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Digest of Education Statistics
2022 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 204.65.Number of school-age students served under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B, by educational environment and type of disability: Selected years, fall 2012 through fall 2021
[In thousands]
Type of disability and yearAll environ-
ments
Regular school, time inside general classSeparate school for students with disabil-
ities
Separate residen-
tial facility
Parentally placed in regular private school1Home-bound/ hospital placementCorrec-
tional facility
Less than 40 percent40-79 percent80 percent or more
12345678910
All students with disabilities          
20125,6937941,1223,48216919682216
20135,7357941,1133,54216718622315
20145,8207951,1013,62217017782314
20155,9308081,1103,70816916842312
201626,0378111,1213,80017316822312
20172,36,1718191,1303,91317215882311
201826,3168281,1374,04017314892411

20192,4









   All students with disabilities 6,5588421,1494,24817714952410
Autism 72224013329048272#
Deaf-blindness 21######0
Developmental delay519428351292#1##
Emotional disturbance 3626063184434244
Hearing impairment 6661042511##
Intellectual disability 43220612177231121
Multiple disabilities 12657221822114#
Orthopedic impairment 3375181##1#
Other health impairment6 1,074882117311921472
Specific learning disability 2,3981024941760912733
Speech or language impairment 1,09941489672#401#
Traumatic brain injury 2555131####
Visual impairment 24231711###

20204,7









   All students with disabilities 6,6888441,1104,41117713105218
Autism 76825513731350282#
Deaf-blindness 21######0
Developmental delay526337391822#2##
Emotional disturbance 3525560186413223
Hearing impairment 666942611##
Intellectual disability 4221971188122122#
Multiple disabilities 12454221922115#
Orthopedic impairment 3265181##1#
Other health impairment6 1,084872037511921552
Specific learning disability 2,343944611,746812822
Speech or language impairment 1,18445481,0423#441#
Traumatic brain injury 2555131####
Visual impairment 2423171####

20214









   All students with disabilities 6,7878521,0984,51616511111267
Autism 82228114233650293#
Deaf-blindness 21#######
Developmental delay526737391862#21#
Emotional disturbance 3334857183363223
Hearing impairment 657942611##
Intellectual disability 4211941168520123#
Multiple disabilities 12253221920115#
Orthopedic impairment 3064181##1#
Other health impairment6 1,105852037741821572
Specific learning disability 2,352904521,767813022
Speech or language impairment 1,221454710782#471#
Traumatic brain injury 2455131####
Visual impairment 2423171####
#Rounds to zero.  
1Students who are enrolled by their parents or guardians in regular private schools and have their basic education paid through private resources but receive special education services at public expense. These students are not included under "Regular school, time inside general class."
2The 2016, 2017, and 2018 rows as well as the 2019 section include fall 2015 data for 6- to 21-year-olds in Wisconsin because fall 2016, 2017, 2018, and 2019 data were not available for children served in Wisconsin.
3The 2017 row includes fall 2016 data for 6- to 21-year-olds in Maine and Vermont because fall 2017 data were not available for children served in those states.
4The 2019, 2020, and 2021 data by educational environment and disability type for Iowa are imputed based on the reported fall 2018 percentage distribution by educational environment and disability type applied to the fall 2019, 2020, and 2021 total number of children served in Iowa.
5Although federal law does not require that states/entities and local education agencies categorize children according to developmental delay, if this category is required by state law, they are expected to report these children in the developmental delay category.
6Other health impairments include having limited strength, vitality, or alertness due to chronic or acute health problems such as a heart condition, tuberculosis, rheumatic fever, nephritis, asthma, sickle cell anemia, hemophilia, epilepsy, lead poisoning, leukemia, or diabetes.
7The 2020 data include fall 2019 data for 5- to 21-year-olds in Louisiana because fall 2020 data were not available for children served in Louisiana.
NOTE: Data in this table represent the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Prior to 2019, "school-age students" were students ages 6 to 21. Due to changes in the fall 2019 data collection, the number of 6- to 21-year-olds served in 2019 may include some 5-year-olds enrolled in kindergarten. Starting in the fall 2020 data collection, school-age children include 6- to 21-year-olds and 5-year-olds enrolled in kindergarten. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) database, retrieved August 15, 2023, from https://data.ed.gov/dataset/idea-section-618-data-products-state-level-data-files. (This table was prepared August 2023.)

2022 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest