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Digest of Education Statistics
2022 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 228.30. Percentage of students ages 12-18 who reported criminal victimization at school during the previous 6 months, by type of victimization and selected student and school characteristics: Selected years, 1995 through 2019
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Type of victimization and student or school characteristic 1995 2001 2003 2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 2015 2017 2019
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Total 9.1   (0.33) 5.5   (0.31) 5.1   (0.24) 4.3   (0.31) 4.3   (0.29) 3.9   (0.28) 3.5   (0.28) 3.0   (0.25) 2.7   (0.25) 2.2   (0.22) 2.5   (0.24)

Sex
                                                                 
Male 9.6   (0.44) 6.1   (0.41) 5.3   (0.33) 4.6   (0.43) 4.5   (0.43) 4.6   (0.40) 3.7   (0.35) 3.2   (0.40) 2.6   (0.35) 2.6   (0.34) 3.1   (0.39)
Female 8.5   (0.45) 4.9   (0.39) 4.8   (0.36) 3.9   (0.38) 3.9   (0.38) 3.2   (0.35) 3.4   (0.38) 2.8   (0.34) 2.8   (0.38) 1.8   (0.28) 1.9   (0.28)

Race/ethnicity1
                                                                 
White 9.4   (0.36) 5.7   (0.40) 5.4   (0.32) 4.6   (0.36) 4.2   (0.38) 3.9   (0.37) 3.6   (0.35) 3.0   (0.32) 2.9   (0.36) 2.2   (0.27) 2.5   (0.32)
Black 9.6   (1.02) 6.1   (0.78) 5.1   (0.78) 3.9   (0.80) 4.3   (0.83) 4.4   (0.74) 4.6   (0.89) 3.2   (0.71) 2.2 ! (0.77) 2.6   (0.52) 3.0 ! (0.97)
Hispanic 7.1   (0.96) 4.6   (0.64) 3.9   (0.50) 3.9   (0.70) 3.6   (0.54) 3.9   (0.75) 2.9   (0.47) 3.2   (0.46) 2.3   (0.47) 2.0   (0.45) 1.8   (0.38)
Asian/Pacific Islander 8.3   (1.63) 3.7   (1.08) 3.2   (0.93) 1.4 ! (0.64) 3.4 ! (1.33)   (†) 2.3 ! (1.13) 2.4 ! (0.99)   (†) 2.1 ! (1.02)   (†)
Asian ---   (†) ---   (†) 3.3 ! (1.00) 1.5 ! (0.69) 3.6 ! (1.38)   (†) 2.5 ! (1.23) 2.6 ! (1.08)   (†) 2.1 ! (1.05)   (†)
Pacific Islander ---   (†) ---   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 9.6 ! (3.27)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 11.1 ! (4.80)   (†)
Two or more races ---   (†) ---   (†) 9.8   (2.85)   (†) 10.1   (2.59)   (†) 4.9 ! (1.77) 3.0 ! (1.46) 6.5 ! (2.24)   (†) 6.5 ! (2.17)

Grade
                                                                 
6th 8.8   (0.92) 5.9   (0.90) 3.8   (0.77) 4.6   (0.83) 3.9   (0.86) 3.7   (0.91) 3.8   (0.85) 4.1   (0.92) 3.1   (0.79) 3.1   (0.75) 3.1   (0.93)
7th 10.6   (0.79) 5.8   (0.67) 6.3   (0.74) 5.4   (0.71) 4.7   (0.69) 3.4   (0.70) 3.1   (0.61) 2.5   (0.51) 3.4   (0.70) 2.6   (0.60) 2.9   (0.62)
8th 10.1   (0.76) 4.3   (0.61) 5.2   (0.65) 3.6   (0.63) 4.4   (0.63) 3.8   (0.78) 3.8   (0.67) 2.3   (0.52) 2.3   (0.57) 1.8   (0.51) 2.1   (0.54)
9th 11.4   (0.86) 7.9   (0.81) 6.3   (0.70) 4.7   (0.69) 5.3   (0.75) 5.3   (0.85) 5.1   (0.83) 4.1   (0.76) 3.0   (0.62) 2.7   (0.67) 2.6   (0.57)
10th 8.7   (0.73) 6.5   (0.77) 4.7   (0.63) 4.3   (0.71) 4.4   (0.67) 4.2   (0.79) 3.0   (0.58) 3.3   (0.57) 1.6   (0.47) 2.7   (0.49) 3.3   (0.76)
11th 7.0   (0.72) 4.8   (0.62) 5.0   (0.69) 3.6   (0.51) 4.0   (0.75) 4.7   (0.88) 3.1   (0.65) 3.3   (0.65) 4.4   (1.04) 1.4   (0.40) 2.4   (0.66)
12th 5.8   (0.73) 2.9   (0.52) 3.6   (0.71) 3.7   (0.85) 2.7   (0.70) 2.0   (0.52) 2.9   (0.68) 2.0 ! (0.67) 1.3 ! (0.45) 1.4   (0.41) 1.1 ! (0.34)

School locale2
                                                                 
City ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 3.1   (0.45) 2.5   (0.44) 3.3   (0.51)
Suburban ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 3.2   (0.47) 1.9   (0.30) 2.1   (0.31)
Town ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 1.3 ! (0.43) 2.3   (0.66) 2.8 ! (0.86)
Rural ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 2.2   (0.47) 2.0   (0.46) 2.4   (0.52)

Control of school2,3
                                                                 
Public 9.3   (0.37) 5.7   (0.34) 5.1   (0.26) 4.4   (0.32) 4.5   (0.32) 4.1   (0.30) 3.7   (0.29) 3.1   (0.27) 2.8   (0.27) 2.2   (0.24) 2.7   (0.26)
Private 6.2   (0.89) 3.4   (0.72) 4.9   (0.79) 2.7   (0.77) 1.1 ! (0.50) 1.8 ! (0.76) 1.9 ! (0.68) 2.8 ! (0.89)   (†)   (†)   (†)

Theft
7.0   (0.28) 4.2   (0.24) 4.0   (0.20) 3.1   (0.27) 3.0   (0.23) 2.8   (0.23) 2.6   (0.23) 1.9   (0.20) 1.9   (0.22) 1.5   (0.17) 1.5   (0.19)

Sex
                                                                 
Male 7.0   (0.37) 4.5   (0.34) 3.9   (0.27) 3.1   (0.34) 3.0   (0.34) 3.4   (0.36) 2.6   (0.29) 2.0   (0.30) 1.7   (0.26) 1.6   (0.27) 1.6   (0.29)
Female 7.0   (0.41) 3.8   (0.33) 4.1   (0.31) 3.2   (0.36) 3.0   (0.32) 2.1   (0.28) 2.6   (0.33) 1.8   (0.28) 2.0   (0.34) 1.3   (0.24) 1.4   (0.24)

Race/ethnicity1
                                                                 
White 7.3   (0.32) 4.1   (0.31) 4.3   (0.28) 3.4   (0.32) 3.1   (0.29) 2.9   (0.31) 2.5   (0.28) 1.6   (0.22) 2.0   (0.28) 1.3   (0.20) 1.6   (0.26)
Black 6.9   (0.87) 5.0   (0.68) 3.8   (0.64) 2.7   (0.66) 3.1   (0.70) 2.5   (0.61) 3.7   (0.78) 2.7   (0.67) 1.3 ! (0.63) 1.8   (0.51) 1.7 ! (0.60)
Hispanic 5.7   (0.79) 3.7   (0.69) 3.0   (0.41) 3.1   (0.64) 2.2   (0.47) 3.0   (0.63) 2.0   (0.41) 1.8   (0.39) 1.6   (0.39) 1.4   (0.36) 1.2   (0.32)
Asian/Pacific Islander 6.4   (1.47) 3.5   (1.03) 3.2   (0.93)   (†) 3.0 ! (1.27)   (†) 2.3 ! (1.13) 2.4 ! (0.99)   (†) 2.1 ! (1.02)   (†)
Asian ---   (†) ---   (†) 3.3 ! (1.00)   (†) 3.2 ! (1.32)   (†) 2.5 ! (1.23) 2.6 ! (1.08)   (†) 2.1 ! (1.05)   (†)
Pacific Islander ---   (†) ---   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 7.2 ! (3.04)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 7.2 ! (3.37)   (†)
Two or more races ---   (†) ---   (†) 8.3 ! (2.72)   (†) 5.3 ! (2.01)   (†) 3.7 ! (1.56)   (†) 4.3 ! (1.80)   (†)   (†)

Grade
                                                                 
6th 5.4   (0.66) 4.0   (0.70) 2.2   (0.63) 2.8   (0.75) 2.6   (0.75) 1.3 ! (0.52) 2.7   (0.70) 1.4 ! (0.57) 1.6 ! (0.65) 1.0 ! (0.42) 1.4 ! (0.63)
7th 8.1   (0.72) 3.4   (0.51) 4.8   (0.67) 2.9   (0.50) 2.7   (0.54) 2.1   (0.57) 1.9   (0.44) 1.4   (0.38) 1.6 ! (0.54) 1.3 ! (0.39) 1.5 ! (0.47)
8th 7.8   (0.72) 3.3   (0.50) 4.1   (0.57) 2.4   (0.53) 2.5   (0.54) 2.0   (0.55) 2.0   (0.48) 1.0 ! (0.33) 1.8   (0.50) 1.1 ! (0.41) 1.1 ! (0.43)
9th 8.8   (0.76) 6.2   (0.76) 5.2   (0.63) 3.7   (0.61) 4.6   (0.70) 4.9   (0.80) 4.4   (0.78) 2.7   (0.58) 2.1   (0.52) 2.4   (0.60) 1.7   (0.46)
10th 7.6   (0.70) 5.7   (0.72) 3.7   (0.59) 3.8   (0.66) 3.6   (0.63) 3.5   (0.72) 2.1   (0.50) 2.6   (0.48) 1.4 ! (0.43) 2.1   (0.39) 2.1   (0.57)
11th 5.4   (0.66) 3.8   (0.57) 4.1   (0.64) 2.8   (0.45) 2.6   (0.61) 3.3   (0.74) 2.7   (0.58) 2.3   (0.50) 3.4   (0.85) 1.1 ! (0.36) 1.7 ! (0.54)
12th 4.5   (0.67) 2.3   (0.45) 3.1   (0.68) 3.4   (0.84) 1.9   (0.55) 1.5   (0.44) 2.4   (0.62) 1.6 ! (0.62) 1.0 ! (0.40) 1.2 ! (0.42) 0.9 ! (0.31)

School locale2
                                                                 
City ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 2.3   (0.41) 1.6   (0.33) 2.0   (0.40)
Suburban ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 1.8   (0.38) 1.4   (0.27) 1.1   (0.25)
Town ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 1.1 ! (0.37) 1.0 ! (0.46) 1.9 ! (0.79)
Rural ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 1.6   (0.41) 1.4   (0.38) 1.5   (0.44)

Control of school2,3
                                                                 
Public 7.2   (0.31) 4.4   (0.26) 4.0   (0.22) 3.3   (0.28) 3.2   (0.25) 2.9   (0.25) 2.7   (0.24) 1.9   (0.21) 1.9   (0.23) 1.5   (0.20) 1.7   (0.21)
Private 4.9   (0.73) 2.4   (0.67) 4.0   (0.77) 1.3 ! (0.48) 1.1 ! (0.50)   (†) 1.2 ! (0.52) 2.0 ! (0.76)   (†)   (†)   (†)

All violent
2.5   (0.19) 1.8   (0.19) 1.3   (0.15) 1.2   (0.15) 1.6   (0.18) 1.4   (0.17) 1.1   (0.15) 1.2   (0.15) 0.9   (0.15) 0.7   (0.12) 1.1   (0.15)

Sex
                                                                 
Male 3.0   (0.26) 2.1   (0.26) 1.7   (0.23) 1.6   (0.25) 1.7   (0.26) 1.6   (0.25) 1.2   (0.21) 1.3   (0.23) 1.0   (0.21) 1.0   (0.20) 1.6   (0.28)
Female 2.0   (0.22) 1.4   (0.24) 0.9   (0.16) 0.8   (0.15) 1.4   (0.23) 1.1   (0.21) 0.9   (0.17) 1.1   (0.23) 0.9   (0.19) 0.5   (0.14) 0.5   (0.14)

Race/ethnicity1
                                                                 
White 2.5   (0.21) 2.0   (0.24) 1.4   (0.17) 1.3   (0.21) 1.5   (0.22) 1.2   (0.21) 1.2   (0.17) 1.5   (0.24) 1.0   (0.22) 0.9   (0.19) 1.1   (0.21)
Black 3.0   (0.57) 1.3 ! (0.40) 1.5   (0.41) 1.3 ! (0.47) 1.6 ! (0.50) 2.3   (0.62) 1.1 ! (0.42)   (†) 0.9 ! (0.44) 0.8 ! (0.31) 1.4 ! (0.67)
Hispanic 2.0   (0.47) 1.5   (0.41) 1.1   (0.28) 0.9   (0.24) 1.4   (0.42) 1.3 ! (0.40) 1.0   (0.28) 1.5   (0.26) 0.6 ! (0.23) 0.5 ! (0.23) 0.6 ! (0.20)
Asian/Pacific Islander 2.2 ! (0.98)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Asian ---   (†) ---   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Pacific Islander ---   (†) ---   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races ---   (†) ---   (†)   (†)   (†) 5.3 ! (1.90)   (†)   (†)   (†) 3.6 ! (1.64)   (†) 3.2 ! (1.46)

Grade
                                                                 
6th 4.3   (0.68) 2.6   (0.66) 1.9   (0.53) 1.9   (0.55) 1.5 ! (0.54) 2.6 ! (0.83) 1.3 ! (0.49) 2.7   (0.73) 1.6 ! (0.65) 2.1   (0.60) 1.7 ! (0.70)
7th 3.1   (0.50) 2.6   (0.46) 1.7   (0.43) 2.6   (0.53) 2.4   (0.50) 1.2 ! (0.42) 1.2 ! (0.41) 1.2 ! (0.38) 1.9   (0.47) 1.4 ! (0.45) 1.7   (0.49)
8th 2.7   (0.39) 1.3   (0.34) 1.4   (0.34) 1.4   (0.39) 2.1   (0.47) 2.0   (0.60) 2.1   (0.50) 1.4   (0.42) 0.6 ! (0.30) 0.7 ! (0.29) 1.0 ! (0.34)
9th 2.9   (0.47) 2.4   (0.46) 1.5   (0.31) 1.0   (0.29) 1.2 ! (0.37) 0.9 ! (0.37) 1.1 ! (0.35) 1.4 ! (0.44) 0.8 ! (0.34)   (†) 1.1 ! (0.37)
10th 1.8   (0.35) 1.2   (0.31) 1.3   (0.36) 0.5 ! (0.24) 1.2 ! (0.39) 1.0 ! (0.37) 0.9 ! (0.34) 1.0 ! (0.35)   (†) 0.7 ! (0.32) 1.2 ! (0.58)
11th 1.6   (0.35) 1.6   (0.39) 0.9 ! (0.32) 0.7 ! (0.31) 1.5   (0.46) 1.5 ! (0.51)   (†) 1.0 ! (0.43) 1.3 ! (0.49)   (†) 0.8 ! (0.34)
12th 1.6   (0.36) 0.9 ! (0.31) 0.5 ! (0.26)   (†) 0.8 ! (0.35)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)

School locale2
                                                                 
City ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 0.8 ! (0.23) 1.0   (0.24) 1.3   (0.38)
Suburban ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 1.5   (0.30) 0.5 ! (0.17) 1.0   (0.20)
Town ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†)   (†) 1.3 ! (0.48) 1.2 ! (0.45)
Rural ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 0.6 ! (0.24) 0.5 ! (0.25) 1.2 ! (0.37)

Control of school2,3
                                                                 
Public 2.6   (0.19) 1.8   (0.20) 1.4   (0.15) 1.2   (0.15) 1.7   (0.20) 1.4   (0.19) 1.1   (0.15) 1.2   (0.16) 1.0   (0.16) 0.8   (0.13) 1.2   (0.17)
Private 1.6   (0.44) 1.0 ! (0.32) 0.9 ! (0.39) 1.4 ! (0.60)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)

Violent excluding
    simple assault4 
0.5   (0.08) 0.4   (0.08) 0.2   (0.05) 0.3   (0.07) 0.4   (0.08) 0.3   (0.09) 0.1 ! (0.05) 0.2 ! (0.07) 0.2 ! (0.07) 0.2 ! (0.06) 0.3   (0.08)

Sex
                                                                 
Male 0.7   (0.12) 0.5   (0.11) 0.3 ! (0.09) 0.3 ! (0.10) 0.5 ! (0.14) 0.6   (0.16) 0.2 ! (0.08) 0.2 ! (0.10) 0.2 ! (0.12) 0.2 ! (0.10) 0.4 ! (0.14)
Female 0.3   (0.08) 0.4 ! (0.12)   (†) 0.3   (0.07) 0.2 ! (0.08)   (†)   (†) 0.2 ! (0.10)   (†) 0.2 ! (0.08)   (†)

Race/ethnicity1
                                                                 
White 0.5   (0.08) 0.4   (0.08) 0.2 ! (0.07) 0.3 ! (0.09) 0.2 ! (0.08) 0.3 ! (0.10) 0.2 ! (0.07) 0.2 ! (0.09) 0.3 ! (0.10) 0.3 ! (0.11) 0.2 ! (0.10)
Black 0.8 ! (0.28) 0.5 ! (0.25)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Hispanic 0.4 ! (0.18) 0.8 ! (0.33) 0.4 ! (0.18) 0.4 ! (0.16) 0.8 ! (0.32)   (†)   (†) 0.4 ! (0.17)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Asian/Pacific Islander   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Asian ---   (†) ---   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Pacific Islander ---   (†) ---   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races ---   (†) ---   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)

Grade
                                                                 
6th 1.2 ! (0.38)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 0.8 ! (0.42)   (†)   (†)   (†)
7th 0.5 ! (0.19) 0.6 ! (0.24)   (†)   (†) 0.4 ! (0.20)   (†) 0.5 ! (0.23)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
8th 0.6 ! (0.19) 0.3 ! (0.14)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) #   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
9th 0.5 ! (0.19) 0.8 ! (0.31) 0.6 ! (0.21)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
10th 0.2 ! (0.11) 0.4 ! (0.18)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) #   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
11th 0.3 ! (0.16)   (†)   (†)   (†) 0.6 ! (0.27)   (†) #   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
12th   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) #   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)

School locale2
                                                                 
City ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†)   (†)   (†) 0.3 ! (0.15)
Suburban ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 0.5 ! (0.19)   (†)   (†)
Town ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Rural ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)

Control of school2,3
                                                                 
Public 0.5   (0.08) 0.5   (0.09) 0.2   (0.06) 0.3   (0.06) 0.4   (0.09) 0.4   (0.10) 0.1 ! (0.06) 0.2 ! (0.08) 0.2 ! (0.08) 0.2 ! (0.06) 0.3 ! (0.08)
Private   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) #   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
---Not available.
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Prior to 2003, separate data for Asian students, Pacific Islander students, and students of Two or more races were not collected.
2 Excludes students with missing information about the school characteristic.
3 Data for 2013 and prior years were based on school information provided by the respondent. Beginning in 2015, data were based on school information collected in the Common Core of Data and the Private School Universe Survey, which was appended to the School Crime Supplement data file; therefore, these data may not be entirely comparable with figures for earlier years.
4 In previous versions of this table, "violent excluding simple assault" was labeled as "serious violent" victimization. This category includes all types of violent victimization with the exception of simple assault.
NOTE: "Total victimization" includes theft and violent victimization. A single student could report more than one type of victimization. In the total victimization section, students who reported both theft and violent victimization are counted only once. "Theft" includes attempted and completed purse-snatching, completed pickpocketing, and all attempted and completed thefts, with the exception of motor vehicle thefts. Theft does not include robbery, which involves the threat or use of force and is classified as a violent crime. "All violent" victimization includes the crimes of rape, sexual assault, robbery, aggravated assault, and simple assault. "At school" includes in the school building, on school property, on a school bus, and, from 2001 onward, going to and from school. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics, School Crime Supplement (SCS) to the National Crime Victimization Survey, 1995 through 2019. (This table was prepared October 2020.)

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