Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics
2020 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 219.73. Percentage of high school dropouts among persons 16 to 24 years old (status dropout rate) and number and percentage distribution of 16- to 24-year-olds, by selected characteristics: Selected years, 2009 through 2019
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected characteristic Status dropout rate1 2019
Number of 16- to 24-year-olds (in thousands) Percentage distribution of 16- to 24-year-olds
2009 2014 2018 2019 Total
population2
Status
dropouts
only3
Total
population2
Status
dropouts
only3
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
Total 8.1   (0.20) 6.5   (0.25) 5.7   (0.27) 5.2   (0.23) 37,734   (85.6) 1,970   (87.3) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†)
Sex                                                
Male 9.1   (0.31) 7.1   (0.37) 6.3   (0.35) 5.9   (0.34) 18,963   (92.8) 1,116   (64.9) 50.3   (0.29) 56.6   (2.21)
Female 7.0   (0.27) 5.9   (0.29) 5.1   (0.34) 4.6   (0.31) 18,770   (137.7) 855   (58.4) 49.7   (0.29) 43.4   (2.21)

Race/ethnicity
                                               
White 5.2   (0.21) 5.2   (0.32) 4.5   (0.29) 4.5   (0.33) 19,996   (101.9) 906   (66.9) 53.0   (0.32) 46.0   (2.59)
Black 9.3   (0.61) 7.4   (0.74) 5.8   (0.74) 5.6   (0.67) 5,080   (82.4) 285   (34.7) 13.5   (0.20) 14.5   (1.65)
Hispanic 17.6   (0.76) 10.6   (0.68) 9.0   (0.69) 7.5   (0.61) 8,798   (116.2) 657   (54.4) 23.3   (0.27) 33.3   (2.39)
Asian 2.1   (0.58) 1.0 ! (0.35) 4.1   (1.01) 2.6 ! (0.83) 2,208   (63.1)   (†) 5.9   (0.17) 2.9 ! (0.94)
Pacific Islander 18.4   (5.42) 12.1 ! (6.05) 8.4 ! (3.97)   (†) 110   (19.1)   (†) 0.3   (0.05)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 13.2   (3.28) 15.7   (3.02) 5.9   (1.41) 5.6   (1.54) 367   (39.1)   (†) 1.0   (0.10) 1.0   (0.30)
Two or more races 6.5   (1.41) 2.7   (0.80) 4.9 ! (1.49) 3.3 ! (1.06) 1,175   (47.4)   (†) 3.1   (0.13) 1.9 ! (0.63)

Race/ethnicity by sex
                                               
Male                                                
White 6.3   (0.33) 5.7   (0.42) 5.1   (0.42) 5.3   (0.45) 10,148   (134.0) 536   (47.2) 53.5   (0.49) 48.0   (2.93)
Black 10.6   (0.93) 7.1   (1.02) 6.0   (0.92) 6.6   (1.07) 2,466   (60.9) 164   (26.6) 13.0   (0.37) 14.7   (2.26)
Hispanic 19.0   (1.10) 11.8   (1.04) 10.4   (0.93) 7.8   (0.80) 4,444   (23.9) 347   (35.7) 23.4   (0.19) 31.1   (2.73)
Asian   (†) 1.9 ! (0.66) 3.3 ! (1.04) 1.7 ! (0.77) 1,085   (29.0)   (†) 5.7   (0.14) 1.6 ! (0.76)
Pacific Islander 26.9 ! (8.45)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 0.4   (0.08)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 12.3 ! (4.59) 13.7   (3.48) 4.8 ! (1.78) 7.5 ! (2.44) 191   (27.0)   (†) 1.0   (0.14) 1.3 ! (0.43)
Two or more races 5.5 ! (1.86) 4.1 ! (1.45) 4.0 ! (1.89) 5.5 ! (1.94) 558   (32.5)   (†) 2.9   (0.17) 2.8 ! (0.96)
Female                                                
White 4.1   (0.27) 4.8   (0.41) 3.8   (0.38) 3.8   (0.39) 9,848   (64.7) 370   (38.2) 52.5   (0.25) 43.3   (3.53)
Black 8.1   (0.80) 7.7   (1.02) 5.6   (1.04) 4.6   (0.83) 2,613   (35.9) 121   (21.8) 13.9   (0.17) 14.2   (2.24)
Hispanic 16.1   (1.06) 9.3   (0.84) 7.5   (0.83) 7.1   (0.83) 4,354   (101.7) 310   (36.3) 23.2   (0.38) 36.2   (3.55)
Asian 3.0 ! (0.99)   (†) 4.8 ! (1.54) 3.5 ! (1.29) 1,123   (46.5)   (†) 6.0   (0.28) 4.7 ! (1.71)
Pacific Islander   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 0.2   (0.06)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 14.1 ! (4.69) 18.1   (4.01) 7.1 ! (2.41)   (†) 176   (24.7)   (†) 0.9   (0.13)   (†)
Two or more races 7.5   (2.10) 1.5 ! (0.72) 5.8 ! (2.03)   (†) 617   (32.4)   (†) 3.3   (0.17)   (†)

Age
                                               
16 2.7   (0.37) 5.2   (0.62) 5.0   (0.65) 5.7   (0.62) 4,154   (54.0) 236   (25.8) 11.0   (0.14) 12.0   (1.28)
17 4.4   (0.46) 5.2   (0.67) 6.7   (0.79) 5.2   (0.59) 4,237   (53.6) 220   (25.3) 11.2   (0.15) 11.2   (1.22)
18 7.8   (0.59) 7.0   (0.72) 6.1   (0.72) 6.1   (0.81) 4,055   (58.2) 249   (33.2) 10.7   (0.16) 12.6   (1.49)
19 9.3   (0.65) 7.2   (0.76) 6.5   (0.70) 5.5   (0.68) 4,251   (55.4) 233   (29.2) 11.3   (0.15) 11.8   (1.44)
20 to 24 9.7   (0.30) 6.8   (0.33) 5.4   (0.33) 4.9   (0.31) 21,037   (98.2) 1,033   (66.1) 55.8   (0.15) 52.4   (2.26)

Recency of immigration4
                                               
Born outside the United States 20.7   (1.11) 12.4   (1.17) 11.4   (1.21) 8.6   (0.95) 3,264   (132.5) 281   (33.5) 8.7   (0.35) 14.3   (1.51)
Hispanic 32.0   (1.71) 22.0   (2.04) 19.0   (2.18) 14.2   (1.79) 1,510   (92.9) 214   (28.9) 4.0   (0.25) 10.9   (1.36)
Non-Hispanic 6.4   (1.01) 3.6   (0.93) 4.8   (1.08) 3.8   (1.10) 1,754   (96.4)   (†) 4.6   (0.26) 3.4   (1.01)
First generation 7.5   (0.54) 4.9   (0.55) 5.6   (0.66) 5.1   (0.55) 7,181   (171.2) 363   (39.9) 19.0   (0.45) 18.4   (1.89)
Hispanic 11.1   (1.03) 6.8   (0.86) 7.1   (0.94) 6.4   (0.80) 3,958   (138.9) 254   (32.4) 10.5   (0.36) 12.9   (1.60)
Non-Hispanic 3.9   (0.56) 2.6   (0.60) 3.8   (0.83) 3.4   (0.73) 3,223   (136.1) 109   (24.3) 8.5   (0.36) 5.5   (1.20)
Second generation or higher 6.5   (0.21) 6.2   (0.28) 5.0   (0.28) 4.9   (0.26) 27,288   (171.5) 1,326   (70.4) 72.3   (0.45) 67.3   (2.13)
Hispanic 11.8   (1.13) 8.6   (1.18) 6.2   (1.01) 5.7   (0.84) 3,330   (126.9) 188   (28.3) 8.8   (0.33) 9.6   (1.39)
Non-Hispanic 6.1   (0.21) 5.9   (0.29) 4.8   (0.29) 4.7   (0.29) 23,958   (154.4) 1,138   (70.0) 63.5   (0.42) 57.7   (2.52)

Disability5
                                               
With a disability 15.5   (1.44) 13.9   (1.59) 13.2   (1.52) 10.4   (1.45) 1,501   (74.0) 156   (23.2) 4.0   (0.20) 7.9   (1.19)
Without a disability 7.8   (0.21) 6.2   (0.24) 5.4   (0.27) 5.0   (0.24) 36,232   (113.3) 1,814   (87.8) 96.0   (0.20) 92.1   (1.19)

Region
                                               
Northeast 7.1   (0.47) 5.3   (0.54) 5.1   (0.73) 4.9   (0.65) 6,412   (139.1) 311   (42.0) 17.0   (0.37) 15.8   (1.97)
Midwest 7.6   (0.44) 5.4   (0.52) 5.7   (0.56) 5.0   (0.58) 7,986   (161.8) 396   (46.6) 21.2   (0.43) 20.1   (2.13)
South 8.4   (0.36) 7.6   (0.49) 5.9   (0.44) 5.4   (0.39) 14,195   (210.5) 770   (56.0) 37.6   (0.53) 39.1   (2.29)
West 8.6   (0.44) 6.8   (0.55) 5.8   (0.48) 5.4   (0.49) 9,140   (151.2) 493   (45.6) 24.2   (0.40) 25.0   (2.17)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 30 percent or greater.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 The status dropout rate is the percentage of 16- to 24-year-olds who are not enrolled in high school and who lack a high school credential. High school credentials include high school diplomas and alternative credentials, such as a GED certificate.
2 Includes all 16- to 24-year-olds.
3 Status dropouts are 16- to 24-year-olds who are not enrolled in high school and who lack a high school credential. High school credentials include high school diplomas and alternative credentials, such as a GED certificate.
4 United States refers to the 50 states, the District of Columbia, Puerto Rico, American Samoa, Guam, the U.S. Virgin Islands, and the Northern Marianas. Children born abroad to U.S.-citizen parents are counted as born in the United States. Individuals defined as "first generation" were born in the United States, but one or both of their parents were born outside the United States. Individuals defined as "second generation or higher" were born in the United States, as were both of their parents.
5 Individuals identified as having a disability reported difficulty in at least one of the following: hearing, seeing even when wearing glasses, walking or climbing stairs, dressing or bathing, doing errands alone, concentrating, remembering, or making decisions.
NOTE: Data are based on sample surveys of the civilian noninstitutionalized population, which excludes persons in the military and persons living in institutions (e.g., prisons or nursing facilities). Prior to 2010, standard errors were computed using generalized variance function methodology rather than the more precise replicate weight methodology used in later years. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and the suppression of cells that do not meet National Center for Education Statistics reporting standards.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (CPS), October, 2009 through 2019. (This table was prepared January 2021.)

2020 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest