Table 398. Science test scores of 13-year-olds in educational systems participating in the International Assessment of Educational Progress: 1991

 ```______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________ | | | | | Average percent correct | Percentile scores | Topic averages | Process averages |________________________________|_________________________________________________________________|___________________________________________|______________________________________________ Country | | | | | | | | | | | |Earth and | |Exhibit basic |Combine factual|Able to draw | | | | | | | | | |Life |Physical |space |Nature of | knowledge of |knowledge with | conclusions | Total | Male | Female | 1 | 5 | 10 | 90 | 95 | 99 |sciences |sciences |sciences |science |science facts | rules and |on the basis of | | | | | | | | | | | | | |and concepts | formulas |available data | | | | | | | | | | | | | | (Knows) | (Uses) | (Integrates) ________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|______________|_______________|_______________ 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | 5 | 6 | 7 | 8 | 9 | 10 | 11 | 12 | 13 | 14 | 15 | 16 | 17 ________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|______________|_______________|_______________ | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | IAEP average............|66.9 --- | --- --- | --- --- | --- --- | --- --- | --- --- | --- --- | --- --- | --- --- |68.0 --- |64.4 --- |66.9 --- |70.9 --- |72.6 --- |65.4 --- |64.9 --- | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Populations | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | (comprehensive) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Korea...................|77.5 (0.5)|79.6 (0.6)|75.0 (0.7)|35.9 (0.0)|50.0 (0.0)|57.8 (3.8)|93.8 (0.0)|95.3 (0.0)|98.4 (0.0)|80.3 (0.5)|75.8 (0.5)|74.8 (0.6)|78.8 (0.6)|83.9 (0.5) |77.2 (0.4) |72.7 (0.6) Taiwan..................|75.6 (0.4)|76.3 (0.6)|74.9 (0.6)|28.6 (3.6)|42.2 (0.0)|51.6 (0.0)|93.8 (0.0)|95.3 (0.0)|98.4 (0.0)|77.9 (0.5)|74.8 (0.4)|72.2 (0.5)|76.4 (0.6)|81.4 (0.5) |74.7 (0.4) |72.3 (0.5) Switzerland\1\..........|73.7 (0.9)|76.4 (1.1)|70.9 (0.8)|35.9 (2.9)|50.0 (5.7)|57.8 (0.6)|92.2 (0.0)|95.3 (0.0)|98.4 (0.0)|74.3 (0.9)|70.3 (0.9)|74.5 (0.8)|79.8 (1.0)|77.1 (0.9) |71.6 (0.8) |74.6 (1.1) Hungary.................|73.4 (0.5)|75.6 (0.6)|71.4 (0.7)|33.3 (1.9)|45.3 (1.0)|51.6 (0.0)|92.2 (0.0)|95.3 (0.0)|98.4 (0.0)|77.3 (0.5)|70.1 (0.6)|72.2 (0.6)|75.3 (0.7)|82.5 (0.5) |71.1 (0.5) |69.9 (0.7) (Former) Soviet Union\2\|71.3 (1.0)|72.9 (1.1)|69.6 (1.0)|31.3 (0.6)|43.8 (1.0)|50.8 (1.9)|89.1 (2.3)|92.2 (2.7)|96.9 (0.0)|73.0 (1.0)|70.8 (1.0)|73.0 (0.9)|68.0 (1.2)|78.8 (1.1) |69.8 (0.8) |67.6 (1.3) Slovenia................|70.3 (0.5)|72.5 (0.7)|68.2 (0.6)|34.4 (2.2)|43.8 (0.0)|50.0 (0.0)|89.1 (0.0)|92.2 (0.0)|96.9 (3.8)|73.1 (0.6)|67.3 (0.5)|70.1 (0.6)|72.5 (0.6)|80.2 (0.5) |68.0 (0.5) |66.0 (0.6) Israel\3\...............|69.7 (0.7)|71.6 (0.8)|68.0 (0.8)|34.4 (0.1)|42.2 (0.0)|47.6 (3.9)|89.1 (0.0)|92.2 (0.0)|96.9 (0.0)|65.4 (0.7)|69.8 (0.7)|67.5 (0.8)|78.5 (0.7)|70.5 (0.7) |68.4 (0.6) |71.1 (0.8) Canada\4\...............|68.8 (0.4)|70.5 (0.5)|67.1 (0.4)|32.8 (0.0)|43.8 (0.0)|48.4 (1.7)|87.5 (0.0)|90.6 (0.0)|95.3 (0.0)|68.5 (0.4)|64.9 (0.4)|67.9 (0.4)|79.0 (0.5)|71.7 (0.4) |66.1 (0.4) |71.0 (0.5) France..................|68.6 (0.6)|70.7 (0.7)|66.5 (0.7)|31.3 (1.8)|40.6 (2.1)|45.3 (1.7)|89.1 (0.0)|92.2 (0.0)|96.9 (0.0)|67.5 (0.6)|66.8 (0.6)|66.8 (0.6)|75.7 (0.7)|71.4 (0.6) |66.3 (0.6) |70.1 (0.8) Scotland................|67.9 (0.6)|69.6 (0.7)|66.3 (0.9)|28.6 (2.5)|39.1 (0.0)|45.3 (0.0)|87.5 (2.6)|90.6 (5.4)|96.9 (5.2)|67.3 (0.7)|65.7 (0.7)|64.1 (0.8)|76.8 (0.7)|72.3 (0.7) |65.8 (0.6) |67.7 (0.8) Spain\5\ ...............|67.5 (0.6)|69.2 (0.8)|66.0 (0.7)|35.1 (0.5)|42.6 (1.3)|48.4 (0.2)|85.9 (2.6)|89.1 (0.0)|95.3 (0.0)|70.3 (0.6)|64.1 (0.7)|68.5 (0.7)|70.0 (0.7)|76.3 (0.7) |65.2 (0.6) |64.3 (0.8) United States...........|67.0 (1.0)|69.4 (1.2)|64.5 (0.9)|28.1 (2.0)|39.3 (2.9)|43.8 (5.1)|85.9 (0.0)|90.6 (0.0)|95.3 (0.0)|69.1 (1.0)|61.6 (1.1)|67.0 (0.9)|75.6 (1.3)|72.8 (1.0) |65.1 (0.9) |65.4 (0.3) Ireland.................|63.3 (0.6)|66.1 (0.9)|60.8 (0.8)|27.4 (2.3)|35.9 (0.0)|40.6 (2.3)|84.4 (3.2)|89.1 (0.0)|95.3 (0.0)|61.0 (0.6)|60.7 (0.7)|65.5 (0.8)|71.4 (0.7)|66.0 (0.7) |62.0 (0.6) |63.4 (0.7) Jordan..................|56.6 (0.7)|57.1 (0.8)|55.9 (1.3)|23.4 (0.0)|30.2 (2.9)|35.9 (0.0)|78.1 (1.6)|84.4 (2.1)|92.2 (3.5)|58.6 (0.7)|53.8 (0.8)|60.7 (0.9)|56.1 (0.9)|65.3 (0.7) |56.6 (0.8) |49.2 (0.9) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Populations | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | (with exclusions or | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | low participation) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | England.................|68.7 (1.2)|70.3 (1.6)|67.1 (1.8)|31.3 (0.0)|39.1 (0.0)|44.3 (3.3)|89.1 (0.0)|92.2 (0.0)|98.4 (3.5)|68.2 (1.2)|66.6 (1.2)|65.9 (1.5)|76.5 (1.4)|72.1 (1.2) |66.8 (1.2) |69.0 (1.5) China\6\................|67.2 (1.1)|69.4 (1.2)|64.8 (1.1)|28.1 (3.5)|40.6 (0.6)|45.3 (1.6)|87.5 (1.6)|92.2 (2.2)|96.9 (1.6)|63.8 (1.1)|67.6 (1.1)|70.2 (1.4)|69.7 (1.1)|68.2 (1.1) |67.1 (1.1) |66.6 (1.1) Italy\7\................|69.9 (0.7)|72.2 (0.8)|67.6 (0.8)|31.3 (2.7)|43.8 (4.4)|48.4 (0.0)|89.1 (0.8)|92.2 (0.0)|95.3 (0.0)|71.8 (0.7)|67.0 (0.7)|70.8 (0.7)|72.7 (0.7)|76.7 (0.7) |66.9 (0.7) |69.6 (0.8) Portugal................|62.6 (0.8)|65.0 (1.0)|60.3 (0.8)|28.1 (2.7)|37.3 (1.6)|42.2 (3.1)|84.4 (0.0)|89.1 (0.0)|93.8 (1.6)|65.9 (0.8)|58.4 (0.7)|61.1 (0.9)|67.7 (1.2)|69.8 (0.8) |60.9 (0.7) |59.5 (1.1) Brazil, Sao Paulo.......|52.7 (0.6)|56.3 (0.8)|49.6 (0.7)|23.4 (1.2)|29.7 (0.7)|33.3 (0.8)|74.5 (3.9)|81.3 (1.7)|92.2 (2.7)|56.3 (0.8)|48.8 (0.5)|55.8 (0.7)|52.5 (0.8)|60.4 (0.9) |51.9 (0.5) |47.5 (0.7) Brazil, Fortaleza.......|46.4 (0.6)|49.1 (0.7)|44.3 (0.8)|21.8 (2.1)|27.3 (1.1)|31.3 (0.0)|67.2 (0.6)|73.4 (0.1)|85.9 (2.5)|51.3 (0.7)|42.6 (0.6)|48.6 (0.7)|44.8 (0.9)|55.5 (0.8) |45.4 (0.5) |40.5 (0.8) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Populations | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | (Canadian) | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | | Alberta.................|74.1 (0.4)|76.4 (0.6)|71.8 (0.5)|35.9 (0.5)|48.4 (0.0)|54.7 (0.0)|90.6 (0.0)|93.8 (0.0)|96.9 (0.0)|72.3 (0.5)|71.3 (0.5)|73.7 (0.5)|84.0 (0.5)|75.7 (0.5) |72.0 (0.4) |76.4 (0.6) British Columbia........|72.4 (0.5)|73.5 (0.6)|71.4 (0.6)|35.9 (1.6)|46.9 (0.0)|53.1 (0.0)|89.1 (0.0)|92.2 (0.0)|95.3 (0.0)|70.2 (0.5)|70.7 (0.5)|72.1 (0.6)|80.7 (0.6)|76.4 (0.5) |69.6 (0.5) |74.0 (0.6) Quebec-French...........|71.4 (0.5)|73.1 (0.6)|69.5 (0.6)|34.4 (3.1)|46.9 (1.6)|53.1 (1.3)|89.1 (0.0)|92.2 (0.0)|96.9 (0.0)|72.5 (0.5)|67.1 (0.6)|70.4 (0.6)|80.2 (0.6)|74.3 (0.6) |68.8 (0.5) |73.5 (0.7) Saskatchewan-English....|70.1 (0.6)|72.0 (0.7)|68.2 (0.6)|32.8 (1.6)|43.8 (0.0)|50.0 (0.0)|89.1 (0.0)|92.2 (0.0)|96.9 (0.0)|70.5 (0.6)|65.1 (0.7)|71.5 (0.7)|79.8 (0.6)|74.0 (0.6) |68.2 (0.5) |70.2 (0.8) Quebec-English..........|69.2 (0.5)|71.2 (0.7)|67.1 (0.7)|32.8 (0.0)|43.8 (0.0)|48.4 (2.2)|87.5 (0.0)|92.2 (0.0)|96.9 (3.8)|69.0 (0.5)|64.8 (0.6)|68.1 (0.6)|80.6 (0.6)|72.9 (0.6) |66.4 (0.5) |71.1 (0.7) Nova Scotia.............|68.7 (0.4)|70.2 (0.7)|67.0 (0.6)|31.3 (4.7)|42.2 (7.0)|48.4 (1.6)|87.5 (0.0)|90.6 (0.0)|95.3 (0.0)|68.0 (0.5)|65.8 (0.4)|68.9 (0.5)|76.4 (0.9)|71.8 (0.4) |67.7 (0.4) |67.8 (0.8) Manitoba-English........|68.6 (0.6)|70.3 (0.7)|66.9 (0.7)|29.7 (4.1)|39.1 (1.6)|45.3 (2.3)|87.5 (2.2)|92.2 (0.0)|95.3 (1.6)|67.5 (0.6)|64.9 (0.6)|70.5 (0.6)|77.3 (0.7)|72.6 (0.6) |66.8 (0.5) |68.3 (0.7) Ontario-English.........|67.0 (0.6)|68.6 (0.8)|65.5 (0.5)|31.3 (1.1)|42.2 (4.8)|46.9 (0.0)|85.9 (2.2)|90.6 (2.7)|95.3 (0.0)|66.4 (0.6)|63.0 (0.7)|65.8 (0.6)|78.1 (0.7)|69.8 (0.6) |64.2 (0.6) |69.4 (0.8) Manitoba-French.........|66.6 (0.7)|69.5 (1.1)|64.2 (0.8)|32.8 (2.2)|42.2 (2.7)|46.9 (0.0)|85.9 (0.0)|89.1 (0.0)|93.8 (3.1)|65.2 (0.8)|64.4 (0.8)|67.4 (0.7)|73.3 (0.9)|69.7 (0.8) |64.1 (0.7) |68.2 (1.0) New Brunswick-English...|66.3 (0.4)|67.9 (0.5)|64.8 (0.5)|29.6 (0.3)|39.1 (0.0)|45.3 (0.0)|85.9 (0.0)|89.1 (0.0)|95.3 (3.5)|66.2 (0.4)|62.8 (0.4)|65.8 (0.5)|74.9 (0.4)|69.7 (0.4) |64.6 (0.4) |66.5 (0.5) Newfoundland............|66.1 (0.5)|68.7 (0.7)|63.7 (0.6)|31.3 (0.0)|39.1 (0.0)|45.3 (0.0)|87.5 (2.2)|90.6 (0.0)|95.3 (0.0)|64.8 (0.6)|62.4 (0.5)|68.5 (0.7)|75.1 (0.6)|69.9 (0.6) |64.6 (0.5) |65.7 (0.6) Saskatchewan-French.....|64.8 (0.8)|66.2 (1.1)|63.4 (1.3)|32.8 (3.5)|45.3 (3.8)|50.0 (3.8)|82.8 (3.0)|87.5 (2.7)|92.2 (1.6)|63.9 (1.1)|59.8 (1.1)|68.7 (0.9)|74.4 (1.1)|67.8 (1.1) |62.1 (0.8) |67.0 (1.2) New Brunswick-French....|63.6 (0.3)|64.2 (0.6)|63.1 (0.5)|29.7 (0.0)|37.5 (0.0)|43.8 (0.0)|82.8 (3.5)|87.5 (0.0)|93.8 (0.0)|62.0 (0.4)|62.2 (0.4)|64.5 (0.4)|69.0 (0.5)|63.5 (0.5) |63.4 (0.3) |64.1 (0.5) Ontario-French..........|60.3 (0.5)|62.2 (0.7)|58.5 (0.7)|29.0 (2.6)|37.5 (0.0)|40.6 (1.8)|81.3 (0.6)|84.4 (0.0)|92.2 (0.0)|60.7 (0.6)|56.2 (0.6)|61.2 (0.6)|68.1 (0.8)|62.1 (0.7) |58.8 (0.5) |61.2 (0.7) ________________________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|__________|______________|_______________|_______________ ```

 \1\Fifteen cantons. \2\Schools in 14 provinces, where instruction is in Russian. \3\Schools where instruction is in Hebrew. \4\Nine provinces. \5\Schools where instruction is in Spanish, in all regions except Cataluna. \6\Twenty provinces and independent cities. \7\Emilia-Romagna province only. ---Data not available. NOTE.--Standard errors appear in parentheses. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, International Assessment of Educational Progress, "Learning Science," by Educational Testing Service. (This table was prepared February 1992.)