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Digest of Education Statistics
2020 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 233.65. Percentage of public schools with a written plan for procedures to be performed in selected scenarios and percentage that have drilled students on the use of selected emergency procedures, by selected school characteristics: Selected years, 2003–04 through 2017–18
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Year and school characteristic Percent with a written plan that describes procedures to be performed in selected scenarios Percent that have drilled students during the current school year on the use of selected emergency procedures
Active shooter1 Natural disasters2 Hostages Bomb threats or incidents Chemical, biological, or radiological threats or incidents3 Suicide threat or incident Pandemic flu Pandemic disease Post-crisis reunification of students with their families Evacuation4 Lockdown5 Shelter-in-place6
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
2003–04 78.5   (1.17) 96.0   (0.52) 73.5   (1.12) 94.0   (0.71) 69.2   (1.15) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†)
2005–06 79.3   (1.31) 95.0   (0.65) 73.1   (1.12) 94.5   (0.65) 70.5   (1.04) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†)
2007–08 83.0   (1.31) 95.8   (0.48) 71.3   (1.26) 93.8   (0.65) 71.5   (1.16) 74.1   (1.33) 36.1   (1.10) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†)
2009–10 84.3   (1.10) 95.1   (0.54) 74.3   (1.20) 93.5   (0.66) 71.1   (1.28) 74.9   (1.30) 69.4   (1.34) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†)
                                                                         
2015–16                                                                        
All public schools 92.4   (0.78) 96.1   (0.57) 60.5   (1.30) 94.1   (0.87) 73.1   (1.26) 84.6   (1.11) 51.0   (1.49) ---   (†) 86.3   (1.09) 91.5   (1.02) 94.6   (0.78) 75.9   (1.12)
School level7                                                                        
Primary 91.2   (1.22) 96.4   (0.86) 57.1   (2.07) 92.5   (1.36) 71.4   (1.84) 80.7   (1.76) 50.9   (2.26) ---   (†) 87.2   (1.39) 91.2   (1.60) 95.5   (0.95) 75.2   (1.56)
Middle 94.0   (0.94) 96.3   (0.79) 62.6   (1.73) 96.5   (0.87) 75.2   (1.78) 89.4   (1.06) 49.5   (1.91) ---   (†) 84.1   (1.49) 93.2   (0.96) 95.5   (0.86) 79.0   (1.91)
High school 95.3   (1.07) 95.5   (0.79) 67.3   (1.79) 97.3   (0.76) 77.2   (1.74) 91.3   (1.03) 50.9   (1.96) ---   (†) 87.2   (1.49) 91.5   (1.23) 94.1   (1.05) 80.8   (1.57)
Combined 91.6   (3.24) 93.5   (2.99) 68.4   (5.96) 94.5   (2.76) 73.1   (5.24) 89.8   (3.57) 55.2   (6.23) ---   (†) 82.6   (4.49) 89.8   (3.33) 86.2   (5.17) 63.0   (6.55)
                                                                         
Enrollment size                                                                        
Less than 300 89.0   (2.48) 93.1   (1.82) 58.7   (3.55) 88.9   (2.74) 70.4   (2.97) 79.2   (2.94) 43.8   (3.73) ---   (†) 81.7   (2.76) 87.7   (2.93) 89.9   (2.47) 68.2   (3.47)
300 to 499 94.3   (1.28) 96.5   (1.01) 59.7   (2.97) 94.8   (1.31) 72.3   (3.05) 85.1   (2.16) 52.4   (3.44) ---   (†) 85.9   (2.14) 90.2   (2.13) 94.9   (1.51) 77.1   (2.23)
500 to 999 91.5   (1.39) 97.6   (0.74) 60.5   (2.18) 95.3   (1.06) 73.6   (1.90) 84.8   (1.54) 53.5   (2.05) ---   (†) 87.9   (1.57) 94.5   (1.04) 96.6   (0.78) 78.1   (1.70)
1,000 or more 96.9   (0.76) 95.3   (0.99) 67.1   (2.40) 98.9   (0.37) 79.6   (1.95) 93.8   (0.88) 52.7   (2.40) ---   (†) 90.7   (1.44) 92.3   (1.30) 96.8   (0.78) 80.2   (1.92)
                                                                         
Locale                                                                        
City 91.3   (1.76) 96.6   (1.03) 63.3   (2.93) 93.6   (1.83) 74.9   (2.27) 85.4   (2.72) 50.5   (2.68) ---   (†) 90.0   (1.82) 94.0   (1.37) 95.9   (1.26) 80.5   (2.27)
Suburban 92.3   (1.25) 95.5   (1.00) 57.3   (2.56) 94.9   (1.29) 71.2   (2.22) 85.8   (1.53) 52.0   (2.42) ---   (†) 85.1   (1.82) 91.0   (1.46) 96.7   (0.89) 79.1   (1.72)
Town 94.4   (1.92) 96.6   (1.48) 54.5   (3.87) 96.2   (1.55) 75.2   (3.43) 82.0   (3.47) 48.0   (3.94) ---   (†) 84.2   (3.11) 91.7   (2.20) 97.6   (0.83) 66.8   (3.71)
Rural 92.6   (1.71) 95.9   (1.23) 64.7   (2.84) 92.8   (1.79) 72.7   (2.45) 83.6   (2.38) 51.6   (2.87) ---   (†) 84.9   (2.17) 89.5   (1.60) 89.5   (1.85) 71.7   (2.63)
                                                                         
Percent minority
     enrollment8
                                                                       
0 to 25 percent 93.7   (1.14) 96.3   (0.89) 58.4   (2.12) 94.1   (1.36) 71.8   (2.08) 86.3   (1.71) 52.7   (2.20) ---   (†) 85.4   (1.82) 89.2   (1.62) 93.3   (1.34) 75.9   (2.46)
26 to 50 percent 93.6   (1.63) 96.0   (1.48) 57.5   (3.36) 92.7   (2.16) 71.9   (2.82) 81.7   (2.61) 52.0   (3.30) ---   (†) 86.0   (2.26) 92.0   (2.22) 98.1   (0.54) 76.7   (2.73)
51 to 75 percent 92.9   (1.98) 96.9   (0.99) 64.7   (3.80) 96.5   (1.62) 75.2   (3.18) 82.8   (3.00) 47.7   (3.72) ---   (†) 88.1   (1.97) 93.3   (1.75) 94.7   (1.93) 79.6   (3.12)
76 to 100 percent 89.2   (2.09) 95.1   (1.11) 63.6   (3.07) 93.8   (1.50) 74.8   (2.73) 85.7   (2.41) 49.6   (2.87) ---   (†) 86.6   (2.30) 93.5   (1.68) 93.8   (1.65) 72.8   (2.64)
                                                                         
Percent of students
     eligible for free or
     reduced-price lunch
                                                                       
0 to 25 percent 96.1   (1.30) 96.0   (1.38) 53.0   (3.49) 95.0   (1.60) 70.6   (3.64) 87.4   (2.37) 52.9   (4.16) ---   (†) 85.0   (2.91) 91.5   (1.96) 95.8   (1.97) 79.4   (2.60)
26 to 50 percent 93.4   (1.45) 96.2   (1.04) 63.8   (2.73) 93.8   (1.80) 76.4   (2.37) 86.6   (2.26) 56.8   (2.82) ---   (†) 87.3   (1.92) 89.5   (1.95) 95.3   (1.17) 77.5   (2.48)
51 to 75 percent 92.2   (1.49) 95.8   (1.16) 60.8   (2.56) 94.4   (1.33) 71.4   (2.18) 80.8   (2.06) 48.2   (2.27) ---   (†) 86.5   (1.69) 92.0   (1.72) 94.6   (1.31) 74.5   (2.67)
76 to 100 percent 89.3   (2.04) 96.2   (1.02) 61.5   (3.07) 93.7   (1.47) 73.1   (2.81) 84.9   (2.59) 46.7   (3.35) ---   (†) 85.8   (2.35) 93.1   (1.50) 93.4   (1.48) 73.6   (2.36)
                                                                         
2017–18                                                                        
All public schools 92.4   (0.73) 94.0   (0.57) 48.0   (1.38) 91.3   (0.72) 69.7   (1.44) 85.4   (1.06) ---   (†) 45.7   (1.34) 85.0   (0.89) 92.8   (0.71) 95.7   (0.53) 82.6   (1.14)
School level7                                                                        
Primary 92.5   (1.16) 95.0   (0.80) 46.2   (1.99) 89.7   (1.12) 70.1   (2.17) 82.8   (1.78) ---   (†) 45.0   (1.83) 86.2   (1.38) 92.8   (1.13) 96.5   (0.71) 83.4   (1.57)
Middle 92.5   (0.96) 94.0   (0.79) 49.4   (1.50) 93.7   (0.78) 69.6   (1.37) 89.1   (1.06) ---   (†) 44.9   (1.74) 84.7   (1.36) 92.6   (0.89) 96.9   (0.56) 83.2   (1.17)
High school 93.0   (1.02) 92.5   (0.96) 51.4   (1.62) 94.7   (0.84) 71.9   (1.63) 92.1   (1.18) ---   (†) 50.1   (1.93) 83.5   (1.33) 94.0   (0.73) 95.6   (0.75) 83.8   (1.27)
Combined 90.6   (3.43) 89.7   (3.29) 50.9   (5.81) 90.5   (3.59) 62.7   (5.94) 82.6   (4.39) ---   (†) 44.7   (5.68) 79.3   (4.16) 90.6   (3.50) 86.8   (4.00) 72.8   (4.55)
                                                                         
Enrollment size                                                                        
Less than 300 88.3   (2.41) 93.6   (1.64) 43.2   (4.15) 92.3   (1.87) 66.3   (3.92) 79.0   (2.93) ---   (†) 37.6   (3.65) 79.7   (3.16) 93.0   (1.99) 93.6   (1.72) 79.5   (3.45)
300 to 499 92.3   (1.42) 94.3   (1.14) 48.6   (2.42) 88.9   (1.60) 68.9   (2.41) 83.9   (1.80) ---   (†) 47.5   (2.51) 85.4   (1.52) 92.9   (1.24) 95.3   (1.08) 82.0   (1.87)
500 to 999 94.3   (0.87) 93.8   (0.89) 49.9   (2.17) 91.3   (1.11) 71.2   (1.41) 87.4   (1.27) ---   (†) 47.7   (2.02) 86.8   (1.37) 92.0   (1.15) 96.2   (0.73) 84.0   (1.49)
1,000 or more 94.1   (1.08) 95.0   (0.82) 48.3   (2.13) 96.2   (0.60) 73.2   (1.94) 94.5   (0.86) ---   (†) 49.3   (2.14) 87.6   (1.33) 95.0   (0.82) 98.7   (0.42) 85.3   (1.68)
                                                                         
Locale                                                                        
City 91.7   (1.56) 93.4   (0.95) 45.2   (2.11) 89.8   (1.48) 68.4   (2.52) 86.4   (1.95) ---   (†) 44.6   (2.09) 85.3   (2.02) 94.2   (1.37) 96.3   (1.17) 84.0   (1.79)
Suburban 93.3   (1.02) 92.7   (1.06) 45.3   (2.04) 91.8   (1.09) 69.9   (1.97) 86.6   (1.41) ---   (†) 46.1   (2.59) 84.9   (1.33) 93.9   (1.06) 97.0   (0.83) 86.6   (1.45)
Town 92.5   (1.69) 97.7   (0.94) 53.0   (3.26) 91.4   (1.94) 70.5   (3.28) 83.9   (2.66) ---   (†) 45.1   (4.00) 85.3   (2.15) 91.2   (2.27) 94.0   (1.76) 82.4   (2.11)
Rural 92.1   (1.61) 94.7   (1.27) 51.7   (2.94) 92.1   (1.36) 70.4   (2.72) 83.6   (2.09) ---   (†) 46.7   (2.40) 84.6   (2.28) 90.8   (1.53) 94.2   (1.12) 76.4   (2.74)
                                                                         
Percent minority
     enrollment8
                                                                       
0 to 25 percent 93.5   (1.24) 94.5   (1.05) 50.0   (2.62) 93.4   (1.08) 71.1   (2.52) 86.0   (1.51) ---   (†) 45.8   (2.15) 84.4   (1.63) 91.7   (1.02) 95.6   (0.71) 83.7   (1.91)
26 to 50 percent 93.5   (1.28) 94.4   (1.34) 49.2   (3.08) 91.7   (1.61) 72.9   (2.70) 86.3   (2.10) ---   (†) 49.9   (2.78) 88.7   (1.61) 93.7   (1.80) 96.7   (0.97) 83.3   (2.23)
51 to 75 percent 91.4   (1.85) 95.1   (1.39) 43.5   (3.81) 88.3   (1.96) 65.9   (3.25) 83.9   (2.63) ---   (†) 39.6   (3.34) 85.0   (2.53) 92.1   (2.22) 95.4   (2.14) 80.2   (2.58)
76 to 100 percent 90.7   (1.29) 92.5   (1.27) 46.7   (2.32) 89.7   (1.68) 67.4   (2.58) 84.7   (2.15) ---   (†) 45.7   (2.51) 82.7   (2.11) 93.9   (1.33) 95.0   (1.26) 81.9   (2.19)
                                                                         
Percent of students
     eligible for free or
     reduced-price lunch
                                                                       
0 to 25 percent 92.1   (1.84) 93.5   (1.26) 50.9   (3.09) 90.2   (2.04) 72.3   (2.60) 87.9   (2.08) ---   (†) 45.7   (3.05) 84.4   (2.13) 94.9   (1.02) 96.4   (1.18) 87.2   (2.15)
26 to 50 percent 93.4   (1.33) 94.0   (1.37) 46.0   (2.58) 94.0   (1.12) 75.0   (2.60) 86.3   (2.10) ---   (†) 48.4   (3.46) 86.6   (1.55) 91.1   (1.66) 95.7   (0.81) 83.0   (2.14)
51 to 75 percent 92.6   (1.52) 94.5   (1.29) 46.3   (2.63) 92.1   (1.32) 68.1   (3.15) 85.2   (2.07) ---   (†) 44.2   (2.75) 86.1   (1.82) 92.4   (1.47) 95.6   (1.30) 81.3   (2.10)
76 to 100 percent 91.8   (1.13) 94.0   (0.83) 49.0   (2.55) 89.3   (1.52) 65.7   (2.29) 83.6   (1.96) ---   (†) 45.0   (2.47) 83.3   (1.79) 93.1   (1.18) 95.3   (1.21) 80.8   (2.15)
---Not available.
†Not applicable.
1 Prior to 2015-16, this scenario was described in the questionnaire as "shootings."
2 For example, earthquakes or tornadoes.
3 For example, release of mustard gas, anthrax, smallpox, or radioactive materials.
4 Defined for respondents as "a procedure that requires all students and staff to leave the building. While evacuating to the school's field makes sense for a fire drill that only lasts a few minutes, it may not be an appropriate location for a longer period of time. The evacuation plan should encompass relocation procedures and include backup buildings to serve as emergency shelters, such as nearby community centers, religious institutions, businesses, or other schools. Evacuation also includes 'reverse evacuation,' a procedure for schools to return students to the building quickly if an incident occurs while students are outside."
5 Defined for respondents as "a procedure that involves occupants of a school building being directed to remain confined to a room or area within a building with specific procedures to follow. A lockdown may be used when a crisis occurs outside of the school and an evacuation would be dangerous. A lockdown may also be called for when there is a crisis inside and movement within the school will put students in jeopardy. All exterior doors are locked and students and staff stay in their classrooms."
6 Defined for respondents as "a procedure similar to a lockdown in that the occupants are to remain on the premises; however, shelter-in-place is designed to use a facility and its indoor atmosphere to temporarily separate people from a hazardous outdoor environment. Everyone would be brought indoors and building personnel would close all windows and doors and shut down the heating, ventilation, and air conditioning system (HVAC). This would create a neutral pressure in the building, meaning the contaminated air would not be drawn into the building."
7 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
8 Percent combined enrollment of Black, Hispanic, Asian, Pacific Islander, and American Indian/Alaska Native students, and students of Two or more races.
NOTE: Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2003–04, 2005–06, 2007–08, 2009–10, 2015-16, and 2017-18 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2016, and 2018. (This table was prepared August 2019.)

2020 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest