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Digest of Education Statistics
2022 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 230.40. Percentage of students ages 12-18 who reported being bullied at school during the school year, by selected student and school characteristics: Selected years, 2005 through 2019 
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Student or school characteristic 20051 2007 2009 2011 2013 20152 2017 20193
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Total 28.5   (0.70) 31.7   (0.74) 28.0   (0.83) 27.8   (0.76) 21.5   (0.66) 20.8   (0.99) 20.2   (0.71) 22.2   (0.85)

Sex
                                               
Male 27.5   (0.90) 30.3   (0.96) 26.6   (1.04) 24.5   (0.91) 19.5   (0.81) 18.8   (1.31) 16.7   (0.87) 19.1   (1.04)
Female 29.7   (0.85) 33.2   (0.99) 29.5   (1.08) 31.4   (0.99) 23.7   (0.98) 22.8   (1.39) 23.8   (1.01) 25.5   (1.18)

Race/ethnicity
                                               
White 30.3   (0.85) 34.1   (0.97) 29.3   (1.03) 31.5   (1.07) 23.7   (0.93) 21.6   (1.43) 22.8   (1.02) 24.6   (1.16)
Black 29.2   (2.23) 30.4   (2.18) 29.1   (2.29) 27.2   (1.97) 20.3   (1.81) 24.7   (3.29) 22.9   (1.98) 22.2   (2.48)
Hispanic 22.3   (1.29) 27.3   (1.53) 25.5   (1.71) 21.9   (1.07) 19.2   (1.30) 17.2   (1.58) 15.7   (1.12) 18.0   (1.32)
Asian/Pacific Islander 20.8   (2.61) 17.2   (2.47) 17.8   (2.79) 13.8   (2.48) 9.3   (1.67) 19.4   (4.45) 7.3   (1.54) 13.7   (2.67)
Asian 20.9   2.68 18.1   (2.60) 17.3   (3.01) 14.9   (2.70) 9.2   (1.67) 15.6   (4.02) 7.3   (1.56) 13.5   (2.71)
Pacific Islander   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native   (†) 29.8   (7.40)   (†) 21.1 ! (6.72) 24.3 ! (9.87)   (†) 27.2   (5.93)   (†)
Two or more races 34.6   (4.44) 38.2   (3.95) 27.3   (5.56) 26.9   (4.30) 27.6   (4.50) 17.7   (3.96) 23.2   (3.03) 37.1   (5.96)

Grade
                                               
6th 37.0   (2.06) 42.7   (2.23) 39.4   (2.60) 37.0   (2.17) 27.8   (2.31) 31.0   (3.53) 29.5   (2.79) 28.1   (2.68)
7th 35.1   (1.70) 35.6   (1.78) 33.1   (1.87) 30.3   (1.64) 26.4   (1.65) 25.1   (2.48) 24.4   (1.60) 28.0   (2.36)
8th 31.3   (1.60) 36.9   (1.84) 31.7   (1.85) 30.7   (1.68) 21.7   (1.42) 22.2   (2.41) 25.3   (1.69) 26.7   (2.14)
9th 28.3   (1.59) 30.6   (1.72) 28.0   (1.90) 26.5   (1.66) 23.0   (1.42) 19.0   (2.11) 19.3   (1.52) 18.9   (1.95)
10th 25.1   (1.42) 27.7   (1.44) 26.6   (1.71) 28.0   (1.56) 19.5   (1.48) 21.2   (2.13) 18.9   (1.67) 18.7   (1.72)
11th 23.5   (1.62) 28.5   (1.48) 21.1   (1.69) 23.8   (1.72) 20.0   (1.50) 15.8   (2.24) 14.7   (1.45) 21.7   (2.08)
12th 20.8   (1.83) 23.0   (1.60) 20.4   (1.63) 22.0   (1.34) 14.1   (1.51) 14.9   (2.18) 12.2   (1.34) 15.8   (1.90)

School locale4
                                               
City ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 21.3   (1.73) 19.9   (1.35) 22.4   (1.80)
Suburban ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 21.3   (1.55) 18.1   (0.90) 20.5   (1.18)
Town ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 20.3   (3.00) 26.9   (1.75) 21.7   (2.37)
Rural ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 20.0   (2.53) 23.8   (1.56) 27.7   (1.89)

Control of school4,5
                                               
Public 29.0   (0.74) 32.0   (0.76) 28.8   (0.88) 28.4   (0.82) 21.5   (0.67) 21.3   (1.05) 21.1   (0.76) 22.7   (0.90)
Private 23.3   (2.16) 29.1   (2.10) 18.9   (2.16) 21.5   (1.91) 22.4   (2.71) 15.3   (3.43) 15.0   (2.47) 21.7   (3.86)
---Not available.
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 In 2005 and prior years, the period covered by the survey question was “during the last 6 months,” but this was changed to “during this school year” beginning in 2007. Cognitive testing suggested that modifications to the reference period would not have a substantial impact on the survey responses.
2 The 2015 survey included a split sample design to compare two versions of an updated questionnaire on bullying that would provide data on repetition and power imbalance aligned with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s uniform definition of bullying. Half the sample received version 1, and the other half received version 2. Estimates in this table are based on the 50 percent of the sample who received version 1 of the questionnaire. For more information, see Split-Half Administration of the 2015 School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey Methodology Report (NCES 2017-004).
3 The 2019 survey included a split sample design to compare two versions of an updated questionnaire on bullying. Approximately 60 percent of the sample received version 1, which was consistent with prior years; the remaining 40 percent received version 2, which included changes such as removing the word “bullying.” Estimates in this table are based on the 60 percent of the sample who received version 1 of the questionnaire. For more information, see Methodology Report: Split-Half Administration of the 2019 School Crime Supplement to the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCES 2021-016).
4 Excludes students with missing information about the school characteristic.
5 Data for 2013 and prior years were based on school information provided by the respondent. Beginning in 2015, data were based on school information collected in the Common Core of Data and the Private School Universe Survey, which was appended to the School Crime Supplement data file; therefore, these data may not be entirely comparable with figures for earlier years.
NOTE: "At school" includes in the school building, on school property, on a school bus, and going to and from school. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, School Crime Supplement (SCS) to the National Crime Victimization Survey, selected years, 2005 through 2019. (This table was prepared December 2020.)

2022 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest