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Digest of Education Statistics
2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 221.10. Average National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP) reading scale score, by sex, race/ethnicity, and grade: Selected years, 1992 through 2019
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Grade and
year
All
students
Sex Race/ethnicity
Average reading scale
score
Gap
between
female and
male score
Average reading scale score Gap
between
White and
Black score
Gap between
White and
Hispanic
score
White Black Hispanic Asian/Pacific
Islander
American
Indian/Alaska
Native
Two or more races1
Male Female Total Asian1 Pacific Islander1
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
Grade 4                                                        
19922 217 (0.9) 213 (1.2) 221 (1.0) 8 (1.6) 224 (1.2) 192 (1.7) 197 (2.6) 216 (2.9) --- (†) --- (†) (†) --- (†) 32 (2.1) 27 (2.9)
19942 214 (1.0) 209 (1.3) 220 (1.1) 10 (1.7) 224 (1.3) 185 (1.8) 188 (3.4) 220 (3.8) --- (†) --- (†) 211 (6.6) --- (†) 38 (2.2) 35 (3.6)
1998 215 (1.1) 212 (1.3) 217 (1.3) 5 (1.8) 225 (1.0) 193 (1.9) 193 (3.2) 215 (5.6) --- (†) --- (†) (†) --- (†) 32 (2.2) 32 (3.3)
2000 213 (1.3) 208 (1.3) 219 (1.4) 11 (1.9) 224 (1.1) 190 (1.8) 190 (2.9) 225 (5.2) --- (†) --- (†) 214 (6.0) --- (†) 34 (2.1) 35 (3.1)
2002 219 (0.4) 215 (0.4) 222 (0.5) 6 (0.7) 229 (0.3) 199 (0.5) 201 (1.3) 224 (1.6) --- (†) --- (†) 207 (2.0) --- (†) 30 (0.6) 28 (1.4)

2003
218 (0.3) 215 (0.3) 222 (0.3) 7 (0.5) 229 (0.2) 198 (0.4) 200 (0.6) 226 (1.2) --- (†) --- (†) 202 (1.4) --- (†) 31 (0.5) 28 (0.6)
2005 219 (0.2) 216 (0.2) 222 (0.3) 6 (0.4) 229 (0.2) 200 (0.3) 203 (0.5) 229 (0.7) --- (†) --- (†) 204 (1.3) --- (†) 29 (0.4) 26 (0.5)
2007 221 (0.3) 218 (0.3) 224 (0.3) 7 (0.4) 231 (0.2) 203 (0.4) 205 (0.5) 232 (1.0) --- (†) --- (†) 203 (1.2) --- (†) 27 (0.5) 26 (0.6)
2009 221 (0.3) 218 (0.3) 224 (0.3) 7 (0.4) 230 (0.3) 205 (0.5) 205 (0.5) 235 (1.0) --- (†) --- (†) 204 (1.3) --- (†) 26 (0.6) 25 (0.6)
2011 221 (0.3) 218 (0.3) 225 (0.3) 7 (0.5) 231 (0.2) 205 (0.5) 206 (0.5) 235 (1.2) 236 (1.3) 216 (1.9) 202 (1.3) 227 (1.2) 25 (0.5) 24 (0.6)

2013
222 (0.3) 219 (0.3) 225 (0.3) 7 (0.5) 232 (0.3) 206 (0.5) 207 (0.5) 235 (1.1) 237 (1.1) 212 (2.5) 205 (1.3) 227 (1.0) 26 (0.6) 25 (0.6)
2015 223 (0.4) 219 (0.4) 226 (0.4) 7 (0.6) 232 (0.3) 206 (0.5) 208 (0.8) 239 (1.4) 241 (1.6) 215 (2.9) 205 (1.5) 227 (1.2) 26 (0.6) 24 (0.9)
2017 222 (0.3) 219 (0.3) 225 (0.3) 6 (0.4) 232 (0.3) 206 (0.5) 209 (0.5) 239 (0.9) 241 (1.0) 212 (2.7) 202 (1.8) 227 (0.9) 26 (0.6) 23 (0.5)
2019 220 (0.2) 217 (0.3) 224 (0.2) 7 (0.4) 230 (0.2) 204 (0.5) 209 (0.5) 237 (0.9) 239 (1.0) 212 (2.0) 204 (1.7) 226 (0.8) 27 (0.6) 21 (0.5)

Grade 8
                                                       
19922 260 (0.9) 254 (1.1) 267 (1.0) 13 (1.5) 267 (1.1) 237 (1.7) 241 (1.6) 268 (3.9) --- (†) --- (†) (†) --- (†) 30 (2.0) 26 (2.0)
19942 260 (0.8) 252 (1.0) 267 (1.0) 15 (1.4) 267 (1.0) 236 (1.8) 243 (1.2) 265 (3.0) --- (†) --- (†) 248 (4.7) --- (†) 30 (2.1) 24 (1.5)
1998 263 (0.8) 256 (1.0) 270 (0.8) 14 (1.3) 270 (0.9) 244 (1.2) 243 (1.7) 264 (7.1) --- (†) --- (†) (†) --- (†) 26 (1.5) 27 (1.9)
2000 --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
2002 264 (0.4) 260 (0.5) 269 (0.5) 9 (0.7) 272 (0.4) 245 (0.7) 247 (0.8) 267 (1.7) --- (†) --- (†) 250 (3.5) --- (†) 27 (0.9) 26 (0.9)

2003
263 (0.3) 258 (0.3) 269 (0.3) 11 (0.4) 272 (0.2) 244 (0.5) 245 (0.7) 270 (1.1) --- (†) --- (†) 246 (3.0) --- (†) 28 (0.5) 27 (0.7)
2005 262 (0.2) 257 (0.2) 267 (0.2) 10 (0.3) 271 (0.2) 243 (0.4) 246 (0.4) 271 (0.8) --- (†) --- (†) 249 (1.4) --- (†) 28 (0.5) 25 (0.5)
2007 263 (0.2) 258 (0.3) 268 (0.3) 10 (0.4) 272 (0.2) 245 (0.4) 247 (0.4) 271 (1.1) --- (†) --- (†) 247 (1.2) --- (†) 27 (0.4) 25 (0.5)
2009 264 (0.3) 259 (0.3) 269 (0.3) 9 (0.5) 273 (0.2) 246 (0.4) 249 (0.6) 274 (1.1) --- (†) --- (†) 251 (1.2) --- (†) 26 (0.5) 24 (0.7)
2011 265 (0.2) 261 (0.3) 270 (0.2) 9 (0.4) 274 (0.2) 249 (0.5) 252 (0.5) 275 (1.0) 277 (1.0) 254 (2.2) 252 (1.2) 269 (1.2) 25 (0.5) 22 (0.5)

2013
268 (0.3) 263 (0.3) 273 (0.3) 10 (0.4) 276 (0.3) 250 (0.4) 256 (0.5) 280 (0.9) 282 (0.9) 259 (2.6) 251 (1.0) 271 (0.9) 26 (0.5) 21 (0.5)
2015 265 (0.2) 261 (0.2) 270 (0.3) 10 (0.4) 274 (0.2) 248 (0.5) 253 (0.4) 280 (1.3) 281 (1.3) 255 (2.4) 252 (1.7) 269 (1.1) 26 (0.5) 21 (0.5)
2017 267 (0.3) 262 (0.3) 272 (0.4) 10 (0.5) 275 (0.3) 249 (0.5) 255 (0.5) 282 (1.0) 284 (1.0) 255 (2.5) 253 (1.3) 272 (1.1) 25 (0.6) 19 (0.6)
2019 263 (0.3) 258 (0.3) 269 (0.3) 11 (0.5) 272 (0.3) 244 (0.5) 252 (0.6) 281 (0.9) 284 (0.9) 252 (2.3) 248 (1.6) 267 (0.9) 28 (0.5) 20 (0.6)

Grade 12
                                                       
19922 292 (0.6) 287 (0.7) 297 (0.7) 10 (1.0) 297 (0.6) 273 (1.4) 279 (2.7) 290 (3.2) --- (†) --- (†) (†) --- (†) 24 (1.5) 19 (2.7)
19942 287 (0.7) 280 (0.8) 294 (0.8) 14 (1.2) 293 (0.7) 265 (1.6) 270 (1.7) 278 (2.4) --- (†) --- (†) 274 (5.8) --- (†) 29 (1.8) 23 (1.9)
1998 290 (0.6) 282 (0.8) 298 (0.8) 16 (1.1) 297 (0.7) 269 (1.4) 275 (1.5) 287 (2.7) --- (†) --- (†) (†) --- (†) 27 (1.6) 22 (1.6)
2000 --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
2002 287 (0.7) 279 (0.9) 295 (0.7) 16 (1.1) 292 (0.7) 267 (1.3) 273 (1.5) 286 (2.0) --- (†) --- (†) (†) --- (†) 25 (1.5) 20 (1.6)

2003
--- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
2005 286 (0.6) 279 (0.8) 292 (0.7) 13 (1.1) 293 (0.7) 267 (1.2) 272 (1.2) 287 (1.9) --- (†) --- (†) 279 (6.3) --- (†) 26 (1.4) 21 (1.4)
2007 --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
2009 288 (0.7) 282 (0.7) 294 (0.8) 12 (1.1) 296 (0.6) 269 (1.1) 274 (1.0) 298 (2.4) --- (†) --- (†) 283 (3.7) --- (†) 27 (1.3) 22 (1.2)
2011 --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)

2013
288 (0.6) 284 (0.6) 293 (0.7) 10 (0.9) 297 (0.6) 268 (0.9) 276 (0.9) 296 (1.9) 296 (2.0) 289 (6.0) 277 (3.5) 291 (2.5) 30 (1.0) 22 (1.0)
2015 287 (0.5) 282 (0.6) 292 (0.7) 10 (1.0) 295 (0.7) 266 (1.1) 276 (0.9) 297 (2.1) 297 (2.1) (†) 279 (6.2) 295 (2.9) 30 (1.3) 20 (1.1)
2017 --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
2019 --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
---Not available.
†Not applicable.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Prior to 2011, separate data for Asian students, Pacific Islander students, and students of Two or more races were not collected.
2 Accommodations were not permitted for this assessment.
NOTE: Scale ranges from 0 to 500. Includes public, private, Bureau of Indian Education, and Department of Defense Education Activity schools. For 1998 and later years, includes students tested with accommodations (2 to 14 percent of all students, depending on grade level and year); excludes only those students with disabilities and English language learners who were unable to be tested even with accommodations (2 to 6 percent of all students). Data on race/ethnicity are based on school reports. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 1992, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2003, 2005, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013, 2015, 2017, and 2019 Reading Assessments, retrieved October 30, 2019, from the Main NAEP Data Explorer (https://nces.ed.gov/nationsreportcard/naepdata/). (This table was prepared October 2019.)

2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest