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Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 25. -  Percent of elementary and secondary school children whose parents are involved in school activities and distribution of children by average grades, by selected child, parent, and school characteristics: 1996
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                                |    Percent of children whose      |Distribution of children, by paren- |Distribution of children, by
        Characteristics         |parents\1\ report that they ...    |tal reports of number of times spent|parental reports of average
   of children, parents, and    |___________________________________| helping with homework per week\2\  | grades in all subjects\2,3\
            schools             |Attended| Attended |Attended|Volun-|____________________________________|____________________________
                                |   a    | parent-  |a class |teered|  Less  | 1 or 2 | 3 or 4  |  5 or  |Mostly|Mostly |Mostly|Mostly
                                |general | teacher  | event  |  at  |  than  | times  |  times  |  more  | A's  |  B's  | C's  |D's or
                                | school |conference|        |school|once per|  per   |   per   | times  |      |       |      | F's
                                |meeting |          |        |      |  week  |  week  |  week   |per week|      |       |      |
________________________________|________|__________|________|______|________|________|_________|________|______|_______|______|______
               1                |   2    |    3     |   4    |  5   |   6    |   7    |    8    |   9    |  10  |  11   |  12  |  13
________________________________|________|__________|________|______|________|________|_________|________|______|_______|______|______
Total ..........................|   76.4 |     70.6 |   66.1 | 39.6 |   26.7 |   35.1 |    25.8 |   12.3 | 39.5 |  37.7 | 18.5 |  4.2
                                |________|__________|________|______|________|________|_________|________|______|_______|______|______
Sex of child                    |        |          |        |      |        |        |         |        |      |       |      |
  Male .........................|   75.6 |     71.9 |   64.5 | 38.7 |   27.4 |   33.5 |    26.2 |   12.9 | 32.5 |  38.3 | 23.5 |  5.7
  Female .......................|   77.3 |     69.3 |   67.8 | 40.6 |   25.9 |   36.9 |    25.4 |   11.8 | 46.9 |  37.2 | 13.2 |  2.7
                                |        |          |        |      |        |        |         |        |      |       |      |
Race/ethnicity of child         |        |          |        |      |        |        |         |        |      |       |      |
  White, non-Hispanic ..........|   78.5 |     71.2 |   70.9 | 44.5 |   28.2 |   37.0 |    24.8 |   10.1 | 43.7 |  36.1 | 16.5 |  3.7
  Black, non-Hispanic ..........|   71.9 |     68.0 |   56.0 | 29.5 |   21.9 |   30.0 |    28.6 |   19.5 | 27.0 |  41.0 | 26.2 |  5.8
  Hispanic .....................|   72.7 |     70.7 |   54.8 | 27.7 |   25.4 |   31.1 |    27.9 |   15.6 | 31.9 |  43.6 | 19.6 |  4.9
  Other non-Hispanic ...........|   72.6 |     71.4 |   63.4 | 36.2 |   24.3 |   37.5 |    26.1 |   12.0 | 44.7 |  33.7 | 17.1 |  4.5
                                |        |          |        |      |        |        |         |        |      |       |      |
Highest education level         |        |          |        |      |        |        |         |        |      |       |      |
  of parents                    |        |          |        |      |        |        |         |        |      |       |      |
  Less than high school ........|   57.6 |     62.5 |   42.4 | 18.3 |   28.7 |   30.0 |    24.5 |   16.7 | 29.0 |  39.0 | 23.9 |  8.1
  High school graduate .........|   71.1 |     68.2 |   59.5 | 31.1 |   26.4 |   34.2 |    25.7 |   13.6 | 30.5 |  40.5 | 23.1 |  5.9
  Some postsecondary ...........|   77.4 |     71.1 |   68.4 | 40.2 |   26.4 |   35.8 |    26.1 |   11.6 | 36.9 |  40.1 | 19.1 |  3.9
  College graduate .............|   86.1 |     75.1 |   75.5 | 52.2 |   25.4 |   38.8 |    25.3 |   10.5 | 52.5 |  32.9 | 12.7 |  1.9
  Graduate/professional ........|   87.6 |     75.1 |   81.0 | 56.8 |   27.9 |   35.1 |    26.8 |   10.2 | 58.2 |  30.9 |  9.8 |  1.1
                                |        |          |        |      |        |        |         |        |      |       |      |
Family Income                   |        |          |        |      |        |        |         |        |      |       |      |
  Less than $5,000 .............|   67.0 |     68.3 |   49.8 | 27.0 |   23.7 |   28.3 |    27.7 |   20.4 | 28.9 |  38.8 | 23.3 |  8.9
  $5,001 to $10,000 ............|   63.8 |     67.4 |   49.6 | 24.4 |   26.7 |   32.1 |    27.6 |   13.7 | 26.6 |  41.9 | 24.6 |  6.9
  $10,001 to 15,000 ............|   67.4 |     66.9 |   60.3 | 29.9 |   26.8 |   36.0 |    22.7 |   14.6 | 28.0 |  39.8 | 26.0 |  6.2
  $15,001 to 20,000 ............|   69.1 |     67.4 |   55.8 | 26.8 |   27.7 |   33.3 |    23.4 |   15.6 | 32.7 |  38.4 | 21.6 |  7.3
  $20,001 to 25,000 ............|   69.0 |     68.7 |   58.5 | 29.2 |   25.9 |   34.9 |    26.5 |   12.7 | 34.4 |  40.8 | 20.6 |  4.2
  $25,001 to 30,000 ............|   72.0 |     69.2 |   61.7 | 33.0 |   28.1 |   34.8 |    27.3 |    9.8 | 33.0 |  42.0 | 19.8 |  5.2
  $30,001 to 35,000 ............|   79.0 |     69.1 |   68.8 | 41.6 |   27.9 |   35.6 |    24.8 |   11.6 | 40.0 |  38.0 | 18.1 |  3.9
  $35,001 to 40,000 ............|   78.9 |     72.8 |   69.6 | 41.7 |   24.9 |   37.3 |    27.0 |   10.7 | 40.4 |  37.3 | 19.4 |  2.8
  $40,001 to 50,000 ............|   80.7 |     73.9 |   72.8 | 45.3 |   27.1 |   35.3 |    25.3 |   12.4 | 43.2 |  36.0 | 16.8 |  4.0
  $50,001 to 75,000 ............|   83.9 |     72.2 |   75.0 | 49.1 |   25.9 |   37.0 |    26.3 |   10.8 | 50.2 |  32.7 | 14.9 |  2.2
  Over $75,000 .................|   88.2 |     73.8 |   79.1 | 57.3 |   28.3 |   36.6 |    25.1 |    9.9 | 51.0 |  36.8 | 10.9 |  1.3
                                |        |          |        |      |        |        |         |        |      |       |      |
Child attending public          |        |          |        |      |        |        |         |        |      |       |      |
 schools \4\....................|   75.3 |     70.6 |   64.8 | 35.4 |   26.6 |   35.9 |    25.4 |   12.1 | 38.2 |  37.9 | 19.3 |  4.6
  Elementary (kindergarten      |        |          |        |      |        |        |         |        |      |       |      |
    to grade 8) \4\ ............|   80.2 |     79.8 |   67.8 | 39.4 |   15.5 |   35.1 |    33.2 |   16.2 | 43.2 |  36.6 | 16.3 |  3.9
  Secondary (grades 9 to 12) \4\|   63.2 |     47.7 |   57.5 | 25.5 |   52.0 |   37.7 |     7.7 |    2.5 | 29.6 |  40.2 | 24.5 |  5.7
                                |        |          |        |      |        |        |         |        |      |       |      |
Child attending private         |        |          |        |      |        |        |         |        |      |       |      |
 schools \4\....................|   90.2 |     82.3 |   82.8 | 66.4 |   27.2 |   28.7 |    29.2 |   14.9 | 50.8 |  36.1 | 11.8 |  1.3
  Elementary (kindergarten      |        |          |        |      |        |        |         |        |      |       |      |
    to grade 8) \4\ ............|   92.2 |     87.8 |   86.1 | 70.8 |   14.5 |   28.5 |    37.0 |   19.9 | 55.7 |  35.3 |  7.5 |  1.4
  Secondary (grades 9 to 12) \4\|   85.0 |     67.4 |   73.7 | 54.4 |   57.4 |   29.0 |    10.8 |    2.8 | 40.9 |  37.7 | 20.4 |  1.0
________________________________|________|__________|________|______|________|________|_________|________|______|_______|______|______

\1\The respondent was the parent most knowledgeable about the child's education. The responding parent reported on their own and their spouse's or other household adults' activities. Except where noted, includes children enrolled in nursery school through grade 12.
\2\Includes children enrolled in grades 1 through 12.
\3\Excludes children whose programs have no classes with lettered grades.
\4\Excludes home-schooled children

NOTE.--Because of rounding, details may not add to totals.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Household Education Survey, 1996, unpublished data. (This table was prepared December 1998.)


1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest