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Digest of Education Statistics
2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 222.20. Percentage of students at or above selected National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) mathematics achievement levels, by grade and selected student characteristics: Selected years, 2005 through 2019
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Grade and selected student
characteristic
2005 2007 2009 2011 2013 2015 2017 2019
At or
above
NAEP
Basic1
At or
above
NAEP
Profi-
cient
2
At or
above
NAEP
Basic1
At or
above
NAEP
Profi-
cient
2
At or
above
NAEP
Basic1
At or
above
NAEP
Profi-
cient
2
At or
above
NAEP
Basic1
At or
above
NAEP
Profi-
cient
2
At or
above
NAEP
Basic1
At or
above
NAEP
Profi-
cient
2
At or
above
NAEP
Basic1
At or
above
NAEP
Profi-
cient
2
At or
above
NAEP
Basic1
At or
above
NAEP
Profi-
cient
2
At or
above
NAEP
Basic1
At or
above
NAEP
Profi-
cient
2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
4th grade, all students 80 (0.2) 36 (0.2) 82 (0.2) 39 (0.3) 82 (0.3) 39 (0.3) 82 (0.2) 40 (0.3) 83 (0.2) 42 (0.3) 82 (0.3) 40 (0.4) 80 (0.3) 40 (0.4) 81 (0.2) 41 (0.3)
Sex                                                                
Male 81 (0.2) 38 (0.2) 82 (0.2) 41 (0.3) 82 (0.3) 41 (0.4) 83 (0.3) 42 (0.4) 82 (0.3) 43 (0.4) 82 (0.4) 42 (0.5) 80 (0.4) 42 (0.4) 81 (0.3) 44 (0.4)
Female 80 (0.2) 34 (0.3) 82 (0.2) 37 (0.4) 82 (0.3) 37 (0.4) 82 (0.3) 39 (0.4) 83 (0.2) 41 (0.4) 82 (0.3) 38 (0.5) 80 (0.3) 38 (0.4) 80 (0.3) 38 (0.4)

Race/ethnicity
                                                               
White 90 (0.2) 47 (0.2) 91 (0.2) 51 (0.4) 91 (0.2) 51 (0.4) 91 (0.2) 52 (0.4) 91 (0.2) 54 (0.4) 90 (0.3) 51 (0.5) 88 (0.3) 51 (0.4) 89 (0.3) 52 (0.4)
Black 60 (0.5) 13 (0.3) 64 (0.6) 15 (0.4) 64 (0.6) 16 (0.5) 66 (0.6) 17 (0.5) 66 (0.6) 18 (0.5) 65 (0.7) 19 (0.6) 63 (0.8) 19 (0.6) 65 (0.7) 20 (0.5)
Hispanic 68 (0.5) 19 (0.3) 70 (0.5) 22 (0.4) 71 (0.7) 22 (0.4) 72 (0.5) 24 (0.5) 73 (0.7) 26 (0.6) 73 (0.6) 26 (0.7) 71 (0.5) 26 (0.6) 73 (0.5) 28 (0.6)
Asian/Pacific Islander 90 (0.5) 55 (1.1) 91 (0.7) 58 (1.3) 92 (0.6) 60 (1.5) 91 (0.6) 62 (1.6) 91 (0.6) 64 (1.2) 91 (0.8) 62 (1.7) 90 (0.8) 64 (1.4) 91 (0.9) 66 (1.4)
Asian --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) 93 (0.5) 64 (1.6) 92 (0.6) 66 (1.2) 93 (0.7) 65 (1.7) 92 (0.7) 67 (1.4) 93 (0.6) 69 (1.2)
Pacific Islander --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) 77 (2.7) 34 (3.2) 77 (3.1) 33 (3.2) 68 (4.0) 30 (2.8) 71 (3.7) 29 (3.5) 64 (5.5) 28 (4.7)
American Indian/Alaska Native 68 (1.5) 21 (1.2) 70 (1.2) 25 (1.1) 66 (1.6) 21 (1.2) 66 (1.2) 22 (1.2) 68 (1.7) 23 (1.4) 69 (1.8) 23 (1.7) 69 (2.0) 24 (1.9) 67 (1.9) 24 (1.8)
Two or more races --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) 87 (0.7) 45 (1.2) 85 (1.0) 46 (1.4) 86 (0.9) 45 (1.3) 85 (0.9) 45 (1.3) 84 (0.9) 44 (1.2)

Eligibility for free or reduced-
                                                               
price lunch                                                                
Eligible 67 (0.3) 19 (0.2) 70 (0.4) 22 (0.3) 70 (0.4) 22 (0.3) 72 (0.3) 24 (0.3) 73 (0.4) 25 (0.4) 72 (0.4) 24 (0.4) 69 (0.4) 25 (0.3) 71 (0.3) 26 (0.4)
Not eligible 90 (0.2) 49 (0.3) 91 (0.2) 53 (0.4) 91 (0.3) 54 (0.4) 92 (0.2) 57 (0.4) 93 (0.2) 59 (0.4) 92 (0.3) 58 (0.6) 91 (0.3) 57 (0.5) 91 (0.2) 58 (0.4)
Unknown 87 (0.7) 45 (1.2) 90 (0.9) 48 (1.5) 88 (1.3) 47 (1.7) 90 (0.8) 52 (1.4) 90 (1.0) 52 (2.2) 89 (1.2) 50 (1.7) 87 (1.1) 49 (1.7) 88 (1.2) 48 (1.7)

8th grade, all students
69 (0.2) 30 (0.2) 71 (0.3) 32 (0.3) 73 (0.3) 34 (0.3) 73 (0.2) 35 (0.2) 74 (0.3) 35 (0.3) 71 (0.3) 33 (0.3) 70 (0.3) 34 (0.3) 69 (0.3) 34 (0.3)
Sex                                                                
Male 70 (0.3) 31 (0.3) 72 (0.3) 34 (0.4) 73 (0.3) 36 (0.4) 73 (0.4) 36 (0.3) 74 (0.3) 36 (0.4) 71 (0.4) 34 (0.4) 70 (0.3) 35 (0.4) 68 (0.3) 34 (0.4)
Female 69 (0.3) 28 (0.3) 71 (0.3) 30 (0.3) 72 (0.4) 32 (0.4) 73 (0.2) 34 (0.3) 74 (0.4) 35 (0.4) 72 (0.4) 33 (0.4) 70 (0.3) 33 (0.5) 70 (0.4) 33 (0.4)

Race/ethnicity
                                                               
White 80 (0.2) 39 (0.3) 82 (0.3) 42 (0.3) 83 (0.3) 44 (0.4) 84 (0.3) 44 (0.3) 84 (0.2) 45 (0.4) 82 (0.3) 43 (0.4) 80 (0.3) 44 (0.4) 80 (0.3) 44 (0.4)
Black 42 (0.5) 9 (0.3) 47 (0.7) 11 (0.3) 50 (0.6) 12 (0.5) 51 (0.6) 13 (0.4) 52 (0.7) 14 (0.5) 48 (0.9) 13 (0.5) 47 (0.7) 13 (0.5) 47 (0.6) 14 (0.4)
Hispanic 52 (0.6) 13 (0.4) 55 (0.7) 15 (0.4) 57 (0.8) 17 (0.6) 61 (0.7) 20 (0.6) 62 (0.6) 21 (0.5) 60 (0.7) 19 (0.6) 57 (0.7) 20 (0.5) 57 (0.7) 20 (0.5)
Asian/Pacific Islander 81 (0.8) 47 (1.2) 83 (0.8) 50 (1.1) 85 (1.0) 54 (1.8) 86 (1.0) 55 (1.2) 87 (0.8) 60 (1.3) 87 (0.9) 59 (1.7) 87 (0.9) 62 (1.5) 86 (0.8) 62 (1.4)
Asian --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) 88 (0.9) 58 (1.3) 89 (0.8) 63 (1.3) 88 (0.9) 61 (1.7) 88 (0.9) 64 (1.6) 88 (0.8) 64 (1.4)
Pacific Islander --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) 59 (4.7) 22 (1.9) 67 (3.5) 24 (2.9) 63 (4.2) 29 (3.9) 64 (2.8) 25 (3.3) 55 (3.1) 21 (3.6)
American Indian/Alaska Native 53 (1.3) 14 (1.2) 53 (1.8) 16 (1.2) 56 (1.5) 18 (1.3) 55 (1.5) 17 (1.2) 59 (1.7) 21 (1.5) 57 (1.8) 20 (1.7) 56 (1.6) 18 (1.8) 51 (1.6) 15 (1.4)
Two or more races --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) 78 (1.1) 39 (1.7) 76 (1.2) 38 (1.4) 74 (1.5) 36 (1.3) 73 (1.3) 37 (1.4) 73 (1.2) 38 (1.4)

Eligibility for free or reduced-
                                                               
price lunch                                                                
Eligible 51 (0.4) 13 (0.2) 55 (0.5) 15 (0.3) 57 (0.5) 17 (0.3) 59 (0.4) 19 (0.3) 60 (0.4) 20 (0.3) 58 (0.4) 18 (0.3) 55 (0.4) 18 (0.3) 54 (0.4) 18 (0.3)
Not eligible 79 (0.2) 39 (0.3) 81 (0.3) 42 (0.4) 83 (0.3) 45 (0.4) 84 (0.2) 47 (0.4) 86 (0.3) 49 (0.4) 84 (0.3) 48 (0.5) 82 (0.3) 48 (0.4) 82 (0.3) 48 (0.5)
Unknown 79 (1.1) 40 (1.4) 81 (1.7) 43 (1.7) 83 (1.3) 48 (1.9) 85 (0.9) 48 (1.5) 84 (1.3) 50 (2.6) 81 (1.5) 46 (1.9) 83 (1.1) 47 (1.8) 80 (1.2) 45 (1.8)

12th grade, all students
61 (0.8) 23 (0.7) --- (†) --- (†) 64 (0.8) 26 (0.8) --- (†) --- (†) 65 (0.7) 26 (0.6) 62 (0.8) 25 (0.7) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
Sex                                                                
Male 62 (0.9) 25 (1.0) --- (†) --- (†) 65 (0.9) 28 (1.0) --- (†) --- (†) 66 (0.8) 28 (0.8) 63 (1.0) 26 (0.7) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
Female 60 (1.0) 21 (0.8) --- (†) --- (†) 63 (0.8) 24 (0.8) --- (†) --- (†) 64 (0.9) 24 (0.7) 61 (0.9) 23 (0.7) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)

Race/ethnicity
                                                               
White 70 (0.8) 29 (0.8) --- (†) --- (†) 75 (0.7) 33 (0.8) --- (†) --- (†) 75 (0.8) 33 (0.8) 73 (0.9) 32 (0.9) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
Black 30 (1.7) 6 (0.8) --- (†) --- (†) 37 (1.2) 6 (0.6) --- (†) --- (†) 38 (1.5) 7 (0.6) 36 (1.6) 7 (0.7) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
Hispanic 40 (2.1) 8 (1.0) --- (†) --- (†) 45 (1.1) 11 (0.8) --- (†) --- (†) 50 (1.3) 12 (0.7) 47 (1.3) 12 (0.7) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
Asian/Pacific Islander 73 (2.6) 36 (3.0) --- (†) --- (†) 84 (1.9) 52 (3.4) --- (†) --- (†) 81 (1.4) 47 (2.0) 78 (2.1) 46 (2.6) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
Asian --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) 83 (1.5) 49 (2.0) 79 (2.0) 47 (2.5) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
Pacific Islander --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) 65 (7.3) 16 (6.0) (†) (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 42 (8.6) 6 (2.9) --- (†) --- (†) 56 (5.4) 12 (3.3) --- (†) --- (†) 54 (5.8) 12 (4.0) 46 (4.6) 10 (3.3) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
Two or more races --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) 67 (3.0) 26 (2.7) 67 (3.2) 31 (3.1) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
---Not available.
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met (too few cases for a reliable estimate).
1 NAEP Basic denotes partial mastery of the knowledge and skills that are fundamental for proficient work at a given grade.
2 NAEP Proficient represents solid academic performance. Students reaching this level have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter.
NOTE: Includes public, private, Bureau of Indian Education, and Department of Defense Education Activity schools. Includes students tested with accommodations (3 to 14 percent of all students, depending on grade level and year); excludes only those students with disabilities and English language learners who were unable to be tested even with accommodations (1 to 4 percent of all students). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Prior to 2011, separate data for Asian students, Pacific Islander students, and students of Two or more races were not collected.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017, and 2019 Mathematics Assessments, retrieved November 8, 2019, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared November 2019.)

2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest