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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 229.10. Percentage of public schools recording incidents of crime at school, percentage reporting incidents of crime at school to police, and number of incidents recorded or reported, by type of crime: Selected years, 1999-2000 through 2017-18
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Type of crime recorded or reported to police Percent of schools 2015-16 2017-18
1999-2000 2003-04 2005-06 2007-08 2009-10 2013-141  Percent
of schools
Number of
incidents
Percent
of schools
Number of
incidents
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
Recorded incidents                                                      
Total 86.4   (1.23) 88.5 (0.85) 85.7 (1.07) 85.5   (0.87) 85.0 (1.07) ---   (†) 78.9   (1.28) 1,381,200   (42,660) 79.8   (1.23) 1,438,500   (54,530)
                                                       
Violent incidents 71.4   (1.37) 81.4 (1.05) 77.7 (1.11) 75.5   (1.09) 73.8 (1.07) 65.0   (1.46) 68.9   (1.30) 864,900   (42,950) 70.7   (1.38) 962,300   (45,850)
Serious violent incidents 19.7   (0.98) 18.3 (0.99) 17.1 (0.91) 17.2   (1.06) 16.4 (0.94) 13.1   (1.00) 15.5   (0.93) 40,800   (3,460) 21.3   (0.98) 54,400   (7,770)
Rape or attempted rape 0.7   (0.10) 0.8 (0.17) 0.3 (0.07) 0.8   (0.17) 0.5 (0.10) 0.2 ! (0.10) 0.9   (0.19) 1,100   (190) 0.9   (0.16) 1,100   (200)
Sexual assault other than rape2  2.5   (0.33) 3.0 (0.32) 2.8 (0.24) 2.5   (0.33) 2.3 (0.34) 1.7   (0.37) 3.4   (0.38) 6,100   (1,360) 5.2   (0.46) 7,100   (590)
Physical attack or fight with a weapon 5.2   (0.60) 4.0 (0.46) 3.0 (0.38) 3.0   (0.33) 3.9 (0.48) 1.8   (0.34) 2.6   (0.38) 5,300   (1,280) 3.0   (0.42) 10,500   (2,850)
Threat of physical attack with a weapon 11.1   (0.70) 8.6 (0.71) 8.8 (0.66) 9.3   (0.77) 7.7 (0.72) 8.7   (0.78) 8.5   (0.79) 18,300   (2,420) 13.2   (0.86) 26,700   (4,460)
Robbery with a weapon 0.5 ! (0.15) 0.6 (0.15) 0.4 (0.12) 0.4 ! (0.14) 0.2 (0.05)   (†) 0.5 ! (0.16) 600   (160) 0.4   (0.10) 500   (140)
Robbery without a weapon 5.3   (0.56) 6.3 (0.60) 6.4 (0.59) 5.2   (0.56) 4.4 (0.49) 2.5   (0.42) 2.7   (0.36) 9,500   (1,440) 3.5   (0.39) 8,500   (1,050)
Physical attack or fight without a weapon 63.7   (1.52) 76.7 (1.21) 74.3 (1.20) 72.7   (1.07) 70.5 (1.11) 57.5   (1.43) 64.9   (1.28) 567,000   (36,780) 65.7   (1.39) 597,300   (34,030)
Threat of physical attack without a weapon 52.2   (1.47) 53.0 (1.34) 52.2 (1.27) 47.8   (1.19) 46.4 (1.33) 47.1   (1.50) 39.4   (1.48) 257,000   (15,630) 41.4   (1.38) 310,700   (18,050)
                                                       
Theft/larceny3  45.6   (1.37) 46.0 (1.29) 46.0 (1.07) 47.3   (1.29) 44.1 (1.31) ---   (†) 38.7   (1.29) 166,000   (5,190) 33.4   (1.31) 132,500   (6,130)
                                                       
Other incidents4  72.7   (1.30) 64.0 (1.27) 68.2 (1.07) 67.4   (1.13) 68.1 (1.12) ---   (†) 58.5   (1.68) 350,400   (10,710) 59.8   (1.18) 343,700   (9,270)
Possession of a firearm/explosive device 5.5   (0.44) 6.1 (0.49) 7.2 (0.60) 4.7   (0.38) 4.7 (0.52) ---   (†) 4.0   (0.50) 10,500 ! (3,220) 3.3   (0.37) 3,600   (390)
Possession of a knife or sharp object 42.6   (1.28) --- (†) 42.8 (1.23) 40.6   (1.10) 39.7 (1.06) ---   (†) 38.4   (1.26) 70,600   (3,210) 38.2   (1.12) 69,100   (2,220)
Distribution of illegal drugs5  12.3   (0.50) 12.9 (0.55) --- (†) ---   (†) --- (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†)
Possession or use of alcohol or illegal drugs5  26.6   (0.72) 29.3 (0.87) --- (†) ---   (†) --- (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†)
Distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs6  ---   (†) --- (†) 25.9 (0.68) 23.2   (0.68) 24.6 (0.57) ---   (†) 24.9   (0.85) 112,100   (4,250) 24.9   (0.69) 120,300   (4,480)
Inappropriate distribution, possession, or                                                      
use of prescription drugs7  ---   (†) --- (†) --- (†) ---   (†) 12.1 (0.47) ---   (†) 9.5   (0.55) 20,100   (1,580) 9.7   (0.46) 21,100   (1,350)
Distribution, possession, or use of alcohol6  ---   (†) --- (†) 16.2 (0.68) 14.9   (0.57) 14.1 (0.50) ---   (†) 13.3   (0.50) 29,900   (1,620) 13.4   (0.45) 29,000   (1,420)
Sexual harassment 36.3   (1.26) --- (†) --- (†) ---   (†) --- (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†)
Vandalism 51.4   (1.61) 51.4 (1.17) 50.5 (1.17) 49.3   (1.16) 45.8 (1.12) ---   (†) 33.4   (1.25) 107,200   (7,040) 33.1   (1.10) 100,600   (5,720)
                                                       
Reported incidents to police                                                      
Total 62.5   (1.37) 65.2 (1.35) 60.9 (1.15) 62.0   (1.24) 60.0 (1.58) ---   (†) 47.4   (1.54) 448,900   (13,330) 46.9   (1.04) 422,800   (12,650)
                                                       
Violent incidents 36.0   (1.26) 43.6 (1.15) 37.7 (1.09) 37.8   (1.16) 39.9 (1.13) ---   (†) 32.7   (1.13) 195,600   (9,620) 32.5   (1.08) 192,100   (8,050)
Serious violent incidents 14.8   (0.82) 13.3 (0.88) 12.6 (0.70) 12.6   (0.86) 10.4 (0.62) ---   (†) 10.0   (0.68) 20,000   (1,700) 14.9   (0.86) 26,100   (1,680)
Rape or attempted rape 0.6   (0.10) 0.8 (0.17) 0.3 (0.07) 0.8   (0.17) 0.5 (0.10) ---   (†) 0.7   (0.14) 900   (160) 0.8   (0.16) 1,000   (190)
Sexual assault other than rape2  2.3   (0.34) 2.6 (0.28) 2.6 (0.26) 2.1   (0.29) 1.4 (0.20) ---   (†) 2.7   (0.28) 3,600   (490) 4.3   (0.42) 5,600   (440)
Physical attack or fight with a weapon 3.9   (0.50) 2.8 (0.38) 2.2 (0.27) 2.1   (0.27) 2.2 (0.32) ---   (†) 1.3   (0.24) 2,500 ! (830) 1.5   (0.23) 2,400   (390)
Threat of physical attack with a weapon 8.5   (0.59) 6.0 (0.55) 5.9 (0.49) 5.7   (0.59) 4.5 (0.43) ---   (†) 5.3   (0.53) 7,500   (770) 9.0   (0.67) 12,400   (1,290)
Robbery with a weapon 0.3 ! (0.09) 0.6 (0.15) 0.4 (0.12) 0.4 ! (0.14) 0.2 (0.05) ---   (†) 0.3 ! (0.13) 400 ! (140) 0.3   (0.08) 400   (90)
Robbery without a weapon 3.4   (0.41) 4.2 (0.51) 4.9 (0.48) 4.1   (0.42) 3.5 (0.40) ---   (†) 1.9   (0.28) 5,000   (690) 2.4   (0.33) 4,300   (560)
Physical attack or fight without a weapon 25.8   (0.91) 35.6 (0.98) 29.2 (1.00) 28.2   (0.90) 34.3 (0.90) ---   (†) 25.1   (1.03) 121,500   (8,560) 21.7   (0.70) 107,600   (5,570)
Threat of physical attack without a weapon 18.9   (0.94) 21.0 (0.82) 19.7 (0.69) 19.5   (0.76) 15.2 (0.79) ---   (†) 12.9   (0.65) 54,200   (3,680) 14.3   (0.63) 58,400   (4,090)
                                                       
Theft3  28.5   (1.04) 30.5 (1.17) 27.9 (0.97) 31.0   (1.12) 25.4 (1.01) ---   (†) 18.1   (0.80) 71,600   (3,280) 14.9   (0.75) 53,900   (2,780)
                                                       
Other incidents4  52.0   (1.14) 50.0 (1.18) 50.6 (1.00) 48.7   (1.17) 46.3 (1.23) ---   (†) 33.5   (1.15) 181,700   (5,500) 35.1   (0.86) 176,900   (5,210)
Possession of a firearm/explosive device 4.5   (0.41) 4.9 (0.44) 5.5 (0.51) 3.6   (0.32) 3.1 (0.39) ---   (†) 1.9   (0.29) 7,500 ! (2,760) 2.1   (0.30) 2,300   (320)
Possession of a knife or sharp object 23.0   (0.84) --- (†) 25.0 (1.00) 23.3   (0.69) 20.0 (0.88) ---   (†) 15.8   (0.66) 27,700   (1,330) 18.0   (0.68) 30,500   (1,260)
Distribution of illegal drugs5  11.4   (0.48) 12.4 (0.57) --- (†) ---   (†) --- (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†)
Possession or use of alcohol or illegal drugs5  22.2   (0.67) 26.0 (0.76) --- (†) ---   (†) --- (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†)
Distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs6  ---   (†) --- (†) 22.8 (0.62) 20.7   (0.60) 21.4 (0.57) ---   (†) 19.9   (0.71) 82,200   (3,300) 19.9   (0.52) 84,800   (3,380)
Inappropriate distribution, possession, or use                                                      
of prescription drugs7  ---   (†) --- (†) --- (†) ---   (†) 9.6 (0.42) ---   (†) 7.4   (0.56) 15,100   (1,270) 7.1   (0.36) 15,100   (960)
Distribution, possession, or use of alcohol6  ---   (†) --- (†) 11.6 (0.61) 10.6   (0.55) 10.0 (0.41) ---   (†) 8.6   (0.41) 17,800   (1,330) 8.0   (0.39) 16,900   (950)
Sexual harassment 14.7   (0.78) --- (†) --- (†) ---   (†) --- (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†)
Vandalism 32.7   (1.10) 34.3 (1.06) 31.9 (1.02) 30.8   (1.18) 26.8 (1.09) ---   (†) 12.9   (0.86) 31,600   (2,370) 12.0   (0.66) 27,300   (2,220)
---Not available.
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Data for 2013-14 were collected using the Fast Response Survey System (FRSS), while data for all other years were collected using the School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS). The 2013-14 FRSS survey was designed to allow comparisons with SSOCS data. However, respondents to the 2013-14 survey could choose either to complete the survey on paper (and mail it back) or to complete the survey online, whereas respondents to SSOCS did not have the option of completing the survey online. The 2013-14 survey also relied on a smaller sample. The smaller sample size and difference in survey administration may have impacted the 2013-14 results.
2 Prior to 2015-16, the wording of the survey item was "sexual battery other than rape."
3 Theft/larceny is taking things worth over $10 without personal confrontation.
4 Caution should be used when making direct comparisons of "Other incidents" between years because the survey questions about alcohol and drugs changed, as outlined in footnotes 5, 6, and 7.
5 The survey items "Distribution of illegal drugs" and "Possession or use of alcohol or illegal drugs" appear only on the 1999-2000 and 2003-04 questionnaires. Different alcohol- and drug-related survey items were used on the SSOCS questionnaires for later years.
6 The survey items "Distribution, possession, or use of illegal drugs" and "Distribution, possession, or use of alcohol" appear only on the SSOCS questionnaires for 2005-06 and later years.
7 The survey item "Inappropriate distribution, possession, or use of prescription drugs" appears only on the SSOCS questionnaires for 2009-10 and later years.
NOTE: Responses were provided by the principal or the person most knowledgeable about crime and safety issues at the school. "At school" was defined to include activities that happen in school buildings, on school grounds, on school buses, and at places that hold school-sponsored events or activities. Respondents were instructed to include incidents that occurred before, during, and after normal school hours or when school activities or events were in session. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding and because schools that recorded or reported more than one type of crime incident were counted only once in the total percentage of schools recording or reporting incidents.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, 1999-2000, 2003-04, 2005-06, 2007-08, 2009-10, 2015-16, and 2017-18 School Survey on Crime and Safety (SSOCS), 2000, 2004, 2006, 2008, 2010, 2016, and 2018; and Fast Response Survey System (FRSS), "School Safety and Discipline: 2013-14," FRSS 106, 2014. (This table was prepared July 2019.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest