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Digest of Education Statistics
2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 603.70. Percentage of degrees at the bachelor's level and above awarded in science and mathematics, information technologies, and engineering, by field of study, level of degree, and country: 2017
Country Total, all listed fields1 Natural sciences, mathematics,
and statistics
Information and communication
technologies
Engineering, manufacturing, and
construction
Bachelor's Master's Doctoral Bachelor's Master's Doctoral Bachelor's Master's Doctoral Bachelor's Master's Doctoral
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
OECD average2 22.8 22.6 43.2 5.6 6.1 23.2 4.0 3.1 4.0 13.3 13.4 17.0
Australia 17.6 20.3 43.7 7.6 2.8 22.9 3.3 6.7 3.8 6.8 10.7 17.0
Austria 27.4 24.4 42.7 8.9 6.9 17.6 4.4 3.8 4.3 14.2 13.7 20.8
Belgium 15.7 19.9 39.2 2.4 5.1 23.1 2.8 0.8 0.5 10.5 14.1 15.5
Canada 21.0 22.6 51.0 9.8 6.5 26.2 2.3 3.4 3.5 8.9 12.7 21.4
Chile 22.9 7.3 50.7 1.2 1.8 36.6 3.6 1.2 1.7 18.1 4.3 12.4

Colombia
15.5 12.6 31.7 1.1 0.4 # 0.8 0.6 2.2 13.5 11.6 29.5
Czech Republic 24.3 27.5 50.3 4.8 4.9 23.5 5.3 4.9 3.2 14.3 17.7 23.6
Denmark 17.1 25.9 41.0 4.4 7.7 17.4 3.4 6.7 # 9.3 11.4 23.6
Estonia 25.4 33.2 54.5 5.0 7.0 33.2 7.8 6.8 7.5 12.6 19.3 13.8
Finland 25.3 29.7 41.7 3.2 6.7 16.6 6.1 6.6 7.2 16.0 16.4 17.9

France
21.5 26.8 62.4 10.1 7.8 42.8 3.0 3.5 5.4 8.3 15.6 14.2
Germany 34.9 35.4 45.7 6.0 11.6 29.1 5.0 4.4 3.4 23.9 19.4 13.2
Greece 29.0 29.4 41.0 7.8 14.5 13.5 2.6 3.6 4.4 18.6 11.3 23.0
Hungary 25.0 22.2 35.7 4.1 4.9 23.6 5.1 2.6 3.5 15.9 14.7 8.6
Iceland 22.3 12.9 40.6 4.0 5.3 34.4 8.1 1.0 # 10.2 6.5 6.3

Ireland
27.5 17.6 41.4 9.0 5.1 22.3 8.4 7.0 3.9 10.1 5.5 15.2
Israel 21.1 12.0 57.0 4.3 5.8 39.8 5.8 1.2 5.9 11.0 4.9 11.3
Italy 24.1 25.5 48.7 7.6 7.6 23.9 1.3 0.5 2.5 15.2 17.4 22.3
Japan3 20.7 42.8 36.8 3.6 9.8 14.2 --- --- --- 17.2 33.0 22.6
Korea, Republic of 31.7 23.4 41.0 5.9 5.2 13.3 4.8 3.0 3.3 21.0 15.2 24.4

Latvia
21.8 19.9 37.1 3.3 4.6 12.6 4.6 4.2 4.6 14.0 11.0 19.9
Lithuania 27.0 21.2 50.5 3.4 4.8 25.2 2.9 2.3 2.4 20.7 14.2 22.8
Luxembourg 17.0 9.6 56.6 4.9 3.2 23.0 3.6 2.8 22.4 8.6 3.6 11.2
Mexico 26.2 8.9 19.3 2.4 2.5 10.4 5.6 2.1 1.4 18.2 4.3 7.5
Netherlands 14.8 19.5 29.7 4.3 9.1 16.0 2.7 2.2 2.4 7.8 8.2 11.3

New Zealand
21.3 29.0 42.5 7.6 10.3 24.0 6.1 4.0 4.0 7.7 14.7 14.6
Norway 15.7 26.4 38.9 3.2 6.9 27.1 4.0 3.6 1.9 8.6 15.9 9.8
Poland 21.6 25.2 39.5 3.0 4.3 22.3 3.9 2.9 1.5 14.6 18.0 15.7
Portugal 25.6 34.0 40.9 5.9 6.7 18.0 1.3 1.1 3.4 18.4 26.2 19.5
Slovak Republic 21.4 20.4 37.0 5.6 5.3 16.9 4.3 2.6 2.0 11.6 12.5 18.1

Slovenia
25.7 22.4 40.9 6.9 6.5 13.2 3.8 2.4 3.3 15.1 13.5 24.3
Spain 21.5 19.6 42.1 6.4 4.1 28.8 2.5 1.9 5.0 12.7 13.5 8.3
Sweden 19.1 30.7 50.4 3.7 4.6 20.3 4.1 2.0 5.2 11.3 24.1 24.9
Switzerland 24.0 23.3 50.4 4.0 8.9 31.9 2.8 1.6 3.4 17.2 12.9 15.0
Turkey 18.8 16.5 37.8 3.7 5.6 18.7 0.2 0.6 0.2 14.9 10.3 18.9

United Kingdom
29.2 20.8 47.7 17.0 8.3 29.1 4.1 2.8 3.9 8.2 9.7 14.7
United States 21.0 16.7 41.5 9.9 4.0 23.6 3.9 5.2 2.8 7.2 7.5 15.2

Other reporting
     countries
                       
Brazil 16.9 29.2 31.4 2.2 11.3 15.2 3.0 2.4 1.9 11.8 15.6 14.3
Costa Rica 15.6 6.7 11.1 2.0 2.1 11.1 5.2 2.3 # 8.3 2.3 #
India 33.3 29.9 41.8 15.7 13.9 28.7 4.1 9.3 1.4 13.4 6.7 11.7
Indonesia 17.5 10.8 11.9 3.3 2.4 5.1 8.0 3.0 1.4 6.3 5.3 5.4
Russian Federation 27.5 28.3 44.6 3.2 3.2 16.8 4.7 3.1 7.0 19.6 22.1 20.8
Saudi Arabia 18.0 9.5 20.5 9.6 5.5 15.8 4.6 2.0 1.5 3.8 1.9 3.2
---Not available.
#Rounds to zero.
1 Includes natural sciences, mathematics, and statistics; information and communication technologies; and engineering, manufacturing, and construction.
2 Refers to the mean of the data values for all reporting Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, to which each country reporting data contributes equally.
3 Data on information and communication technologies are included in other fields.
NOTE: Data in this table refer to degrees classified as International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011 level 6 (bachelor's or equivalent degree), ISCED 2011 level 7 (master's or equivalent degree), and ISCED 2011 level 8 (doctoral or equivalent degree). Degree fields were classified using ISCED Fields of Education and Training 2013 (ISCED-F 2013). Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Online Education Database, retrieved October 12, 2019, from https://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx. (This table was prepared October 2019.)

2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest