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Digest of Education Statistics
2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 221.12. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scale score and percentage of students attaining NAEP reading achievement levels, by selected school and student characteristics and grade: Selected years, 1992 through 2019
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Grade and year Percent of students in school eligible for free or reduced-price lunch English language learner (ELL) status Disability status1 Percent of all students attaining NAEP reading achievement levels
Average reading scale score2 Gap between low-poverty and high-poverty score Average reading scale score2 Gap between non-ELL and ELL score Average reading scale score2 Gap between non-SD and SD score Below NAEP Basic3 At or above NAEP Basic3
0 to 25 percent eligible
(low poverty)
26 to 50 percent eligible 51 to 75 percent eligible 76 to 100 percent eligible
(high poverty)
ELL Non-ELL Identified as student with disability (SD) Not identified as SD Total at
or above NAEP Basic3
At NAEP Basic3 At or above NAEP Proficient4
Total at
or above
NAEP Profi-cient4
At NAEP Profi-cient4 At NAEP Advanced5
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18
Grade 4                                                                    
19926 --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 38 (1.1) 62 (1.1) 34 (0.9) 29 (1.2) 22 (0.9) 6 (0.6)
19946 --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 40 (1.0) 60 (1.0) 31 (0.7) 30 (1.1) 22 (0.8) 7 (0.7)
1998 231 (1.4) 218 (1.6) 205 (1.8) 187 (3.1) 44 (3.4) 174 (5.2) 217 (1.0) 43 (5.3) 176 (4.6) 217 (1.1) 41 (4.7) 40 (1.2) 60 (1.2) 30 (0.8) 29 (0.9) 22 (0.8) 7 (0.5)
2000 231 (1.5) 218 (1.3) 205 (2.1) 184 (2.8) 48 (3.2) 167 (5.2) 216 (1.1) 49 (5.3) 167 (4.8) 217 (1.2) 50 (4.9) 41 (1.4) 59 (1.4) 30 (1.1) 29 (1.1) 23 (1.0) 7 (0.6)
2002 233 (0.4) 221 (0.5) 210 (0.7) 196 (0.7) 37 (0.9) 183 (2.1) 221 (0.3) 38 (2.1) 187 (0.8) 221 (0.5) 34 (0.9) 36 (0.5) 64 (0.5) 32 (0.3) 31 (0.4) 24 (0.3) 7 (0.2)

2003
233 (0.4) 221 (0.5) 211 (0.5) 194 (0.5) 39 (0.7) 186 (0.8) 221 (0.3) 35 (0.8) 185 (0.6) 221 (0.3) 36 (0.6) 37 (0.3) 63 (0.3) 32 (0.2) 31 (0.3) 24 (0.3) 8 (0.1)
2005 234 (0.3) 221 (0.3) 211 (0.4) 197 (0.4) 37 (0.5) 187 (0.5) 222 (0.2) 35 (0.6) 190 (0.5) 222 (0.2) 32 (0.6) 36 (0.3) 64 (0.3) 33 (0.2) 31 (0.2) 24 (0.2) 8 (0.1)
2007 235 (0.4) 223 (0.4) 212 (0.4) 200 (0.5) 35 (0.7) 188 (0.6) 224 (0.3) 36 (0.6) 191 (0.6) 224 (0.3) 33 (0.7) 33 (0.3) 67 (0.3) 34 (0.2) 33 (0.3) 25 (0.2) 8 (0.2)
2009 237 (0.4) 223 (0.5) 215 (0.5) 202 (0.5) 35 (0.6) 188 (0.8) 224 (0.3) 36 (0.8) 190 (0.7) 224 (0.3) 35 (0.7) 33 (0.3) 67 (0.3) 34 (0.3) 33 (0.4) 25 (0.3) 8 (0.2)
2011 238 (0.5) 226 (0.5) 217 (0.4) 203 (0.5) 35 (0.7) 188 (0.8) 225 (0.3) 36 (0.9) 186 (0.5) 225 (0.3) 39 (0.6) 33 (0.3) 67 (0.3) 34 (0.2) 34 (0.4) 26 (0.3) 8 (0.2)

2013
240 (0.4) 227 (0.5) 218 (0.6) 203 (0.4) 37 (0.6) 187 (0.7) 226 (0.3) 38 (0.7) 184 (0.6) 227 (0.3) 42 (0.7) 32 (0.3) 68 (0.3) 33 (0.2) 35 (0.3) 27 (0.3) 8 (0.2)
2015 241 (0.5) 228 (0.5) 219 (0.6) 205 (0.6) 36 (0.8) 189 (1.1) 226 (0.3) 37 (1.1) 187 (0.7) 228 (0.3) 41 (0.8) 31 (0.4) 69 (0.4) 33 (0.3) 36 (0.4) 27 (0.3) 9 (0.2)
20177 240 (0.6) 228 (0.6) 218 (0.6) 205 (0.5) 35 (0.8) 189 (0.8) 226 (0.3) 37 (0.9) 187 (0.5) 227 (0.3) 40 (0.6) 32 (0.3) 68 (0.3) 31 (0.3) 37 (0.3) 27 (0.3) 9 (0.2)
20197 240 (0.5) 227 (0.4) 217 (0.4) 206 (1.0) 34 (1.1) 191 (0.7) 224 (0.2) 33 (0.7) 184 (0.6) 226 (0.2) 42 (0.7) 34 (0.3) 66 (0.3) 31 (0.3) 35 (0.3) 26 (0.2) 9 (0.1)

Grade 8
                                                                   
19926 --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 31 (1.0) 69 (1.0) 40 (0.7) 29 (1.1) 26 (1.0) 3 (0.3)
19946 --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 30 (0.9) 70 (0.9) 40 (0.7) 30 (0.9) 27 (0.8) 3 (0.3)
1998 273 (1.1) 262 (1.3) 252 (2.1) 240 (1.8) 33 (2.1) 218 (2.5) 264 (0.7) 46 (2.6) 224 (3.7) 266 (0.7) 42 (3.7) 27 (0.8) 73 (0.8) 41 (0.9) 32 (1.1) 30 (0.9) 3 (0.3)
2000 --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
2002 276 (0.6) 264 (0.6) 254 (0.8) 240 (1.1) 36 (1.3) 224 (1.4) 266 (0.4) 42 (1.4) 228 (1.0) 268 (0.4) 39 (1.0) 25 (0.5) 75 (0.5) 43 (0.4) 33 (0.5) 30 (0.5) 3 (0.2)

2003
275 (0.4) 263 (0.4) 253 (0.6) 239 (1.0) 36 (1.1) 222 (1.5) 265 (0.3) 43 (1.5) 225 (0.6) 267 (0.3) 42 (0.6) 26 (0.3) 74 (0.3) 42 (0.2) 32 (0.3) 29 (0.2) 3 (0.1)
2005 274 (0.3) 262 (0.3) 252 (0.4) 240 (0.6) 34 (0.7) 224 (0.9) 264 (0.2) 40 (0.9) 227 (0.5) 266 (0.2) 39 (0.5) 27 (0.2) 73 (0.2) 42 (0.2) 31 (0.2) 28 (0.2) 3 (0.1)
2007 275 (0.4) 263 (0.4) 253 (0.5) 241 (0.7) 34 (0.8) 223 (1.1) 265 (0.2) 42 (1.1) 227 (0.6) 266 (0.2) 39 (0.6) 26 (0.2) 74 (0.2) 43 (0.2) 31 (0.2) 28 (0.2) 3 (0.1)
2009 277 (0.5) 265 (0.4) 256 (0.6) 243 (0.7) 34 (0.8) 219 (1.0) 266 (0.2) 47 (1.0) 230 (0.6) 267 (0.3) 37 (0.7) 25 (0.3) 75 (0.3) 43 (0.4) 32 (0.4) 30 (0.4) 3 (0.1)
2011 279 (0.4) 268 (0.4) 258 (0.5) 247 (0.5) 32 (0.7) 224 (1.0) 267 (0.2) 44 (1.0) 231 (0.5) 269 (0.2) 38 (0.6) 24 (0.3) 76 (0.3) 42 (0.3) 34 (0.3) 30 (0.2) 3 (0.1)

2013
282 (0.5) 270 (0.5) 261 (0.4) 249 (0.5) 33 (0.7) 225 (0.9) 270 (0.2) 45 (1.0) 232 (0.6) 272 (0.2) 39 (0.7) 22 (0.3) 78 (0.3) 42 (0.3) 36 (0.3) 32 (0.3) 4 (0.1)
2015 281 (0.5) 269 (0.5) 261 (0.6) 248 (0.6) 33 (0.8) 223 (0.9) 268 (0.2) 45 (0.9) 230 (0.6) 270 (0.2) 40 (0.6) 24 (0.3) 76 (0.3) 42 (0.3) 34 (0.3) 31 (0.3) 4 (0.1)
20177 281 (0.5) 270 (0.4) 261 (0.5) 250 (0.5) 31 (0.7) 226 (0.8) 269 (0.3) 43 (0.8) 232 (0.6) 271 (0.3) 39 (0.6) 24 (0.3) 76 (0.3) 40 (0.3) 36 (0.3) 32 (0.3) 4 (0.1)
20197 279 (0.5) 268 (0.6) 259 (0.6) 249 (0.9) 30 (1.0) 221 (0.9) 266 (0.3) 45 (0.9) 229 (0.6) 268 (0.3) 39 (0.6) 27 (0.3) 73 (0.3) 39 (0.3) 34 (0.3) 29 (0.3) 4 (0.1)

Grade 12
                                                                   
19926 --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 20 (0.6) 80 (0.6) 39 (0.7) 40 (0.8) 36 (0.8) 4 (0.3)
19946 --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) 25 (0.7) 75 (0.7) 38 (0.7) 36 (1.0) 32 (0.9) 4 (0.5)
1998 296 (0.9) 284 (1.7) 275 (2.0) 272 (3.3) 23 (3.4) 244 (2.6) 291 (0.6) 46 (2.7) 244 (3.2) 292 (0.6) 48 (3.2) 24 (0.7) 76 (0.7) 36 (0.6) 40 (0.7) 35 (0.8) 6 (0.4)
2000 --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
2002 293 (0.9) 282 (1.6) 275 (2.6) 268 (2.4) 25 (2.6) 245 (2.4) 288 (0.7) 43 (2.5) 247 (2.0) 289 (0.7) 42 (2.1) 26 (0.8) 74 (0.8) 38 (0.6) 36 (0.8) 31 (0.8) 5 (0.3)

2003
--- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
2005 292 (1.1) 282 (1.1) 273 (1.8) 266 (2.0) 26 (2.3) 247 (2.4) 288 (0.6) 40 (2.4) 244 (1.8) 289 (0.6) 45 (1.9) 27 (0.8) 73 (0.8) 37 (0.9) 35 (0.7) 31 (0.5) 5 (0.3)
2007 --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
2009 299 (1.1) 286 (0.8) 276 (1.1) 266 (1.0) 33 (1.5) 240 (2.1) 290 (0.7) 50 (2.2) 253 (1.4) 291 (0.7) 38 (1.6) 26 (0.6) 74 (0.6) 36 (0.5) 38 (0.8) 33 (0.7) 5 (0.3)
2011 --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)

2013
302 (1.1) 289 (0.9) 280 (0.9) 268 (1.5) 35 (1.9) 237 (1.9) 290 (0.5) 53 (2.0) 252 (1.4) 292 (0.6) 40 (1.5) 25 (0.6) 75 (0.6) 37 (0.6) 38 (0.7) 32 (0.6) 5 (0.3)
2015 298 (1.5) 289 (1.0) 282 (1.2) 266 (1.7) 32 (2.2) 240 (2.0) 289 (0.5) 49 (2.0) 252 (1.8) 291 (0.5) 39 (1.9) 28 (0.5) 72 (0.5) 35 (0.6) 37 (0.6) 31 (0.6) 6 (0.3)
2017 --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
2019 --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
---Not available.
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 In addition to students with an Individualized Education Program (IEP), also includes students with a 504 plan.
2 Scale ranges from 0 to 500.
3 NAEP Basic denotes partial mastery of the knowledge and skills that are fundamental for proficient work at a given grade.
4 NAEP Proficient represents solid academic performance. Students reaching this level have demonstrated competency over challenging subject matter.
5 NAEP Advanced signifies superior performance.
6 Accommodations were not permitted for this assessment.
7 The nonresponse rate for free or reduced-price lunch was greater than 15 percent but not greater than 50 percent.
NOTE: Includes public, private, Bureau of Indian Education, and Department of Defense Education Activity schools. For 1998 and later years, includes students tested with accommodations (2 to 14 percent of all students, depending on grade level and year); excludes only those students with disabilities and English language learners who were unable to be tested even with accommodations (2 to 6 percent of all students).
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1992, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017, and 2019 Reading Assessments, retrieved October 30, 2019, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared October 2019.)

2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest