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Digest of Education Statistics
2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 502.40. Annual earnings of persons 25 years old and over, by highest level of educational attainment and sex: 2018
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Sex and earnings Total Elementary/secondary College
Less than 9th
grade
Some high
school, no
completion
High school
completion
(includes
equivalency)
Some college,
no degree
Associate's
degree
Bachelor's or higher degree
Total Bachelor's
degree
Master's degree Professional
degree (e.g.,
M.D., D.D.S., or
J.D.)
Doctor's
degree (e.g., Ph.D. or
Ed.D.)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Number of persons (in thousands) 221,478   (438.8) 8,603   (148.8) 13,372   (184.1) 62,259   (365.3) 34,690   (286.3) 22,738   (236.5) 79,816   (399.8) 49,937   (334.6) 22,214   (233.9) 3,136   (90.6) 4,529   (108.6)
With earnings 145,773   (463.7) 3,774   (99.3) 6,282   (127.6) 36,668   (293.4) 22,517   (235.4) 16,173   (201.5) 60,359   (360.9) 37,449   (296.1) 16,784   (205.1) 2,521   (81.3) 3,606   (97.1)

For persons with earnings
                                                                 
Percentage distribution,                                                                  
by total annual earnings1 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†)
$1 to $4,999 or loss2 3.5   (0.08) 5.6   (0.61) 6.2   (0.50) 3.9   (0.16) 4.5   (0.22) 3.3   (0.23) 2.6   (0.11) 2.9   (0.14) 2.5   (0.20) 1.3   (0.37) 1.8   (0.36)
$5,000 to $9,999 3.7   (0.08) 5.7   (0.61) 7.4   (0.54) 4.6   (0.18) 4.1   (0.22) 3.5   (0.23) 2.5   (0.10) 2.6   (0.13) 2.5   (0.20) 1.1 ! (0.33) 1.9   (0.37)
$10,000 to $14,999 4.5   (0.09) 8.3   (0.73) 9.6   (0.60) 6.1   (0.20) 5.3   (0.24) 4.5   (0.27) 2.5   (0.10) 2.8   (0.14) 2.1   (0.18) 1.6   (0.40) 1.1   (0.28)
$15,000 to $19,999 5.2   (0.09) 12.4   (0.87) 12.3   (0.67) 6.9   (0.22) 6.3   (0.26) 5.0   (0.28) 2.6   (0.11) 3.1   (0.15) 1.9   (0.17) 1.2 ! (0.35) 1.7   (0.35)
$20,000 to $24,999 6.8   (0.11) 17.0   (0.99) 13.7   (0.70) 9.3   (0.25) 7.9   (0.29) 7.2   (0.33) 3.5   (0.12) 4.0   (0.16) 2.8   (0.21) 2.2   (0.48) 2.4   (0.42)
$25,000 to $29,999 6.5   (0.10) 11.3   (0.84) 9.7   (0.61) 9.4   (0.25) 7.5   (0.28) 7.3   (0.33) 3.5   (0.12) 4.1   (0.17) 2.6   (0.20) 1.7   (0.41) 1.7   (0.35)
$30,000 to $34,999 7.2   (0.11) 10.3   (0.80) 8.8   (0.58) 9.8   (0.25) 8.9   (0.31) 8.3   (0.35) 4.3   (0.13) 5.3   (0.19) 2.8   (0.21) 1.5   (0.40) 2.3   (0.40)
$35,000 to $39,999 6.5   (0.10) 8.4   (0.73) 7.9   (0.55) 8.5   (0.24) 7.4   (0.28) 6.8   (0.32) 4.5   (0.14) 5.5   (0.19) 3.2   (0.22) 2.4   (0.50) 1.8   (0.36)
$40,000 to $49,999 11.3   (0.13) 8.2   (0.73) 9.6   (0.61) 12.9   (0.28) 12.5   (0.36) 13.2   (0.43) 9.7   (0.20) 10.9   (0.26) 8.7   (0.35) 4.3   (0.66) 5.5   (0.62)
$50,000 to $74,999 20.8   (0.17) 9.4   (0.77) 10.1   (0.62) 18.0   (0.33) 20.7   (0.44) 24.4   (0.55) 23.4   (0.28) 23.9   (0.36) 25.0   (0.54) 15.8   (1.18) 16.0   (0.99)
$75,000 to $99,999 10.0   (0.13) 1.7   (0.34) 3.0   (0.35) 5.9   (0.20) 8.0   (0.29) 9.2   (0.37) 14.7   (0.23) 13.9   (0.29) 16.5   (0.47) 12.3   (1.06) 16.7   (1.01)
$100,000 or more 14.1   (0.15) 1.7   (0.35) 1.6   (0.26) 4.7   (0.18) 6.9   (0.27) 7.4   (0.33) 26.3   (0.29) 21.1   (0.34) 29.3   (0.57) 54.5   (1.61) 46.9   (1.35)

 Median annual earnings1
$44,960   (410) $25,320   (402) $25,280   (345) $35,020   (376) $37,810   (600) $41,830   (271) $62,140   (181) $57,110   (373) $70,240   (672) $104,590   (5,439) $92,130   (2,250)

Number of males (in thousands)
106,695   (301.0) 4,313   (105.7) 6,792   (131.5) 31,257   (258.1) 16,591   (198.8) 9,936   (157.4) 37,807   (276.4) 23,785   (231.8) 9,621   (155.1) 1,820   (69.2) 2,580   (82.2)
With earnings 77,236   (322.9) 2,498   (80.9) 3,913   (100.8) 21,454   (222.1) 11,873   (170.9) 7,618   (138.9) 29,880   (253.8) 18,938   (210.6) 7,445   (137.4) 1,466   (62.2) 2,032   (73.1)

For males with earnings
                                                                 
Percentage distribution,                                                                  
by total annual earnings1 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†)
$1 to $4,999 or loss2 2.4   (0.09) 3.7   (0.62) 5.2   (0.58) 2.7   (0.18) 2.9   (0.25) 2.0   (0.26) 1.7   (0.12) 1.8   (0.16) 1.7   (0.25)   (†) 1.8   (0.48)
$5,000 to $9,999 2.5   (0.09) 3.0   (0.55) 5.6   (0.60) 2.9   (0.19) 3.0   (0.26) 2.2   (0.27) 1.7   (0.12) 1.8   (0.16) 1.8   (0.25)   (†) 1.5   (0.44)
$10,000 to $14,999 3.3   (0.10) 5.6   (0.75) 6.0   (0.62) 4.3   (0.22) 3.7   (0.28) 2.8   (0.31) 2.0   (0.13) 2.2   (0.18) 1.8   (0.25) 1.2 ! (0.46) 1.4 ! (0.42)
$15,000 to $19,999 3.8   (0.11) 10.4   (1.00) 9.1   (0.75) 4.8   (0.24) 4.0   (0.29) 3.4   (0.34) 1.8   (0.13) 2.1   (0.17) 1.4   (0.22)   (†) 1.6   (0.45)
$20,000 to $24,999 5.8   (0.14) 16.5   (1.21) 12.6   (0.87) 7.4   (0.29) 6.2   (0.36) 4.9   (0.40) 2.8   (0.16) 3.1   (0.21) 2.5   (0.29) 1.6 ! (0.54) 2.3   (0.54)
$25,000 to $29,999 5.6   (0.14) 10.8   (1.01) 9.2   (0.75) 7.9   (0.30) 6.3   (0.36) 5.1   (0.41) 2.9   (0.16) 3.6   (0.22) 2.0   (0.26) 2.1   (0.61) 1.3 ! (0.41)
$30,000 to $34,999 6.4   (0.14) 11.9   (1.06) 10.1   (0.79) 8.7   (0.31) 7.6   (0.40) 6.0   (0.45) 3.5   (0.17) 4.4   (0.24) 1.9   (0.26) 1.2 ! (0.47) 2.5   (0.56)
$35,000 to $39,999 6.2   (0.14) 10.8   (1.01) 9.2   (0.75) 8.9   (0.32) 6.5   (0.37) 5.3   (0.42) 3.5   (0.17) 4.3   (0.24) 2.5   (0.29) 1.9 ! (0.58) 1.3 ! (0.41)
$40,000 to $49,999 11.0   (0.18) 10.2   (0.99) 12.2   (0.86) 14.4   (0.39) 13.0   (0.50) 13.4   (0.64) 7.1   (0.24) 8.4   (0.33) 5.8   (0.44) 2.3   (0.64) 4.0   (0.71)
$50,000 to $74,999 22.3   (0.24) 12.8   (1.09) 13.7   (0.90) 23.1   (0.47) 24.3   (0.64) 29.4   (0.85) 21.1   (0.39) 23.5   (0.50) 18.5   (0.73) 13.6   (1.46) 13.1   (1.22)
$75,000 to $99,999 11.8   (0.19) 2.3   (0.49) 4.6   (0.55) 8.1   (0.30) 11.6   (0.48) 13.4   (0.64) 15.9   (0.34) 15.7   (0.43) 17.1   (0.71) 11.6   (1.36) 16.5   (1.34)
$100,000 or more 18.8   (0.23) 2.3   (0.49) 2.3   (0.39) 6.9   (0.28) 10.8   (0.47) 12.0   (0.61) 35.8   (0.45) 29.1   (0.54) 43.2   (0.94) 62.6   (2.06) 52.8   (1.81)

 Median annual earnings1
$51,300   (139) $30,020   (688) $30,610   352 $40,900   (200) $46,850   (531) $51,730   (314) $76,400   (396) $67,440   (1105) $90,010   (2,980) $122,340   (4,971) $101,130   (729)

Number of females (in thousands)
114,783   (269.1) 4,290   (96.7) 6,580   (118.8) 31,002   (236.5) 18,099   (189.5) 12,802   (162.3) 42,009   (263.3) 26,151   (221.3) 12,593   (161.1) 1,317   (54.1) 1,948   (65.6)
With earnings 68,537   (296.0) 1,276   (53.2) 2,369   (72.3) 15,214   (175.5) 10,644   (149.1) 8,554   (134.6) 30,479   (235.0) 18,511   (191.4) 9,338   (140.3) 1,055   (48.4) 1,574   (59.1)

For females with earnings
                                                                 
Percentage distribution,                                                                  
by total annual earnings1 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†)
$1 to $4,999 or loss2 4.8   (0.12) 9.4   (1.22) 7.9   (0.83) 5.6   (0.28) 6.2   (0.35) 4.3   (0.33) 3.5   (0.16) 3.9   (0.21) 3.2   (0.27) 2.4   (0.70) 1.8   (0.51)
$5,000 to $9,999 4.9   (0.12) 11.0   (1.31) 10.3   (0.94) 6.9   (0.31) 5.3   (0.33) 4.6   (0.34) 3.2   (0.15) 3.4   (0.20) 3.1   (0.27) 1.8 ! (0.61) 2.5   (0.59)
$10,000 to $14,999 5.9   (0.13) 13.6   (1.44) 15.6   (1.12) 8.8   (0.34) 7.0   (0.37) 6.1   (0.39) 2.9   (0.14) 3.4   (0.20) 2.3   (0.23) 2.3 ! (0.69) 0.8 ! (0.33)
$15,000 to $19,999 6.8   (0.14) 16.4   (1.55) 17.5   (1.17) 9.9   (0.36) 8.8   (0.41) 6.3   (0.39) 3.4   (0.16) 4.2   (0.22) 2.4   (0.24) 1.8 ! (0.61) 2.0   (0.52)
$20,000 to $24,999 8.1   (0.16) 17.9   (1.60) 15.4   (1.11) 12.0   (0.39) 9.8   (0.43) 9.2   (0.47) 4.2   (0.17) 4.9   (0.24) 3.1   (0.27) 3.0   (0.79) 2.5   (0.59)
$25,000 to $29,999 7.4   (0.15) 12.2   (1.37) 10.5   (0.94) 11.4   (0.39) 8.8   (0.41) 9.2   (0.47) 4.0   (0.17) 4.7   (0.23) 3.1   (0.27) 1.0 ! (0.47) 2.4   (0.57)
$30,000 to $34,999 8.0   (0.15) 7.2   (1.08) 6.6   (0.76) 11.3   (0.38) 10.3   (0.44) 10.3   (0.49) 5.0   (0.19) 6.2   (0.26) 3.6   (0.29) 2.0 ! (0.64) 2.0   (0.53)
$35,000 to $39,999 6.8   (0.14) 3.8   (0.80) 5.8   (0.72) 8.1   (0.33) 8.4   (0.40) 8.2   (0.44) 5.4   (0.19) 6.7   (0.27) 3.8   (0.29) 3.1   (0.80) 2.5   (0.59)
$40,000 to $49,999 11.6   (0.18) 4.3   (0.85) 5.4   (0.69) 10.9   (0.38) 12.0   (0.47) 13.1   (0.55) 12.2   (0.28) 13.5   (0.38) 10.9   (0.48) 6.9   (1.17) 7.4   (0.99)
$50,000 to $74,999 19.1   (0.22) 2.7   (0.67) 4.2   (0.62) 10.9   (0.38) 16.7   (0.54) 19.8   (0.64) 25.6   (0.37) 24.2   (0.47) 30.2   (0.71) 19.1   (1.81) 19.8   (1.50)
$75,000 to $99,999 8.0   (0.16)   (†) 0.4 ! (0.19) 2.7   (0.20) 4.0   (0.28) 5.5   (0.37) 13.6   (0.29) 12.1   (0.36) 16.0   (0.57) 13.4   (1.57) 17.0   (1.42)
$100,000 or more 8.7   (0.16) 0.7 ! (0.35) 0.5 ! (0.21) 1.5   (0.15) 2.5   (0.23) 3.4   (0.29) 16.9   (0.32) 12.9   (0.37) 18.3   (0.60) 43.3   (2.28) 39.3   (1.84)

 Median annual earnings1
$37,140   (168) $19,800   (759) $19,610   (476) $27,200   (195) $31,140   (205) $34,950   (705) $53,210   (715) $49,010   (784) $60,370   (423) $82,170   (4,457) $81,600   (2,308)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Excludes persons without earnings.
2 A negative amount (a net loss) may be reported by self-employed persons.
NOTE: Data are based on sample surveys of the noninstitutionalized population, which excludes persons living in institutions (e.g., prisons or nursing facilities); data include military personnel who live in households with civilians but exclude those who live in military barracks. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and suppression of data that do not meet reporting standards.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (CPS), Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 2018; retrieved March 11, 2020, from https://www.census.gov/data/tables/time-series/demo/income-poverty/cps-pinc/pinc-03.html. (This table was prepared March 2020.)

2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest