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Digest of Education Statistics
2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 209.50. Percentage of public school teachers of grades 9 through 12, by field of main teaching assignment and selected demographic and educational characteristics: 2017-18
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected demographic or
educational
characteristic
Total Field of main teaching assignment
Arts and
music
English or
language arts
Foreign
languages
Health and
physical
education
Mathematics
and computer
science
Natural
sciences
Social
sciences
Special
education
Vocational/
technical
All other
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
Number of teachers (in
    thousands)
1,167.3   (23.81) 95.7   (3.67) 169.0   (5.29) 70.1   (3.27) 65.8   (2.74) 167.9   (5.51) 141.5   (4.78) 140.0   (4.52) 134.7   (4.50) 122.4   (4.13) 60.2   (2.71)

    Total
100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†)

Sex
                                                                 
Male 40.0   (0.53) 41.8   (1.88) 23.2   (1.18) 21.8   (1.68) 66.3   (1.94) 40.1   (1.24) 43.6   (1.58) 61.3   (1.54) 25.0   (1.40) 45.1   (1.42) 40.9   (2.44)
Female 60.0   (0.53) 58.2   (1.88) 76.8   (1.18) 78.2   (1.68) 33.7   (1.94) 59.9   (1.24) 56.4   (1.58) 38.7   (1.54) 75.0   (1.40) 54.9   (1.42) 59.1   (2.44)

Race/ethnicity
                                                                 
White 80.5   (0.59) 85.6   (1.23) 81.6   (1.04) 60.0   (2.10) 82.8   (1.54) 80.8   (1.20) 80.9   (1.30) 84.0   (1.09) 83.5   (1.10) 81.6   (1.32) 72.7   (2.00)
Black 6.2   (0.30) 4.4   (0.76) 6.9   (0.67) 2.5   (0.64) 7.6   (1.07) 6.2   (0.68) 5.5   (0.64) 4.7   (0.58) 6.6   (0.65) 9.0   (0.96) 8.5   (1.24)
Hispanic 8.1   (0.39) 5.0   (0.64) 7.1   (0.65) 29.7   (2.10) 6.5   (0.93) 7.2   (0.74) 6.9   (0.83) 6.9   (0.78) 5.6   (0.67) 5.9   (0.79) 11.6   (1.42)
Asian 2.3   (0.16) 1.9   (0.57) 1.7   (0.28) 5.8   (1.08) 0.9   (0.27) 3.3   (0.44) 3.3   (0.52) 1.2   (0.32) 1.4   (0.30) 1.1   (0.33) 2.5 ! (0.76)
Pacific Islander 0.3   (0.05)   (†) 0.1 ! (0.04)   (†)   (†) 0.2 ! (0.09)   (†) 0.3 ! (0.12) 0.4 ! (0.17)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska
    Native
0.5   (0.06) 0.4 ! (0.14) 0.2 ! (0.08)   (†)   (†) 0.4 ! (0.16) 0.5 ! (0.20) 0.9 ! (0.32) 0.6   (0.16) 0.4 ! (0.14) 0.7   (0.21)
Two or more races 2.1   (0.16) 2.5   (0.56) 2.4   (0.47) 1.4 ! (0.48) 1.6 ! (0.49) 1.9   (0.40) 2.5   (0.39) 2.0   (0.37) 1.9   (0.36) 1.7   (0.39) 3.2   (0.85)

Age
                                                                 
Under 30 13.4   (0.35) 15.8   (1.25) 15.1   (0.94) 13.4   (2.14) 11.8   (1.20) 16.8   (1.02) 13.5   (1.03) 14.2   (1.01) 11.7   (1.12) 9.6   (0.89) 7.0   (1.05)
30 to 39 28.0   (0.42) 27.0   (1.66) 28.6   (1.13) 28.7   (1.95) 30.9   (1.69) 29.2   (1.35) 28.7   (1.38) 30.9   (1.39) 26.7   (1.36) 22.7   (1.21) 25.0   (2.28)
40 to 49 28.0   (0.48) 26.4   (1.74) 28.0   (1.16) 28.9   (1.99) 29.6   (1.79) 26.1   (1.20) 28.6   (1.40) 30.0   (1.28) 29.0   (1.41) 25.5   (1.31) 29.9   (2.22)
50 to 59 21.7   (0.46) 22.1   (1.56) 19.2   (1.08) 22.2   (1.81) 21.2   (1.57) 20.8   (1.17) 20.9   (1.18) 17.1   (1.14) 23.1   (1.29) 29.0   (1.44) 25.0   (1.94)
60 and over 8.9   (0.32) 8.7   (0.98) 9.1   (0.75) 6.9   (0.96) 6.6   (1.12) 7.0   (0.70) 8.3   (0.82) 7.8   (0.69) 9.6   (0.90) 13.2   (1.00) 13.0   (1.56)

Age at which first began
    to teach full time or
    part time
                                                                 
25 or under 49.5   (0.63) 57.2   (1.81) 52.6   (1.40) 52.4   (2.22) 54.4   (2.10) 59.6   (1.39) 45.9   (1.61) 49.8   (1.39) 44.6   (1.39) 35.1   (1.49) 39.9   (2.16)
26 to 35 33.4   (0.52) 30.5   (1.65) 32.7   (1.32) 31.6   (1.98) 38.3   (2.04) 26.8   (1.22) 35.6   (1.41) 38.0   (1.39) 36.1   (1.32) 32.3   (1.36) 34.7   (2.09)
36 to 45 12.0   (0.33) 8.6   (0.94) 10.7   (0.78) 11.7   (1.60) 6.0   (0.81) 10.4   (0.76) 12.7   (1.04) 9.3   (0.80) 12.6   (0.94) 21.1   (1.33) 16.4   (1.61)
46 to 55 4.5   (0.22) 3.3   (0.66) 3.6   (0.51) 4.1   (0.71) 1.3   (0.34) 2.7   (0.38) 5.3   (0.61) 2.6   (0.49) 6.0   (0.76) 9.2   (0.87) 7.7   (1.15)
56 or over 0.6   (0.07) 0.3 ! (0.13) 0.4 ! (0.12)   (†)   (†) 0.5 ! (0.16) 0.5 ! (0.20) 0.3 ! (0.12) 0.6 ! (0.20) 2.4   (0.43) 1.3 ! (0.40)

Years of full-time and
    part-time teaching
    experience
                                                                 
Less than 3 8.4   (0.27) 8.6   (0.96) 7.9   (0.68) 9.3   (1.70) 6.6   (0.94) 8.4   (0.74) 9.3   (0.86) 7.4   (0.71) 8.1   (0.85) 10.1   (0.82) 7.8   (0.99)
3 to 9 27.4   (0.49) 27.4   (1.54) 27.4   (1.24) 26.5   (1.85) 22.0   (1.39) 27.8   (1.17) 28.5   (1.38) 26.5   (1.32) 29.6   (1.35) 27.8   (1.45) 26.2   (2.01)
10 to 20 40.6   (0.50) 37.0   (1.69) 41.4   (1.35) 42.5   (2.18) 41.6   (1.98) 39.7   (1.30) 42.1   (1.49) 42.9   (1.49) 38.3   (1.58) 40.6   (1.49) 40.4   (2.39)
Over 20 23.6   (0.51) 27.0   (1.67) 23.4   (1.10) 21.8   (1.71) 29.8   (1.63) 24.1   (1.22) 20.2   (1.14) 23.1   (1.27) 23.9   (1.70) 21.5   (1.28) 25.6   (1.97)

Highest degree earned
                                                                 
Less than bachelor's
    degree
4.0   (0.22) 2.9   (0.63) 1.7   (0.37) 0.9   (0.28) 2.9   (0.60) 2.6   (0.44) 3.2   (0.55) 2.3   (0.37) 3.1   (0.59) 16.0   (1.25) 4.4   (0.82)
Bachelor's degree 34.8   (0.65) 44.5   (1.84) 32.4   (1.35) 32.4   (2.02) 44.0   (2.06) 35.4   (1.39) 30.0   (1.53) 34.8   (1.59) 29.4   (1.36) 37.9   (1.69) 34.2   (2.28)
Master's degree 52.0   (0.62) 45.0   (1.87) 56.0   (1.37) 56.1   (2.11) 49.2   (2.09) 55.6   (1.44) 57.8   (1.62) 53.4   (1.65) 50.8   (1.55) 39.1   (1.45) 51.2   (2.31)
Education specialist1 7.6   (0.29) 6.2   (0.84) 8.3   (0.88) 7.3   (1.09) 3.4   (0.56) 5.3   (0.56) 6.2   (0.75) 7.5   (0.83) 15.7   (1.27) 5.3   (0.69) 9.2   (1.45)
Doctor's degree 1.7   (0.13) 1.3   (0.33) 1.6   (0.33) 3.3   (0.77) 0.6 ! (0.23) 1.2   (0.24) 2.8   (0.38) 2.0   (0.47) 0.9   (0.26) 1.6   (0.35) 1.1 ! (0.44)

Major field of study in
    bachelor's or higher
    degree2
                                                                 
Arts and music 9.0   (0.29) 87.9   (1.20) 3.1   (0.45) 3.7   (0.74) 1.5 ! (0.47) 1.1   (0.21) 1.4   (0.38) 1.0   (0.27) 2.4   (0.47) 2.3   (0.50) 2.2   (0.49)
Education, elementary
    instruction
6.2   (0.24) 3.2   (0.64) 4.9   (0.54) 3.5   (0.62) 2.8   (0.79) 4.8   (0.54) 1.7   (0.30) 1.7   (0.32) 23.0   (1.43) 3.4   (0.48) 15.3   (1.27)
Education, secondary
    instruction
24.4   (0.52) 11.8   (1.31) 33.7   (1.66) 24.2   (1.89) 10.1   (1.22) 32.4   (1.25) 37.3   (1.42) 36.1   (1.42) 7.7   (0.77) 12.1   (0.98) 17.5   (1.67)
Education, special
    education
11.7   (0.33) 2.3   (0.59) 5.9   (0.56) 2.9   (0.66) 2.6   (0.49) 4.6   (0.65) 2.8   (0.52) 4.1   (0.68) 71.3   (1.31) 2.4   (0.43) 7.2   (1.13)
Education, other 17.3   (0.46) 11.3   (1.03) 18.8   (1.17) 19.6   (1.65) 18.1   (1.50) 18.1   (1.10) 14.8   (1.13) 20.7   (1.21) 17.9   (1.64) 15.5   (1.05) 17.6   (1.60)
English and language
    arts
16.4   (0.40) 5.2   (1.02) 75.9   (1.19) 14.4   (1.48) 3.4   (0.96) 2.4   (0.40) 1.2   (0.32) 4.6   (0.59) 12.1   (1.12) 3.9   (0.56) 21.7   (2.04)
Foreign languages 5.7   (0.26) 0.5 ! (0.19) 1.7   (0.31) 71.5   (1.89) 0.6 ! (0.23) 1.0   (0.26) 0.5 ! (0.15) 2.2 ! (0.80) 0.6   (0.18) 0.4 ! (0.16) 9.4   (1.59)
Health and physical
    education
7.9   (0.26) 1.4 ! (0.45) 1.3   (0.27) 2.1   (0.57) 80.0   (1.53) 2.0   (0.29) 3.8   (0.53) 4.3   (0.60) 7.1   (0.95) 4.1   (0.57) 8.9   (1.13)
Mathematics and
    computer science
10.4   (0.31)   (†)   (†) 2.1 ! (0.78) 0.8 ! (0.26) 62.0   (1.30) 3.1   (0.62) 0.6 ! (0.23) 2.1   (0.51) 3.2   (0.47) 4.6   (0.99)
Natural sciences 12.5   (0.33) 0.5 ! (0.19) 0.2 ! (0.08) 2.6   (0.60) 3.6   (0.92) 8.7   (0.74) 79.4   (1.20) 0.8   (0.24) 1.7   (0.36) 5.4   (0.70) 5.6   (0.99)
Social sciences 19.1   (0.43) 2.2   (0.46) 13.0   (1.02) 16.4   (1.56) 8.1   (1.23) 9.9   (0.83) 6.4   (0.67) 80.1   (1.19) 19.1   (1.27) 6.9   (0.82) 16.2   (1.60)
Vocational/technical
    education
12.0   (0.33) 4.0   (0.88) 3.9   (0.48) 6.3   (0.99) 4.2   (0.67) 10.4   (0.80) 6.6   (0.69) 4.6   (0.70) 7.1   (0.73) 59.2   (1.50) 12.7   (1.67)
Other field 13.6   (0.35) 7.6   (0.91) 14.2   (1.09) 17.6   (1.61) 13.7   (1.49) 12.4   (0.98) 9.4   (0.87) 10.8   (0.98) 15.3   (1.09) 12.3   (0.88) 34.3   (2.19)
No degree 4.0   (0.22) 2.9   (0.63) 1.7   (0.37) 0.9   (0.28) 2.9   (0.60) 2.6   (0.44) 3.2   (0.55) 2.3   (0.37) 3.1   (0.59) 16.0   (1.25) 4.4   (0.82)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Education specialist degrees or certificates are generally awarded for 1 year's work beyond the master's level. Includes certificates of advanced graduate studies.
2 Data may sum to more than 100 percent because (1) a teacher who reported more than one major is represented in more than one field of study and (2) a teacher with multiple degrees in different fields of study is represented in more than one field of study.
NOTE: Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, National Teacher and Principal Survey (NTPS), "Public School Teacher Data File," 2017-18. (This table was prepared February 2020.)

2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest