Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics
1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest

Table 3. -  Enrollment in educational institutions, by level and by control of institution: 1869-70 to fall 2008 [In thousands]
____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
              |           |          | Public elementary and secondary   |Private elementary and secondary|   Higher education\2\
              |           |Elementary|              schools              |            schools\1\          |
              |   Total   |   and    |___________________________________|________________________________|_________________________
     Year     |enrollment,|secondary,|          |  Prekinder-  |Grades 9 |         |Kindergarten|Grades 9 |        |        |
              |all levels |  total   |  Total   |garten through| through |  Total  |   through  | through | Total  | Public |Private
              |           |          |          |   grade 8    |   12    |         |   grade 8  |   12    |        |        |
______________|___________|__________|__________|______________|_________|_________|____________|_________|________|________|_______
      1       |     2     |    3     |    4     |      5       |    6    |      7  |       8    |     9   |   10   |   11   |  12
______________|___________|__________|__________|______________|_________|_________|____________|_________|________|________|_______
1869-70 ......|       --- |      --- |    6,872 |        6,792 |      80 |     --- |        --- |     --- |     52 |    --- |   ---
1879-80 ......|       --- |      --- |    9,868 |        9,757 |     110 |     --- |        --- |     --- |    116 |    --- |   ---
1889-90 ......|    14,491 |   14,334 |   12,723 |       12,520 |     203 |   1,611 |      1,516 |      95 |    157 |    --- |   ---
1899-1900 ....|    17,092 |   16,855 |   15,503 |       14,984 |     519 |   1,352 |      1,241 |     111 |    238 |    --- |   ---
1909-10 ......|    19,728 |   19,372 |   17,814 |       16,899 |     915 |   1,558 |      1,441 |     117 |    355 |    --- |   ---
              |           |          |          |              |         |         |            |         |        |        |
1919-20 ......|    23,876 |   23,278 |   21,578 |       19,378 |   2,200 |   1,699 |      1,486 |     214 |    598 |    --- |   ---
1929-30 ......|    29,430 |   28,329 |   25,678 |       21,279 |   4,399 |   2,651 |      2,310 |     341 |  1,101 |    --- |   ---
1939-40 ......|    29,539 |   28,045 |   25,434 |       18,832 |   6,601 |   2,611 |      2,153 |     458 |  1,494 |    797 |   698
1949-50 ......|    31,151 |   28,492 |   25,111 |       19,387 |   5,725 |   3,380 |      2,708 |     672 |  2,659 |  1,355 | 1,304
Fall 1959 ....|    44,497 |   40,857 |   35,182 |       26,911 |   8,271 |   5,675 |      4,640 |   1,035 |  3,640 |  2,181 | 1,459
              |           |          |          |              |         |         |            |         |        |        |
Fall 1964 ....|    52,996 |   47,716 |   41,416 |       30,025 |  11,391 |\3\6,300 |\3\   5,000 |   1,300 |  5,280 |  3,468 | 1,812
Fall 1965 ....|    54,394 |   48,473 |   42,173 |       30,563 |  11,610 |   6,300 |      4,900 |   1,400 |  5,921 |  3,970 | 1,951
Fall 1966 ....|    55,629 |   49,239 |   43,039 |       31,145 |  11,894 |\3\6,200 |\3\   4,800 |\3\1,400 |  6,390 |  4,349 | 2,041
Fall 1967 ....|    56,803 |   49,891 |   43,891 |       31,641 |  12,250 |\3\6,000 |\3\   4,600 |\3\1,400 |  6,912 |  4,816 | 2,096
Fall 1968 ....|    58,257 |   50,744 |   44,944 |       32,226 |  12,718 |   5,800 |      4,400 |   1,400 |  7,513 |  5,431 | 2,082
              |           |          |          |              |         |         |            |         |        |        |
Fall 1969 ....|    59,055 |   51,050 |   45,550 |       32,513 |  13,037 |\3\5,500 |\3\   4,200 |\3\1,300 |  8,005 |  5,897 | 2,108
Fall 1970 ....|    59,838 |   51,257 |   45,894 |       32,558 |  13,336 |   5,363 |      4,052 |   1,311 |  8,581 |  6,428 | 2,153
Fall 1971 ....|    60,220 |   51,271 |   46,071 |       32,318 |  13,753 |\3\5,200 |\3\   3,900 |\3\1,300 |  8,949 |  6,804 | 2,144
Fall 1972 ....|    59,941 |   50,726 |   45,726 |       31,879 |  13,848 |\3\5,000 |\3\   3,700 |\3\1,300 |  9,215 |  7,071 | 2,144
Fall 1973 ....|    60,047 |   50,445 |   45,445 |       31,401 |  14,044 |\3\5,000 |\3\   3,700 |\3\1,300 |  9,602 |  7,420 | 2,183
              |           |          |          |              |         |         |            |         |        |        |
Fall 1974 ....|    60,297 |   50,073 |   45,073 |       30,971 |  14,103 |\3\5,000 |\3\   3,700 |\3\1,300 | 10,224 |  7,989 | 2,235
Fall 1975 ....|    61,004 |   49,819 |   44,819 |       30,515 |  14,304 |\3\5,000 |\3\   3,700 |\3\1,300 | 11,185 |  8,835 | 2,350
Fall 1976 ....|    60,490 |   49,478 |   44,311 |       29,997 |  14,314 |   5,167 |      3,825 |   1,342 | 11,012 |  8,653 | 2,359
Fall 1977 ....|    60,003 |   48,717 |   43,577 |       29,375 |  14,203 |   5,140 |      3,797 |   1,343 | 11,286 |  8,847 | 2,439
Fall 1978 ....|    58,897 |   47,637 |   42,551 |       28,463 |  14,088 |   5,086 |      3,732 |   1,353 | 11,260 |  8,786 | 2,474
              |           |          |          |              |         |         |            |         |        |        |
Fall 1979 ....|    58,221 |   46,651 |   41,651 |       28,034 |  13,616 |\3\5,000 |\3\   3,700 |\3\1,300 | 11,570 |  9,037 | 2,533
Fall 1980 ....|    58,305 |   46,208 |   40,877 |       27,647 |  13,231 |   5,331 |      3,992 |   1,339 | 12,097 |  9,457 | 2,640
Fall 1981 ....|    57,916 |   45,544 |   40,044 |       27,280 |  12,764 |\3\5,500 |\3\   4,100 |\3\1,400 | 12,372 |  9,647 | 2,725
Fall 1982 ....|    57,591 |   45,166 |   39,566 |       27,161 |  12,405 |\3\5,600 |\3\   4,200 |\3\1,400 | 12,426 |  9,696 | 2,730
Fall 1983 ....|    57,432 |   44,967 |   39,252 |       26,981 |  12,271 |   5,715 |      4,315 |   1,400 | 12,465 |  9,683 | 2,782
              |           |          |          |              |         |         |            |         |        |        |
Fall 1984 ....|    57,150 |   44,908 |   39,208 |       26,905 |  12,304 |\3\5,700 |\3\   4,300 |\3\1,400 | 12,242 |  9,477 | 2,765
Fall 1985 ....|    57,226 |   44,979 |   39,422 |       27,034 |  12,388 |   5,557 |      4,195 |   1,362 | 12,247 |  9,479 | 2,768
Fall 1986 ....|    57,709 |   45,205 |   39,753 |       27,420 |  12,333 |\3\5,452 |\3\   4,116 |\3\1,336 | 12,504 |  9,714 | 2,790
Fall 1987 ....|    58,254 |   45,488 |   40,008 |       27,933 |  12,076 |   5,479 |      4,232 |   1,247 | 12,767 |  9,973 | 2,793
Fall 1988 ....|    58,485 |   45,430 |   40,189 |       28,501 |  11,687 |\3\5,241 |\3\   4,036 |\3\1,206 | 13,055 | 10,161 | 2,894
              |           |          |          |              |         |         |            |         |        |        |
Fall 1989 ....|    59,436 |   45,898 |   40,543 |       29,152 |  11,390 |\3\5,355 |\3\   4,162 |\3\1,193 | 13,539 | 10,578 | 2,961
Fall 1990 ....|    60,267 |   46,448 |   41,217 |       29,878 |  11,338 |   5,232 |      4,095 |   1,137 | 13,819 | 10,845 | 2,974
Fall 1991 ....|    61,605 |   47,246 |   42,047 |       30,506 |  11,541 |\3\5,199 |\3\   4,074 |\3\1,125 | 14,359 | 11,310 | 3,049
Fall 1992 ....|    62,686 |   48,198 |   42,823 |       31,088 |  11,735 |\3\5,375 |\3\   4,212 |\3\1,163 | 14,487 | 11,385 | 3,103
Fall 1993 ....|    63,241 |   48,936 |   43,465 |       31,504 |  11,961 |\3\5,471 |\3\   4,280 |\3\1,191 | 14,305 | 11,189 | 3,116
              |           |          |          |              |         |         |            |         |        |        |
Fall 1994 ....|    63,986 |   49,707 |   44,111 |       31,898 |  12,213 |\3\5,596 |\3\   4,360 |\3\1,236 | 14,279 | 11,134 | 3,145
Fall 1995 ....|    64,803 |   50,540 |   44,840 |       32,341 |  12,500 |\3\5,700 |\3\   4,431 |\3\1,269 | 14,262 | 11,092 | 3,169
Fall 1996 \4\ |    65,674 |   51,375 |   45,592 |       32,759 |  12,834 |\3\5,783 |\3\   4,486 |\3\1,297 | 14,300 | 11,090 | 3,210
Fall 1997 \5\ |    66,170 |   51,821 |   45,953 |       32,951 |  13,003 |   5,867 |      4,545 |   1,322 | 14,350 | 11,208 | 3,143
Fall 1998 \5\ |    67,309 |   52,718 |   46,792 |       33,522 |  13,270 |   5,927 |      4,588 |   1,339 | 14,590 | 11,395 | 3,194
              |           |          |          |              |         |         |            |         |        |        |
Fall 1999 \5\ |    67,871 |   53,112 |   47,143 |       33,722 |  13,420 |   5,970 |      4,616 |   1,354 | 14,758 | 11,525 | 3,233
Fall 2000 \5\ |    68,334 |   53,445 |   47,439 |       33,903 |  13,537 |   6,006 |      4,640 |   1,366 | 14,889 | 11,626 | 3,263
Fall 2001 \5\ |    68,728 |   53,736 |   47,698 |       34,055 |  13,643 |   6,038 |      4,661 |   1,376 | 14,992 | 11,705 | 3,287
Fall 2002 \5\ |    69,040 |   53,987 |   47,924 |       34,124 |  13,800 |   6,063 |      4,671 |   1,392 | 15,053 | 11,751 | 3,303
Fall 2003 \5\ |    69,338 |   54,153 |   48,075 |       34,124 |  13,951 |   6,078 |      4,671 |   1,407 | 15,185 | 11,849 | 3,335
              |           |          |          |              |         |         |            |         |        |        |
Fall 2004 \5\ |    69,657 |   54,308 |   48,221 |       33,958 |  14,263 |   6,087 |      4,648 |   1,439 | 15,349 | 11,975 | 3,374
Fall 2005 \5\ |    69,942 |   54,426 |   48,335 |       33,756 |  14,579 |   6,091 |      4,620 |   1,471 | 15,516 | 12,101 | 3,415
Fall 2006 \5\ |    70,160 |   54,457 |   48,368 |       33,584 |  14,785 |   6,088 |      4,597 |   1,491 | 15,703 | 12,242 | 3,461
Fall 2007 \5\ |    70,305 |   54,425 |   48,342 |       33,489 |  14,854 |   6,082 |      4,584 |   1,498 | 15,880 | 12,378 | 3,502
Fall 2008 \5\ |    70,351 |   54,268 |   48,201 |       33,455 |  14,746 |   6,067 |      4,579 |   1,488 | 16,083 | 12,534 | 3,549
______________|___________|__________|__________|______________|_________|_________|____________|_________|________|________|_______

\1\Beginning in fall 1980, data include estimates for an expanded universe of private schools. Therefore, these totals may differ from figures shown in other tables, and direct comparisons with earlier years should be avoided.
\2\Data for 1869-70 through 1949-50 include resident degree-credit students enrolled at any time during the academic year. Beginning in 1959, data include all resident and extension students enrolled at the beginning of the fall term.
\3\Estimated.
\4\Preliminary data.
\5\Projected.
---Data not available.

NOTE.--Elementary and secondary enrollment includes pupils in local public school systems and in most private schools (religiously affiliated and nonsectarian), but generally excludes pupils in subcollegiate departments of colleges, residential schools for exceptional children, federal schools, and home-schooled children. Based on Department estimates, the home-schooled children numbered approximately 800,000 to 1,000,000 in 1997-98. Public elementary enrollment includes most preprimary school pupils. Private elementary enrollment includes some preprimary students. Higher education enrollment includes students in colleges, universities, professional schools, and 2-year colleges. Higher education enrollment projections are based on the middle alternative projections published by the National Center for Education Statistics. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Because of rounding, details may not add to totals.

SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Statistics of State School Systems; Statistics of Public Elementary and Secondary School Systems; Statistics of Nonpublic Elementary and Secondary Schools; Projections of Education Statistics to 2008; Common Core of Data; Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Fall Enrollment in Institutions of Higher Education" surveys; and Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Fall Enrollment" surveys. (This table was prepared July 1998.)


1998 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest