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Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 5. -  Educational institutions, by level and control of institution: 1980-81 to 1996-97
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                        |           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |
   Level and control    | 1980-81   | 1986-87   |1987-88 |1988-89|1989-90|1990-91 |1991-92|1992-93|1993-94 |1994-95|1995-96 |1996-97
     of institution     |           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |
________________________|___________|___________|________|_______|_______|________|_______|_______|________|_______|________|_______
           1            |     2     |      3    |   4    |   5   |   6   |   7    |   8   |   9   |   10   |  11   |   12   |  13
________________________|___________|___________|________|_______|_______|________|_______|_______|________|_______|________|_______
    All institutions ...|   117,707 |   121,433 |122,111 |   --- |   --- |119,242 |   --- |   --- |121,855 |   --- |124,773 |   ---
                        |___________|___________|________|_______|_______|________|_______|_______|________|_______|________|_______
Elementary and          |           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |
 secondary schools .....|   106,746 |   109,071 |110,055 |   --- |   --- |109,228 |   --- |   --- |111,486 |   --- |114,811 |   ---
  Elementary ...........|    72,659 |    74,104 | 74,511 |   --- |   --- | 74,716 |   --- |   --- | 75,591 |   --- | 77,909 |   ---
  Secondary ............|    24,856 |    23,844 | 24,057 |   --- |   --- | 23,602 |   --- |   --- | 23,256 |   --- | 23,530 |   ---
  Combined .............|     5,202 |     6,932 |  8,202 |   --- |   --- |  8,847 |   --- |   --- | 10,678 |   --- | 11,205 |   ---
  Other\1\ .............|     4,029 |     4,191 |  3,285 |   --- |   --- |  2,063 |   --- |   --- |  1,962 |   --- |  2,167 |   ---
                        |           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |
  Public schools .......|    85,982 |    83,455 | 83,248 |83,165 |83,425 | 84,538 |84,578 |84,497 | 85,393 |86,221 | 87,125 |88,223
    Elementary .........|    59,326 |    58,801 | 57,575 |57,941 |58,419 | 59,015 |59,258 |59,676 | 60,052 |60,808 | 61,165 |61,805
    Secondary ..........|    22,619 |    21,406 | 21,662 |21,403 |21,181 | 21,135 |20,767 |20,671 | 20,705 |20,904 | 20,997 |21,307
    Combined ...........|     1,743 |     1,983 |  2,179 | 2,235 | 2,280 |  2,325 | 2,481 | 2,549 |  2,674 | 2,764 |  2,796 | 2,980
    Other\1\ ...........|     2,294 |     1,265 |  1,832 | 1,586 | 1,545 |  2,063 | 2,072 | 1,601 |  1,962 | 1,745 |  2,167 | 2,131
                        |           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |
  Private schools ......|    20,764 |\2\ 25,616 | 26,807 |   --- |   --- | 24,690 |25,998 |   --- | 26,093 |   --- | 27,686 |   ---
    Elementary .........|    13,333 |\2\ 15,303 | 16,936 |   --- |   --- | 15,701 |15,716 |   --- | 15,539 |   --- | 16,744 |   ---
    Secondary ..........|     2,237 |\2\  2,438 |  2,395 |   --- |   --- |  2,467 | 2,475 |   --- |  2,551 |   --- |  2,533 |   ---
    Combined ...........|     3,459 |\2\  4,949 |  6,023 |   --- |   --- |  6,522 | 7,807 |   --- |  8,004 |   --- |  8,409 |   ---
    Other\1\ ...........|     1,735 |\2\  2,926 |  1,453 |   --- |   --- |  (\3\) | (\3\) |   --- |  (\3\) |   --- |  (\3\) |   ---
                        |           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |
Postsecondary insti-    |           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |
  tutions ..............|\4\ 10,961 |    12,362 | 12,056 |11,389 |10,606 | 10,014 | 9,983 |10,601 | 10,369 |10,246 |  9,962 | 9,837
    Public .............|\4\  2,393 |     2,363 |  2,250 | 2,169 | 2,120 |  2,096 | 2,129 | 2,146 |  2,152 | 2,179 |  2,189 | 2,169
    Private nonprofit ..|\4\  2,359 |     3,432 |  3,254 | 3,092 | 2,942 |  2,808 | 2,810 | 2,926 |  2,890 | 2,916 |  2,877 | 2,855
    Proprietary ........|\4\  6,209 |     6,567 |  6,552 | 6,128 | 5,544 |  5,110 | 5,044 | 5,529 |  5,327 | 5,151 |  4,896 | 4,813
                        |           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |
  Noncollegiate insti-  |           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |
    tutions\5\ .........|\4\  7,730 |     8,956 |  8,469 | 7,824 | 7,071 |  6,455 | 6,382 | 6,963 |  6,737 | 6,558 |  6,256 | 5,828
    Public .............|\4\    896 |       830 |    659 |   587 |   557 |    529 |   531 |   522 |    527 |   538 |    534 |   467
    Private nonprofit ..|\4\    790 |     1,797 |  1,581 | 1,434 | 1,286 |  1,159 | 1,148 | 1,254 |  1,203 | 1,214 |  1,171 | 1,162
    Proprietary ........|\4\  6,044 |     6,329 |  6,229 | 5,803 | 5,228 |  4,767 | 4,703 | 5,187 |  5,007 | 4,806 |  4,551 | 4,199
                        |           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |
  Institutions of higher|           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |
   education\5\ ........|     3,231 |     3,406 |  3,587 | 3,565 | 3,535 |  3,559 | 3,601 | 3,638 |  3,632 | 3,688 |  3,706 | 4,009
    2-year colleges ....|     1,274 |     1,336 |  1,452 | 1,436 | 1,408 |  1,418 | 1,444 | 1,469 |  1,442 | 1,473 |  1,462 | 1,742
      Public ...........|       945 |       960 |    992 |   984 |   968 |    972 |   999 | 1,024 |  1,021 | 1,036 |  1,047 | 1,088
      Private nonprofit |       182 |       173 |    186 |   180 |   177 |    167 |   176 |   179 |    181 |   192 |    187 |   184
      Proprietary ......|       147 |       203 |    274 |   272 |   263 |    279 |   269 |   266 |    240 |   245 |    228 |   470
                        |           |           |        |       |       |        |       |       |        |       |        |
    4-year colleges ....|     1,957 |     2,070 |  2,135 | 2,129 | 2,127 |  2,141 | 2,157 | 2,169 |  2,190 | 2,215 |  2,244 | 2,267
      Public ...........|       552 |       573 |    599 |   598 |   595 |    595 |   599 |   600 |    604 |   605 |    608 |   614
      Private nonprofit |     1,387 |     1,462 |  1,487 | 1,478 | 1,479 |  1,482 | 1,486 | 1,493 |  1,506 | 1,510 |  1,519 | 1,509
      Proprietary ......|        18 |        35 |     49 |    53 |    53 |     64 |    72 |    76 |     80 |   100 |    117 |   144
________________________|___________|___________|________|_______|_______|________|_______|_______|________|_______|________|_______

\1\Includes special education, alternative, and other schools not classified by grade span. Because of changes in survey definitions, figures for "other" schools are not comparable from year to year.
\2\Data are for 1985-86. Data were collected from a sample survey that differed significantly from earlier surveys. The sample survey was designed to correct an undercount of about 10 percent that was known to have occurred in earlier surveys.
\3\Included in other categories.
\4\Because of changes in survey procedures, figures are not directly comparable with data for later years.
\5\Includes those colleges designated as institutions of higher education by the Higher Education General Information Survey system, even if they have a less than 2-year program. Includes branch campuses. Beginning in 1980, total includes some schools accredited by the Accrediting Commission of Career Schools and Colleges of Technology. In 1996-97, data for institutions of higher education are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions include those institutions which award degrees at the associate level or higher and were eligible to participate in Title IV federal finanical aid programs. Institutions not meeting these criteria were classified as noncollegiate institutions.
---Data not available.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data and Private School surveys; Higher Education General Information Survey, "Institutional Characteristics of Colleges and Universities;" and Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, "Institutional Characteristics" surveys. (This table was prepared October 1998.)


1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest