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Digest of Education Statistics
2022 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 221.32a. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scale score and percentage distribution of 4th- and 8th-graders in traditional public, public charter, and Catholic schools, by selected characteristics: 2022
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected characteristic 4th-graders 8th-graders
Public school Catholic school1 Public school Catholic school1
Total Traditional public Public charter Total Traditional public Public charter
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
  Average scale score2
All students 216 (0.4) 216 (0.4) 214 (1.7) 233 (1.8) 259 (0.3) 259 (0.3) 257 (1.5) 279 (1.8)

Sex
                               
Male 213 (0.4) 213 (0.4) 211 (1.8) 231 (2.4) 255 (0.4) 255 (0.4) 254 (2.2) 275 (2.2)
Female 219 (0.4) 219 (0.4) 217 (1.9) 235 (1.9) 263 (0.4) 263 (0.4) 261 (1.3) 284 (2.2)

Race/ethnicity
                               
American Indian/Alaska Native 198 (2.1) 198 (2.1) (†) (†) 246 (2.0) 246 (2.0) (†) (†)
Asian 241 (1.3) 241 (1.4) 242 (4.9) (†) 283 (1.0) 283 (1.0) 282 (5.7) (†)
Black 198 (0.7) 198 (0.7) 198 (2.4) 222 (5.1) 243 (0.5) 242 (0.6) 248 (1.5) 265 (5.7)
Hispanic 204 (0.6) 204 (0.7) 209 (2.5) 225 (5.1) 250 (0.6) 249 (0.5) 253 (2.6) 274 (3.2)
Pacific Islander 206 (3.0) 206 (3.2) (†) (†) 253 (2.9) 252 (2.8) (†) (†)
White 226 (0.3) 226 (0.4) 231 (2.0) 235 (1.7) 267 (0.3) 267 (0.3) 270 (1.8) 283 (1.8)
Two or more races 222 (1.0) 222 (1.0) 220 (4.6) (†) 263 (0.9) 263 (1.0) 263 (3.8) (†)

English learner (EL) status
                               
EL 190 (0.9) 189 (1.0) 198 (5.0) (†) 225 (0.8) 224 (0.9) 233 (3.8) (†)
Non-EL 220 (0.3) 221 (0.3) 217 (1.5) 234 (1.7) 263 (0.3) 263 (0.3) 262 (1.4) 280 (1.7)

Disability status3
                               
Identified as student with disability (SD) 183 (0.7) 183 (0.7) 179 (2.5) 206 (5.2) 228 (0.5) 228 (0.6) 231 (2.1) 243 (9.5)
Not identified as SD 222 (0.4) 222 (0.4) 219 (1.6) 235 (1.9) 264 (0.3) 265 (0.3) 262 (1.8) 283 (1.6)

School locale
                               
City 210 (0.8) 210 (0.8) 211 (2.3) 232 (2.9) 255 (0.6) 255 (0.6) 255 (2.2) 279 (3.3)
Suburban 221 (0.6) 221 (0.7) 220 (3.4) 235 (2.9) 263 (0.5) 263 (0.5) 263 (2.2) 281 (2.3)
Town 211 (1.1) 211 (1.1) 213 (6.1) 224 (4.5) 255 (0.9) 255 (0.9) 254 (6.8) 270 (3.3)
Rural 218 (0.7) 218 (0.7) 222 (2.8) (†) 259 (0.6) 259 (0.6) 264 (2.9) (†)
  Percentage distribution
All students 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†) 100 (†)

Sex
                               
Male 51 (0.2) 51 (0.2) 47 (1.1) 50 (1.3) 51 (0.1) 51 (0.1) 50 (0.9) 49 (1.9)
Female 49 (0.2) 49 (0.2) 53 (1.1) 50 (1.3) 49 (0.1) 49 (0.1) 50 (0.9) 51 (1.9)

Race/ethnicity
                               
American Indian/Alaska Native 1 (#) 1 (0.1) # (†) # (†) 1 (0.1) 1 (0.1) # (†) # (†)
Asian 6 (0.3) 6 (0.3) 5 (1.1) 6 (1.2) 6 (0.3) 6 (0.3) 5 (1.3) 3 (0.8)
Black 15 (0.3) 14 (0.3) 29 (2.2) 7 (1.5) 15 (0.2) 14 (0.2) 26 (2.3) 9 (1.8)
Hispanic 28 (0.4) 28 (0.4) 34 (3.2) 20 (4.7) 29 (0.5) 28 (0.5) 41 (1.9) 24 (2.9)
Pacific Islander # (†) # (†) # (†) # (†) # (†) # (†) # (†) # (†)
White 45 (0.4) 47 (0.5) 28 (2.4) 61 (4.3) 45 (0.4) 47 (0.4) 23 (2.2) 57 (3.2)
Two or more races 5 (0.1) 5 (0.1) 4 (0.5) 5 (1.0) 4 (0.1) 4 (0.1) 4 (0.5) 6 (1.0)

English learner (EL) status
                               
EL 14 (0.3) 14 (0.4) 14 (1.9) 3 (1.3) 9 (0.3) 9 (0.3) 15 (1.8) 3 (1.7)
Non-EL 86 (0.3) 86 (0.4) 86 (1.9) 97 (1.3) 91 (0.3) 91 (0.3) 85 (1.8) 97 (1.7)

Disability status3
                               
Identified as student with disability (SD) 15 (0.2) 15 (0.2) 13 (1.2) 8 (1.2) 14 (0.1) 14 (0.2) 13 (1.0) 8 (1.3)
Not identified as SD 85 (0.2) 85 (0.2) 87 (1.2) 92 (1.2) 86 (0.1) 86 (0.2) 87 (1.0) 92 (1.3)

School locale
                               
City 29 (0.3) 27 (0.5) 63 (4.1) 43 (3.1) 29 (0.5) 26 (0.5) 67 (3.5) 48 (3.4)
Suburban 40 (0.4) 41 (0.5) 25 (3.3) 44 (3.6) 39 (0.5) 40 (0.6) 23 (2.9) 43 (4.0)
Town 11 (0.4) 12 (0.4) 3 (1.1) 9 (2.8) 12 (0.5) 12 (0.5) 1 (0.5) 8 (2.1)
Rural 20 (0.4) 20 (0.4) 9 (2.7) 5 (2.2) 20 (0.5) 21 (0.5) 9 (1.6) 1 (0.7)
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1NAEP assesses representative samples of private school students at grades 4 and 8, but results are reported only if at least 70 percent of the schools in the sample participate. Catholic schools are the only type of private schools included in this table, because 2022 participation rates were less than 70 percent for other private school types as well as for total private schools.
2Scale ranges from 0 to 500.
3In addition to students with an Individualized Education Program (IEP), also includes students with a 504 plan.
4Nonresponse rate for free or reduced-price lunch was greater than 15 percent but not greater than 50 percent.
NOTE: Includes students tested with accommodations (14 percent of all 4th-graders and 13 percent of all 8th-graders); excludes only those students with disabilities and English learners who were unable to be tested even with accommodations (2 percent of all students at both grades). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2022 Reading Assessment, retrieved February 2, 2023, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (https://www.nationsreportcard.gov/ndecore/xplore/NDE). (This table was prepared February 2023.)

2022 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest