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Digest of Education Statistics
2020 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 233.12. Percentage of public schools that took a serious disciplinary action in response to specific offenses, by type of offense and selected school characteristics: 2017-18
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
School characteristic Total, at least one action1 Type of offense
Physical attacks or fights Distribution, possession, or use of alcohol Distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs Use or possession of a firearm or explosive device Use or possession of a weapon other than a firearm or explosive device
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Total 34.9   (1.27) 24.9   (1.07) 8.1   (0.33) 17.5   (0.53) 1.7   (0.19) 11.1   (0.76)
                                     
School level2                                    
Primary 16.9   (1.74) 12.6   (1.47) 0.7 ! (0.35) 2.6   (0.59)   (†) 5.0   (0.97)
Middle 57.7   (1.60) 41.4   (1.39) 12.8   (0.90) 31.3   (1.63) 2.4   (0.50) 21.0   (1.43)
High school 75.5   (1.65) 53.8   (1.64) 31.0   (1.28) 57.7   (1.46) 6.5   (0.76) 24.0   (1.42)
Combined 36.7   (5.54) 21.8   (4.31) 7.6   (1.95) 18.8   (3.68)   (†) 7.6 ! (3.17)
                                     
Enrollment size                                    
Less than 300 24.6   (3.69) 16.5   (2.70) 3.0   (0.88) 6.7   (1.47)   (†) 5.6   (1.62)
300 to 499 27.4   (2.13) 17.3   (1.51) 3.3   (0.43) 10.7   (1.11) 0.8 ! (0.36) 8.2   (1.39)
500 to 999 35.2   (1.51) 26.9   (1.69) 7.9   (0.66) 16.9   (0.83) 1.4   (0.30) 11.3   (1.09)
1,000 or more 74.0   (1.50) 54.8   (1.76) 31.9   (1.56) 59.3   (1.67) 7.3   (0.92) 28.7   (1.55)
                                     
Locale                                    
City 35.2   (1.94) 26.0   (1.86) 6.2   (0.71) 15.3   (1.03) 2.2   (0.45) 11.4   (1.37)
Suburban 30.5   (1.34) 22.7   (1.39) 8.3   (0.66) 17.7   (0.75) 1.4   (0.22) 10.7   (0.92)
Town 39.4   (2.31) 27.9   (2.39) 11.0   (1.12) 20.8   (1.55) 2.3   (0.53) 11.3   (1.75)
Rural 37.8   (3.22) 25.0   (2.42) 8.5   (0.90) 18.1   (1.38) 1.2   (0.36) 11.1   (1.51)
                                     
Percent minority enrollment3                                    
0 to 25 percent 33.1   (2.16) 22.9   (1.76) 9.4   (0.76) 17.5   (1.22) 1.3   (0.31) 9.2   (1.03)
26 to 50 percent 36.1   (2.39) 24.4   (2.10) 9.0   (0.97) 19.2   (1.31) 0.9   (0.23) 10.1   (1.30)
51 to 75 percent 33.6   (2.53) 25.1   (1.92) 8.3   (0.97) 18.1   (1.70) 3.5   (0.82) 13.9   (1.95)
76 to 100 percent 36.9   (2.34) 27.8   (2.20) 5.4   (0.83) 15.9   (1.19) 1.7   (0.31) 12.9   (1.54)
                                     
Percent of students eligible for
     free or reduced-price lunch
                                   
0 to 25 percent 22.7   (1.92) 14.5   (1.71) 8.3   (1.12) 13.3   (1.08) 0.7   (0.20) 5.5   (0.61)
26 to 50 percent 37.6   (2.66) 26.1   (2.17) 11.6   (0.99) 20.8   (1.61) 1.6   (0.31) 10.7   (1.46)
51 to 75 percent 39.4   (2.31) 28.9   (2.07) 9.3   (0.99) 20.9   (1.63) 1.9   (0.42) 14.4   (1.64)
76 to 100 percent 36.1   (2.27) 26.6   (1.81) 4.6   (0.64) 14.9   (1.21) 2.1   (0.41) 11.9   (1.36)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Schools that took serious disciplinary actions in response to more than one type of offense were counted only once in the total.
2 Primary schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not higher than grade 3 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 8. Middle schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 4 and the highest grade is not higher than grade 9. High schools are defined as schools in which the lowest grade is not lower than grade 9. Combined schools include all other combinations of grades, including K–12 schools.
3 Percent combined enrollment of Black, Hispanic, Asian, Pacific Islander, and American Indian/Alaska Native students, and students of Two or more races.
NOTE: Serious disciplinary actions include out-of-school suspensions lasting 5 or more days, but less than the remainder of the school year; removals with no continuing services for at least the remainder of the school year; and transfers to specialized schools for disciplinary reasons. Percentages of schools taking such actions are based on all public schools, rather than only those at which offenses occurred. Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 2017-18 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2018. (This table was prepared July 2019.)

2020 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest