Table 20. - Household income and poverty rates, by state: 1990, 1995, and 1996
 ```______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ | | Percent of persons below the poverty level | Poverty status of related | |___________________________________________________________|children 5 to 17 years old, 1996 | Median household | 1990\2\ | 1996 |________________________________ | income\1\ |_______________________________________________|___________|Number in poverty| Percent in State | | | | | | | | | 75 | |Stan-|_________________| poverty |__________________________|Total|Under| 5 |6 to |12 to|18 to|65 to|years|Total|dard | Number | Stan- |______________ | | | | | 5 |years| 11 | 17 | 64 | 74 | and | |error|(in thou-| dard |Per- |Standard |1989\2\ | 1995 | 1996 | |years| |years|years|years|years|over | | | sands) | error |cent | error ______________________|________|________|________|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_________|_______|_____|________ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 | 18 ______________________|________|________|________|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_________|_______|_____|________ United States .....|\$37,888 |\$35,082 |\$35,492 |13.1 |20.1 |19.7 |18.3 |16.3 |11.0 |10.4 |16.5 |13.7 |0.39 | 9,590 | 259 |18.9 | 0.49 |________|________|________|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_________|_______|_____|________ Alabama ..............| 29,554 | 26,758 | 30,302 |18.3 |26.1 |25.8 |24.3 |22.3 |14.6 |19.2 |31.1 |14.0 |1.72 | 170 | 37 |20.7 | 4.03 Alaska ...............| 49,725 | 49,370 | 52,779 | 9.0 |13.6 |10.6 |10.9 | 9.8 | 7.9 | 6.4 |10.6 | 8.2 |1.33 | 17 | 5 | 9.8 | 2.48 Arizona ..............| 36,978 | 31,774 | 31,637 |15.7 |24.9 |24.2 |21.8 |19.1 |14.0 | 9.3 |13.2 |20.5 |1.85 | 292 | 47 |29.6 | 4.05 Arkansas .............| 28,832 | 26,576 | 27,123 |19.1 |28.5 |26.6 |25.2 |22.7 |15.3 |18.0 |29.9 |17.2 |1.83 | 105 | 22 |19.5 | 3.71 California ...........| 42,123 | 38,102 | 38,812 |12.5 |19.0 |19.3 |18.3 |17.1 |10.9 | 6.5 | 9.5 |16.9 |0.76 | 1,474 | 122 |23.5 | 1.72 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Colorado .............| 38,887 | 41,908 | 40,950 |11.7 |17.9 |16.5 |15.3 |12.5 |10.3 | 8.5 |15.1 |10.6 |1.54 | 88 | 26 |11.2 | 3.08 Connecticut ..........| 49,183 | 41,431 | 42,119 | 6.8 |11.7 |11.9 |11.2 | 8.9 | 5.3 | 5.6 | 9.7 |11.7 |1.79 | 159 | 36 |23.5 | 4.60 Delaware .............| 38,977 | 35,959 | 39,309 | 8.7 |13.3 |12.7 |11.8 |10.8 | 7.2 | 8.2 |13.5 | 8.6 |1.56 | 17 | 5 |12.4 | 3.72 District of Columbia .| 34,660 | 31,656 | 31,966 |16.9 |27.0 |25.5 |25.0 |24.4 |14.3 |15.5 |19.7 |24.1 |2.38 | 31 | 6 |38.1 | 6.06 Florida ..............| 33,765 | 30,623 | 30,641 |12.7 |20.3 |20.1 |18.8 |16.8 |11.0 | 9.0 |13.5 |14.2 |0.92 | 458 | 59 |19.8 | 2.31 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Georgia ..............| 34,874 | 35,106 | 32,496 |14.7 |22.1 |21.3 |20.1 |18.1 |11.4 |16.5 |26.7 |14.8 |1.58 | 278 | 56 |19.6 | 3.53 Hawaii ...............| 49,248 | 44,116 | 41,772 | 8.3 |12.6 |12.6 |11.2 |10.8 | 6.9 | 6.7 |10.4 |12.1 |1.82 | 32 | 10 |15.7 | 4.24 Idaho ................| 32,019 | 33,641 | 34,709 |13.3 |19.6 |18.9 |15.9 |13.3 |12.0 | 8.7 |15.6 |11.9 |1.57 | 40 | 9 |16.3 | 3.48 Illinois .............| 41,176 | 39,195 | 39,554 |11.9 |18.9 |18.7 |17.0 |15.0 |10.0 | 8.9 |13.4 |12.1 |0.97 | 388 | 56 |16.5 | 2.16 Indiana...............| 34,073 | 34,371 | 39,554 |10.7 |16.8 |15.8 |14.1 |11.8 | 9.1 | 8.7 |14.0 | 7.5 |1.33 | 79 | 29 | 7.9 | 2.83 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Iowa .................| 34,528 | 36,568 | 33,209 |11.5 |17.5 |15.4 |14.1 |11.7 |10.3 | 8.1 |15.3 | 9.6 |1.49 | 71 | 20 |11.8 | 3.15 Kansas ...............| 37,855 | 31,237 | 32,585 |11.5 |16.8 |16.5 |14.1 |11.6 |10.1 | 8.5 |16.8 |11.2 |1.61 | 56 | 17 |10.7 | 3.09 Kentucky .............| 31,355 | 30,690 | 32,413 |19.0 |27.9 |26.5 |24.6 |22.4 |16.2 |17.5 |25.3 |17.0 |1.86 | 203 | 39 |27.0 | 4.39 Louisiana ............| 28,350 | 28,774 | 30,262 |23.6 |33.4 |33.0 |31.1 |29.7 |19.6 |20.5 |30.1 |20.5 |1.94 | 235 | 42 |27.7 | 4.23 Maine ................| 34,751 | 34,858 | 34,696 |10.8 |15.7 |15.9 |14.0 |11.5 | 8.9 |11.0 |18.3 |11.2 |1.78 | 26 | 9 |14.0 | 4.36 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Maryland .............| 49,167 | 42,253 | 43,993 | 8.3 |11.9 |11.9 |11.5 |10.2 | 6.8 | 8.8 |13.6 |10.3 |1.61 | 137 | 39 |14.9 | 3.91 Massachusetts ........| 45,864 | 39,713 | 39,494 | 8.9 |14.5 |14.8 |13.8 |11.0 | 7.3 | 7.3 |12.6 |10.1 |1.12 | 144 | 31 |13.1 | 2.58 Michigan .............| 37,880 | 37,502 | 39,225 |13.1 |22.1 |20.4 |18.1 |15.7 |11.2 | 8.7 |14.3 |11.2 |1.00 | 286 | 46 |15.7 | 2.32 Minnesota ............| 39,813 | 39,053 | 40,991 |10.2 |14.8 |14.6 |12.5 |10.6 | 8.8 | 8.4 |17.2 | 9.8 |1.47 | 130 | 34 |13.0 | 3.16 Mississippi ..........| 25,532 | 27,322 | 26,677 |25.2 |35.8 |35.1 |33.5 |31.9 |20.0 |24.0 |37.1 |20.6 |1.97 | 163 | 29 |26.0 | 3.97 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Missouri..............| 34,584 | 35,853 | 34,265 |13.3 |20.4 |19.2 |17.8 |15.1 |11.1 |11.3 |19.7 | 9.5 |1.52 | 120 | 36 |11.4 | 3.24 Montana ..............| 29,577 | 28,577 | 28,684 |16.1 |24.3 |23.0 |20.3 |17.1 |14.7 | 9.9 |16.6 |17.0 |1.80 | 46 | 9 |24.9 | 4.01 Nebraska .............| 34,774 | 33,901 | 34,014 |11.1 |17.3 |15.4 |13.4 |10.8 | 9.7 | 8.6 |16.8 |10.2 |1.55 | 41 | 12 |12.0 | 3.21 Nevada ...............| 40,519 | 37,149 | 38,540 |10.2 |15.1 |14.4 |12.6 |11.9 | 9.1 | 8.4 |12.3 | 8.1 |1.45 | 24 | 9 | 8.3 | 3.06 New Hampshire ........| 51,631 | 40,328 | 39,407 | 6.4 | 8.5 | 8.7 | 7.3 | 6.2 | 5.4 | 7.7 |13.9 | 6.4 |1.44 | 13 | 6 | 6.8 | 3.14 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | New Jersey ...........| 49,011 | 45,221 | 47,468 | 7.6 |11.7 |12.6 |11.7 |10.4 | 6.0 | 6.8 |11.3 | 9.2 |0.95 | 181 | 34 |13.9 | 2.45 New Mexico ...........| 31,682 | 26,758 | 25,086 |20.6 |30.3 |30.6 |27.6 |25.2 |17.8 |13.7 |21.2 |25.5 |2.07 | 136 | 21 |32.2 | 4.07 New York .............| 39,973 | 34,003 | 35,410 |13.0 |20.6 |21.2 |19.6 |17.0 |11.0 |10.0 |14.7 |16.7 |0.84 | 868 | 78 |25.0 | 1.96 North Carolina .......| 33,315 | 32,923 | 35,601 |13.0 |19.2 |18.5 |17.2 |15.3 |10.1 |15.7 |25.9 |12.2 |1.20 | 222 | 41 |17.5 | 2.93 North Dakota .........| 31,967 | 29,948 | 31,470 |14.4 |19.6 |18.4 |17.2 |14.7 |13.0 |10.8 |19.5 |11.0 |1.61 | 13 | 4 |10.2 | 3.07 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Ohio .................| 37,976 | 35,973 | 34,070 |12.5 |21.1 |19.9 |17.8 |14.6 |10.7 | 8.7 |13.8 |12.7 |1.02 | 367 | 55 |16.7 | 2.28 Oklahoma .............| 30,854 | 27,088 | 27,437 |16.7 |25.3 |23.4 |21.7 |18.5 |14.2 |13.5 |24.1 |16.6 |1.77 | 173 | 32 |24.2 | 3.86 Oregon ...............| 37,050 | 37,448 | 35,492 |12.4 |19.7 |16.1 |14.8 |13.3 |11.5 | 8.1 |13.1 |11.8 |1.70 | 112 | 28 |18.4 | 4.12 Pennsylvania .........| 36,701 | 35,543 | 34,899 |11.1 |17.5 |17.0 |15.7 |13.8 | 9.5 | 8.7 |13.5 |11.6 |0.93 | 349 | 52 |15.8 | 2.15 Rhode Island .........| 40,450 | 36,403 | 36,986 | 9.6 |16.3 |16.1 |13.8 |11.0 | 7.6 | 8.9 |15.6 |11.0 |1.80 | 18 | 6 |12.4 | 4.30 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | South Carolina .......| 36,359 | 29,929 | 34,665 |15.4 |22.8 |21.8 |21.2 |19.1 |12.0 |17.3 |26.5 |13.0 |1.79 | 154 | 35 |21.1 | 4.28 South Dakota .........| 31,090 | 30,451 | 29,526 |15.9 |23.6 |22.2 |20.2 |17.3 |13.6 |11.1 |21.3 |11.8 |1.62 | 16 | 5 |11.6 | 3.17 Tennessee ............| 28,586 | 29,872 | 30,790 |15.7 |23.9 |22.5 |20.8 |18.5 |12.5 |17.2 |26.7 |15.9 |1.83 | 231 | 50 |20.6 | 3.96 Texas ................| 35,718 | 32,985 | 33,072 |18.1 |25.6 |25.5 |24.2 |23.0 |15.2 |14.9 |23.8 |16.6 |0.95 | 858 | 91 |22.5 | 2.10 Utah .................| 38,139 | 37,557 | 37,038 |11.4 |15.8 |14.4 |12.0 |10.0 |11.0 | 6.4 |12.5 | 7.7 |1.26 | 39 | 12 | 8.6 | 2.45 | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Vermont ..............| 39,349 | 34,823 | 32,358 | 9.9 |13.5 |13.7 |12.5 | 9.8 | 8.5 | 9.7 |16.3 |12.6 |1.87 | 19 | 5 |16.3 | 4.15 Virginia .............| 44,379 | 37,292 | 39,211 |10.2 |14.5 |14.5 |13.5 |11.9 | 8.4 |11.6 |18.5 |12.3 |1.60 | 183 | 47 |17.9 | 4.12 Washington ...........| 40,632 | 36,618 | 36,676 |10.9 |17.0 |16.4 |14.3 |12.2 | 9.8 | 7.0 |12.4 |11.9 |1.68 | 158 | 43 |15.5 | 3.88 West Virginia.........| 28,010 | 25,615 | 25,247 |19.7 |31.7 |30.3 |25.9 |22.4 |17.7 |14.1 |20.8 |18.5 |1.87 | 56 | 13 |22.4 | 4.67 Wisconsin ............| 38,859 | 42,164 | 40,001 |10.7 |17.7 |16.4 |15.0 |11.9 | 9.2 | 6.6 |12.6 | 8.8 |1.41 | 105 | 32 |10.4 | 3.01 Wyoming ..............| 37,276 | 32,460 | 30,953 |11.9 |18.3 |16.2 |14.1 |11.2 |10.8 | 8.4 |14.3 |11.9 |1.64 | 9 | 3 | 9.2 | 2.84 ______________________|________|________|________|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_____|_________|_______|_____|________```

 \1\In 1996 dollars adjusted by the Consumer Price Index for all urban consumers. \2\Based on 1989 incomes collected in the 1990 Census. Data may differ from figures derived from the Current Population Survey. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Decennial Census, Minority Economic Profiles, unpublished data; and Current Population Reports, Series P-60, "Poverty in the United States," "Money Income of Households, Families, and Persons in the United States," and "Income, Poverty, and Valuation of Noncash Benefits," various years, and "Money Income in the U.S.: 1996," P60-193. (This table was prepared June 1998.)