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Digest of Education Statistics
2020 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 310.20. Foreign students enrolled in institutions of higher education in the United States, by continent, region, and selected countries of origin: Selected years, 1980-81 through 2019-20
Continent, region, and selected countries of origin 1980-81 1985-86 1990-91 1995-96 2000-01 2005-06 2010-11 2015-16 2019-20
Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent Number Percent
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19
Total 311,880 100.0 343,780 100.0 407,272 100.0 453,787 100.0 547,873 100.0 564,766 100.0 723,249 100.0 1,043,839 100.0 1,075,496 100.0
Sub-Saharan Africa1 30,870 9.9 28,210 8.2 19,262 4.7 17,422 3.8 29,033 5.3 32,538 5.8 31,470 4.4 35,364 3.4 41,697 3.9
East Africa 6,260 2.0 6,730 2.0 7,592 1.9 7,596 1.7 13,516 2.5 13,635 2.4 8,863 1.2 7,690 0.7 9,989 0.9
Central Africa 1,130 0.4 1,540 0.4 1,647 0.4 1,346 0.3 1,859 0.3 2,825 0.5 2,831 0.4 3,311 0.3 3,071 0.3
Southern Africa 1,480 0.5 2,360 0.7 2,835 0.7 2,657 0.6 3,304 0.6 2,232 0.4 5,330 0.7 6,263 0.6 6,486 0.6
West Africa 22,000 7.1 17,580 5.1 7,178 1.8 5,818 1.3 10,346 1.9 13,846 2.5 14,446 2.0 18,100 1.7 22,151 2.1
Nigeria 17,350 5.6 13,710 4.0 3,714 0.9 2,093 0.5 3,820 0.7 6,192 1.1 7,148 1.0 10,674 1.0 13,762 1.3

Asia
94,640 30.3 156,830 45.6 229,825 56.4 259,893 57.3 302,058 55.1 327,785 58.0 461,790 63.8 689,525 66.1 758,014 70.5
East Asia 51,650 16.6 80,720 23.5 146,017 35.9 166,717 36.7 189,371 34.6 197,576 35.0 286,925 39.7 439,702 42.1 472,339 43.9
China 2,770 0.9 13,980 4.1 39,597 9.7 39,613 8.7 59,939 10.9 62,582 11.1 157,558 21.8 328,547 31.5 372,532 34.6
Hong Kong 9,660 3.1 10,710 3.1 12,625 3.1 12,018 2.6 7,627 1.4 7,849 1.4 8,136 1.1 7,923 0.8 6,778 0.6
Japan 13,500 4.3 13,360 3.9 36,611 9.0 45,531 10.0 46,497 8.5 38,712 6.9 21,290 2.9 19,060 1.8 17,554 1.6
South Korea 6,150 2.0 18,660 5.4 23,362 5.7 36,231 8.0 45,685 8.3 59,022 10.5 73,351 10.1 61,007 5.8 49,809 4.6
Taiwan 19,460 6.2 23,770 6.9 33,531 8.2 32,702 7.2 28,566 5.2 27,876 4.9 24,818 3.4 21,127 2.0 23,724 2.2
South and Central Asia 14,540 4.7 25,800 7.5 42,366 10.4 45,401 10.0 71,765 13.1 94,965 16.8 128,845 17.8 195,135 18.7 229,950 21.4
Bangladesh 1,180 0.4 1,930 0.6 2,533 0.6 3,360 0.7 4,114 0.8 2,581 0.5 2,873 0.4 6,513 0.6 8,838 0.8
India 9,250 3.0 16,070 4.7 28,857 7.1 31,743 7.0 54,664 10.0 76,503 13.5 103,895 14.4 165,918 15.9 193,124 18.0
Nepal 250 0.1 390 0.1 670 0.2 1,219 0.3 2,618 0.5 6,061 1.1 10,301 1.4 9,662 0.9 12,730 1.2
Pakistan 2,990 1.0 5,440 1.6 7,725 1.9 6,427 1.4 6,948 1.3 5,759 1.0 5,045 0.7 6,141 0.6 7,939 0.7
Southeast Asia 28,450 9.1 50,310 14.6 41,441 10.2 47,774 10.5 40,916 7.5 35,244 6.2 46,020 6.4 54,688 5.2 55,725 5.2
Indonesia 3,250 1.0 8,210 2.4 9,524 2.3 12,820 2.8 11,625 2.1 7,575 1.3 6,942 1.0 8,727 0.8 8,300 0.8
Malaysia 6,010 1.9 23,020 6.7 13,606 3.3 14,015 3.1 7,795 1.4 5,515 1.0 6,735 0.9 7,834 0.8 6,910 0.6
Singapore 1,320 0.4 3,930 1.1 4,495 1.1 4,098 0.9 4,166 0.8 3,909 0.7 4,316 0.6 4,865 0.5 4,504 0.4
Thailand 6,550 2.1 6,940 2.0 7,092 1.7 12,165 2.7 11,187 2.0 8,765 1.6 8,236 1.1 7,113 0.7 6,154 0.6
Vietnam 6,490 2.1 3,270 1.0 1,396 0.3 922 0.2 2,022 0.4 4,597 0.8 14,888 2.1 21,403 2.1 23,777 2.2

Europe2
28,650 9.2 38,910 11.3 55,422 13.6 76,855 16.9 93,784 17.1 84,697 15.0 84,296 11.7 91,915 8.8 89,784 8.3
France 2,570 0.8 3,680 1.1 5,633 1.4 5,710 1.3 7,273 1.3 6,640 1.2 8,098 1.1 8,764 0.8 8,471 0.8
Germany3 3,310 1.1 4,730 1.4 7,003 1.7 9,017 2.0 10,128 1.8 8,829 1.6 9,458 1.3 10,145 1.0 9,242 0.9
Italy 1,250 0.4 1,890 0.5 2,393 0.6 2,780 0.6 3,490 0.6 3,224 0.6 4,308 0.6 5,155 0.5 6,063 0.6
Russia4 630 0.2 83 # 1,206 0.3 5,589 1.2 6,858 1.3 4,801 0.9 4,692 0.6 5,444 0.5 5,293 0.5
Spain 950 0.3 1,740 0.5 4,304 1.1 4,809 1.1 4,156 0.8 3,455 0.6 4,330 0.6 6,640 0.6 7,954 0.7
Sweden 1,020 0.3 1,400 0.4 2,029 0.5 3,889 0.9 4,598 0.8 3,212 0.6 3,236 0.4 4,297 0.4 3,213 0.3
Turkey2 2,600 0.8 2,460 0.7 4,078 1.0 7,678 1.7 10,983 2.0 11,622 2.1 12,184 1.7 10,691 1.0 9,481 0.9
United Kingdom 4,440 1.4 5,940 1.7 7,298 1.8 7,799 1.7 8,139 1.5 8,274 1.5 8,947 1.2 11,599 1.1 10,756 1.0

Latin America
49,810 16.0 45,480 13.2 47,318 11.6 47,253 10.4 63,634 11.6 64,769 11.5 64,169 8.9 84,908 8.1 80,204 7.5
Caribbean 10,650 3.4 11,100 3.2 12,349 3.0 10,737 2.4 14,423 2.6 13,855 2.5 11,644 1.6 11,042 1.1 11,845 1.1
Central America 12,970 4.2 12,740 3.7 15,949 3.9 14,220 3.1 16,764 3.1 19,709 3.5 20,361 2.8 24,983 2.4 23,110 2.1
Mexico 6,730 2.2 5,460 1.6 6,739 1.7 8,687 1.9 10,670 1.9 13,931 2.5 13,713 1.9 16,733 1.6 14,348 1.3
South America 26,190 8.4 21,640 6.3 19,019 4.7 22,296 4.9 32,447 5.9 31,205 5.5 32,164 4.4 48,883 4.7 45,249 4.2
Brazil 2,870 0.9 2,840 0.8 3,898 1.0 5,497 1.2 8,846 1.6 7,009 1.2 8,777 1.2 19,370 1.9 16,671 1.6
Colombia 3,930 1.3 4,010 1.2 3,183 0.8 3,462 0.8 6,765 1.2 6,835 1.2 6,456 0.9 7,815 0.7 7,787 0.7
Venezuela 11,750 3.8 7,040 2.0 2,894 0.7 4,456 1.0 5,217 1.0 4,792 0.8 5,491 0.8 8,267 0.8 6,855 0.6

Middle East and North Africa1
88,700 28.4 54,100 15.7 32,177 7.9 24,488 5.4 28,842 5.3 21,576 3.8 47,963 6.6 108,227 10.4 72,325 6.7
Middle East2 81,390 26.1 48,120 14.0 27,636 6.8 21,066 4.6 23,658 4.3 17,806 3.2 42,543 5.9 100,926 9.7 65,343 6.1
Iran 47,550 15.2 14,210 4.1 6,262 1.5 2,628 0.6 1,844 0.3 2,420 0.4 5,626 0.8 12,269 1.2 11,451 1.1
Kuwait 2,990 1.0 3,810 1.1 1,624 0.4 3,035 0.7 3,045 0.6 1,703 0.3 2,998 0.4 9,772 0.9 8,375 0.8
Saudi Arabia 10,440 3.3 6,900 2.0 3,584 0.9 4,191 0.9 5,273 1.0 3,448 0.6 22,704 3.1 61,287 5.9 30,957 2.9
North Africa1 7,310 2.3 5,980 1.7 4,541 1.1 3,422 0.8 5,184 0.9 3,770 0.7 5,420 0.7 7,301 0.7 6,982 0.6
Egypt 1,860 0.6 2,270 0.7 1,777 0.4 1,490 0.3 2,255 0.4 1,509 0.3 2,181 0.3 3,442 0.3 3,859 0.4

North America5
14,790 4.7 16,030 4.7 18,949 4.7 23,644 5.2 25,888 4.7 28,699 5.1 27,941 3.9 26,973 2.6 25,992 2.4
Canada 14,320 4.6 15,410 4.5 18,350 4.5 23,005 5.1 25,279 4.6 28,202 5.0 27,546 3.8 26,973 2.6 25,992 2.4

Oceania
4,180 1.3 4,030 1.2 4,230 1.0 4,202 0.9 4,624 0.8 4,702 0.8 5,610 0.8 6,917 0.7 7,473 0.7
Australia 1,530 0.5 1,530 0.4 1,906 0.5 2,244 0.5 2,645 0.5 2,806 0.5 3,777 0.5 4,752 0.5 4,982 0.5

Unidentified6
240 0.1 190 0.1 89 # 30 # 10 # # # 10 # 10 # 7 #
#Rounds to zero.
1 North Africa was combined with the Middle East to create the "Middle East and North Africa" category as of 2011-12, and the former "Africa" category was replaced by "Sub-Saharan Africa" (which excludes North Africa). Data for years prior to 2011-12 have been revised for comparability.
2 Cyprus and Turkey were classified as being in the Middle East prior to 2004-05 but in Europe for 2004-05 and later years. Data for years prior to 2004-05 have been revised for comparability.
3 Data for 1980-81 and 1985-86 are for West Germany (Federal Republic of Germany before unification).
4 Data for 1980-81, 1985-86, and 1990-91 are for the former U.S.S.R.
5 Excludes Mexico and Central America, which are included in Latin America.
6 Place of origin unknown or undeclared.
NOTE: Includes foreign students enrolled in American Samoa, Guam, Puerto Rico, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Totals and subtotals include other countries not shown separately. Region totals may not sum to continent totals because some continent totals include students who are not classified by country or region. Data are for "nonimmigrants" (i.e., students who have not migrated to the United States). Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Institute of International Education, Open Doors: Report on International Educational Exchange, selected years, 1981 through 2020. (This table was prepared January 2021.)

2020 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest