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Digest of Education Statistics
2020 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 233.69b. Percentage of public schools reporting that various factors limited in a major way their efforts to provide mental health services to students, by selected school characteristics: 2017-18
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
School characteristic Inadequate access to
licensed mental health
professionals1
Inadequate
funding
Potential legal
issues for school
or district2
Concerns about reactions
from parents
Lack of community
support for providing
mental health services
to students
in their school
Written or unwritten
policies regarding the
school's requirement
to pay for the
diagnostic mental
health assessment or
treatment of students3
Reluctance to label
students with mental
health disorders to
avoid stigmatizing
the child
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
Total 40.5   (1.53) 52.1   (1.40) 18.3   (1.13) 9.5   (0.74) 11.0   (0.71) 20.6   (1.20) 10.5   (0.89)
Traditional or charter status                                          
Traditional public school 41.3   (1.54) 52.4   (1.32) 18.5   (1.17) 9.5   (0.75) 11.1   (0.75) 20.7   (1.21) 10.7   (0.91)
Charter school 28.4   (5.39) 46.3   (7.57) 15.5   (4.29) 8.6 ! (2.68) 8.2 ! (2.46) 18.9   (5.36) 7.9 ! (2.52)
                                           
School level4                                          
Primary 41.7   (2.26) 52.1   (2.00) 18.9   (1.74) 10.4   (1.25) 12.3   (1.15) 22.0   (1.73) 10.9   (1.44)
Middle 38.7   (1.77) 51.2   (1.94) 17.8   (1.25) 7.6   (0.84) 9.1   (0.97) 18.9   (1.15) 10.4   (1.11)
High school 34.8   (1.43) 49.4   (1.46) 16.2   (1.17) 7.6   (0.84) 8.7   (0.90) 15.7   (1.23) 8.2   (1.06)
Combined 47.8   (5.33) 58.9   (5.87) 19.5   (5.02) 10.5 ! (3.55) 9.7 ! (3.31) 24.2   (4.57) 11.9 ! (3.80)
                                           
Enrollment size                                          
Less than 300 41.3   (3.95) 49.5   (3.76) 16.0   (3.16) 4.3 ! (1.39) 6.3   (1.78) 21.4   (3.23) 12.0   (2.58)
300 to 499 43.5   (2.77) 58.2   (2.43) 17.9   (1.92) 12.1   (1.59) 13.2   (1.56) 19.8   (2.07) 9.3   (1.40)
500 to 999 40.2   (2.01) 50.2   (1.77) 19.9   (1.48) 10.6   (1.28) 12.2   (1.31) 21.5   (1.69) 11.1   (1.26)
1,000 or more 32.0   (2.26) 46.4   (2.14) 18.4   (1.56) 8.0   (1.13) 9.1   (1.05) 18.2   (1.39) 8.9   (1.01)
                                           
Locale                                          
City 40.9   (2.57) 53.3   (2.78) 22.5   (2.16) 15.0   (2.08) 16.7   (2.13) 23.1   (2.50) 12.6   (1.80)
Suburban 35.6   (2.18) 47.4   (2.25) 18.8   (2.04) 7.6   (1.17) 11.2   (1.54) 18.7   (2.00) 8.8   (1.22)
Town 41.1   (2.87) 51.5   (3.45) 14.4   (2.28) 10.1   (2.31) 7.5   (1.76) 18.8   (2.56) 10.2   (2.09)
Rural 46.0   (2.69) 57.0   (2.63) 15.4   (1.81) 5.9   (1.09) 6.5   (1.16) 21.3   (2.21) 10.6   (1.68)
                                           
Region                                          
Northeast 33.0   (3.14) 44.4   (3.40) 13.8   (2.79) 7.4   (2.09) 9.9   (1.84) 10.6   (2.39) 8.6   (2.40)
Midwest 44.8   (3.16) 55.5   (3.21) 17.4   (2.19) 8.0   (1.34) 8.0   (1.31) 21.5   (2.52) 7.0   (1.20)
South 39.7   (2.21) 51.8   (2.02) 21.0   (1.48) 10.9   (1.43) 12.3   (1.45) 24.0   (2.01) 14.2   (1.70)
West 43.0   (2.93) 54.7   (2.66) 18.6   (2.10) 10.4   (1.59) 12.7   (1.43) 21.9   (2.07) 9.8   (1.60)
                                           
Percent minority enrollment5                                          
0 to 25 percent 41.9   (2.29) 53.4   (2.25) 14.4   (1.59) 6.2   (0.96) 8.0   (1.15) 17.8   (1.57) 7.8   (1.15)
26 to 50 percent 37.7   (2.25) 50.0   (2.22) 17.1   (2.26) 7.1   (1.30) 8.5   (1.88) 17.8   (2.23) 8.8   (1.54)
51 to 75 percent 43.4   (3.61) 53.5   (3.90) 19.8   (2.64) 13.8   (2.37) 14.2   (2.37) 26.9   (3.08) 15.3   (2.87)
76 to 100 percent 39.3   (2.24) 51.2   (2.26) 23.8   (2.08) 13.5   (1.73) 15.1   (1.89) 23.1   (2.18) 12.8   (2.00)
                                           
Percent of students eligible for
   free or reduced-price lunch
                                         
0 to 25 percent 35.4   (2.83) 44.3   (3.48) 15.5   (2.41) 8.5   (1.77) 9.2   (1.53) 18.0   (1.93) 9.3   (1.80)
26 to 50 percent 40.9   (2.81) 52.0   (2.73) 16.1   (1.74) 7.4   (1.26) 7.2   (1.48) 17.3   (1.85) 10.1   (1.45)
51 to 75 percent 44.5   (3.17) 57.6   (2.77) 18.0   (2.26) 8.2   (1.70) 12.7   (1.73) 23.2   (2.33) 9.2   (1.50)
76 to 100 percent 40.1   (2.41) 52.2   (2.44) 21.8   (1.79) 12.5   (1.63) 13.2   (1.44) 22.4   (2.11) 12.4   (1.56)
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
1 Licensed mental health professionals include psychiatrists, psychologists, psychiatric/mental health nurse practitioners, psychiatric/mental health nurses, clinical social workers, and professional counselors.
2 Examples of legal issues provided to respondents were malpractice, insufficient supervision, and confidentiality.
3 A diagnostic mental health assessment is an evaluation conducted by a mental health professional that identifies whether an individual has one or more mental health diagnoses. Treatment is a clinical intervention--which may include psychotherapy, medication, and/or counseling--addressed at lessening or eliminating the symptoms of a mental health disorder.
4 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K-12 schools.
5 Percent combined enrollment of Black, Hispanic, Asian, Pacific Islander, and American Indian/Alaska Native students, and students of Two or more races.
NOTE: Respondents were asked to indicate the extent to which each factor limited the school's efforts to provide mental health services to students. For each factor, they could select "limits in major way," "limits in minor way," or "does not limit." Estimates in this table represent only those schools reporting that a factor limited their efforts in a major way. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about school crime and policies to provide a safe environment.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2017-18 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2018. (This table was prepared August 2019.)

2020 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest