5 |    8.8 |    8.5 |      60,708 |      505,962 |    8.3 |      60,855 |      506,272 |    8.3 |      61,125 |      503,967 |    8.2
                     |        |        |        |        |             |              |        |             |              |        |             |              |
Missouri.............|    7.9 |    8.4 |\2\ 7.9 |    7.7 |     116,974 |      878,541 |    7.5 |     120,621 |      889,881 |    7.4 |     112,406 |      900,042 |    8.0
Montana .............|\3\12.2 |\3\11.9 |\2\ 8.5 |\2\ 8.7 |\2\   18,452 |      164,341 |\2\ 8.9 |\2\   18,586 |      165,547 |\2\ 8.9 |\2\   18,862 |      164,627 |\2\ 8.7
Nebraska ............|    7.8 |    8.1 |\2\ 7.9 |\2\ 7.7 |      37,144 |      287,100 |    7.7 |      37,894 |      289,744 |    7.6 |      38,038 |      291,967 |    7.7
Nevada ..............|\3\17.3 |\3\16.1 |\2\10.4 |   10.5 |      23,098 |      250,747 |   10.9 |      23,742 |      265,041 |   11.2 |      25,463 |      282,131 |   11.1
New Hampshire .......|    8.4 |    8.6 |    8.5 |    8.5 |      22,336 |      189,319 |    8.5 |      23,143 |      194,171 |    8.4 |      23,963 |      198,308 |    8.3
                     |        |        |        |        |             |              |        |             |              |        |             |              |
New Jersey ..........|    7.4 |    7.5 |    7.5 |    7.2 |     161,586 |    1,174,206 |    7.3 |     163,069 |    1,197,381 |    7.3 |\4\  168,441 |\4\ 1,208,179 |\4\ 7.2
New Mexico ..........|    9.1 |    8.9 |    9.1 |    8.8 |      39,016 |      327,248 |    8.4 |      40,124 |      329,640 |    8.2 |      40,785 |      332,632 |    8.2
New York ............|    7.5 |    7.8 |    7.8 |    7.7 |     356,386 |    2,766,208 |    7.8 |     355,723 |    2,813,230 |    7.9 |     363,586 |    2,843,131 |    7.8
North Carolina ......|    8.7 |    8.7 |\2\ 8.6 |    8.5 |\2\  137,791 |    1,156,767 |\2\ 8.4 |\2\  140,204 |    1,183,090 |\2\ 8.4 |\2\  145,110 |    1,210,108 |\2\ 8.3
North Dakota ........|    8.5 |    8.7 |    8.6 |    8.6 |      13,919 |      119,288 |    8.6 |      13,804 |      119,100 |    8.6 |      14,552 |      120,123 |    8.3
                     |        |        |        |        |             |              |        |             |              |        |             |              |
Ohio ................|    9.3 |    9.2 |    8.9 |    9.0 |     200,141 |    1,814,290 |    9.1 |     194,579 |    1,836,015 |    9.4 |     196,969 |    1,844,389 |    9.4
Oklahoma ............|    8.4 |    8.4 |    8.3 |    8.3 |\2\   78,270 |      609,718 |\2\ 7.8 |\2\   83,802 |      616,393 |\2\ 7.4 |\2\   83,483 |      620,695 |\2\ 7.4
Oregon ..............|    9.6 |    9.9 |    9.9 |   10.3 |      50,377 |      521,945 |   10.4 |      51,458 |      527,914 |   10.3 |      52,259 |      537,854 |   10.3
Pennsylvania ........|    8.7 |    8.9 |    9.0 |    9.1 |     193,696 |    1,764,946 |    9.1 |     198,087 |    1,787,533 |    9.0 |     201,134 |    1,804,256 |    9.0
Rhode Island ........|    8.8 |    9.2 |    9.1 |    9.4 |      15,438 |      147,487 |    9.6 |      16,517 |      149,799 |    9.1 |      16,823 |      151,324 |    9.0
                     |        |        |        |        |             |              |        |             |              |        |             |              |
South Carolina ......|    9.4 |    9.4 |    9.5 |\2\ 9.0 |\2\   74,196 |      648,725 |\2\ 8.7 |\2\   74,859 |      645,586 |\2\ 8.6 |\2\   76,932 |      653,011 |\2\ 8.5
South Dakota ........|    8.5 |    8.9 |    8.6 |    8.3 |\2\   17,989 |      143,482 |\2\ 8.0 |\2\   18,126 |      144,685 |\2\ 8.0 |      18,108 |      143,331 |    7.9
Tennessee ...........|    9.5 |    9.9 |    9.9 |\2\ 9.4 |      96,281 |      881,425 |\2\ 9.2 |      98,948 |      893,770 |\2\ 9.0 |     101,434 |      905,089 |    8.9
Texas ...............|   10.2 |   10.3 |    8.4 |    8.3 |     450,462 |    3,677,171 |    8.2 |     462,661 |    3,748,167 |    8.1 |     477,896 |    3,828,975 |    8.0
Utah ................|   13.8 |   13.7 |   13.3 |   13.4 |      36,186 |      474,675 |   13.1 |      37,385 |      477,121 |   12.8 |      37,461 |      481,812 |   12.9
                     |        |        |        |        |             |              |        |             |              |        |             |              |
Vermont .............|    7.1 |    7.0 |    6.6 |\2\ 6.9 |      15,337 |      104,533 |    6.8 |      15,640 |      105,565 |    6.7 |      15,693 |      106,341 |    6.8
Virginia ............|    7.7 |\4\ 7.8 |    8.1 |    8.0 |\2\  133,485 |    1,060,809 |\2\ 7.9 |\2\  137,546 |    1,079,854 |\2\ 7.9 |\2\  139,174 |    1,096,093 |\2\ 7.9
Washington ..........|   11.1 |   11.1 |   11.0 |   10.4 |\2\   90,438 |      938,314 |\2\10.4 |\2\   91,322 |      956,572 |\2\10.5 |\2\   94,692 |      974,504 |\2\10.3
West Virginia........|    8.2 |    8.3 |    8.3 |    8.2 |      38,481 |      310,511 |    8.1 |      38,645 |      307,112 |    7.9 |      38,099 |      304,052 |    8.0
Wisconsin ...........|    9.4 |    9.2 |    9.0 |    9.5 |     100,996 |      860,581 |    8.5 |      95,105 |      870,175 |    9.1 |      99,871 |      879,259 |    8.8
Wyoming .............|    7.7 |    7.8 |    8.7 |    7.8 |      12,999 |      100,314 |    7.7 |      13,164 |       99,859 |    7.6 |      13,337 |       99,058 |    7.4
                     |========|========|========|========|=============|==============|========|=============|==============|========|=============|==============|========
   Outlying areas    |        |        |        |        |             |              |        |             |              |        |             |              |
American Samoa ......|    9.9 |   10.5 |   10.4 |   10.8 |       1,340 |       14,445 |   10.8 |       1,417 |       14,576 |   10.3 |       1,470 |       14,766 |   10.0
Guam ................|    9.0 |    9.6 |    8.6 |    8.1 |       4,730 |       32,185 |    6.8 |       3,728 |       32,960 |    8.8 |       3,263 |       33,393 |   10.2
Northern Marianas ...|    7.9 |    7.8 |    7.4 |    7.4 |       1,051 |        8,429 |    8.0 |       1,054 |        8,809 |    8.4 |       1,056 |        9,041 |    8.6
Puerto Rico .........|   10.4 |    9.5 |    9.4 |    9.3 |\3\   68,868 |      621,121 |\3\ 9.0 |      69,731 |      627,620 |    9.0 |      71,333 |      618,861 |    8.7
Virgin Islands ......|    6.6 |    6.8 |    6.8 |    6.8 |\3\    3,193 |       23,126 |\3\ 7.2 |       3,421 |       22,737 |    6.6 |       3,185 |       22,385 |    7.0
_____________________|________|________|________|________|_____________|______________|________|_____________|______________|________|_____________|______________|________

\1\U.S. totals include imputations for underreporting and nonreporting states.
\2\Includes imputations for underreporting.
\3\Support staff underreported.
\4\Estimated by the National Center for Education Statistics.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data survey; and unpublished estimates. (This table was prepared May 1998.)


1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest