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Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 20. -  Household income and poverty rates, by state: 1990, 1995, and 1996
______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
                      |                          |     Percent of persons below the poverty level            |   Poverty status of  related
                      |                          |___________________________________________________________|children 5 to 17 years old, 1996
                      |     Median household     |                    1990\2\                    |   1996    |________________________________
                      |         income\1\        |_______________________________________________|___________|Number in poverty| Percent in
        State         |                          |     |     |     |     |     |     |     | 75  |     |Stan-|_________________|   poverty
                      |__________________________|Total|Under|  5  |6 to |12 to|18 to|65 to|years|Total|dard | Number  | Stan- |______________
                      |        |        |        |     |  5  |years| 11  | 17  | 64  | 74  | and |     |error|(in thou-| dard  |Per- |Standard
                      |1989\2\ |  1995  |  1996  |     |years|     |years|years|years|years|over |     |     | sands)  | error |cent | error
______________________|________|________|________|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_________|_______|_____|________
          1           |   2    |   3    |   4    |  5  |  6  |  7  |  8  |  9  | 10  | 11  | 12  | 13  | 14  |   15    |  16   | 17  |   18
______________________|________|________|________|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_________|_______|_____|________
   United States .....|$37,888 |$35,082 |$35,492 |13.1 |20.1 |19.7 |18.3 |16.3 |11.0 |10.4 |16.5 |13.7 |0.39 |   9,590 |   259 |18.9 |   0.49
                      |________|________|________|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_________|_______|_____|________
Alabama ..............| 29,554 | 26,758 | 30,302 |18.3 |26.1 |25.8 |24.3 |22.3 |14.6 |19.2 |31.1 |14.0 |1.72 |     170 |    37 |20.7 |   4.03
Alaska ...............| 49,725 | 49,370 | 52,779 | 9.0 |13.6 |10.6 |10.9 | 9.8 | 7.9 | 6.4 |10.6 | 8.2 |1.33 |      17 |     5 | 9.8 |   2.48
Arizona ..............| 36,978 | 31,774 | 31,637 |15.7 |24.9 |24.2 |21.8 |19.1 |14.0 | 9.3 |13.2 |20.5 |1.85 |     292 |    47 |29.6 |   4.05
Arkansas .............| 28,832 | 26,576 | 27,123 |19.1 |28.5 |26.6 |25.2 |22.7 |15.3 |18.0 |29.9 |17.2 |1.83 |     105 |    22 |19.5 |   3.71
California ...........| 42,123 | 38,102 | 38,812 |12.5 |19.0 |19.3 |18.3 |17.1 |10.9 | 6.5 | 9.5 |16.9 |0.76 |   1,474 |   122 |23.5 |   1.72
                      |        |        |        |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |         |       |     |
Colorado .............| 38,887 | 41,908 | 40,950 |11.7 |17.9 |16.5 |15.3 |12.5 |10.3 | 8.5 |15.1 |10.6 |1.54 |      88 |    26 |11.2 |   3.08
Connecticut ..........| 49,183 | 41,431 | 42,119 | 6.8 |11.7 |11.9 |11.2 | 8.9 | 5.3 | 5.6 | 9.7 |11.7 |1.79 |     159 |    36 |23.5 |   4.60
Delaware .............| 38,977 | 35,959 | 39,309 | 8.7 |13.3 |12.7 |11.8 |10.8 | 7.2 | 8.2 |13.5 | 8.6 |1.56 |      17 |     5 |12.4 |   3.72
District of Columbia .| 34,660 | 31,656 | 31,966 |16.9 |27.0 |25.5 |25.0 |24.4 |14.3 |15.5 |19.7 |24.1 |2.38 |      31 |     6 |38.1 |   6.06
Florida ..............| 33,765 | 30,623 | 30,641 |12.7 |20.3 |20.1 |18.8 |16.8 |11.0 | 9.0 |13.5 |14.2 |0.92 |     458 |    59 |19.8 |   2.31
                      |        |        |        |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |         |       |     |
Georgia ..............| 34,874 | 35,106 | 32,496 |14.7 |22.1 |21.3 |20.1 |18.1 |11.4 |16.5 |26.7 |14.8 |1.58 |     278 |    56 |19.6 |   3.53
Hawaii ...............| 49,248 | 44,116 | 41,772 | 8.3 |12.6 |12.6 |11.2 |10.8 | 6.9 | 6.7 |10.4 |12.1 |1.82 |      32 |    10 |15.7 |   4.24
Idaho ................| 32,019 | 33,641 | 34,709 |13.3 |19.6 |18.9 |15.9 |13.3 |12.0 | 8.7 |15.6 |11.9 |1.57 |      40 |     9 |16.3 |   3.48
Illinois .............| 41,176 | 39,195 | 39,554 |11.9 |18.9 |18.7 |17.0 |15.0 |10.0 | 8.9 |13.4 |12.1 |0.97 |     388 |    56 |16.5 |   2.16
Indiana...............| 34,073 | 34,371 | 39,554 |10.7 |16.8 |15.8 |14.1 |11.8 | 9.1 | 8.7 |14.0 | 7.5 |1.33 |      79 |    29 | 7.9 |   2.83
                      |        |        |        |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |         |       |     |
Iowa .................| 34,528 | 36,568 | 33,209 |11.5 |17.5 |15.4 |14.1 |11.7 |10.3 | 8.1 |15.3 | 9.6 |1.49 |      71 |    20 |11.8 |   3.15
Kansas ...............| 37,855 | 31,237 | 32,585 |11.5 |16.8 |16.5 |14.1 |11.6 |10.1 | 8.5 |16.8 |11.2 |1.61 |      56 |    17 |10.7 |   3.09
Kentucky .............| 31,355 | 30,690 | 32,413 |19.0 |27.9 |26.5 |24.6 |22.4 |16.2 |17.5 |25.3 |17.0 |1.86 |     203 |    39 |27.0 |   4.39
Louisiana ............| 28,350 | 28,774 | 30,262 |23.6 |33.4 |33.0 |31.1 |29.7 |19.6 |20.5 |30.1 |20.5 |1.94 |     235 |    42 |27.7 |   4.23
Maine ................| 34,751 | 34,858 | 34,696 |10.8 |15.7 |15.9 |14.0 |11.5 | 8.9 |11.0 |18.3 |11.2 |1.78 |      26 |     9 |14.0 |   4.36
                      |        |        |        |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |         |       |     |
Maryland .............| 49,167 | 42,253 | 43,993 | 8.3 |11.9 |11.9 |11.5 |10.2 | 6.8 | 8.8 |13.6 |10.3 |1.61 |     137 |    39 |14.9 |   3.91
Massachusetts ........| 45,864 | 39,713 | 39,494 | 8.9 |14.5 |14.8 |13.8 |11.0 | 7.3 | 7.3 |12.6 |10.1 |1.12 |     144 |    31 |13.1 |   2.58
Michigan .............| 37,880 | 37,502 | 39,225 |13.1 |22.1 |20.4 |18.1 |15.7 |11.2 | 8.7 |14.3 |11.2 |1.00 |     286 |    46 |15.7 |   2.32
Minnesota ............| 39,813 | 39,053 | 40,991 |10.2 |14.8 |14.6 |12.5 |10.6 | 8.8 | 8.4 |17.2 | 9.8 |1.47 |     130 |    34 |13.0 |   3.16
Mississippi ..........| 25,532 | 27,322 | 26,677 |25.2 |35.8 |35.1 |33.5 |31.9 |20.0 |24.0 |37.1 |20.6 |1.97 |     163 |    29 |26.0 |   3.97
                      |        |        |        |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |         |       |     |
Missouri..............| 34,584 | 35,853 | 34,265 |13.3 |20.4 |19.2 |17.8 |15.1 |11.1 |11.3 |19.7 | 9.5 |1.52 |     120 |    36 |11.4 |   3.24
Montana ..............| 29,577 | 28,577 | 28,684 |16.1 |24.3 |23.0 |20.3 |17.1 |14.7 | 9.9 |16.6 |17.0 |1.80 |      46 |     9 |24.9 |   4.01
Nebraska .............| 34,774 | 33,901 | 34,014 |11.1 |17.3 |15.4 |13.4 |10.8 | 9.7 | 8.6 |16.8 |10.2 |1.55 |      41 |    12 |12.0 |   3.21
Nevada ...............| 40,519 | 37,149 | 38,540 |10.2 |15.1 |14.4 |12.6 |11.9 | 9.1 | 8.4 |12.3 | 8.1 |1.45 |      24 |     9 | 8.3 |   3.06
New Hampshire ........| 51,631 | 40,328 | 39,407 | 6.4 | 8.5 | 8.7 | 7.3 | 6.2 | 5.4 | 7.7 |13.9 | 6.4 |1.44 |      13 |     6 | 6.8 |   3.14
                      |        |        |        |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |         |       |     |
New Jersey ...........| 49,011 | 45,221 | 47,468 | 7.6 |11.7 |12.6 |11.7 |10.4 | 6.0 | 6.8 |11.3 | 9.2 |0.95 |     181 |    34 |13.9 |   2.45
New Mexico ...........| 31,682 | 26,758 | 25,086 |20.6 |30.3 |30.6 |27.6 |25.2 |17.8 |13.7 |21.2 |25.5 |2.07 |     136 |    21 |32.2 |   4.07
New York .............| 39,973 | 34,003 | 35,410 |13.0 |20.6 |21.2 |19.6 |17.0 |11.0 |10.0 |14.7 |16.7 |0.84 |     868 |    78 |25.0 |   1.96
North Carolina .......| 33,315 | 32,923 | 35,601 |13.0 |19.2 |18.5 |17.2 |15.3 |10.1 |15.7 |25.9 |12.2 |1.20 |     222 |    41 |17.5 |   2.93
North Dakota .........| 31,967 | 29,948 | 31,470 |14.4 |19.6 |18.4 |17.2 |14.7 |13.0 |10.8 |19.5 |11.0 |1.61 |      13 |     4 |10.2 |   3.07
                      |        |        |        |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |         |       |     |
Ohio .................| 37,976 | 35,973 | 34,070 |12.5 |21.1 |19.9 |17.8 |14.6 |10.7 | 8.7 |13.8 |12.7 |1.02 |     367 |    55 |16.7 |   2.28
Oklahoma .............| 30,854 | 27,088 | 27,437 |16.7 |25.3 |23.4 |21.7 |18.5 |14.2 |13.5 |24.1 |16.6 |1.77 |     173 |    32 |24.2 |   3.86
Oregon ...............| 37,050 | 37,448 | 35,492 |12.4 |19.7 |16.1 |14.8 |13.3 |11.5 | 8.1 |13.1 |11.8 |1.70 |     112 |    28 |18.4 |   4.12
Pennsylvania .........| 36,701 | 35,543 | 34,899 |11.1 |17.5 |17.0 |15.7 |13.8 | 9.5 | 8.7 |13.5 |11.6 |0.93 |     349 |    52 |15.8 |   2.15
Rhode Island .........| 40,450 | 36,403 | 36,986 | 9.6 |16.3 |16.1 |13.8 |11.0 | 7.6 | 8.9 |15.6 |11.0 |1.80 |      18 |     6 |12.4 |   4.30
                      |        |        |        |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |         |       |     |
South Carolina .......| 36,359 | 29,929 | 34,665 |15.4 |22.8 |21.8 |21.2 |19.1 |12.0 |17.3 |26.5 |13.0 |1.79 |     154 |    35 |21.1 |   4.28
South Dakota .........| 31,090 | 30,451 | 29,526 |15.9 |23.6 |22.2 |20.2 |17.3 |13.6 |11.1 |21.3 |11.8 |1.62 |      16 |     5 |11.6 |   3.17
Tennessee ............| 28,586 | 29,872 | 30,790 |15.7 |23.9 |22.5 |20.8 |18.5 |12.5 |17.2 |26.7 |15.9 |1.83 |     231 |    50 |20.6 |   3.96
Texas ................| 35,718 | 32,985 | 33,072 |18.1 |25.6 |25.5 |24.2 |23.0 |15.2 |14.9 |23.8 |16.6 |0.95 |     858 |    91 |22.5 |   2.10
Utah .................| 38,139 | 37,557 | 37,038 |11.4 |15.8 |14.4 |12.0 |10.0 |11.0 | 6.4 |12.5 | 7.7 |1.26 |      39 |    12 | 8.6 |   2.45
                      |        |        |        |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |     |         |       |     |
Vermont ..............| 39,349 | 34,823 | 32,358 | 9.9 |13.5 |13.7 |12.5 | 9.8 | 8.5 | 9.7 |16.3 |12.6 |1.87 |      19 |     5 |16.3 |   4.15
Virginia .............| 44,379 | 37,292 | 39,211 |10.2 |14.5 |14.5 |13.5 |11.9 | 8.4 |11.6 |18.5 |12.3 |1.60 |     183 |    47 |17.9 |   4.12
Washington ...........| 40,632 | 36,618 | 36,676 |10.9 |17.0 |16.4 |14.3 |12.2 | 9.8 | 7.0 |12.4 |11.9 |1.68 |     158 |    43 |15.5 |   3.88
West Virginia.........| 28,010 | 25,615 | 25,247 |19.7 |31.7 |30.3 |25.9 |22.4 |17.7 |14.1 |20.8 |18.5 |1.87 |      56 |    13 |22.4 |   4.67
Wisconsin ............| 38,859 | 42,164 | 40,001 |10.7 |17.7 |16.4 |15.0 |11.9 | 9.2 | 6.6 |12.6 | 8.8 |1.41 |     105 |    32 |10.4 |   3.01
Wyoming ..............| 37,276 | 32,460 | 30,953 |11.9 |18.3 |16.2 |14.1 |11.2 |10.8 | 8.4 |14.3 |11.9 |1.64 |       9 |     3 | 9.2 |   2.84
______________________|________|________|________|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_________|_______|_____|________

\1\In 1996 dollars adjusted by the Consumer Price Index for all urban consumers.
\2\Based on 1989 incomes collected in the 1990 Census. Data may differ from figures derived from the Current Population Survey.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Decennial Census, Minority Economic Profiles, unpublished data; and Current Population Reports, Series P-60, "Poverty in the United States," "Money Income of Households, Families, and Persons in the United States," and "Income, Poverty, and Valuation of Noncash Benefits," various years, and "Money Income in the U.S.: 1996," P60-193. (This table was prepared June 1998.)


1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest