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Digest of Education Statistics
2022 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 314.40. Employees in degree-granting postsecondary institutions, by race/ethnicity, sex, employment status, control and level of institution, and primary occupation: Fall 2021
Sex, employment status, control and level of institution, and primary occupation Total American Indian/Alaska Native, Asian, Black, Hispanic, Pacific Islander, and Two
or more races
White Race/ethnicity unknown Nonresident1
Total Percent2 American Indian/Alaska Native Asian Black Hispanic Pacific Islander Two or more races
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
                         
    All institutions 3,817,214 1,056,128 30.7 18,697 272,050 369,050 326,587 7,284 62,460 2,388,098 162,660 210,328
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 1,499,186 354,399 25.9 6,594 128,741 109,103 88,096 2,491 19,374 1,011,855 75,373 57,559
  Instruction 1,370,213 323,371 25.5 6,280 111,495 104,095 81,478 2,381 17,642 946,949 69,626 30,267
  Research 95,895 21,930 33.8 187 13,182 2,653 4,594 65 1,249 42,993 4,606 26,366
  Public service 33,078 9,098 29.3 127 4,064 2,355 2,024 45 483 21,913 1,141 926
Graduate assistants 392,270 86,461 34.8 963 30,307 18,262 27,063 371 9,495 162,270 19,966 123,573
Librarians, curators, and archivists 37,304 8,063 22.4 212 1,961 2,721 2,482 75 612 27,876 1,100 265
Student and academic affairs and other education services 172,906 54,454 33.1 1,239 7,977 22,377 18,775 555 3,531 110,063 6,432 1,957
Management 266,041 67,117 26.0 1,267 12,064 29,607 19,901 442 3,836 190,864 6,747 1,313
Business and financial operations 227,757 70,501 32.3 1,157 16,024 25,281 23,385 456 4,198 147,712 7,562 1,982
Computer, engineering, and science 239,165 68,850 31.7 952 28,245 15,548 19,422 358 4,325 148,048 8,525 13,742
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
191,671 51,980 28.4 1,050 6,408 22,592 17,484 608 3,838 130,732 7,652 1,307
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 115,214 36,912 34.9 343 12,630 11,638 10,238 144 1,919 68,747 5,879 3,676
Service occupations 218,124 99,213 47.9 1,777 8,841 46,865 38,058 677 2,995 108,101 8,930 1,880
Sales and related occupations 10,434 3,913 39.4 80 362 1,805 1,326 33 307 6,027 452 42
Office and administrative support 363,221 132,000 37.8 2,334 16,585 54,013 51,179 866 7,023 217,641 10,904 2,676
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 66,976 16,712 26.0 585 1,386 6,572 7,232 158 779 47,502 2,492 270
Production, transportation, and material moving 16,945 5,553 34.3 144 519 2,666 1,946 50 228 10,660 646 86
                         
    Males 1,690,576 429,357 28.8 7,889 125,553 136,176 132,245 3,171 24,323 1,063,180 75,866 122,173
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 732,385 164,143 24.8 2,972 67,900 42,156 41,823 1,161 8,131 497,027 36,609 34,606
  Instruction 663,359 149,004 24.3 2,842 58,592 40,245 38,802 1,110 7,413 463,184 33,675 17,496
  Research 53,451 11,153 32.4 81 7,300 1,092 2,125 29 526 23,319 2,399 16,580
  Public service 15,575 3,986 27.5 49 2,008 819 896 22 192 10,524 535 530
Graduate assistants 194,195 37,936 34.0 415 14,723 6,763 11,891 174 3,970 73,712 9,620 72,927
Librarians, curators, and archivists 11,213 2,275 21.1 57 509 685 852 17 155 8,495 353 90
Student and academic affairs and other education services 53,470 16,173 32.1 386 2,535 6,389 5,664 179 1,020 34,233 2,252 812
Management 111,686 25,015 23.2 511 5,002 10,430 7,432 214 1,426 82,950 3,063 658
Business and financial operations 61,773 17,285 29.5 275 3,928 5,778 6,114 122 1,068 41,382 2,443 663
Computer, engineering, and science 140,771 36,662 28.7 568 14,212 8,132 11,095 252 2,403 91,150 4,964 7,995
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
83,976 20,979 26.4 419 2,115 10,248 6,451 297 1,449 58,581 3,831 585
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 33,332 10,608 36.2 91 4,474 2,550 2,883 43 567 18,696 2,188 1,840
Service occupations 123,802 52,263 44.3 1,081 4,480 25,531 19,129 383 1,659 65,688 5,001 850
Sales and related occupations 3,560 1,262 37.2 29 119 566 419 14 115 2,131 152 15
Office and administrative support 65,043 25,387 41.2 430 3,910 9,136 10,260 140 1,511 36,176 2,628 852
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 61,466 14,958 25.3 537 1,205 5,757 6,632 141 686 44,061 2,239 208
Production, transportation, and material moving 13,904 4,411 33.1 118 441 2,055 1,600 34 163 8,898 523 72
                         
    Females 2,126,638 626,771 32.1 10,808 146,497 232,874 194,342 4,113 38,137 1,324,918 86,794 88,155
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 766,801 190,256 27.0 3,622 60,841 66,947 46,273 1,330 11,243 514,828 38,764 22,953
  Instruction 706,854 174,367 26.5 3,438 52,903 63,850 42,676 1,271 10,229 483,765 35,951 12,771
  Research 42,444 10,777 35.4 106 5,882 1,561 2,469 36 723 19,674 2,207 9,786
  Public service 17,503 5,112 31.0 78 2,056 1,536 1,128 23 291 11,389 606 396
Graduate assistants 198,075 48,525 35.4 548 15,584 11,499 15,172 197 5,525 88,558 10,346 50,646
Librarians, curators, and archivists 26,091 5,788 23.0 155 1,452 2,036 1,630 58 457 19,381 747 175
Student and academic affairs and other education services 119,436 38,281 33.5 853 5,442 15,988 13,111 376 2,511 75,830 4,180 1,145
Management 154,355 42,102 28.1 756 7,062 19,177 12,469 228 2,410 107,914 3,684 655
Business and financial operations 165,984 53,216 33.4 882 12,096 19,503 17,271 334 3,130 106,330 5,119 1,319
Computer, engineering, and science 98,394 32,188 36.1 384 14,033 7,416 8,327 106 1,922 56,898 3,561 5,747
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
107,695 31,001 30.1 631 4,293 12,344 11,033 311 2,389 72,151 3,821 722
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 81,882 26,304 34.4 252 8,156 9,088 7,355 101 1,352 50,051 3,691 1,836
Service occupations 94,322 46,950 52.5 696 4,361 21,334 18,929 294 1,336 42,413 3,929 1,030
Sales and related occupations 6,874 2,651 40.5 51 243 1,239 907 19 192 3,896 300 27
Office and administrative support 298,178 106,613 37.0 1,904 12,675 44,877 40,919 726 5,512 181,465 8,276 1,824
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 5,510 1,754 33.8 48 181 815 600 17 93 3,441 253 62
Production, transportation, and material moving 3,041 1,142 39.3 26 78 611 346 16 65 1,762 123 14
                         
    Full-time 2,530,550 748,356 31.5 13,127 193,848 262,645 233,757 5,104 39,875 1,624,334 82,647 75,213
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 837,109 202,426 26.7 3,290 92,949 48,383 46,155 1,235 10,414 557,044 27,389 50,250
  Instruction 725,090 175,310 25.9 3,039 77,418 44,393 40,421 1,143 8,896 502,580 22,797 24,403
  Research 85,797 19,777 34.7 154 12,022 2,359 4,061 60 1,121 37,295 3,754 24,971
  Public service 26,222 7,339 29.9 97 3,509 1,631 1,673 32 397 17,169 838 876
Graduate assistants
Librarians, curators, and archivists 32,259 6,848 22.0 188 1,728 2,190 2,145 65 532 24,310 871 230
Student and academic affairs and other education services 123,158 40,325 34.1 942 5,808 16,738 13,698 467 2,672 77,846 3,685 1,302
Management 259,927 65,883 26.1 1,242 11,765 29,049 19,614 432 3,781 186,285 6,503 1,256
Business and financial operations 216,609 68,030 32.7 1,105 15,438 24,436 22,590 435 4,026 139,718 7,009 1,852
Computer, engineering, and science 223,001 64,179 31.7 866 26,628 14,360 17,964 337 4,024 138,216 7,775 12,831
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
160,355 44,737 29.1 892 5,595 19,341 15,138 507 3,264 108,937 5,593 1,088
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 98,468 32,406 35.8 287 10,838 10,265 9,214 120 1,682 58,048 5,098 2,916
Service occupations 188,825 88,496 49.2 1,567 7,956 41,455 34,410 562 2,546 91,459 7,253 1,617
Sales and related occupations 8,778 3,499 41.3 71 287 1,651 1,193 28 269 4,965 304 10
Office and administrative support 304,186 110,741 37.6 1,995 13,081 46,334 42,832 734 5,765 183,434 8,431 1,580
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 63,642 15,926 26.0 554 1,309 6,188 7,019 146 710 45,251 2,240 225
Production, transportation, and material moving 14,233 4,860 35.5 128 466 2,255 1,785 36 190 8,821 496 56
                         
    Part-time 1,286,664 307,772 28.7 5,570 78,202 106,405 92,830 2,180 22,585 763,764 80,013 135,115
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 662,077 151,973 25.0 3,304 35,792 60,720 41,941 1,256 8,960 454,811 47,984 7,309
  Instruction 645,123 148,061 25.0 3,241 34,077 59,702 41,057 1,238 8,746 444,369 46,829 5,864
  Research 10,098 2,153 27.4 33 1,160 294 533 5 128 5,698 852 1,395
  Public service 6,856 1,759 27.0 30 555 724 351 13 86 4,744 303 50
Graduate assistants 392,270 86,461 34.8 963 30,307 18,262 27,063 371 9,495 162,270 19,966 123,573
Librarians, curators, and archivists 5,045 1,215 25.4 24 233 531 337 10 80 3,566 229 35
Student and academic affairs and other education services 49,748 14,129 30.5 297 2,169 5,639 5,077 88 859 32,217 2,747 655
Management 6,114 1,234 21.2 25 299 558 287 10 55 4,579 244 57
Business and financial operations 11,148 2,471 23.6 52 586 845 795 21 172 7,994 553 130
Computer, engineering, and science 16,164 4,671 32.2 86 1,617 1,188 1,458 21 301 9,832 750 911
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
31,316 7,243 24.9 158 813 3,251 2,346 101 574 21,795 2,059 219
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 16,746 4,506 29.6 56 1,792 1,373 1,024 24 237 10,699 781 760
Service occupations 29,299 10,717 39.2 210 885 5,410 3,648 115 449 16,642 1,677 263
Sales and related occupations 1,656 414 28.0 9 75 154 133 5 38 1,062 148 32
Office and administrative support 59,035 21,259 38.3 339 3,504 7,679 8,347 132 1,258 34,207 2,473 1,096
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 3,334 786 25.9 31 77 384 213 12 69 2,251 252 45
Production, transportation, and material moving 2,712 693 27.4 16 53 411 161 14 38 1,839 150 30
                         
    Public 4-year 2,032,313 563,756 31.3 10,631 156,523 183,018 176,591 3,222 33,771 1,235,880 81,520 151,157
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 685,674 165,352 26.7 3,184 70,295 41,995 40,596 889 8,393 452,805 30,879 36,638
  Instruction 608,214 148,852 26.5 2,967 61,377 39,469 36,783 818 7,438 412,224 27,039 20,099
  Research 59,643 12,643 31.2 133 7,390 1,490 2,836 45 749 27,862 3,186 15,952
  Public service 17,817 3,857 23.3 84 1,528 1,036 977 26 206 12,719 654 587
Graduate assistants 306,141 66,545 34.1 811 22,479 14,243 21,572 279 7,161 128,360 14,760 96,476
Librarians, curators, and archivists 17,344 3,952 23.6 126 898 1,279 1,314 19 316 12,785 473 134
Student and academic affairs and other education services 73,506 23,427 33.5 595 3,604 9,183 8,318 223 1,504 46,418 2,557 1,104
Management 127,033 31,911 25.9 731 5,587 14,296 9,334 178 1,785 91,492 2,871 759
Business and financial operations 137,688 42,245 32.0 770 9,867 14,654 14,160 261 2,533 89,617 4,521 1,305
Computer, engineering, and science 149,589 40,687 30.1 627 16,755 8,600 11,778 191 2,736 94,588 5,126 9,188
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
94,968 27,793 30.6 586 3,475 11,518 9,926 268 2,020 62,928 3,500 747
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 77,229 24,078 34.0 259 8,425 7,701 6,332 71 1,290 46,738 4,467 1,946
Service occupations 119,597 55,927 49.2 1,047 5,709 25,948 21,162 323 1,738 57,714 4,865 1,091
Sales and related occupations 2,364 605 27.6 22 95 232 197 10 49 1,590 138 31
Office and administrative support 185,758 66,628 37.2 1,336 8,082 27,423 25,839 385 3,563 112,375 5,246 1,509
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 44,071 10,934 25.9 433 890 4,321 4,652 97 541 31,295 1,676 166
Production, transportation, and material moving 11,351 3,672 33.9 104 362 1,625 1,411 28 142 7,175 441 63
                         
    Public 2-year 476,421 133,342 29.2 3,778 20,248 54,842 47,204 1,214 6,056 323,957 16,080 3,042
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 259,251 58,630 23.7 1,619 11,679 23,596 18,387 570 2,779 188,904 10,123 1,594
  Instruction 256,592 57,799 23.6 1,595 11,600 23,053 18,237 567 2,747 187,195 10,032 1,566
  Research 168 52 32.3 4 8 19 19 0 2 109 6 1
  Public service 2,491 779 32.7 20 71 524 131 3 30 1,600 85 27
Graduate assistants 16 8 53.3 0 1 4 3 0 0 7 0 1
Librarians, curators, and archivists 4,523 1,110 25.3 41 186 446 365 14 58 3,272 123 18
Student and academic affairs and other education services 40,949 13,234 33.6 395 1,566 5,503 4,961 127 682 26,140 1,374 201
Management 30,298 8,348 28.2 234 878 4,243 2,618 60 315 21,211 658 81
Business and financial operations 16,093 5,839 37.4 170 835 2,266 2,287 31 250 9,791 354 109
Computer, engineering, and science 13,236 3,991 31.1 123 987 1,161 1,471 39 210 8,840 311 94
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
21,149 7,231 35.4 207 610 3,396 2,582 85 351 13,178 647 93
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 1,370 246 18.8 10 41 84 88 7 16 1,064 56 4
Service occupations 27,308 11,799 45.1 357 685 5,680 4,655 90 332 14,346 908 255
Sales and related occupations 1,222 265 22.1 17 38 101 90 2 17 936 18 3
Office and administrative support 54,867 20,988 39.6 519 2,615 7,622 9,076 175 981 31,947 1,359 573
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 5,020 1,305 26.6 72 100 578 491 12 52 3,597 102 16
Production, transportation, and material moving 1,119 348 32.5 14 27 162 130 2 13 724 47 0
                         
    Private nonprofit 4-year 1,195,057 317,525 29.4 3,563 89,126 113,261 89,845 2,383 19,347 763,495 58,165 55,872
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 486,193 108,094 24.7 1,399 43,017 32,896 23,468 776 6,538 329,591 29,290 19,218
  Instruction 437,418 94,432 23.5 1,329 34,783 30,963 20,821 741 5,795 307,013 27,480 8,493
  Research 36,037 9,213 38.0 49 5,773 1,141 1,735 19 496 15,000 1,411 10,413
  Public service 12,738 4,449 37.0 21 2,461 792 912 16 247 7,578 399 312
Graduate assistants 85,802 19,798 37.0 150 7,799 3,980 5,457 92 2,320 33,774 5,139 27,091
Librarians, curators, and archivists 14,767 2,835 20.0 36 852 954 725 39 229 11,345 478 109
Student and academic affairs and other education services 47,460 13,034 29.1 178 2,252 5,775 3,742 144 943 31,733 2,051 642
Management 99,295 23,751 24.8 258 5,062 9,857 6,926 165 1,483 72,194 2,883 467
Business and financial operations 69,810 20,765 31.1 185 5,073 7,801 6,271 140 1,295 45,964 2,526 555
Computer, engineering, and science 74,595 23,517 35.0 192 10,287 5,636 5,967 120 1,315 43,697 3,011 4,370
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
72,449 15,858 23.1 239 2,195 7,198 4,641 247 1,338 52,755 3,374 462
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 36,448 12,527 37.5 73 4,148 3,840 3,790 66 610 20,846 1,349 1,726
Service occupations 69,393 30,498 46.4 343 2,408 14,893 11,716 256 882 35,257 3,105 533
Sales and related occupations 2,845 846 30.9 3 108 316 359 8 52 1,888 104 7
Office and administrative support 114,300 40,341 36.8 409 5,435 17,615 14,517 269 2,096 69,369 4,009 581
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 17,365 4,210 25.4 73 383 1,636 1,893 47 178 12,376 691 88
Production, transportation, and material moving 4,335 1,451 34.9 25 107 864 373 14 68 2,706 155 23
                         
    Private nonprofit 2-year 6,293 2,498 41.2 161 145 1,446 593 13 140 3,569 219 7
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 2,668 827 32.0 58 56 556 120 4 33 1,760 76 5
  Instruction 2,659 822 31.9 55 56 555 120 3 33 1,756 76 5
  Research 7 3 42.9 1 0 1 0 1 0 4 0 0
  Public service 2 2 100.0 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Graduate assistants 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0
Librarians, curators, and archivists 75 15 20.5 5 0 7 3 0 0 58 1 1
Student and academic affairs and other education services 921 484 56.1 19 26 257 141 5 36 378 59 0
Management 736 248 35.0 11 18 136 63 2 18 460 28 0
Business and financial operations 232 89 39.7 15 10 40 18 1 5 135 7 1
Computer, engineering, and science 108 43 41.7 5 13 11 12 0 2 60 5 0
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
148 49 33.6 4 2 26 15 0 2 97 2 0
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 23 4 17.4 0 0 3 1 0 0 19 0 0
Service occupations 187 96 51.3 15 0 43 36 0 2 91 0 0
Sales and related occupations 472 336 73.8 6 7 195 102 0 26 119 17 0
Office and administrative support 678 298 45.6 23 13 166 79 1 16 356 24 0
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 38 7 18.4 0 0 4 3 0 0 31 0 0
Production, transportation, and material moving 7 2 28.6 0 0 2 0 0 0 5 0 0
                         
    Private for-profit 4-year 84,698 29,017 37.0 444 4,938 12,478 8,368 337 2,452 49,496 5,992 193
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 53,184 16,576 34.2 267 3,110 7,935 3,796 192 1,276 31,939 4,607 62
  Instruction 53,141 16,561 34.2 267 3,099 7,935 3,792 192 1,276 31,914 4,604 62
  Research 24 9 37.5 0 7 0 2 0 0 15 0 0
  Public service 19 6 37.5 0 4 0 2 0 0 10 3 0
Graduate assistants 310 110 46.2 2 28 35 31 0 14 128 67 5
Librarians, curators, and archivists 461 111 25.6 4 18 20 58 3 8 323 24 3
Student and academic affairs and other education services 7,991 3,274 42.7 39 421 1,307 1,185 44 278 4,388 326 3
Management 6,129 1,793 30.4 23 379 651 549 25 166 4,099 232 5
Business and financial operations 2,867 1,052 38.4 13 188 359 386 14 92 1,687 118 10
Computer, engineering, and science 1,466 541 41.4 4 187 122 167 6 55 766 70 89
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
2,705 902 34.9 12 118 385 262 8 117 1,682 118 3
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 117 45 39.8 1 14 5 22 0 3 68 4 0
Service occupations 1,262 699 57.6 13 35 233 380 6 32 515 47 1
Sales and related occupations 2,425 1,236 53.9 28 85 705 293 7 118 1,059 130 0
Office and administrative support 5,306 2,405 47.4 32 324 691 1,053 24 281 2,664 225 12
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 347 195 59.8 5 8 19 154 2 7 131 21 0
Production, transportation, and material moving 128 78 62.4 1 23 11 32 6 5 47 3 0
                         
    Private for-profit 2-year 22,432 9,990 46.1 120 1,070 4,005 3,986 115 694 11,701 684 57
Faculty (instruction/research/public service) 12,216 4,920 41.8 67 584 2,125 1,729 60 355 6,856 398 42
  Instruction 12,189 4,905 41.7 67 580 2,120 1,725 60 353 6,847 395 42
  Research 16 10 76.9 0 4 2 2 0 2 3 3 0
  Public service 11 5 45.5 0 0 3 2 0 0 6 0 0
Graduate assistants 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 0 0
Librarians, curators, and archivists 134 40 30.1 0 7 15 17 0 1 93 1 0
Student and academic affairs and other education services 2,079 1,001 49.9 13 108 352 428 12 88 1,006 65 7
Management 2,550 1,066 43.1 10 140 424 411 12 69 1,408 75 1
Business and financial operations 1,067 511 49.7 4 51 161 263 9 23 518 36 2
Computer, engineering, and science 171 71 42.3 1 16 18 27 2 7 97 2 1
Community, social service, legal, arts, design,
   entertainment, sports, and media
252 147 61.5 2 8 69 58 0 10 92 11 2
Healthcare practitioners and technicians 27 12 50.0 0 2 5 5 0 0 12 3 0
Service occupations 377 194 52.2 2 4 68 109 2 9 178 5 0
Sales and related occupations 1,106 625 59.0 4 29 256 285 6 45 435 45 1
Office and administrative support 2,312 1,340 59.0 15 116 496 615 12 86 930 41 1
Natural resources, construction, and maintenance 135 61 45.9 2 5 14 39 0 1 72 2 0
Production, transportation, and material moving 5 2 40.0 0 0 2 0 0 0 3 0 0
†Not applicable.
1Race/ethnicity not collected.
2Combined total of staff who were American Indian/Alaska Native, Asian, Black, Hispanic, Pacific Islander, and of Two or more races as a percentage of total staff, excluding race/ethnicity unknown and nonresidents.
NOTE: Data in this table represent the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. By definition, all graduate assistants are part time. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Spring 2022, Human Resources component. (This table was prepared May 2023.)

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