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Digest of Education Statistics
2020 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 305.40. Acceptance rates; number of applications, admissions, and enrollees; and enrollees’ SAT and ACT scores for degree-granting postsecondary institutions with first-year undergraduates, by control and level of institution: 2019-20
Acceptance rates, applications,
admissions, enrollees, and SAT
and ACT scores
All institutions Public institutions Private institutions
Total 4-
year
2-
year
Total 4-
year
2-
year
Total 4-
year
2-
year
Nonprofit For-profit
Total 4-
year
2-
year
Total 4-
year
2-
year
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Number of institutions reporting
    application data1
3,558 2,267 1,291 1,565 712 853 1,993 1,555 438 1,366 1,280 86 627 275 352
Percentage distribution of institutions
    by their acceptance of applications
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No application criteria 49.2 24.6 92.5 65.8 26.5 98.6 36.2 23.7 80.6 17.4 14.3 64.0 77.2 67.6 84.7
90 percent or more accepted 8.9 12.5 2.6 5.6 12.1 0.1 11.5 12.7 7.5 11.6 12.0 5.8 11.5 16.0 8.0
75.0 to 89.9 percent accepted 13.6 20.1 2.2 12.0 25.7 0.6 14.9 17.5 5.5 19.8 20.3 11.6 4.1 4.4 4.0
50.0 to 74.9 percent accepted 19.1 29.0 1.6 12.5 27.0 0.5 24.2 30.0 3.9 33.7 35.3 10.5 3.5 5.1 2.3
25.0 to 49.9 percent accepted 6.7 10.1 0.8 3.3 7.0 0.2 9.4 11.6 1.8 12.3 12.7 5.8 3.2 6.2 0.9
10.0 to 24.9 percent accepted 1.7 2.6 0.2 0.7 1.5 0.0 2.5 3.0 0.7 3.4 3.5 2.3 0.5 0.7 0.3
Less than 10 percent accepted 0.7 1.1 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 1.2 1.5 0.0 1.8 1.9 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Number of applications (in thousands)
11,533 11,471 62 6,523 6,497 25 5,010 4,974 36 4,921 4,897 25 89 77 12
Percentage distribution of applications
    by institutions' acceptance of
    applications
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No application criteria
90 percent or more accepted 5.8 5.7 12.3 7.0 7.0 5.9 4.1 4.0 16.9 3.9 3.9 2.1 16.8 12.1 47.8
75.0 to 89.9 percent accepted 23.5 23.6 19.0 29.0 29.0 26.4 16.4 16.4 13.8 15.8 15.8 6.0 49.9 52.9 30.3
50.0 to 74.9 percent accepted 35.2 35.2 31.0 36.1 36.1 55.9 34.0 34.1 13.5 34.3 34.4 14.2 16.5 17.2 12.0
25.0 to 49.9 percent accepted 20.6 20.6 6.6 21.3 21.3 11.8 19.6 19.8 2.9 19.7 19.8 1.9 16.1 17.9 4.9
10.0 to 24.9 percent accepted 9.8 9.7 31.1 6.3 6.3 0.0 14.4 14.2 52.9 14.7 14.4 75.7 0.7 # 4.9
Less than 10 percent accepted 5.1 5.1 0.0 0.3 0.3 0.0 11.4 11.5 0.0 11.7 11.7 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Number of admissions (in thousands)
6,545 6,509 35 4,046 4,028 18 2,499 2,481 17 2,433 2,426 8 65 56 10
Percentage distribution of admissions
    by institutions' acceptance of
    applications
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No application criteria
90 percent or more accepted 9.5 9.5 20.3 10.6 10.6 7.6 7.8 7.6 33.6 7.4 7.4 6.5 21.8 16.0 55.9
75.0 to 89.9 percent accepted 33.6 33.7 27.4 37.9 38.0 30.6 26.7 26.7 24.1 26.0 26.1 15.7 53.0 56.7 31.0
50.0 to 74.9 percent accepted 39.6 39.6 36.5 36.7 36.6 54.1 44.3 44.5 18.2 45.1 45.1 28.8 15.7 16.8 9.5
25.0 to 49.9 percent accepted 13.8 13.9 5.1 13.0 13.0 7.7 15.2 15.3 2.4 15.4 15.4 2.0 9.3 10.4 2.8
10.0 to 24.9 percent accepted 2.8 2.8 10.6 1.8 1.8 0.0 4.4 4.3 21.7 4.5 4.4 47.1 0.1 # 0.9
Less than 10 percent accepted 0.6 0.6 0.0 # # 0.0 1.6 1.6 0.0 1.6 1.6 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

Number of enrollees (in thousands)
1,617 1,602 14 1,088 1,081 7 529 521 7 506 503 3 23 18 5
Percentage distribution of enrollees
    by institutions' acceptance of
    applications
100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
No application criteria
90 percent or more accepted 10.2 10.1 21.4 10.8 10.8 2.1 9.1 8.7 39.7 8.1 8.1 10.7 31.2 24.6 56.3
75.0 to 89.9 percent accepted 33.3 33.4 27.3 38.0 38.1 25.3 23.7 23.6 29.2 23.0 22.9 27.0 39.5 41.9 30.4
50.0 to 74.9 percent accepted 36.4 36.4 40.7 35.6 35.4 63.6 38.1 38.4 19.0 39.1 39.1 38.6 15.6 17.5 7.9
25.0 to 49.9 percent accepted 13.7 13.8 6.5 12.4 12.4 9.0 16.4 16.6 4.1 16.6 16.6 4.3 13.4 15.9 4.1
10.0 to 24.9 percent accepted 4.7 4.7 4.1 3.1 3.1 0.0 8.1 8.1 7.9 8.4 8.4 19.5 0.3 # 1.4
Less than 10 percent accepted 1.6 1.6 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 4.6 4.7 0.0 4.8 4.8 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

SAT scores of enrollees
                             
Evidence-based reading and writing
    (ERW), 25th percentile2
516 517 472 510 511 451 520 520 508 520 520 508 510 510 ---
ERW, 75th percentile2 615 616 573 608 609 558 620 620 599 620 620 599 620 620 ---
Mathematics, 25th percentile2 511 512 465 504 505 436 516 516 515 516 516 515 507 507 ---
Mathematics, 75th percentile2 613 613 569 606 607 546 617 617 609 617 617 609 628 628 ---

ACT scores of enrollees
                             
Composite, 25th percentile2 20.4 20.5 16.9 19.9 19.9 15.5 20.7 20.8 18.6 20.8 20.8 18.6 19.8 19.8 ---
Composite, 75th percentile2 25.9 26.0 21.7 25.5 25.5 20.3 26.2 26.2 23.4 26.2 26.2 23.4 24.8 24.8 ---
English, 25th percentile2 19.5 19.6 13.7 18.9 19.0 13.7 19.9 19.9 13.8 19.9 19.9 13.8 17.5 17.5 ---
English, 75th percentile2 26.3 26.4 20.0 25.7 25.8 19.8 26.7 26.7 20.3 26.7 26.7 20.3 24.3 24.3 ---
Mathematics, 25th percentile2 19.1 19.2 15.4 18.9 18.9 15.5 19.3 19.3 15.3 19.3 19.3 15.3 18.3 18.3 ---
Mathematics, 75th percentile2 25.3 25.3 20.4 25.0 25.1 20.2 25.4 25.5 20.8 25.5 25.5 20.8 22.5 22.5 ---
---Not available.
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
1 The total on this table differs slightly from other counts of institutions with first-year undergraduates because approximately 1.0 percent of these institutions did not report application information.
2 Data are only for institutions that require test scores for admission. Relatively few 2-year institutions require test scores for admission. The SAT evidence-based reading and writing (ERW) and mathematics scales range from 200 to 800. The ACT composite, English, and mathematics scales range from 1 to 36.
NOTE: Data in this table represent the 50 states and the District of Columbia. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. Excludes institutions not enrolling any first-time degree/certificate-seeking undergraduates. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), Winter 2019-20, Admissions component. (This table was prepared September 2020.)

2020 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest