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Digest of Education Statistics
2021 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 315.20. Full-time faculty in degree-granting postsecondary institutions, by race/ethnicity, sex, and academic rank: Fall 2018, fall 2019, and fall 2020
Year, sex, and academic rank Total White Black, Hispanic, Asian, Pacific Islander, American Indian/Alaska Native, and Two or more races Race/
ethnicity
unknown
Non-
resident
alien1
Total Per-
cent2
Black Hispanic Asian/Pacific Islander American
Indian/
Alaska
Native
Two
or
more
races
Total Asian Pacific
Islander
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
2018                          
Total 832,130 572,573 184,969 24.4 45,755 41,406 86,048 84,818 1,230 3,413 8,347 25,126 49,462
Professors 185,786 145,221 35,409 19.6 7,009 6,826 19,733 19,533 200 606 1,235 3,110 2,046
Associate professors 159,169 114,824 37,467 24.6 9,197 7,684 18,698 18,453 245 580 1,308 3,687 3,191
Assistant professors 181,229 115,376 44,826 28.0 11,627 8,910 21,408 21,137 271 663 2,218 7,580 13,447
Instructors 98,867 70,229 23,336 24.9 7,226 7,891 6,167 5,887 280 786 1,266 3,481 1,821
Lecturers 44,789 32,710 8,770 21.1 2,114 2,979 2,969 2,930 39 161 547 1,543 1,766
Other faculty 162,290 94,213 35,161 27.2 8,582 7,116 17,073 16,878 195 617 1,773 5,725 27,191

2019
                         
Total 843,820 574,212 192,556 25.1 47,213 43,324 89,742 88,547 1,195 3,344 8,933 26,424 50,628
Professors 187,535 145,236 37,305 20.4 7,261 7,189 21,046 20,848 198 587 1,222 3,121 1,873
Associate professors 160,937 115,100 38,724 25.2 9,473 7,727 19,488 19,218 270 556 1,480 3,932 3,181
Assistant professors 182,908 114,984 46,542 28.8 12,046 9,350 22,033 21,775 258 705 2,408 7,707 13,675
Instructors 99,381 70,331 23,586 25.1 7,351 8,009 6,151 5,899 252 717 1,358 3,625 1,839
Lecturers 46,582 33,701 9,336 21.7 2,240 3,173 3,188 3,154 34 164 571 1,662 1,883
Other faculty 166,477 94,860 37,063 28.1 8,842 7,876 17,836 17,653 183 615 1,894 6,377 28,177

Males
445,620 301,958 97,932 24.5 19,882 21,475 50,981 50,378 603 1,583 4,011 13,874 31,856
Professors 123,327 95,066 24,731 20.6 4,199 4,406 15,066 14,945 121 333 727 2,120 1,410
Associate professors 86,318 61,354 20,714 25.2 4,340 4,106 11,291 11,152 139 278 699 2,229 2,021
Assistant professors 86,416 52,793 21,393 28.8 4,488 4,412 11,207 11,082 125 295 991 3,872 8,358
Instructors 42,858 30,522 9,699 24.1 2,691 3,555 2,555 2,445 110 350 548 1,624 1,013
Lecturers 20,557 14,964 3,835 20.4 990 1,308 1,251 1,235 16 63 223 794 964
Other faculty 86,144 47,259 17,560 27.1 3,174 3,688 9,611 9,519 92 264 823 3,235 18,090

Females
398,200 272,254 94,624 25.8 27,331 21,849 38,761 38,169 592 1,761 4,922 12,550 18,772
Professors 64,208 50,170 12,574 20.0 3,062 2,783 5,980 5,903 77 254 495 1,001 463
Associate professors 74,619 53,746 18,010 25.1 5,133 3,621 8,197 8,066 131 278 781 1,703 1,160
Assistant professors 96,492 62,191 25,149 28.8 7,558 4,938 10,826 10,693 133 410 1,417 3,835 5,317
Instructors 56,523 39,809 13,887 25.9 4,660 4,454 3,596 3,454 142 367 810 2,001 826
Lecturers 26,025 18,737 5,501 22.7 1,250 1,865 1,937 1,919 18 101 348 868 919
Other faculty 80,333 47,601 19,503 29.1 5,668 4,188 8,225 8,134 91 351 1,071 3,142 10,087

2020
                         
Total 836,597 563,609 196,314 25.8 47,477 44,340 91,653 90,438 1,215 3,266 9,578 26,655 50,019
Professors 188,692 144,612 38,982 21.2 7,397 7,559 22,137 21,938 199 582 1,307 3,335 1,763
Associate professors 162,543 115,145 39,914 25.7 9,542 8,072 20,107 19,860 247 579 1,614 4,210 3,274
Assistant professors 179,705 110,672 47,181 29.9 12,250 9,597 22,067 21,778 289 697 2,570 7,721 14,131
Instructors 96,267 67,395 23,552 25.9 7,344 7,954 6,078 5,832 246 705 1,471 3,580 1,740
Lecturers 44,670 32,259 9,149 22.1 2,222 3,136 3,056 3,017 39 156 579 1,527 1,735
Other faculty 164,720 93,526 37,536 28.6 8,722 8,022 18,208 18,013 195 547 2,037 6,282 27,376

Males
438,817 294,675 99,321 25.2 19,906 21,879 51,722 51,135 587 1,502 4,312 13,845 30,976
Professors 122,503 93,511 25,456 21.4 4,211 4,577 15,593 15,469 124 321 754 2,246 1,290
Associate professors 86,448 60,873 21,214 25.8 4,343 4,269 11,537 11,414 123 284 781 2,338 2,023
Assistant professors 83,979 50,234 21,432 29.9 4,554 4,489 11,048 10,912 136 280 1,061 3,787 8,526
Instructors 41,217 29,133 9,576 24.7 2,627 3,498 2,535 2,435 100 322 594 1,562 946
Lecturers 19,467 14,139 3,739 20.9 948 1,287 1,202 1,190 12 72 230 712 877
Other faculty 85,203 46,785 17,904 27.7 3,223 3,759 9,807 9,715 92 223 892 3,200 17,314

Females
397,780 268,934 96,993 26.5 27,571 22,461 39,931 39,303 628 1,764 5,266 12,810 19,043
Professors 66,189 51,101 13,526 20.9 3,186 2,982 6,544 6,469 75 261 553 1,089 473
Associate professors 76,095 54,272 18,700 25.6 5,199 3,803 8,570 8,446 124 295 833 1,872 1,251
Assistant professors 95,726 60,438 25,749 29.9 7,696 5,108 11,019 10,866 153 417 1,509 3,934 5,605
Instructors 55,050 38,262 13,976 26.8 4,717 4,456 3,543 3,397 146 383 877 2,018 794
Lecturers 25,203 18,120 5,410 23.0 1,274 1,849 1,854 1,827 27 84 349 815 858
Other faculty 79,517 46,741 19,632 29.6 5,499 4,263 8,401 8,298 103 324 1,145 3,082 10,062
1 Race/ethnicity not collected.
2 Combined total of faculty who were Black, Hispanic, Asian, Pacific Islander, American Indian/Alaska Native, and of Two or more races as a percentage of total faculty, excluding race/ethnicity unknown and nonresident alien.
NOTE: Data in this table represent the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Only instructional faculty were classified by academic rank. Primarily research and primarily public service faculty, as well as faculty without ranks, appear under "other faculty." Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Spring 2019 through Spring 2021 Human Resources component, Fall Staff section. (This table was prepared November 2021.)

2021 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest