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Digest of Education Statistics
2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 219.90. Number and percentage distribution of 14- through 21-year-old students served under Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA), Part B, who exited school, by exit reason, sex, race/ethnicity, age, and type of disability: 2016-17 and 2017-18
Year, sex, race/ethnicity, age,
and type of disability
Exited school Transferred
to regular
education4
Moved, known
to be
continuing5
Total Graduated
with
regular
diploma
Received
alternative
certifi
cate1
Reached
maximum
age2
Dropped
out3
Died
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
2016-17                
Total number 413,353 293,096 42,857 5,219 70,636 1,545 64,962 157,645
Percentage distribution of total 100.0 70.9 10.4 1.3 17.1 0.4

Number by sex
               
Male 268,210 187,865 27,314 3,433 48,518 1,080 42,570 103,784
Female 145,140 105,229 15,543 1,786 22,117 465 22,392 53,860

Number by race/ethnicity
               
White 203,362 151,159 19,663 2,357 29,433 750 36,414 72,481
Black 86,180 54,857 11,714 984 18,258 367 9,584 40,169
Hispanic 96,796 68,017 9,114 1,448 17,907 310 12,932 34,662
Asian 7,365 5,634 885 252 559 35 1,629 1,724
Pacific Islander 1,736 1,205 110 37 372 12 353 513
American Indian/Alaska Native 6,511 4,449 271 35 1,726 30 1,817 2,381
Two or more races 11,403 7,775 1,100 106 2,381 41 2,233 5,715

Number by age6
               
14 3,468 18 2 3,236 211 16,805 36,133
15 5,989 64 40 5,647 238 15,302 36,814
16 18,179 4,876 455 12,536 312 15,179 36,156
17 172,682 141,114 11,815 1 19,428 324 11,406 27,703
18 149,070 115,314 15,630 1 17,919 206 4,601 14,061
19 34,341 20,738 5,735 10 7,730 128 1,006 4,414
20 16,986 7,563 5,037 1,242 3,062 82 457 1,686
21 12,638 3,409 4,143 3,964 1,078 44 206 678

Number by type of disability
               
Autism 29,295 20,568 5,596 1,083 1,985 63 2,966 7,972
Deaf-blindness 77 42 19 9 4 3 3 34
Emotional disturbance 37,891 22,017 2,355 250 13,128 141 5,844 23,402
Hearing impairment 4,667 3,734 468 52 404 9 733 1,293
Intellectual disability 35,338 15,180 12,446 2,069 5,407 236 1,773 12,313
Multiple disabilities 8,506 3,878 2,684 649 969 326 404 2,671
Orthopedic impairment 2,697 1,730 562 149 198 58 246 528
Other health impairment7 71,481 53,396 4,940 279 12,558 308 11,463 30,029
Specific learning disability 207,649 159,563 12,910 540 34,282 354 31,558 73,438
Speech or language impairment 11,314 9,600 388 30 1,283 13 9,473 4,898
Traumatic brain injury 2,641 1,933 317 74 295 22 282 645
Visual impairment 1,797 1,455 172 35 123 12 217 422

2017-18
               
Total number 414,051 301,035 40,313 4,948 66,301 1,454 60,474 159,665
Percentage distribution of total 100.0 72.7 9.7 1.2 16.0 0.4

Number by sex
               
Male 268,660 192,705 26,156 3,251 45,541 1,007 39,673 104,974
Female 145,385 108,329 14,157 1,697 20,755 447 20,801 54,690

Number by race/ethnicity
               
White 199,998 153,184 17,265 2,265 26,612 672 34,598 71,788
Black 86,203 56,745 10,651 832 17,602 373 8,209 39,870
Hispanic 99,834 70,593 10,245 1,399 17,311 286 12,445 36,992
Asian 7,623 6,017 816 248 508 34 1,565 1,859
Pacific Islander 1,779 1,209 102 43 415 10 432 512
American Indian/Alaska Native 6,229 4,429 225 48 1,493 34 1,088 2,508
Two or more races 12,385 8,858 1,009 113 2,360 45 2,137 6,136

Number by age6
               
14 3,675 3 1 0 3,464 207 15,650 38,731
15 5,749 60 13 0 5,429 247 13,237 36,702
16 16,954 4,862 400 0 11,415 277 13,300 35,511
17 172,234 142,437 11,067 1 18,451 279 11,001 27,120
18 146,347 115,063 14,680 11 16,373 220 5,152 14,039
19 38,517 25,938 5,208 29 7,227 115 1,203 4,895
20 17,980 8,657 5,050 1,301 2,900 72 634 1,909
21 12,595 4,016 3,894 3,606 1,042 37 297 758

Number by type of disability
               
Autism 32,617 23,494 5,837 1,113 2,090 83 3,196 9,385
Deaf-blindness 82 56 14 6 4 2 5 31
Emotional disturbance 36,754 22,204 2,238 246 11,934 132 5,159 22,299
Hearing impairment 4,502 3,753 353 45 340 11 691 1,230
Intellectual disability 35,194 16,760 11,136 1,967 5,141 190 1,600 12,583
Multiple disabilities 8,672 4,041 2,734 562 1,042 293 397 2,816
Orthopedic impairment 2,444 1,637 484 114 159 50 221 528
Other health impairment7 74,103 56,183 4,832 289 12,496 303 11,161 31,832
Specific learning disability 203,805 159,620 11,918 483 31,440 345 28,942 72,981
Speech or language impairment 11,429 9,820 303 30 1,256 20 8,647 4,897
Traumatic brain injury 2,667 1,990 321 66 274 16 256 663
Visual impairment 1,782 1,478 143 27 125 9 199 420
†Not applicable.
1 Received a certificate of completion, modified diploma, or some similar document, but did not meet the same standards for graduation as those for students without disabilities.
2 Each state determines its maximum age to receive special education services. At the time these data were collected, the maximum age across states generally ranged from 20 to 22 years old.
3 "Dropped out" is defined as the total who were enrolled at some point in the reporting year, were not enrolled at the end of the reporting year, and did not exit for any of the other reasons described. Includes students previously categorized as "moved, not known to continue."
4 "Transferred to regular education" was previously labeled "no longer receives special education."
5 "Moved, known to be continuing" is the total number of students who moved out of the administrative area or transferred to another district and are known to be continuing in an educational program.
6 Age data are as of fall of the school year, so some students may have been 1 year older at the time they exited school.
7 Other health impairments include having limited strength, vitality, or alertness due to chronic or acute health problems such as a heart condition, tuberculosis, rheumatic fever, nephritis, asthma, sickle cell anemia, hemophilia, epilepsy, lead poisoning, leukemia, or diabetes.
NOTE: Data are for the 50 states, the District of Columbia, the Bureau of Indian Education, American Samoa, the Federated States of Micronesia, Guam, the Northern Marianas, Puerto Rico, the Republic of Palau, the Republic of the Marshall Islands, and the U.S. Virgin Islands. Includes imputations for missing or unavailable data from Illinois in 2016-17 and Vermont in 2017-18. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of reporting anomalies and rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs, Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) Section 618 Data Products: State Level Data Files. Retrieved February 20, 2020, from http://www2.ed.gov/programs/osepidea/618-data/state-level-data-files/index.html. (This table was prepared February 2020.)

2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest