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Digest of Education Statistics
2021 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 501.20. Labor force participation, employment, and unemployment of persons 16 to 24 years old who are not enrolled in school, by age group, sex, race/ethnicity, and educational attainment: 2017, 2018, and 2019
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Age group, sex, race/ethnicity, and educational attainment Labor force participation Employment Unemployment
Labor force participation rate1 Number of participants (in thousands) Employment to population ratio2 Number employed
(in thousands)
Unemployment rate3 Number unemployed
(in thousands)
2017 2018 2019 2019 2017 2018 2019 2019 2017 2018 2019 2019
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
16 to 19 years old                                                                        
All persons, all education levels 65.3   (0.42) 65.6   (0.40) 67.2   (0.46) 1,674   (19.1) 52.2   (0.45) 52.6   (0.40) 55.6   (0.44) 1,385   (17.4) 20.0   (0.42) 19.8   (0.37) 17.3   (0.44) 289   (8.1)
Less than high school completion 48.4   (0.72) 48.3   (0.78) 49.7   (1.00) 311   (9.0) 35.4   (0.74) 35.2   (0.77) 39.2   (0.94) 245   (7.7) 27.0   (1.03) 27.2   (1.15) 21.1   (0.98) 66   (3.6)
High school completion4 70.8   (0.48) 71.3   (0.49) 72.0   (0.49) 1,118   (14.9) 57.0   (0.56) 57.8   (0.52) 59.6   (0.47) 926   (12.3) 19.5   (0.48) 19.0   (0.48) 17.1   (0.45) 192   (6.1)
At least some college 75.9   (1.18) 74.3   (1.15) 78.1   (1.00) 245   (6.6) 66.4   (1.29) 64.3   (1.12) 68.0   (1.26) 213   (6.3) 12.5   (1.11) 13.5   (0.98) 12.9   (1.06) 32   (2.7)

Male, all education levels
66.2   (0.54) 66.9   (0.54) 68.5   (0.59) 976   (13.4) 52.7   (0.61) 53.4   (0.62) 55.9   (0.55) 796   (11.8) 20.5   (0.58) 20.1   (0.61) 18.5   (0.56) 180   (6.2)
Less than high school completion 51.1   (0.99) 51.0   (1.11) 51.9   (1.24) 195   (7.4) 37.3   (0.99) 37.4   (1.11) 40.5   (1.11) 152   (6.1) 27.0   (1.41) 26.8   (1.59) 22.0   (1.24) 43   (3.0)
High school completion4 72.1   (0.61) 72.7   (0.67) 73.7   (0.65) 656   (10.9) 58.2   (0.73) 58.9   (0.78) 60.1   (0.65) 536   (9.5) 19.2   (0.67) 19.0   (0.74) 18.4   (0.64) 121   (4.9)
At least some college 75.0   (1.48) 74.7   (1.45) 79.1   (1.48) 124   (4.5) 63.5   (1.56) 63.9   (1.49) 68.6   (1.74) 108   (4.6) 15.3   (1.65) 14.5   (1.29) 13.3   (1.34) 17   (1.6)

Female, all education levels
64.1   (0.69) 63.8   (0.60) 65.3   (0.70) 697   (12.2) 51.7   (0.70) 51.4   (0.58) 55.2   (0.73) 589   (11.4) 19.3   (0.68) 19.4   (0.64) 15.5   (0.68) 108   (5.1)
Less than high school completion 44.4   (1.25) 44.1   (1.23) 46.5   (1.51) 115   (4.8) 32.4   (1.12) 31.9   (1.19) 37.3   (1.36) 93   (4.2) 27.0   (1.60) 27.8   (1.63) 19.7   (1.45) 23   (1.9)
High school completion4 69.1   (0.87) 69.4   (0.76) 69.6   (0.77) 462   (9.4) 55.4   (0.88) 56.3   (0.73) 59.0   (0.84) 391   (8.7) 19.9   (0.82) 18.9   (0.85) 15.3   (0.76) 71   (3.8)
At least some college 76.8   (1.54) 74.0   (1.73) 77.0   (1.61) 121   (4.8) 69.2   (1.68) 64.8   (1.81) 67.4   (1.97) 106   (4.7) 9.8   (1.22) 12.5   (1.45) 12.5   (1.62) 15   (2.0)

White, all education levels
69.7   (0.60) 69.2   (0.55) 70.4   (0.56) 818   (11.3) 57.9   (0.64) 57.2   (0.55) 59.8   (0.52) 694   (9.4) 16.9   (0.52) 17.3   (0.47) 15.1   (0.49) 123   (4.7)
Less than high school completion 51.3   (1.25) 51.9   (1.07) 51.6   (1.35) 146   (5.3) 39.3   (1.18) 39.0   (1.15) 41.3   (1.24) 116   (4.5) 23.5   (1.47) 24.8   (1.41) 20.0   (1.16) 29   (2.0)
High school completion4 75.2   (0.66) 74.5   (0.62) 75.5   (0.66) 552   (9.4) 62.9   (0.77) 62.4   (0.62) 64.7   (0.62) 473   (7.6) 16.3   (0.64) 16.3   (0.59) 14.3   (0.54) 79   (3.7)
At least some college 81.0   (1.50) 78.5   (1.50) 81.2   (1.39) 120   (4.2) 72.3   (1.61) 69.7   (1.51) 71.0   (1.73) 105   (3.9) 10.8   (1.31) 11.3   (1.15) 12.6   (1.34) 15   (1.7)

Black, all education levels
57.4   (1.14) 57.7   (1.28) 59.1   (1.13) 247   (6.4) 40.3   (1.22) 41.2   (1.21) 44.7   (1.17) 187   (5.9) 29.8   (1.29) 28.6   (1.18) 24.4   (1.25) 60   (3.4)
Less than high school completion 37.9   (1.95) 37.3   (2.03) 37.7   (2.21) 37   (2.6) 21.5   (1.73) 21.0   (1.58) 25.9   (2.00) 25   (2.3) 43.4   (3.34) 43.6   (3.15) 31.1   (3.12) 11   (1.3)
High school completion4 63.6   (1.41) 64.6   (1.62) 63.6   (1.44) 167   (5.6) 45.5   (1.53) 47.3   (1.65) 47.2   (1.39) 124   (4.6) 28.5   (1.52) 26.8   (1.63) 25.8   (1.55) 43   (3.1)
At least some college 69.2   (3.32) 66.2   (3.16) 74.9   (2.56) 44   (3.1) 56.1   (3.56) 53.2   (2.91) 65.1   (3.17) 38   (3.1) 19.0   (3.58) 19.6   (3.05) 13.1   (2.32) 6   (1.0)

Hispanic, all education levels
64.5   (0.68) 64.4   (0.66) 67.3   (0.75) 487   (10.0) 51.7   (0.73) 52.2   (0.80) 56.1   (0.88) 406   (9.5) 19.9   (0.75) 18.9   (0.78) 16.6   (0.84) 81   (4.3)
Less than high school completion 52.1   (1.48) 48.7   (1.52) 55.1   (1.77) 108   (5.7) 39.1   (1.45) 37.0   (1.55) 45.1   (1.90) 89   (5.3) 24.9   (1.71) 24.0   (2.15) 18.1   (1.75) 20   (2.0)
High school completion4 69.1   (0.76) 70.2   (0.93) 70.9   (0.94) 316   (7.8) 55.6   (0.85) 57.1   (1.02) 59.0   (1.05) 263   (7.2) 19.5   (0.93) 18.6   (0.93) 16.8   (0.97) 53   (3.3)
At least some college 73.2   (1.97) 73.0   (1.96) 76.6   (2.26) 62   (3.1) 64.4   (2.06) 64.6   (2.09) 66.6   (2.38) 54   (3.0) 12.0   (1.74) 11.6   (1.61) 13.1   (2.05) 8   (1.3)

Asian, all education levels
48.9   (3.06) 58.6   (2.86) 58.8   (3.05) 28   (2.5) 39.2   (2.96) 47.0   (3.01) 51.7   (3.06) 24   (2.3) 19.8   (3.24) 19.8   (3.33) 12.1   (2.64) 3   (0.8)
Less than high school completion 29.2   (5.42) 46.2   (5.22) 33.6   (5.09) 5   (0.8) 21.1   (5.17) 42.8   (5.32) 28.1   (4.81) 4   (0.7) 27.8 ! (8.64) 7.3 ! (2.99) 16.5 ! (8.13)   (†)
High school completion4 53.8   (3.98) 63.8   (3.98) 70.3   (3.80) 17   (1.8) 42.7   (4.05) 48.4   (4.02) 65.4   (4.06) 16   (1.8) 20.6   (4.50) 24.1   (4.51) 6.9   (1.93) 1   (0.3)
At least some college 59.2   (7.23) 59.7   (6.82) 65.3   (7.15) 6   (1.1) 51.1   (7.26) 48.2   (7.57) 49.7   (8.03) 5   (1.0) 13.7 ! (4.97) 19.3 ! (8.22) 23.9 ! (8.80) 1 ! (0.6)

American Indian/Alaska Native, all
    education levels
52.5   (3.74) 52.6   (3.77) 52.4   (3.35) 14   (1.2) 39.6   (3.51) 38.6   (3.80) 34.6   (3.43) 9   (1.1) 24.5   (3.31) 26.6   (4.88) 33.9   (4.49) 5   (0.7)
Less than high school completion 37.2   (5.79) 43.6   (5.48) 33.4   (5.38) 3   (0.5) 25.3   (5.79) 28.8   (6.47) 21.5   (5.55) 2   (0.5) 32.1   (7.92) 33.9 ! (10.25) 35.5 ! (11.37) 1 ! (0.3)
High school completion4 62.4   (4.54) 55.8   (5.07) 60.6   (4.24) 11   (1.0) 48.0   (4.54) 40.4   (4.90) 39.1   (4.13) 7   (0.9) 23.0   (4.67) 27.6   (6.34) 35.4   (5.19) 4   (0.6)
At least some college 59.2   (9.33) 59.4   (9.12) 54.2   (9.39) 1   (0.3) 50.8   (8.91) 55.8   (8.80) 44.5   (8.76) 1   (0.3)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)

20 to 24 years old
                                                                       
All persons, all education levels 82.2   (0.16) 82.5   (0.16) 83.3   (0.17) 10,363   (38.1) 73.6   (0.19) 74.6   (0.17) 75.8   (0.19) 9,430   (37.5) 10.4   (0.13) 9.57   (0.13) 9.0   (0.13) 933   (14.0)
Less than high school completion 63.3   (0.55) 63.6   (0.54) 65.5   (0.55) 877   (14.1) 51.3   (0.59) 52.8   (0.59) 55.1   (0.57) 738   (12.5) 19.0   (0.63) 17.0   (0.61) 15.9   (0.53) 139   (5.3)
High school completion4 79.2   (0.27) 79.8   (0.27) 80.4   (0.25) 4,337   (32.4) 69.0   (0.29) 70.5   (0.29) 71.7   (0.29) 3,871   (31.2) 12.9   (0.20) 11.7   (0.22) 10.8   (0.21) 467   (9.2)
Some college, no degree 86.6   (0.24) 86.6   (0.28) 87.0   (0.29) 2,500   (21.1) 79.6   (0.27) 79.8   (0.31) 80.3   (0.36) 2,307   (19.7) 8.1   (0.25) 7.9   (0.22) 7.7   (0.27) 193   (7.2)
Associate's degree 90.4   (0.45) 90.3   (0.49) 91.1   (0.59) 614   (11.9) 86.2   (0.55) 85.7   (0.59) 86.7   (0.70) 585   (11.9) 4.7   (0.36) 5.1   (0.42) 4.8   (0.42) 29   (2.6)
Bachelor's or higher degree 94.0   (0.24) 93.9   (0.21) 94.4   (0.19) 2,034   (21.0) 88.6   (0.30) 89.0   (0.27) 89.5   (0.27) 1,929   (20.3) 5.8   (0.21) 5.2   (0.20) 5.1   (0.21) 104   (4.4)

Male, all education levels
83.9   (0.18) 84.0   (0.22) 84.8   (0.20) 5,691   (26.0) 74.5   (0.22) 75.4   (0.22) 76.8   (0.24) 5,154   (25.6) 11.1   (0.16) 10.2   (0.16) 9.4   (0.19) 537   (11.0)
Less than high school completion 67.1   (0.63) 68.3   (0.64) 69.3   (0.67) 559   (10.7) 55.0   (0.71) 57.1   (0.74) 58.6   (0.68) 473   (9.8) 18.0   (0.75) 16.4   (0.72) 15.3   (0.66) 86   (4.1)
High school completion4 82.5   (0.27) 82.1   (0.32) 83.0   (0.29) 2,634   (25.1) 71.8   (0.34) 72.6   (0.35) 74.2   (0.35) 2,353   (24.3) 13.0   (0.25) 11.6   (0.25) 10.7   (0.27) 281   (7.2)
Some college, no degree 88.5   (0.35) 88.8   (0.38) 89.1   (0.36) 1,327   (15.3) 81.3   (0.40) 81.6   (0.46) 82.1   (0.45) 1,222   (15.0) 8.1   (0.36) 8.2   (0.33) 7.9   (0.35) 105   (4.7)
Associate's degree 93.6   (0.56) 92.6   (0.59) 92.6   (0.68) 308   (8.1) 88.5   (0.74) 87.2   (0.75) 87.8   (0.83) 292   (7.6) 5.4   (0.53) 5.8   (0.64) 5.2   (0.65) 16   (2.1)
Bachelor's or higher degree 94.5   (0.36) 94.3   (0.35) 94.8   (0.31) 863   (12.2) 87.4   (0.50) 88.3   (0.40) 89.4   (0.43) 814   (11.9) 7.5   (0.40) 6.4   (0.33) 5.7   (0.34) 49   (3.0)

Female, all education levels
80.2   (0.24) 80.7   (0.22) 81.6   (0.26) 4,672   (26.8) 72.5   (0.27) 73.6   (0.25) 74.7   (0.26) 4,276   (24.1) 9.6   (0.19) 8.8   (0.17) 8.5   (0.15) 396   (8.0)
Less than high school completion 57.6   (0.94) 56.4   (1.03) 59.8   (1.00) 318   (8.6) 45.6   (0.88) 46.2   (0.99) 49.7   (1.02) 264   (8.0) 20.8   (0.91) 18.0   (0.96) 16.9   (0.96) 54   (3.2)
High school completion4 74.7   (0.44) 76.6   (0.43) 76.6   (0.42) 1,703   (17.0) 65.1   (0.46) 67.6   (0.48) 68.3   (0.45) 1,518   (16.3) 12.9   (0.33) 11.7   (0.35) 10.9   (0.28) 185   (4.9)
Some college, no degree 84.6   (0.41) 84.3   (0.37) 84.8   (0.51) 1,173   (16.4) 77.8   (0.45) 77.9   (0.41) 78.4   (0.53) 1,085   (15.0) 8.1   (0.35) 7.5   (0.34) 7.5   (0.37) 88   (4.7)
Associate's degree 87.8   (0.68) 88.3   (0.81) 89.6   (0.83) 306   (8.7) 84.2   (0.71) 84.4   (0.96) 85.6   (1.01) 293   (9.1) 4.0   (0.40) 4.4   (0.56) 4.4   (0.51) 14   (1.5)
Bachelor's or higher degree 93.7   (0.28) 93.5   (0.26) 94.1   (0.26) 1,171   (13.6) 89.5   (0.37) 89.6   (0.34) 89.6   (0.36) 1,116   (13.6) 4.5   (0.26) 4.2   (0.24) 4.7   (0.27) 55   (3.2)

White, all education levels
85.2   (0.19) 85.4   (0.20) 85.9   (0.18) 5,600   (23.8) 77.8   (0.24) 78.9   (0.20) 79.8   (0.21) 5,202   (23.5) 8.7   (0.16) 7.6   (0.15) 7.1   (0.16) 398   (9.0)
Less than high school completion 63.8   (0.87) 64.1   (0.74) 64.6   (0.90) 357   (8.9) 51.7   (0.86) 53.6   (0.77) 55.5   (0.82) 307   (7.8) 18.9   (0.85) 16.3   (0.89) 14.0   (0.84) 50   (3.4)
High school completion4 82.0   (0.32) 82.2   (0.33) 82.1   (0.28) 2,209   (19.5) 72.6   (0.40) 74.3   (0.36) 74.5   (0.32) 2,007   (18.9) 11.5   (0.28) 9.6   (0.26) 9.2   (0.27) 202   (6.1)
Some college, no degree 88.1   (0.27) 88.0   (0.32) 89.2   (0.39) 1,279   (13.9) 82.5   (0.34) 82.5   (0.35) 84.1   (0.42) 1,206   (13.6) 6.4   (0.28) 6.2   (0.30) 5.8   (0.24) 74   (3.1)
Associate's degree 92.2   (0.51) 91.6   (0.52) 93.3   (0.51) 392   (8.9) 88.6   (0.57) 88.2   (0.64) 90.0   (0.69) 377   (8.9) 3.9   (0.38) 3.6   (0.42) 3.6   (0.41) 14   (1.6)
Bachelor's or higher degree 95.2   (0.27) 95.5   (0.20) 95.7   (0.23) 1,363   (16.5) 90.6   (0.35) 91.2   (0.31) 91.6   (0.35) 1,305   (16.0) 4.8   (0.24) 4.5   (0.24) 4.2   (0.24) 58   (3.3)

Black, all education levels
76.0   (0.49) 75.4   (0.44) 77.4   (0.56) 1,455   (18.3) 62.2   (0.56) 62.4   (0.52) 64.7   (0.70) 1,216   (17.7) 18.2   (0.51) 17.2   (0.51) 16.4   (0.53) 238   (8.1)
Less than high school completion 51.2   (1.41) 50.3   (1.68) 55.2   (1.50) 112   (4.7) 33.8   (1.49) 33.6   (1.52) 38.4   (1.72) 78   (4.0) 34.1   (2.13) 33.3   (2.10) 30.4   (2.17) 34   (2.8)
High school completion4 73.7   (0.66) 72.8   (0.80) 74.8   (0.91) 685   (15.5) 58.8   (0.85) 58.7   (0.86) 61.0   (1.03) 559   (13.9) 20.2   (0.79) 19.3   (0.79) 18.5   (0.69) 127   (5.3)
Some college, no degree 84.8   (0.79) 85.5   (0.86) 84.7   (0.81) 433   (11.7) 72.5   (0.86) 74.3   (1.03) 73.2   (0.98) 374   (10.5) 14.6   (0.80) 13.1   (0.74) 13.6   (0.86) 59   (4.1)
Associate's degree 87.5   (1.87) 87.7   (1.58) 86.0   (2.38) 61   (4.0) 79.9   (2.28) 75.4   (2.57) 78.9   (2.73) 56   (3.9) 8.6   (1.78) 14.1   (2.45) 8.2   (1.61) 5   (1.0)
Bachelor's or higher degree 93.1   (0.96) 90.5   (0.99) 91.3   (1.22) 164   (6.4) 84.0   (1.44) 84.0   (1.23) 83.6   (1.58) 150   (6.2) 9.7   (1.15) 7.2   (1.04) 8.4   (1.20) 14   (2.0)

Hispanic, all education levels
80.3   (0.28) 81.3   (0.29) 82.0   (0.34) 2,498   (16.8) 72.6   (0.32) 73.7   (0.33) 74.9   (0.31) 2,285   (16.4) 9.6   (0.26) 9.3   (0.24) 8.6   (0.26) 214   (6.6)
Less than high school completion 69.6   (0.91) 69.7   (0.93) 71.9   (0.86) 350   (8.1) 60.1   (0.91) 61.4   (1.05) 63.1   (0.93) 307   (7.9) 13.6   (0.88) 11.9   (0.72) 12.2   (0.78) 43   (2.8)
High school completion4 78.7   (0.49) 80.7   (0.51) 81.1   (0.49) 1,175   (15.7) 70.4   (0.48) 72.2   (0.56) 73.9   (0.44) 1,071   (14.3) 10.5   (0.35) 10.5   (0.44) 8.8   (0.36) 103   (4.7)
Some college, no degree 85.6   (0.59) 85.7   (0.57) 85.7   (0.61) 604   (10.4) 79.1   (0.73) 79.4   (0.66) 79.6   (0.72) 561   (10.1) 7.5   (0.55) 7.4   (0.46) 7.0   (0.53) 42   (3.3)
Associate's degree 88.1   (1.40) 90.1   (1.12) 88.0   (1.84) 119   (5.0) 83.6   (1.66) 85.6   (1.28) 81.6   (1.87) 111   (4.9) 5.2   (0.96) 5.0   (0.80) 7.2   (1.23) 9   (1.5)
Bachelor's or higher degree 93.5   (0.66) 90.9   (0.84) 92.1   (0.69) 251   (6.4) 87.9   (0.88) 85.2   (1.08) 86.0   (0.96) 235   (6.1) 6.0   (0.67) 6.3   (0.81) 6.6   (0.68) 17   (1.8)

Asian, all education levels
81.7   (0.73) 82.6   (0.65) 84.4   (0.84) 349   (6.7) 74.8   (0.84) 76.5   (0.76) 78.4   (0.80) 324   (6.1) 8.4   (0.68) 7.4   (0.58) 7.1   (0.54) 25   (2.0)
Less than high school completion 62.7   (3.54) 68.2   (3.41) 56.0   (4.46) 13   (1.4) 55.5   (3.63) 60.9   (3.30) 51.3   (4.61) 12   (1.4) 11.5 ! (4.21) 10.7   (2.46) 8.4 ! (2.62) 1 ! (0.3)
High school completion4 76.6   (1.56) 76.5   (1.75) 81.1   (1.71) 74   (3.6) 68.7   (1.86) 69.4   (1.91) 75.0   (1.73) 68   (3.4) 10.3   (1.29) 9.2   (1.49) 7.5   (1.10) 6   (0.9)
Some college, no degree 80.2   (1.68) 80.1   (1.77) 79.7   (2.21) 62   (3.6) 75.3   (1.90) 74.5   (1.78) 72.7   (2.16) 56   (3.4) 6.1   (1.16) 7.0   (1.06) 8.7   (1.56) 5   (1.0)
Associate's degree 87.8   (3.02) 80.5   (3.76) 88.1   (3.39) 20   (2.1) 85.8   (3.23) 77.0   (4.25) 84.6   (3.44) 19   (2.0)   (†)   (†) 3.9 ! (1.58) 1 ! (0.3)
Bachelor's or higher degree 87.5   (0.88) 88.8   (1.01) 90.6   (0.75) 180   (4.8) 79.9   (0.95) 82.9   (1.23) 84.6   (0.97) 168   (4.5) 8.7   (0.92) 6.7   (0.77) 6.7   (0.82) 12   (1.5)

American Indian/Alaska Native, all
    education levels
66.4   (1.59) 66.6   (1.63) 69.4   (1.74) 78   (3.1) 55.2   (1.89) 54.4   (1.74) 58.5   (1.85) 66   (3.0) 16.9   (1.75) 18.3   (1.98) 15.7   (1.48) 12   (1.2)
Less than high school completion 45.1   (4.12) 45.9   (4.69) 57.4   (5.04) 11   (1.7) 32.5   (4.44) 31.4   (4.61) 43.9   (5.00) 9   (1.5) 28.0   (5.48) 31.6   (5.87) 23.6   (4.90) 3   (0.6)
High school completion4 66.9   (2.03) 66.3   (2.36) 64.8   (2.47) 36   (2.1) 54.0   (2.22) 53.6   (2.42) 54.6   (2.61) 31   (2.0) 19.2   (2.62) 19.0   (2.69) 15.8   (2.23) 6   (0.8)
Some college, no degree 75.1   (3.05) 76.9   (2.83) 78.1   (2.87) 21   (2.0) 65.9   (3.00) 65.4   (3.85) 66.9   (3.83) 18   (1.8) 12.3   (2.39) 14.9   (4.09) 14.4 ! (4.41) 3 ! (1.0)
Associate's degree 76.2   (6.89) 81.6   (8.38) 92.7   (3.82) 4   (0.9) 71.7   (7.75) 69.3   (8.88) 84.6   (6.33) 4   (0.8)   (†) 15.0 ! (6.39)   (†)   (†)
Bachelor's or higher degree 81.1   (7.52) 84.4   (6.83) 100.0   (†) 5   (0.8) 79.0   (7.85) 83.5   (6.91) 92.0   (5.39) 4   (0.8)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Percentage of the civilian population who are employed or seeking employment.
2 Number of persons employed as a percentage of the civilian population.
3 The percentage of persons in the civilian labor force who are not working and who made specific efforts to find employment sometime during the prior 4 weeks.
4 Includes equivalency credentials, such as the GED credential.
NOTE: Table excludes persons enrolled in school. Data are for all nonenrolled civilians in the given age range residing within the United States, including persons living in households and persons living in group quarters (e.g., residential treatment centers or correctional facilities). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Totals include racial/ethnic groups not separately shown. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS), 2017, 2018, and 2019. (This table was prepared January 2021.)

2021 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest