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Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 34. -  Governmental expenditures, by level of government and function: 1970-71 to 1993-94
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                                      |                       All governments\1\              |            Federal government                         |    State and local governments\2\
       Expenditure, by function       |_______________________________________________________|_______________________________________________________|_______________________________________________________
                                      | 1970-71 | 1980-81 |  1990-91  |  1992-93  |  1993-94  | 1970-71 | 1980-81 |  1990-91  |  1992-93  |  1993-94  | 1970-71 | 1980-81 |  1990-91  |  1992-93  |  1993-94
______________________________________|_________|_________|___________|___________|___________|_________|_________|___________|___________|___________|_________|_________|___________|___________|___________
                  1                   |    2    |    3    |     4     |     5     |     6     |    7    |    8    |     9     |    10     |    11     |   12    |   13    |    14     |    15     |    16
______________________________________|_________|_________|___________|___________|___________|_________|_________|___________|___________|___________|_________|_________|___________|___________|___________
                                      |                                   In millions         |                                           |           |
                                      |_______________________________________________________|___________________________________________|___________|_______________________________________________________
General expenditures .................|$301,096 |$827,877 |$1,804,005 |$1,902,366 |$1,963,558 |$150,422 |$422,301 |$1,060,407 |$1,083,257 |$1,107,501 |$150,674 |$407,449 |  $908,108 |$1,027,488 |$1,077,665
                                      |_________|_________|___________|___________|___________|_________|_________|___________|___________|___________|_________|_________|___________|___________|___________
Selected federal programs             |         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |
  National defense and international  |         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |
    relations ........................|  80,910 | 174,564 |   366,112 |   344,008 |   333,380 |  80,910 | 174,564 |   366,112 |   344,008 |   333,380 |     --- |     --- |     ---   |       --- |       ---
  Postal service .....................|   8,683 |  20,466 |    43,102 |    44,528 |    46,110 |   8,683 |  20,466 |    43,102 |    44,528 |    46,110 |     --- |     --- |     ---   |       --- |       ---
  Space research and technology ......|   3,334 |   5,523 |    13,514 |    13,873 |    13,553 |   3,334 |   5,523 |    13,514 |    13,873 |    13,553 |     --- |     --- |     ---   |       --- |       ---
Education and libraries ..............|  64,042 | 158,012 |   334,333 |   373,411 |   381,991 |   4,629 |  12,408 |    46,025 |    55,365 |    50,502 |  60,174 | 147,649 |   313,744 |   347,236 |   358,241
Social services and income maintenance|         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |
  Public welfare .....................|  20,446 |  74,643 |   167,681 |   218,655 |   236,033 |   2,220 |  22,395 |   119,135 |   157,130 |   171,112 |  18,226 |  54,121 |   130,402 |   167,046 |   179,829
  Hospitals and health ...............|  14,835 |  47,378 |   102,817 |   118,969 |   125,596 |   3,630 |  11,277 |    28,207 |    32,654 |    34,424 |  11,205 |  36,101 |    81,110 |    94,651 |   100,429
  Social insurance administration ....|   2,031 |   5,075 |     8,193 |     5,920 |     6,506 |   1,086 |   2,799 |     4,943 |     5,642 |     5,790 |     945 |   2,276 |     3,250 |     3,945 |     4,071
Transportation .......................|  23,722 |  46,578 |    84,048 |    90,386 |    95,224 |   4,062 |   7,724 |    23,250 |    26,646 |    29,220 |  19,819 |  39,231 |    75,410 |    80,600 |    85,203
Public safety                         |         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |
  Police protection ..................|   5,706 |  16,851 |    38,942 |    42,778 |    45,231 |     478 |   1,904 |     6,170 |     7,356 |     7,328 |   5,228 |  14,947 |    32,772 |    36,146 |    38,645
  Correction .........................|   1,979 |   7,806 |    29,297 |    31,768 |    34,603 |      94 |     413 |     1,941 |     2,422 |     2,587 |   1,885 |   7,393 |    27,356 |    29,614 |    32,270
Environment and housing               |         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |
  Natural resources ..................|  13,740 |  43,599 |    56,949 |    64,446 |    66,778 |  10,658 |  38,896 |    48,415 |    53,859 |    55,568 |   3,082 |   6,175 |    12,575 |    13,168 |    13,987
  Housing and community development ..|   4,467 |  13,894 |    33,346 |    31,121 |    35,716 |   1,913 |   6,808 |    30,199 |    31,321 |    36,916 |   2,554 |   7,086 |    16,648 |    18,539 |    19,899
Governmental administration           |         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |
  Financial administration ...........|   3,612 |  10,944 |    27,204 |    30,841 |    32,324 |   1,341 |   3,714 |    10,209 |    11,647 |    11,788 |   2,271 |   7,230 |    16,995 |    19,309 |    20,577
  General control\3\ .................|   3,567 |  11,514 |    36,977 |    39,450 |    41,609 |     540 |   1,973 |     5,511 |     6,357 |     6,470 |   4,432 |  12,771 |    31,466 |    33,093 |    35,139
Interest on general debt .............|  21,688 |  97,641 |   247,376 |   253,878 |   257,623 |  16,599 |  80,510 |   195,142 |   198,795 |   202,663 |   5,089 |  17,131 |    52,234 |    55,083 |    54,960
Other and unallocable ................|  28,334 |  93,389 |   214,115 |   198,332 |   211,280 |  10,245 |  30,927 |   118,532 |    91,654 |   100,090 |  15,764 |  55,338 |   114,147 |   129,057 |   134,414
                                      |===============================================================================================================*========= =================================|===========
                                      |                                                      Percentage distribution
                                      |_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
General expenditures .................|   100.0 |   100.0 |     100.0 |     100.0 |     100.0 |   100.0 |   100.0 |     100.0 |     100.0 |     100.0 |   100.0 |   100.0 |     100.0 |     100.0 |     100.0
                                      |_________|_________|___________|___________|___________|_________|_________|___________|___________|___________|_________|_________|___________|___________|___________
Selected federal programs             |         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |
  National defense and international  |         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |
    relations ........................|    26.9 |    21.1 |      20.3 |      18.1 |      17.0 |    53.8 |    41.3 |      34.5 |      31.8 |      30.1 |     --- |     --- |     ---   |       --- |       ---
  Postal service .....................|     2.9 |     2.5 |       2.4 |       2.3 |       2.3 |     5.8 |     4.8 |       4.1 |       4.1 |       4.2 |     --- |     --- |     ---   |       --- |       ---
  Space research and technology ......|     1.1 |     0.7 |       0.7 |       0.7 |       0.7 |     2.2 |     1.3 |       1.3 |       1.3 |       1.2 |     --- |     --- |     ---   |       --- |       ---
Education and libraries ..............|    21.3 |    19.1 |      18.5 |      19.6 |      19.5 |     3.1 |     2.9 |       4.3 |       5.1 |       4.6 |    39.9 |    36.2 |      34.5 |      33.8 |      33.2
Social services and income maintenance|         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |
  Public welfare .....................|     6.8 |     9.0 |       9.3 |      11.5 |      12.0 |     1.5 |     5.3 |      11.2 |      14.5 |      15.5 |    12.1 |    13.3 |      14.4 |      16.3 |      16.7
  Hospitals and health ...............|     4.9 |     5.7 |       5.7 |       6.3 |       6.4 |     2.4 |     2.7 |       2.7 |       3.0 |       3.1 |     7.4 |     8.9 |       8.9 |       9.2 |       9.3
  Social insurance administration ....|     0.7 |     0.6 |       0.5 |       0.3 |       0.3 |     0.7 |     0.7 |       0.5 |       0.5 |       0.5 |     0.6 |     0.6 |       0.4 |       0.4 |       0.4
Transportation .......................|     7.9 |     5.6 |       4.7 |       4.8 |       4.8 |     2.7 |     1.8 |       2.2 |       2.5 |       2.6 |    13.2 |     9.6 |       8.3 |       7.8 |       7.9
Public safety                         |         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |
  Police protection ..................|     1.9 |     2.0 |       2.2 |       2.2 |       2.3 |     0.3 |     0.5 |       0.6 |       0.7 |       0.7 |     3.5 |     3.7 |       3.6 |       3.5 |       3.6
  Correction .........................|     0.7 |     0.9 |       1.6 |       1.7 |       1.8 |     0.1 |     0.1 |       0.2 |       0.2 |       0.2 |     1.3 |     1.8 |       3.0 |       2.9 |       3.0
Environment and housing               |         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |
  Natural resources ..................|     4.6 |     5.3 |       3.2 |       3.4 |       3.4 |     7.1 |     9.2 |       4.6 |       5.0 |       5.0 |     2.0 |     1.5 |       1.4 |       1.3 |       1.3
  Housing and community development ..|     1.5 |     1.7 |       1.8 |       1.6 |       1.8 |     1.3 |     1.6 |       2.8 |       2.9 |       3.3 |     1.7 |     1.7 |       1.8 |       1.8 |       1.8
Governmental administration           |         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |           |         |         |           |           |
  Financial administration ...........|     1.2 |     1.3 |       1.5 |       1.6 |       1.6 |     0.9 |     0.9 |       1.0 |       1.1 |       1.1 |     1.5 |     1.8 |       1.9 |       1.9 |       1.9
  General control\3\ .................|     1.2 |     1.4 |       2.0 |       2.1 |       2.1 |     0.4 |     0.5 |       0.5 |       0.6 |       0.6 |     2.9 |     3.1 |       3.5 |       3.2 |       3.3
Interest on general debt .............|     7.2 |    11.8 |      13.7 |      13.3 |      13.1 |    11.0 |    19.1 |      18.4 |      18.4 |      18.3 |     3.4 |     4.2 |       5.8 |       5.4 |       5.1
Other and unallocable ................|     9.4 |    11.3 |      11.9 |      10.4 |      10.8 |     6.8 |     7.3 |      11.2 |       8.5 |       9.0 |    10.5 |    13.6 |      12.6 |      12.6 |      12.5
______________________________________|_________|_________|___________|___________|___________|_________|_________|___________|___________|___________|_________|_________|___________|___________|___________

\1\Excludes duplicative intergovernmental transactions.
\2\General expenditures include monies paid by states to the federal government, which are excluded from direct general expenditures.
\3\Includes judicial and legal expenditures and expenditures on general and public buildings and other governmental administration.
---Data not applicable.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, unpublished data. (This table was prepared October 1998.)


1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest