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Digest of Education Statistics
2022 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 233.12. Percentage of public schools that took a serious disciplinary action in response to specific offenses, by type of offense and selected school characteristics: 2019-20
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
School characteristic Total, at least one action1 Type of offense
Physical attacks or fights Distribution, possession, or use of alcohol Distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs Use or possession of a firearm or explosive device Use or possession of a weapon other than a firearm or explosive device
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Total 35.4   (1.06) 24.0   (0.89) 8.0   (0.39) 19.5   (0.65) 2.4   (0.35) 10.0   (0.61)

School level2
                                   
Elementary 15.5   (1.48) 10.2   (1.20) 1.0 ! (0.36) 2.5   (0.65) 0.9 ! (0.42) 4.2   (0.76)
Middle 61.4   (1.91) 41.4   (1.69) 15.3   (1.09) 35.7   (1.61) 3.0   (0.57) 19.0   (1.56)
Secondary/high 73.5   (1.72) 50.6   (1.82) 23.0   (1.09) 58.0   (1.81) 6.9   (0.81) 20.6   (1.68)
Combined/other 32.5   (4.58) 21.9   (4.14) 6.4 ! (2.70) 14.5   (3.25)   (†) 6.0 ! (2.57)

Enrollment size
                                   
Less than 300 20.1   (2.15) 12.4   (1.75) 2.5 ! (0.80) 8.7   (1.47)   (†) 4.5   (1.19)
300 to 499 28.3   (1.86) 18.5   (1.56) 4.1   (0.61) 11.3   (1.18) 1.9 ! (0.72) 7.1   (1.32)
500 to 999 38.8   (1.70) 25.8   (1.54) 8.5   (0.63) 20.7   (0.99) 1.5   (0.33) 11.1   (1.06)
1,000 or more 75.1   (1.52) 56.3   (1.63) 28.2   (1.67) 60.6   (1.52) 8.8   (1.03) 26.0   (1.49)

Locale
                                   
City 38.6   (1.75) 27.3   (1.79) 6.7   (0.71) 20.3   (1.38) 3.5   (0.89) 11.9   (1.27)
Suburban 33.6   (1.53) 22.9   (1.41) 8.5   (0.76) 19.6   (0.72) 1.7   (0.31) 11.3   (1.09)
Town 38.7   (2.92) 24.5   (2.50) 7.3   (1.03) 23.0   (1.97) 2.1   (0.56) 9.1   (1.76)
Rural 33.0   (2.19) 21.6   (1.91) 8.9   (0.92) 16.9   (1.06) 2.4 ! (0.76) 7.0   (1.12)

Percent minority enrollment3
                                   
0 to 25 percent 31.2   (1.81) 18.0   (1.30) 8.5   (0.69) 18.6   (1.28) 1.3   (0.36) 7.4   (0.93)
26 to 50 percent 35.3   (2.22) 24.8   (1.84) 9.4   (0.95) 19.7   (1.53) 2.4 ! (0.83) 9.3   (1.26)
51 to 75 percent 37.0   (2.46) 27.2   (2.36) 9.3   (1.22) 19.6   (1.85) 3.2   (0.69) 11.4   (1.50)
76 to 100 percent 39.8   (2.22) 28.4   (1.91) 5.2   (0.67) 20.3   (1.41) 3.3   (0.79) 13.0   (1.41)

Percent of students eligible for
    free or reduced-price lunch
                                   
0 to 25 percent 24.7   (1.96) 13.6   (1.48) 7.5   (1.04) 16.2   (1.59) 1.0 ! (0.33) 5.4   (0.97)
26 to 50 percent 38.2   (1.69) 24.5   (1.61) 10.1   (0.96) 21.5   (1.22) 1.6   (0.43) 9.8   (1.14)
51 to 75 percent 36.7   (2.35) 24.3   (1.79) 9.8   (1.04) 21.7   (1.35) 3.5   (0.84) 11.7   (1.26)
76 to 100 percent 38.2   (2.02) 29.1   (1.92) 5.0   (0.68) 17.9   (1.45) 3.1   (0.72) 11.5   (1.24)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Schools that took serious disciplinary actions in response to more than one type of offense were counted only once in the total.
2 Elementary schools are defined as schools that enroll students in more of grades K through 4 than in higher grades. Middle schools are defined as schools that enroll students in more of grades 5 through 8 than in higher or lower grades. Secondary/high schools are defined as schools that enroll students in more of grades 9 through 12 than in lower grades. Combined/other schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
3 Percent combined enrollment of Black, Hispanic, Asian, Pacific Islander, and American Indian/Alaska Native students, and students of Two or more races.
NOTE: Serious disciplinary actions include out-of-school suspensions lasting 5 or more days, but less than the remainder of the school year; removals with no continuing services for at least the remainder of the school year; and transfers to alternative schools for disciplinary reasons. Percentages of schools taking such actions are based on all public schools, rather than only those at which offenses occurred. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2019-20 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2020. (This table was prepared October 2021.)

2022 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest