Skip Navigation
Digest of Education Statistics
2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 306.20. Total fall enrollment in degree-granting postsecondary institutions, by level and control of institution and race/ethnicity or nonresident alien status of student: Selected years, 1976 through 2018
Level and control of institution and race/
ethnicity or nonresident alien status of student
Fall enrollment (in thousands) Percentage distribution of U.S. resident students (excludes nonresident aliens)
1976 1980 1990 2000 2010 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 1976 1980 1990 2000 2010 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23
All students, total 10,985.6 12,086.8 13,818.6 15,312.3 21,019.4 20,376.7 20,209.1 19,988.2 19,846.9 19,778.2 19,645.9 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 9,076.1 9,833.0 10,722.5 10,462.1 12,720.8 11,589.4 11,239.3 10,939.2 10,716.6 10,517.4 10,301.3 84.3 83.5 79.9 70.8 62.6 59.3 58.3 57.6 56.9 56.0 55.2
Total, selected
     races/ethnicities
1,690.8 1,948.8 2,704.7 4,321.5 7,591.0 7,947.1 8,052.0 8,066.7 8,132.2 8,260.8 8,352.6 15.7 16.5 20.1 29.2 37.4 40.7 41.7 42.4 43.1 44.0 44.8
Black 1,033.0 1,106.8 1,247.0 1,730.3 3,039.0 2,872.0 2,792.8 2,681.0 2,589.4 2,549.5 2,493.3 9.6 9.4 9.3 11.7 15.0 14.7 14.5 14.1 13.7 13.6 13.4
Hispanic 383.8 471.7 782.4 1,461.8 2,748.8 3,093.2 3,191.9 3,297.7 3,428.0 3,546.0 3,645.0 3.6 4.0 5.8 9.9 13.5 15.8 16.5 17.4 18.2 18.9 19.5
Asian/Pacific Islander 197.9 286.4 572.4 978.2 1,281.6 1,259.7 1,272.2 1,284.3 1,306.7 1,327.8 1,352.6 1.8 2.4 4.3 6.6 6.3 6.4 6.6 6.8 6.9 7.1 7.3
Asian --- --- --- --- 1,217.6 1,198.7 1,213.8 1,229.0 1,253.5 1,275.7 1,302.1 --- --- --- --- 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.5 6.7 6.8 7.0
Pacific Islander --- --- --- --- 64.0 61.0 58.5 55.3 53.2 52.0 50.5 --- --- --- --- 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
American Indian/Alaska
     Native
76.1 83.9 102.8 151.2 196.2 162.2 152.9 146.1 142.3 137.5 133.8 0.7 0.7 0.8 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7
Two or more races --- --- --- --- 325.4 560.0 642.2 657.6 665.8 700.1 727.9 --- --- --- --- 1.6 2.9 3.3 3.5 3.5 3.7 3.9
Nonresident alien1 218.7 305.0 391.5 528.7 707.7 840.2 917.8 982.3 998.1 1,000.0 992.1
                                             
Public 8,641.0 9,456.4 10,844.7 11,752.8 15,142.2 14,746.8 14,654.7 14,572.8 14,585.8 14,571.7 14,529.3 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 7,094.5 7,656.1 8,385.4 7,963.4 9,182.1 8,363.3 8,119.6 7,910.7 7,787.3 7,646.3 7,505.9 83.5 82.7 79.2 69.8 62.5 58.8 57.7 56.7 55.8 54.8 53.9
Total, selected
     races/ethnicities
1,401.2 1,596.2 2,199.2 3,446.3 5,507.1 5,849.1 5,947.5 6,035.3 6,165.0 6,301.9 6,412.3 16.5 17.3 20.8 30.2 37.5 41.2 42.3 43.3 44.2 45.2 46.1
Black 831.2 876.1 976.4 1,319.2 1,988.8 1,886.5 1,840.2 1,775.1 1,739.6 1,725.3 1,711.8 9.8 9.5 9.2 11.6 13.5 13.3 13.1 12.7 12.5 12.4 12.3
Hispanic 336.8 406.2 671.4 1,229.3 2,163.8 2,479.4 2,580.4 2,694.5 2,819.5 2,929.7 3,016.4 4.0 4.4 6.3 10.8 14.7 17.4 18.3 19.3 20.2 21.0 21.7
Asian/Pacific Islander 165.7 239.7 461.0 770.5 968.7 944.9 955.9 970.1 990.5 1,007.4 1,027.8 2.0 2.6 4.4 6.8 6.6 6.6 6.8 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.4
Asian --- --- --- --- 924.8 905.7 918.5 934.3 955.9 973.7 994.5 --- --- --- --- 6.3 6.4 6.5 6.7 6.9 7.0 7.1
Pacific Islander --- --- --- --- 43.9 39.2 37.4 35.8 34.6 33.6 33.3 --- --- --- --- 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
American Indian/Alaska
   Native
67.5 74.2 90.4 127.3 150.8 124.4 117.8 113.7 110.7 107.7 105.1 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.8
Two or more races --- --- --- --- 235.0 414.0 453.2 482.0 504.8 531.8 551.2 --- --- --- --- 1.6 2.9 3.2 3.5 3.6 3.8 4.0
Nonresident alien1 145.3 204.2 260.0 343.1 453.0 534.5 587.6 626.8 633.5 623.6 611.1
                                             
Private 2,344.6 2,630.4 2,973.9 3,559.5 5,877.3 5,629.8 5,554.4 5,415.4 5,261.1 5,206.4 5,116.7 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 1,981.6 2,176.9 2,337.0 2,498.7 3,538.7 3,226.1 3,119.7 3,028.5 2,929.3 2,871.1 2,795.4 87.3 86.1 82.2 74.1 62.9 60.6 59.7 59.9 59.8 59.4 59.0
Total, selected
   races/ethnicities
289.6 352.7 505.5 875.2 2,083.9 2,098.0 2,104.5 2,031.4 1,967.2 1,958.9 1,940.3 12.7 13.9 17.8 25.9 37.1 39.4 40.3 40.1 40.2 40.6 41.0
Black 201.8 230.7 270.6 411.1 1,050.2 985.6 952.7 906.0 849.8 824.2 781.6 8.9 9.1 9.5 12.2 18.7 18.5 18.2 17.9 17.4 17.1 16.5
Hispanic 47.0 65.6 111.0 232.5 585.0 613.8 611.4 603.2 608.5 616.3 628.7 2.1 2.6 3.9 6.9 10.4 11.5 11.7 11.9 12.4 12.8 13.3
Asian/Pacific Islander 32.2 46.7 111.5 207.7 312.8 314.8 316.4 314.2 316.2 320.4 324.8 1.4 1.8 3.9 6.2 5.6 5.9 6.1 6.2 6.5 6.6 6.9
Asian --- --- --- --- 292.7 293.0 295.3 294.7 297.6 302.0 307.6 --- --- --- --- 5.2 5.5 5.7 5.8 6.1 6.3 6.5
Pacific Islander --- --- --- --- 20.1 21.8 21.1 19.5 18.6 18.4 17.2 --- --- --- --- 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
American Indian/Alaska
   Native
8.6 9.7 12.4 23.9 45.5 37.8 35.1 32.5 31.7 29.7 28.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Two or more races --- --- --- --- 90.4 146.0 189.0 175.6 161.0 168.3 176.6 --- --- --- --- 1.6 2.7 3.6 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.7
Nonresident alien1 73.4 100.8 131.4 185.6 254.7 305.7 330.2 355.5 364.6 376.4 380.9
                                             
4-year, total 7,106.5 7,565.4 8,578.6 9,363.9 13,335.8 13,406.0 13,494.4 13,488.7 13,754.5 13,825.4 13,900.7 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 5,999.0 6,274.5 6,768.1 6,658.0 8,399.5 7,954.2 7,829.1 7,713.4 7,715.0 7,637.9 7,574.8 86.6 85.7 82.0 74.6 66.0 62.8 61.8 61.2 60.0 59.1 58.3
Total, selected
     races/ethnicities
931.0 1,049.9 1,486.1 2,266.1 4,328.0 4,703.8 4,843.0 4,897.2 5,135.5 5,275.6 5,421.1 13.4 14.3 18.0 25.4 34.0 37.2 38.2 38.8 40.0 40.9 41.7
Black 603.7 634.3 722.8 995.4 1,840.0 1,799.2 1,778.7 1,740.5 1,724.0 1,704.7 1,689.3 8.7 8.7 8.8 11.2 14.5 14.2 14.0 13.8 13.4 13.2 13.0
Hispanic 173.6 216.6 358.2 617.9 1,355.9 1,599.6 1,670.8 1,742.1 1,932.5 2,035.7 2,145.1 2.5 3.0 4.3 6.9 10.7 12.6 13.2 13.8 15.0 15.8 16.5
Asian/Pacific Islander 118.7 162.1 357.2 576.3 818.5 843.7 864.8 882.5 929.6 958.8 986.5 1.7 2.2 4.3 6.5 6.4 6.7 6.8 7.0 7.2 7.4 7.6
Asian --- --- --- --- 782.5 806.1 827.5 847.1 893.9 923.5 952.1 --- --- --- --- 6.1 6.4 6.5 6.7 7.0 7.2 7.3
Pacific Islander --- --- --- --- 36.0 37.6 37.3 35.4 35.7 35.3 34.4 --- --- --- --- 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
American Indian/Alaska
   Native
35.0 36.9 47.9 76.5 109.0 91.4 87.0 83.4 83.6 81.7 80.7 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6 0.6
Two or more races --- --- --- --- 204.6 369.8 441.7 448.8 465.7 494.7 519.5 --- --- --- --- 1.6 2.9 3.5 3.6 3.6 3.8 4.0
Nonresident alien1 176.5 240.9 324.3 439.7 608.3 748.0 822.4 878.1 904.0 911.8 904.8
                                             
Public 4,892.9 5,127.6 5,848.2 6,055.4 7,924.1 8,120.4 8,257.1 8,348.5 8,742.9 8,854.3 8,982.6 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 4,120.2 4,243.0 4,605.6 4,311.2 5,069.6 4,867.1 4,833.9 4,790.3 4,879.3 4,850.4 4,849.5 86.1 85.1 81.5 74.4 67.0 63.4 62.3 61.2 59.5 58.3 57.3
Total, selected
     races/ethnicities
666.7 740.8 1,046.2 1,486.4 2,496.8 2,808.6 2,928.6 3,032.7 3,321.1 3,465.8 3,606.6 13.9 14.9 18.5 25.6 33.0 36.6 37.7 38.8 40.5 41.7 42.7
Black 421.8 438.2 495.1 627.8 912.6 909.0 914.8 916.0 950.9 956.5 969.1 8.8 8.8 8.8 10.8 12.1 11.8 11.8 11.7 11.6 11.5 11.5
Hispanic 129.3 156.4 262.5 420.0 869.5 1,063.4 1,133.0 1,199.5 1,379.5 1,472.8 1,561.4 2.7 3.1 4.6 7.2 11.5 13.9 14.6 15.3 16.8 17.7 18.5
Asian/Pacific Islander 87.5 117.2 250.6 381.3 522.8 544.7 563.1 579.4 623.7 648.2 670.8 1.8 2.4 4.4 6.6 6.9 7.1 7.3 7.4 7.6 7.8 7.9
Asian --- --- --- --- 504.7 526.1 544.3 562.0 605.2 629.9 652.4 --- --- --- --- 6.7 6.9 7.0 7.2 7.4 7.6 7.7
Pacific Islander --- --- --- --- 18.1 18.6 18.7 17.4 18.5 18.2 18.4 --- --- --- --- 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
American Indian/Alaska
   Native
28.2 29.0 38.0 57.2 69.5 58.1 56.0 54.6 55.3 55.0 54.9 0.6 0.6 0.7 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6
Two or more races --- --- --- --- 122.4 233.4 261.9 283.2 311.6 333.4 350.4 --- --- --- --- 1.6 3.0 3.4 3.6 3.8 4.0 4.1
Nonresident alien1 106.0 143.8 196.4 257.8 357.8 444.8 494.6 525.6 542.6 538.1 526.5
                                             
Private 2,213.6 2,437.8 2,730.3 3,308.5 5,411.7 5,285.6 5,237.3 5,140.2 5,011.6 4,971.1 4,918.2 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 1,878.8 2,031.5 2,162.5 2,346.9 3,330.0 3,087.1 2,995.2 2,923.1 2,835.7 2,787.6 2,725.3 87.7 86.8 83.1 75.1 64.5 62.0 61.0 61.1 61.0 60.6 60.0
Total, selected
     races/ethnicities
264.3 309.2 439.8 779.7 1,831.2 1,895.2 1,914.3 1,864.5 1,814.4 1,809.8 1,814.5 12.3 13.2 16.9 24.9 35.5 38.0 39.0 38.9 39.0 39.4 40.0
Black 182.0 196.1 227.7 367.6 927.4 890.3 864.0 824.5 773.1 748.2 720.2 8.5 8.4 8.7 11.8 18.0 17.9 17.6 17.2 16.6 16.3 15.9
Hispanic 44.3 60.2 95.7 197.9 486.3 536.2 537.8 542.7 553.0 563.0 583.7 2.1 2.6 3.7 6.3 9.4 10.8 11.0 11.3 11.9 12.2 12.9
Asian/Pacific Islander 31.2 44.9 106.6 195.0 295.7 299.0 301.7 303.0 305.9 310.6 315.7 1.5 1.9 4.1 6.2 5.7 6.0 6.1 6.3 6.6 6.8 7.0
Asian --- --- --- --- 277.8 280.0 283.1 285.1 288.7 293.6 299.8 --- --- --- --- 5.4 5.6 5.8 6.0 6.2 6.4 6.6
Pacific Islander --- --- --- --- 17.9 19.0 18.6 18.0 17.2 17.0 16.0 --- --- --- --- 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
American Indian/Alaska
   Native
6.8 7.9 9.9 19.3 39.6 33.3 31.0 28.8 28.3 26.7 25.8 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.6 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Two or more races --- --- --- --- 82.2 136.4 179.8 165.6 154.1 161.3 169.0 --- --- --- --- 1.6 2.7 3.7 3.5 3.3 3.5 3.7
Nonresident alien1 70.5 97.1 127.9 181.9 250.6 303.2 327.8 352.5 361.5 373.8 378.3
                                             
2-year, total 3,879.1 4,521.4 5,240.1 5,948.4 7,683.6 6,970.6 6,714.7 6,499.5 6,092.4 5,952.8 5,745.2 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 3,077.1 3,558.5 3,954.3 3,804.1 4,321.3 3,635.2 3,410.2 3,225.8 3,001.6 2,879.5 2,726.5 80.2 79.8 76.4 64.9 57.0 52.8 51.5 50.4 50.0 49.1 48.2
Total, selected
     races/ethnicities
759.8 898.9 1,218.6 2,055.4 3,263.0 3,243.3 3,209.1 3,169.5 2,996.7 2,985.2 2,931.5 19.8 20.2 23.6 35.1 43.0 47.2 48.5 49.6 50.0 50.9 51.8
Black 429.3 472.5 524.3 734.9 1,198.9 1,072.8 1,014.1 940.5 865.5 844.8 804.1 11.2 10.6 10.1 12.5 15.8 15.6 15.3 14.7 14.4 14.4 14.2
Hispanic 210.2 255.1 424.2 843.9 1,393.0 1,493.5 1,521.1 1,555.6 1,495.4 1,510.2 1,499.9 5.5 5.7 8.2 14.4 18.4 21.7 23.0 24.3 24.9 25.8 26.5
Asian/Pacific Islander 79.2 124.3 215.2 401.9 463.1 416.0 407.5 401.9 377.1 369.0 366.1 2.1 2.8 4.2 6.9 6.1 6.0 6.2 6.3 6.3 6.3 6.5
Asian --- --- --- --- 435.1 392.6 386.3 381.9 359.6 352.2 350.0 --- --- --- --- 5.7 5.7 5.8 6.0 6.0 6.0 6.2
Pacific Islander --- --- --- --- 28.0 23.4 21.2 19.9 17.5 16.7 16.1 --- --- --- --- 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
American Indian/Alaska
   Native
41.2 47.0 54.9 74.7 87.2 70.8 66.0 62.8 58.7 55.7 53.0 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9
Two or more races --- --- --- --- 120.8 190.2 200.5 208.7 200.0 205.4 208.4 --- --- --- --- 1.6 2.8 3.0 3.3 3.3 3.5 3.7
Nonresident alien1 42.2 64.1 67.1 89.0 99.3 92.1 95.4 104.2 94.1 88.1 87.2
                                             
Public 3,748.1 4,328.8 4,996.5 5,697.4 7,218.1 6,626.4 6,397.6 6,224.3 5,842.9 5,717.5 5,546.7 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 2,974.3 3,413.1 3,779.8 3,652.2 4,112.5 3,496.2 3,285.7 3,120.4 2,908.0 2,795.9 2,656.4 80.2 80.0 76.6 65.1 57.7 53.5 52.1 51.0 50.6 49.6 48.6
Total, selected
     races/ethnicities
734.5 855.4 1,153.0 1,959.9 3,010.3 3,040.5 3,018.9 3,002.6 2,844.0 2,836.0 2,805.7 19.8 20.0 23.4 34.9 42.3 46.5 47.9 49.0 49.4 50.4 51.4
Black 409.5 437.9 481.4 691.4 1,076.1 977.5 925.4 859.0 788.7 768.8 742.7 11.0 10.3 9.8 12.3 15.1 15.0 14.7 14.0 13.7 13.7 13.6
Hispanic 207.5 249.8 408.9 809.2 1,294.3 1,415.9 1,447.5 1,495.1 1,439.9 1,456.9 1,455.0 5.6 5.9 8.3 14.4 18.2 21.7 23.0 24.4 25.0 25.9 26.6
Asian/Pacific Islander 78.2 122.5 210.3 389.2 445.9 400.2 392.8 390.7 366.8 359.2 357.0 2.1 2.9 4.3 6.9 6.3 6.1 6.2 6.4 6.4 6.4 6.5
Asian --- --- --- --- 420.2 379.6 374.2 372.3 350.7 343.8 342.2 --- --- --- --- 5.9 5.8 5.9 6.1 6.1 6.1 6.3
Pacific Islander --- --- --- --- 25.7 20.6 18.7 18.4 16.1 15.4 14.9 --- --- --- --- 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
American Indian/Alaska
   Native
39.3 45.2 52.4 70.1 81.3 66.3 61.9 59.1 55.3 52.7 50.2 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.1 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0 0.9 0.9
Two or more races --- --- --- --- 112.7 180.6 191.3 198.8 193.2 198.4 200.8 --- --- --- --- 1.6 2.8 3.0 3.2 3.4 3.5 3.7
Nonresident alien1 39.2 60.3 63.6 85.2 95.2 89.7 93.0 101.3 91.0 85.5 84.6
                                             
Private 131.0 192.6 243.6 251.0 465.5 344.2 317.1 275.2 249.5 235.3 198.5 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
White 102.8 145.4 174.5 151.8 208.8 139.0 124.5 105.4 93.6 83.6 70.2 80.3 77.0 72.7 61.4 45.2 40.7 39.6 38.7 38.0 35.9 35.8
Total, selected
     races/ethnicities
25.3 43.5 65.6 95.5 252.7 202.8 190.2 166.8 152.7 149.2 125.8 19.7 23.0 27.3 38.6 54.8 59.3 60.4 61.3 62.0 64.1 64.2
Black 19.8 34.6 42.9 43.5 122.8 95.3 88.7 81.5 76.8 76.0 61.4 15.5 18.3 17.9 17.6 26.6 27.9 28.2 29.9 31.2 32.7 31.3
Hispanic 2.6 5.3 15.3 34.7 98.7 77.6 73.6 60.5 55.5 53.3 44.9 2.1 2.8 6.4 14.0 21.4 22.7 23.4 22.2 22.5 22.9 22.9
Asian/Pacific Islander 0.9 1.8 4.9 12.7 17.2 15.7 14.7 11.2 10.3 9.8 9.1 0.7 1.0 2.0 5.1 3.7 4.6 4.7 4.1 4.2 4.2 4.6
Asian --- --- --- --- 14.9 13.0 12.1 9.6 8.9 8.4 7.8 --- --- --- --- 3.2 3.8 3.9 3.5 3.6 3.6 4.0
Pacific Islander --- --- --- --- 2.2 2.8 2.5 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.3 --- --- --- --- 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
American Indian/Alaska
   Native
1.8 1.8 2.5 4.5 5.9 4.5 4.1 3.7 3.4 3.0 2.8 1.4 1.0 1.1 1.8 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.4
Two or more races --- --- --- --- 8.1 9.7 9.2 10.0 6.8 7.0 7.6 --- --- --- --- 1.8 2.8 2.9 3.7 2.8 3.0 3.9
Nonresident alien1 3.0 3.7 3.5 3.8 4.1 2.5 2.4 2.9 3.1 2.6 2.6
---Not available.
†Not applicable.
1 Race/ethnicity not collected.
NOTE: Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Because of underreporting and nonreporting of racial/ethnic data, some figures are slightly lower than corresponding data in other tables. Data through 1990 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Higher Education General Information Survey (HEGIS), "Fall Enrollment in Colleges and Universities" surveys, 1976 and 1980; Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Fall Enrollment Survey" (IPEDS-EF:90); and IPEDS Spring 2001 through Spring 2019, Fall Enrollment component. (This table was prepared September 2019.)

2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest