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Digest of Education Statistics
2022 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 209.26. Percentage distribution of teachers in public and private elementary and secondary schools, by school locale and selected teacher characteristics: 2020-21
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected teacher characteristic Public school teachers Private school teachers
Total City Suburban Town Rural Total City Suburban Town Rural
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Total, all teachers 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†)
Sex                                                            
Male 23.2   (0.31) 24.6   (0.61) 22.4   (0.52) 22.7   (0.81) 23.1   (0.65) 24.7   (0.82) 27.1   (1.32) 22.9   (1.28) 22.0   (2.92) 24.2   (2.26)
Female 76.8   (0.31) 75.4   (0.61) 77.6   (0.52) 77.3   (0.81) 76.9   (0.65) 75.3   (0.82) 72.9   (1.32) 77.1   (1.28) 78.0   (2.92) 75.8   (2.26)

Race/ethnicity
                                                           
White 79.9   (0.34) 69.5   (0.68) 80.0   (0.60) 87.3   (0.78) 88.9   (0.60) 83.3   (0.81) 80.3   (1.29) 82.8   (1.32) 88.5   (2.56) 91.7   (1.26)
Black 6.1   (0.20) 9.2   (0.44) 6.1   (0.37) 3.6   (0.47) 3.3   (0.29) 3.7   (0.41) 4.7   (0.65) 3.7   (0.69)   (†) 1.8 ! (0.61)
Hispanic 9.4   (0.24) 14.5   (0.49) 9.5   (0.43) 5.8   (0.48) 4.9   (0.53) 8.2   (0.56) 9.2   (0.84) 9.1   (1.00) 7.1   (2.04) 3.3   (0.82)
Asian 2.4   (0.10) 4.1   (0.25) 2.6   (0.18) 0.8   (0.13) 0.5   (0.10) 2.5   (0.29) 2.6   (0.46) 2.5   (0.48)   (†) 2.2 ! (0.68)
Pacific Islander 0.2   (0.02) 0.2   (0.05) 0.1   (0.03) 0.2   (0.06) 0.1 ! (0.04)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 0.4   (0.04) 0.3   (0.08) 0.2   (0.04) 0.9   (0.18) 0.7   (0.11) 0.2 ! (0.06)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Two or more races 1.6   (0.08) 2.1   (0.15) 1.5   (0.11) 1.4   (0.18) 1.5   (0.17) 2.0   (0.25) 3.0   (0.49) 1.6   (0.31)   (†) 0.8 ! (0.32)

Age
                                                           
Under 30 14.2   (0.23) 15.2   (0.45) 13.3   (0.34) 14.3   (0.64) 14.6   (0.51) 13.6   (0.67) 14.8   (1.14) 13.1   (0.89) 12.5   (2.68) 12.4   (1.68)
30 to 39 27.0   (0.29) 27.5   (0.54) 27.1   (0.44) 25.4   (0.99) 27.0   (0.58) 22.7   (0.75) 22.7   (1.17) 23.4   (1.16) 20.9   (3.12) 21.4   (1.92)
40 to 49 28.5   (0.27) 26.9   (0.47) 29.8   (0.45) 28.5   (0.73) 28.3   (0.61) 25.0   (0.80) 24.0   (1.26) 25.7   (1.11) 26.4   (3.09) 25.3   (2.11)
50 to 59 22.3   (0.27) 21.8   (0.49) 22.6   (0.44) 23.3   (0.73) 22.0   (0.53) 21.8   (0.72) 22.6   (1.15) 21.7   (1.05) 21.8   (3.44) 19.5   (2.13)
60 and over 8.0   (0.24) 8.6   (0.32) 7.2   (0.27) 8.6   (0.90) 8.1   (0.48) 16.9   (0.66) 15.9   (0.97) 16.2   (0.93) 18.4   (2.97) 21.4   (2.30)

Highest degree earned
                                                           
Less than bachelor's 0.8   (0.07) 0.7   (0.09) 0.6   (0.07) 1.1   (0.19) 1.3   (0.24) 5.0   (0.49) 4.1   (0.67) 4.8   (0.71) 5.7 ! (1.76) 8.1   (1.74)
Bachelor's 38.2   (0.41) 37.0   (0.74) 33.8   (0.59) 44.0   (1.16) 44.3   (0.84) 45.2   (0.97) 41.9   (1.64) 46.0   (1.57) 52.8   (3.66) 48.9   (2.74)
Postbaccalaureate 61.0   (0.42) 62.3   (0.75) 65.7   (0.59) 54.9   (1.13) 54.5   (0.86) 49.8   (1.03) 54.1   (1.60) 49.2   (1.56) 41.6   (3.74) 43.0   (2.74)
Master's 51.2   (0.41) 51.9   (0.71) 54.9   (0.61) 46.5   (1.06) 46.4   (0.84) 40.7   (0.99) 44.1   (1.52) 39.6   (1.52) 37.4   (3.73) 35.1   (2.77)
Education specialist1  8.4   (0.20) 8.6   (0.35) 9.2   (0.31) 7.5   (0.49) 7.3   (0.39) 5.8   (0.40) 5.9   (0.65) 6.4   (0.63) 3.1 ! (1.29) 5.3   (1.10)
Doctor's 1.4   (0.07) 1.8   (0.17) 1.5   (0.12) 0.9   (0.16) 0.8   (0.12) 3.3   (0.30) 4.0   (0.56) 3.2   (0.42)   (†) 2.5 ! (0.76)

Years of teaching experience
                                                           
Less than 3 7.3   (0.18) 7.8   (0.34) 6.0   (0.23) 8.4   (0.66) 8.2   (0.42) 12.9   (0.69) 13.8   (1.14) 12.0   (0.94) 13.4   (2.42) 12.4   (1.65)
3 to 9 29.1   (0.28) 32.2   (0.55) 27.3   (0.44) 27.8   (1.01) 28.9   (0.60) 28.1   (0.77) 27.7   (1.19) 27.9   (1.27) 29.0   (3.75) 29.6   (2.39)
10 to 20 37.3   (0.29) 35.8   (0.56) 39.3   (0.48) 35.5   (0.79) 36.6   (0.70) 31.8   (0.87) 32.2   (1.35) 33.1   (1.25) 26.1   (3.53) 29.6   (2.27)
Over 20 26.3   (0.31) 24.2   (0.53) 27.4   (0.52) 28.3   (0.93) 26.2   (0.60) 27.3   (0.78) 26.3   (1.26) 27.1   (1.15) 31.6   (3.09) 28.3   (2.16)

Certification type2 
                                                           
Regular 89.8   (0.22) 87.3   (0.52) 91.2   (0.28) 90.3   (0.57) 90.4   (0.46) 26.1   (0.78) 25.4   (1.29) 26.3   (1.22) 29.4   (3.55) 26.1   (2.10)
Probationary 2.8   (0.10) 3.5   (0.20) 2.4   (0.14) 3.2   (0.34) 2.3   (0.23) 0.9   (0.16) 0.8   (0.23) 1.0   (0.26)   (†)   (†)
Provisional or temporary 4.2   (0.12) 4.6   (0.21) 4.0   (0.18) 3.7   (0.29) 4.2   (0.29) 1.7   (0.22) 1.5   (0.38) 1.6   (0.33) 3.0 ! (1.19) 1.6 ! (0.73)
Waiver or emergency 1.3   (0.07) 1.8   (0.14) 0.9   (0.09) 1.3   (0.18) 1.3   (0.16) 0.4   (0.10) 0.5 ! (0.20) 0.3 ! (0.11)   (†)   (†)
No certification 2.0   (0.15) 2.9   (0.40) 1.5   (0.19) 1.5   (0.20) 1.8   (0.19) 70.9   (0.81) 71.7   (1.31) 70.8   (1.27) 65.3   (3.75) 71.4   (2.13)

Entered teaching through an alternative
route to certification program3 
                                                           
Yes 19.4   (0.30) 23.1   (0.55) 18.3   (0.46) 16.4   (0.75) 18.2   (0.67) 15.9   (0.65) 17.6   (1.00) 15.4   (1.03) 13.7   (2.73) 13.4   (1.99)
No 80.6   (0.30) 76.9   (0.55) 81.7   (0.46) 83.6   (0.75) 81.8   (0.67) 84.1   (0.65) 82.4   (1.00) 84.6   (1.03) 86.3   (2.73) 86.6   (1.99)

Took undergraduate or graduate courses on
selected topics before first year of
teaching
                                                           
Yes, took course on one or more of the
listed topics
88.7   (0.26) 86.6   (0.52) 89.2   (0.37) 89.6   (0.63) 90.0   (0.45) 76.8   (0.79) 75.6   (1.24) 77.0   (1.16) 85.4   (2.37) 75.5   (2.53)
Classroom management techniques 73.8   (0.31) 71.1   (0.54) 73.8   (0.49) 77.0   (0.68) 75.6   (0.60) 63.0   (0.90) 60.9   (1.41) 63.0   (1.38) 71.4   (2.99) 65.0   (2.73)
Lesson planning 78.2   (0.31) 76.1   (0.59) 79.3   (0.43) 78.7   (0.88) 78.8   (0.58) 66.2   (0.90) 65.5   (1.42) 66.1   (1.23) 70.8   (3.03) 65.9   (2.72)
Assessing learning 77.2   (0.31) 75.2   (0.62) 77.7   (0.45) 78.3   (0.65) 78.2   (0.56) 65.8   (0.86) 64.5   (1.45) 67.2   (1.23) 69.3   (2.97) 63.8   (2.52)
Using student performance data to
inform instruction
60.3   (0.28) 60.0   (0.64) 60.5   (0.49) 60.1   (0.81) 60.6   (0.63) 50.5   (0.87) 49.4   (1.44) 52.0   (1.27) 50.4   (3.50) 49.9   (2.77)
Serving students from diverse economic
backgrounds
64.2   (0.32) 64.0   (0.57) 63.8   (0.50) 65.6   (0.89) 64.6   (0.66) 49.0   (0.91) 50.0   (1.33) 49.0   (1.42) 50.3   (3.30) 45.0   (2.84)
Serving students with special needs 71.7   (0.33) 69.7   (0.63) 72.0   (0.50) 73.3   (0.86) 72.9   (0.61) 51.7   (0.92) 50.8   (1.45) 52.4   (1.40) 55.4   (3.72) 50.4   (2.99)
Teaching English learner (EL) students 44.3   (0.33) 48.2   (0.67) 45.3   (0.56) 41.0   (0.89) 39.4   (0.66) 30.0   (0.86) 32.7   (1.37) 30.3   (1.26) 27.4   (2.80) 22.4   (2.31)
No, did not take course on any listed
topic
11.3   (0.26) 13.4   (0.52) 10.8   (0.37) 10.4   (0.63) 10.0   (0.45) 23.2   (0.79) 24.4   (1.24) 23.0   (1.16) 14.6   (2.37) 24.5   (2.53)

Had any student teaching or practice
teaching
                                                           
Yes 85.5   (0.29) 83.6   (0.53) 86.3   (0.45) 86.6   (0.72) 86.1   (0.58) 73.5   (0.84) 72.3   (1.24) 73.4   (1.23) 81.8   (3.15) 73.0   (2.44)
No 14.5   (0.29) 16.4   (0.53) 13.7   (0.45) 13.4   (0.72) 13.9   (0.58) 26.5   (0.84) 27.7   (1.24) 26.6   (1.23) 18.2   (3.15) 27.0   (2.44)

Major field of study for bachelor's
or higher degree4 
                                                           
Arts and music 8.0   (0.16) 8.7   (0.32) 8.4   (0.25) 7.1   (0.41) 7.0   (0.31) 10.7   (0.58) 11.9   (0.93) 10.1   (0.82) 8.1   (1.93) 10.4   (1.89)
Career or technical education 10.3   (0.18) 10.2   (0.40) 10.5   (0.31) 9.6   (0.51) 10.6   (0.38) 6.2   (0.42) 6.3   (0.64) 6.4   (0.67) 4.8 ! (1.54) 6.1   (1.15)
Education, elementary instruction 41.8   (0.51) 39.3   (0.84) 40.8   (0.84) 45.6   (1.34) 44.4   (1.04) 35.2   (0.98) 32.3   (1.40) 35.3   (1.41) 49.5   (3.57) 36.2   (2.76)
Education, secondary instruction 14.3   (0.27) 13.5   (0.49) 15.4   (0.45) 13.5   (0.67) 14.0   (0.54) 11.5   (0.54) 12.3   (0.86) 10.9   (0.86) 12.1   (2.51) 10.2   (1.57)
Education, special education 15.3   (0.23) 15.5   (0.44) 16.4   (0.38) 14.6   (0.64) 13.3   (0.43) 7.0   (0.50) 6.6   (0.79) 8.0   (0.75) 3.6 ! (1.21) 7.5   (1.23)
Education, other 15.8   (0.23) 15.7   (0.41) 16.5   (0.40) 15.7   (0.69) 14.8   (0.50) 7.9   (0.50) 8.7   (0.73) 8.3   (0.81) 7.8   (1.80) 4.5   (0.82)
English and language arts 15.9   (0.23) 15.6   (0.41) 17.5   (0.39) 13.8   (0.52) 14.6   (0.41) 14.1   (0.59) 14.8   (0.86) 14.0   (0.96) 13.6   (2.46) 12.5   (1.52)
English as a second language 2.8   (0.10) 4.3   (0.26) 3.0   (0.18) 1.5   (0.18) 1.2   (0.15) 0.9   (0.16) 0.9   (0.24) 1.1   (0.28)   (†) 0.7 ! (0.31)
Foreign languages 3.2   (0.12) 4.0   (0.24) 3.5   (0.20) 2.0   (0.20) 2.0   (0.19) 5.6   (0.36) 6.6   (0.67) 4.6   (0.53) 4.1 ! (1.56) 6.0   (1.08)
Health and physical education 5.5   (0.14) 5.1   (0.24) 4.9   (0.19) 5.9   (0.39) 6.8   (0.36) 2.9   (0.28) 2.6   (0.41) 3.3   (0.46) 3.0 ! (1.16) 2.2   (0.66)
Mathematics and computer sciences 5.4   (0.13) 5.5   (0.26) 5.6   (0.21) 5.0   (0.34) 5.2   (0.27) 5.8   (0.40) 6.3   (0.65) 5.8   (0.59) 4.6 ! (1.41) 4.8   (0.92)
Natural sciences 6.7   (0.14) 7.1   (0.28) 6.8   (0.24) 5.9   (0.35) 6.5   (0.33) 7.8   (0.38) 8.6   (0.64) 7.6   (0.63) 5.5   (1.44) 7.1   (1.07)
Social sciences 15.9   (0.26) 18.8   (0.49) 16.8   (0.37) 12.6   (0.62) 12.5   (0.45) 16.8   (0.66) 17.8   (1.16) 18.0   (1.10) 9.9   (2.21) 14.4   (1.76)
Other field 5.1   (0.13) 5.6   (0.29) 5.0   (0.19) 5.0   (0.36) 4.7   (0.29) 14.4   (0.65) 14.3   (1.00) 15.9   (1.11) 9.0   (1.86) 13.1   (1.77)
No degree 0.8   (0.07) 0.7   (0.09) 0.6   (0.07) 1.1   (0.19) 1.3   (0.24) 5.0   (0.49) 4.1   (0.67) 4.8   (0.71) 5.7 ! (1.76) 8.1   (1.74)

Field of main teaching assignment
                                                           
Arts and music 6.7   (0.14) 6.8   (0.28) 6.8   (0.23) 6.2   (0.38) 6.4   (0.30) 9.6   (0.53) 10.2   (0.79) 8.8   (0.73) 9.3   (2.09) 10.3   (1.91)
Career or technical education 4.3   (0.14) 3.3   (0.20) 3.4   (0.19) 5.2   (0.39) 6.6   (0.44) 1.1   (0.19) 1.1   (0.25) 1.1   (0.32) 2.2 ! (1.06)   (†)
Elementary education 34.3   (0.52) 34.4   (0.85) 33.7   (0.76) 35.0   (1.43) 34.7   (1.00) 35.9   (1.04) 32.8   (1.39) 35.7   (1.56) 43.1   (3.49) 42.5   (3.44)
English and language arts 10.4   (0.21) 9.9   (0.32) 10.6   (0.34) 11.0   (0.54) 10.4   (0.40) 10.3   (0.50) 11.9   (0.81) 9.1   (0.74) 11.1   (1.98) 8.3   (1.28)
English as a second language 2.0   (0.10) 3.1   (0.23) 2.2   (0.19) 1.3   (0.17) 0.8   (0.11) 0.1 ! (0.04)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Foreign languages 2.5   (0.09) 2.6   (0.18) 3.0   (0.16) 1.5   (0.17) 2.0   (0.17) 6.0   (0.39) 6.7   (0.67) 6.3   (0.62) 4.0 ! (1.43) 4.1   (0.90)
Health education 3.8   (0.12) 3.6   (0.21) 3.8   (0.18) 3.3   (0.29) 4.2   (0.24) 3.2   (0.29) 3.1   (0.45) 3.6   (0.52)   (†) 2.9   (0.73)
Mathematics and computer sciences 7.7   (0.15) 7.8   (0.29) 7.9   (0.23) 8.0   (0.42) 7.4   (0.30) 9.4   (0.48) 9.8   (0.73) 9.2   (0.73) 7.8   (1.83) 9.5   (1.39)
Natural sciences 6.6   (0.13) 6.5   (0.26) 6.7   (0.24) 6.3   (0.33) 6.6   (0.31) 7.1   (0.37) 7.2   (0.61) 7.3   (0.58) 5.8   (1.50) 7.0   (1.20)
Social sciences 6.2   (0.14) 6.1   (0.24) 6.2   (0.21) 6.5   (0.44) 6.4   (0.29) 6.5   (0.38) 6.6   (0.57) 6.5   (0.62) 5.1 ! (1.60) 7.2   (1.18)
Special education 14.4   (0.19) 14.8   (0.34) 14.6   (0.30) 14.2   (0.58) 13.5   (0.43) 4.9   (0.49) 4.2   (0.70) 6.1   (0.82) 2.8 ! (1.11) 4.9   (1.09)
All other 1.1   (0.07) 1.1   (0.14) 1.2   (0.11) 1.3   (0.17) 1.1   (0.13) 5.8   (0.42) 6.3   (0.64) 6.1   (0.75) 7.0   (1.79) 2.4   (0.67)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Education specialist degrees or certificates are generally awarded for 1 year's work beyond the master's level. Includes certificate of advanced graduate studies.
2 Refers to certification of teachers to teach in the state where they are currently teaching. A teaching certificate is probationary if all requirements have been satisfied except completion of a probationary period. It is provisional or temporary if additional coursework, student teaching, or passage of a test is required to obtain regular certification. It is a waiver or emergency certificate if a certification program must be completed to continue teaching.
3 Teachers were asked whether they entered teaching through an alternative route to certification program, which is a program that was designed to expedite the transition of nonteachers to a teaching career (for example, a state, district, or university alternative route to certification program).
4 Data may sum to more than 100 percent because (1) a teacher who reported more than one major is represented in more than one field of study and (2) a teacher with multiple degrees in different fields of study is represented in more than one field of study.
NOTE: Data are based on a head count of full-time and part-time teachers rather than on the number of full-time-equivalent teachers reported in some other tables. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Teacher and Principal Survey (NTPS), "Public School Teacher Data File" and "Private School Teacher Data File," 2020-21. (This table was prepared July 2022.)

2022 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest