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Digest of Education Statistics
2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 701.60. Number of public libraries, number of books and serial volumes, and per capita usage of selected library services per year, by state: Fiscal years 2016 and 2017
State Number of public libraries1 Number of books and serial volumes Per capita2 usage of selected services per year
In
thousands
Per
capita2
Number of
library visits3
Circulation (number
of materials
lent)
Reference transac-
tions4
Uses of
public-access
internet computers
2016 2017 2016 2017 2016 2017 2016 2017 2016 2017 2016 2017 2016 2017
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
United States 9,057 9,045 732,240 715,019 2.4 2.3 4.4 4.2 7.2 6.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8
Alabama 219 218 9,007 8,808 2.0 1.9 3.4 3.2 4.3 4.3 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8
Alaska 71 61 2,048 2,083 3.2 3.2 5.4 5.2 7.4 7.3 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.9
Arizona 90 90 7,663 7,586 1.1 1.1 3.7 3.5 6.6 6.6 0.9 0.7 1.0 0.8
Arkansas 59 60 5,722 6,079 2.3 2.3 4.0 3.9 5.2 5.3 0.8 1.0 0.6 0.6
California 184 184 62,770 62,110 1.6 1.6 4.0 3.8 5.4 5.3 0.6 0.5 0.8 0.7

Colorado
114 113 10,526 9,517 2.0 1.8 6.0 5.9 11.8 11.5 0.8 0.7 1.2 1.2
Connecticut 182 181 13,103 12,942 4.0 4.0 6.0 5.9 8.1 7.6 1.0 0.9 1.2 1.2
Delaware 21 21 1,532 1,434 1.6 1.5 4.4 4.3 6.6 5.8 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.6
District of Columbia 1 1 1,863 1,049 2.7 1.5 5.8 5.2 6.5 6.2 1.2 1.2 1.4 1.3
Florida 80 81 29,261 28,148 1.5 1.4 3.5 3.3 5.5 4.9 1.2 1.1 0.8 0.6

Georgia
63 63 16,839 16,219 1.6 1.5 2.7 2.7 3.7 3.4 0.8 0.7 1.2 1.2
Hawaii 1 1 2,967 2,922 2.1 2.1 3.1 2.9 4.4 4.1 0.5 0.4 0.6 0.6
Idaho 102 102 4,289 4,221 3.1 3.0 6.2 5.6 10.9 11.0 0.8 0.9 1.2 1.1
Illinois 621 622 40,487 39,946 3.4 3.4 5.7 5.7 9.1 9.3 0.9 0.9 1.1 1.0
Indiana 236 236 22,693 21,370 3.7 3.5 5.5 5.2 12.2 11.6 0.7 0.6 1.1 1.0

Iowa
534 535 11,749 11,698 3.9 3.8 5.9 5.6 8.8 8.3 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.9
Kansas 321 319 8,972 8,780 3.6 3.5 5.5 5.5 9.9 9.8 0.8 0.8 1.2 1.0
Kentucky 119 119 9,051 8,919 2.1 2.0 4.1 4.0 6.8 6.7 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Louisiana 68 67 11,746 11,737 2.5 2.5 4.3 3.7 4.6 4.6 1.1 1.0 1.1 1.1
Maine 227 228 5,903 5,921 5.2 5.1 5.9 5.8 7.6 7.3 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.8

Maryland
24 24 10,459 10,729 1.8 1.8 4.6 4.4 9.8 9.5 1.5 1.4 0.9 1.0
Massachusetts 368 368 30,276 29,788 4.5 4.4 6.1 6.0 9.3 8.1 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.9
Michigan 396 397 29,473 27,948 3.0 2.9 4.7 4.7 7.9 7.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 0.9
Minnesota 137 137 14,339 13,773 2.6 2.5 4.4 4.2 9.3 8.9 0.7 0.6 0.9 0.8
Mississippi 52 52 5,599 5,484 1.9 1.9 3.0 2.9 2.5 2.4 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.7

Missouri
147 148 16,019 15,700 2.9 2.9 4.9 4.8 9.8 9.5 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.9
Montana 82 82 2,627 2,505 2.7 2.5 4.4 4.3 6.1 6.0 0.5 0.5 1.2 1.2
Nebraska 237 235 5,555 5,475 3.6 3.5 5.1 4.9 8.2 7.9 0.5 0.5 1.2 1.1
Nevada 22 22 4,149 3,915 1.4 1.3 3.4 3.3 6.9 6.2 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.9
New Hampshire 222 222 5,619 5,660 4.4 4.3 5.5 5.3 7.9 7.9 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.5

New Jersey
282 286 26,513 25,712 3.1 3.0 4.9 4.8 6.3 6.0 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.9
New Mexico 88 87 4,128 4,083 2.5 2.7 4.4 4.7 5.7 6.2 0.9 0.6 1.1 1.2
New York 756 756 68,858 68,129 3.6 3.5 5.3 5.2 6.8 6.6 1.4 1.4 0.9 0.9
North Carolina 81 81 15,584 15,527 1.6 1.5 3.3 3.2 5.0 4.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6
North Dakota 74 74 2,173 2,188 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.2 6.3 5.3 0.8 0.7 0.9 0.7

Ohio
251 251 40,060 39,581 3.5 3.4 6.4 6.3 16.0 14.9 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3
Oklahoma 119 119 7,351 6,423 2.3 2.0 4.1 4.2 7.0 7.3 0.6 0.6 1.1 1.1
Oregon 131 131 9,497 8,940 2.7 2.5 5.8 5.7 15.5 15.2 0.6 0.5 1.0 0.9
Pennsylvania 454 453 24,617 24,238 2.0 2.0 3.6 3.4 5.1 5.0 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5
Rhode Island 48 48 3,561 3,461 3.4 3.3 5.5 5.4 6.1 5.7 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.9

South Carolina
42 42 8,962 8,637 1.9 1.9 3.4 3.1 5.4 5.1 0.6 0.6 0.8 0.8
South Dakota 112 111 2,755 2,752 3.6 3.5 4.9 4.7 7.8 7.6 0.6 0.4 1.4 1.3
Tennessee 186 186 11,648 11,262 1.8 1.7 2.9 3.0 4.1 4.2 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7
Texas 544 540 39,600 38,322 1.6 1.5 2.8 2.8 4.6 4.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.5
Utah 72 74 6,494 6,404 2.2 2.2 5.4 5.1 12.0 11.4 1.0 0.8 0.9 0.8

Vermont
162 162 2,586 2,613 4.7 4.8 6.3 6.2 7.6 7.4 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.0
Virginia 92 92 17,097 16,308 2.1 2.0 4.3 4.2 8.2 7.9 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8
Washington 62 62 12,825 12,696 1.8 1.8 5.5 5.3 12.1 11.7 0.6 0.5 1.1 1.0
West Virginia 97 97 4,917 4,947 2.7 2.7 2.8 2.8 3.5 3.5 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.4
Wisconsin 381 381 18,401 18,084 3.2 3.1 5.5 5.3 9.9 9.6 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.8
Wyoming 23 23 2,311 2,246 3.9 3.8 6.0 5.8 8.2 8.0 0.8 0.8 1.5 1.1
1 Refers to the number of administrative entities that are legally established under local or state law to provide public library service to the population of a local jurisdiction. A public library (administrative entity) may have a single outlet that provides direct service to the public, or it may have multiple service outlets. In 2016, a total of 16,568 stationary service outlets (8,884 central libraries and 7,684 branch libraries) were open to the public; 659 additional service outlets were bookmobiles. In 2017, a total of 16,577 stationary service outlets (8,870 central libraries and 7,687 branch libraries) were open to the public; 672 additional service outlets were bookmobiles.
2 Per capita (or per person) data are based on unduplicated populations of the areas served by public libraries.
3 Includes only the number of physical visits (entering the library for any purpose). The survey does not collect data on the number of online visits.
4 A reference transaction is an information contact that involves the knowledge, use, recommendations, interpretation, or instruction in the use of one or more information sources by a member of the library staff.
NOTE: Data include imputations for nonresponse. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Institute of Museum and Library Services, Public Libraries Survey, fiscal years 2016 and 2017, retrieved February 3, 2020, from https://www.imls.gov/research/public_libraries_in_the_united_states_survey.aspx. (This table was prepared February 2020.)

2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest