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Digest of Education Statistics
2020 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 233.40. Percentage of students suspended and expelled from public elementary and secondary schools, by sex, race/ethnicity, and state: 2013-14
State Percent receiving out-of-school suspensions1 Percent expelled2
Total Sex Race/ethnicity3 Total Sex Race/ethnicity3
Male Female White Black Hispanic Asian Pacific Islander4 American Indian/
Alaska Native
Two or
more races
Male Female White Black Hispanic Asian Pacific Islander American Indian/
Alaska Native
Two or
more races
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
United States 5.28 7.25 3.20 3.43 13.68 4.54 1.11 4.53 6.74 5.26 0.22 0.32 0.12 0.20 0.44 0.15 0.03 0.12 0.37 0.31
Alabama 7.98 10.50 5.30 4.51 15.25 2.97 1.58 4.03 3.87 5.90 0.19 0.28 0.09 0.09 0.36 0.06 0.00 0.14-0.43 0.02-0.05 0.49
Alaska 5.06 7.24 2.72 3.47 8.81 4.80 2.03 6.49 8.48 4.82 0.08 0.13 0.03 0.05 0.21 0.16 0.00 0.03-0.09 0.12 0.11
Arizona 5.18 7.45 2.78 3.90 11.54 5.50 1.54 4.81 8.90 5.02 0.04 0.06 0.02 0.04 0.07 0.04 0.00-0.01 0.10 0.04 0.05
Arkansas 7.00 9.63 4.25 4.47 17.87 3.82 1.45 3.11 4.83 4.34 0.18 0.25 0.09 0.17 0.23 0.10 0.07 0.04-0.11 0.46 0.10
California 3.99 5.74 2.14 3.25 11.24 4.03 1.18 4.80 7.11 3.43 0.14 0.22 0.06 0.13 0.35 0.14 0.04 0.13 0.26 0.12
                                         
Colorado 4.41 6.27 2.45 3.13 11.04 5.84 1.35 3.64 6.80 4.87 0.15 0.24 0.06 0.11 0.41 0.18 0.06 0.35 0.38 0.15
Connecticut 3.94 5.23 2.57 1.99 9.02 6.61 0.82 (4) 6.23 3.31 0.22 0.36 0.08 0.16 0.49 0.27 0.04 0.00 0.26 0.16
Delaware 8.48 10.72 6.05 4.43 15.64 5.83 1.68 6.08 9.18 6.25 0.09 0.12 0.05 0.06 0.15 0.06 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.03-0.09
District of Columbia 12.44 15.52 9.37 0.90 15.98 4.26 1.52 10.00 9.86 3.83 0.15 0.18 0.12 0.01-0.04 0.19 0.04 0.00 0.00 1.41-4.23 0.00
Florida 5.04 7.06 2.90 3.67 9.89 3.86 1.00 2.92 4.65 4.91 0.01 0.01 # # 0.01 # 0.00 0.00 0.01-0.03 0.01
                                         
Georgia 7.29 9.86 4.59 3.52 13.38 4.46 1.28 6.53 4.57 6.71 0.16 0.23 0.08 0.11 0.26 0.06 0.02 0.86 0.19 0.19
Hawaii 3.47 4.76 2.06 2.54 4.53 2.96 2.05 5.58 6.16 2.22 # 0.01 # 0.00 0.00 0.01-0.02 0.00-0.01 0.00-0.01 0.00 0.00
Idaho 2.57 3.82 1.25 2.37 3.61 3.43 1.27 2.38 4.66 2.33 0.06 0.09 0.02 0.05 0.13 0.10 0.03-0.08 0.00 0.22 0.02-0.05
Illinois 6.83 9.02 4.51 2.88 21.91 5.45 0.87 3.56 4.57 5.78 0.13 0.18 0.08 0.11 0.35 0.05 0.02 0.00 0.18 0.19
Indiana 6.79 9.35 4.09 4.50 20.58 6.21 1.44 2.78 5.93 10.00 0.51 0.69 0.31 0.38 1.26 0.53 0.10 0.70 0.63 0.53
                                         
Iowa 2.60 3.68 1.45 1.96 11.03 2.99 1.08 2.57 4.27 4.66 0.04 0.06 0.01 0.03 0.09 0.04 0.01-0.03 0.00 0.00 0.03
Kansas 4.04 5.73 2.24 2.82 14.03 4.40 1.22 3.41 6.21 5.51 0.16 0.24 0.08 0.13 0.34 0.16 0.05 0.12-0.35 0.32 0.29
Kentucky 4.87 6.91 2.71 4.08 12.21 3.08 0.90 3.12 5.67 5.82 0.05 0.08 0.02 0.05 0.06 0.04 0.00 0.00 0.12-0.35 0.06
Louisiana 8.38 11.08 5.54 4.70 12.61 4.22 1.83 5.68 6.44 5.90 0.62 0.89 0.34 0.31 1.00 0.17 0.07 0.22-0.66 0.49 0.36
Maine 3.45 4.96 1.84 3.36 6.62 4.56 1.26 2.08 3.51 2.75 0.11 0.16 0.05 0.11 0.14 0.14 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.25
                                         
Maryland 5.19 6.95 3.34 2.89 9.26 3.34 0.76 2.69 5.86 4.56 0.09 0.13 0.05 0.02 0.20 0.03 0.00-0.01 0.08-0.24 0.16 0.04
Massachusetts 4.28 5.92 2.55 2.61 10.46 8.60 1.26 2.13 5.94 5.34 0.03 0.05 0.02 0.03 0.06 0.04 0.00-0.01 0.00 0.04-0.13 0.09
Michigan 7.34 9.91 4.62 4.51 19.23 6.60 1.69 3.22 7.96 7.48 0.14 0.21 0.07 0.12 0.27 0.14 0.04 0.00 0.12 0.12
Minnesota 3.30 4.57 1.95 2.00 12.29 4.04 1.11 2.69 9.50 4.00 0.10 0.15 0.05 0.08 0.21 0.10 0.03 0.00 0.20 0.17
Mississippi 9.67 12.83 6.35 4.77 14.80 4.08 1.76 3.85 6.03 3.77 0.29 0.42 0.14 0.15 0.43 0.06 0.12 0.00 0.09-0.27 0.45
                                         
Missouri 5.74 7.86 3.48 3.87 17.02 4.38 1.62 2.90 5.96 5.33 0.35 0.45 0.23 0.34 0.37 0.51 0.01-0.02 0.41 0.47 0.45
Montana 3.66 5.12 2.10 2.54 4.44 2.85 1.14 1.99 11.84 2.26 0.14 0.19 0.09 0.07 0.07-0.21 0.11 0.00 0.00 0.52 0.61
Nebraska 4.27 5.95 2.48 2.88 16.20 4.68 1.83 3.26 9.23 6.82 0.30 0.43 0.17 0.17 1.37 0.35 0.17 0.00 0.64 0.54
Nevada 4.60 6.38 2.70 3.52 10.87 4.42 1.55 3.33 6.47 4.41 0.42 0.61 0.21 0.22 1.23 0.43 0.14 0.24 0.31 0.38
New Hampshire 4.88 6.95 2.67 4.29 19.21 14.21 2.22 7.51 7.30 3.71 0.02 0.03 0.01 0.02 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
                                         
New Jersey 4.44 5.95 2.84 2.21 12.79 5.59 0.80 1.26 3.70 3.10 0.01 0.02 0.01 0.01 0.04 0.01 # 0.00 0.00 0.03
New Mexico 6.25 8.20 4.19 4.82 10.22 6.78 2.83 2.52 6.03 8.55 0.58 0.80 0.35 0.36 1.24 0.69 0.33 0.00 0.29 1.13
New York 3.22 4.36 2.01 2.68 7.05 2.29 0.49 1.20 4.00 4.23 0.09 0.13 0.05 0.11 0.13 0.05 0.01 0.00 0.13 0.14
North Carolina 6.67 9.19 4.00 3.77 13.42 4.92 1.17 4.68 11.57 7.01 0.06 0.08 0.03 0.03 0.11 0.04 0.01 0.06-0.17 0.09 0.08
North Dakota 2.21 3.09 1.27 1.49 5.21 2.50 0.74 0.31-0.93 8.13 0.50 0.09 0.13 0.04 0.03 0.61 0.17 0.00 0.00 0.41 0.00
                                         
Ohio 7.14 9.71 4.42 4.68 18.70 6.79 1.47 3.47 7.73 9.24 1.76 2.49 0.99 1.53 2.83 1.31 0.28 1.84 2.58 2.23
Oklahoma 5.64 7.86 3.29 4.33 16.99 5.75 1.22 4.22 4.42 4.29 1.07 1.46 0.65 0.72 3.68 0.98 0.12 0.63 0.84 1.29
Oregon 4.12 6.03 2.11 3.86 9.24 4.46 1.22 4.18 6.45 4.52 0.20 0.31 0.09 0.20 0.26 0.22 0.04 0.23 0.45 0.21
Pennsylvania 5.62 7.52 3.61 3.01 17.13 7.53 1.28 4.23 4.43 7.30 0.11 0.16 0.06 0.08 0.19 0.18 0.01 0.08-0.23 0.21 0.17
Rhode Island 6.24 8.57 3.75 4.28 12.41 9.29 2.93 4.69 9.33 6.95 0.04 0.06 0.03 0.04 0.04 0.05 0.00 0.00 0.08-0.23 0.11
                                         
South Carolina 10.29 13.68 6.72 6.17 17.88 5.88 1.94 5.43 9.22 8.56 0.38 0.57 0.19 0.23 0.68 0.15 0.09 0.00 0.65 0.28
South Dakota 2.70 3.77 1.55 1.93 7.03 3.95 1.43 0.76-2.27 6.20 2.88 0.03 0.04 0.01 0.01 0.11 0.02-0.05 0.00 0.76-2.27 0.09 0.00
Tennessee 6.70 8.97 4.30 3.55 17.10 4.22 1.69 2.87 5.19 4.52 0.43 0.63 0.22 0.25 1.01 0.29 0.08 0.40 0.22 0.34
Texas 4.77 6.53 2.91 2.49 12.14 4.57 0.91 3.60 4.38 3.51 0.15 0.23 0.07 0.12 0.30 0.14 0.03 0.11 0.36 0.12
Utah 1.70 2.53 0.82 1.32 4.29 3.00 1.19 2.52 5.17 1.72 0.02 0.04 0.01 0.02 0.05 0.04 0.07 0.01-0.03 0.07 0.01-0.02
                                         
Vermont 3.88 5.48 2.17 3.79 6.59 3.49 0.68 0.90-2.70 12.60 2.83 0.05 0.08 0.03 0.05 0.27 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.00
Virginia 5.68 7.80 3.43 3.74 12.72 3.40 0.82 3.81 4.65 4.95 0.06 0.10 0.03 0.05 0.11 0.07 0.01 0.05-0.16 0.15 0.08
Washington 4.58 6.68 2.34 3.89 10.52 5.35 1.44 6.42 9.31 5.34 0.33 0.49 0.15 0.26 0.55 0.45 0.11 0.48 0.84 0.39
West Virginia 7.30 10.27 4.12 7.11 13.60 4.35 1.04 3.60 4.53 5.72 0.17 0.27 0.06 0.17 0.33 0.15 0.05-0.16 0.00 0.32-0.97 0.07
Wisconsin 3.96 5.46 2.36 2.27 17.03 4.22 0.76 3.01 6.53 4.82 0.12 0.18 0.06 0.08 0.53 0.11 0.02 0.00 0.21 0.07
Wyoming 3.12 4.61 1.51 2.92 6.05 3.79 1.69 3.17 5.18 3.03 0.11 0.19 0.03 0.10 0.09-0.28 0.15 0.00 0.00 0.24 0.06-0.17
#Rounds to zero.
1 An out-of-school suspension is an instance in which a student is temporarily removed from his or her regular school for disciplinary purposes for at least half a day (but less than the remainder of the school year) to another setting (e.g., home or behavior center).
2 Expulsions are actions taken by a local education agency that result in the removal of a student from his or her regular school for disciplinary purposes, with or without the continuation of educational services, for the remainder of the school year or longer in accordance with local education agency policy. Expulsions also include removals resulting from violations of the Gun Free Schools Act that are modified to less than 365 days.
3 Data by race/ethnicity exclude students with disabilities served only under Section 504 (not receiving services under IDEA).
4 Connecticut Pacific Islander data are suppressed and excluded from the Pacific Islander U.S. total pending further data quality review.
NOTE: The percentage of students receiving a disciplinary action is calculated by dividing the cumulative number of students receiving that type of disciplinary action for the entire 2013-14 school year by the student enrollment based on a count of students taken on a single day between September 27 and December 31. Percentages based on suspension or expulsion counts of between 1 and 3 students are displayed as ranges to protect student privacy. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office for Civil Rights, Civil Rights Data Collection, "2013-14 Discipline Estimations by Discipline Type" and "2013-14 Estimations for Enrollment." (This table was prepared January 2018.)

2020 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest