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Digest of Education Statistics
2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 104.70. Number and percentage distribution of children under age 18, by parents' highest level of educational attainment, child's age group and race/ethnicity, and household type: 2010 and 2018
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Year, age group, race/ethnicity,
and household type
Total, all children under age
18 who resided with at least
one parent1
Highest level of education attained by any parent residing with child1
Total, all
levels
Less than
high school
completion
High school
completion2
Some college,
no degree
Associate's
degree
Bachelor's or higher degree
Number (in
thousands)
Percentage
distribution
Total Bachelor's
degree
Master's
degree
Doctor's
degree3
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
2010                                                                  
Total 70,581   (40.7) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 11.6   (0.09) 20.4   (0.10) 22.9   (0.10) 9.7   (0.06) 35.3   (0.13) 20.4   (0.08) 10.2   (0.07) 4.8   (0.04)

Age group
                                                                 
4 years old and under 19,360   (19.8) 27.4   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 12.8   (0.12) 20.6   (0.14) 22.8   (0.14) 8.5   (0.09) 35.3   (0.19) 19.9   (0.13) 10.5   (0.11) 4.9   (0.07)
5 to 17 years old 51,221   (32.7) 72.6   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 11.2   (0.10) 20.3   (0.12) 23.0   (0.12) 10.2   (0.07) 35.3   (0.13) 20.6   (0.09) 10.1   (0.07) 4.7   (0.05)

Race/ethnicity
                                                                 
White 38,158   (19.3) 54.1   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 4.2   (0.07) 17.1   (0.13) 22.1   (0.13) 11.1   (0.08) 45.5   (0.17) 26.0   (0.11) 13.3   (0.10) 6.1   (0.07)
Black 9,540   (28.6) 13.5   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 12.4   (0.23) 27.0   (0.33) 31.2   (0.31) 9.6   (0.17) 19.8   (0.25) 12.4   (0.20) 5.7   (0.14) 1.7   (0.07)
Hispanic 16,302   (21.2) 23.1   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 30.0   (0.28) 26.1   (0.24) 21.4   (0.20) 6.9   (0.12) 15.6   (0.19) 10.2   (0.14) 3.7   (0.08) 1.7   (0.05)
Asian 3,078   (13.5) 4.4   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 8.4   (0.27) 11.9   (0.36) 11.0   (0.27) 6.6   (0.24) 62.2   (0.51) 29.9   (0.48) 19.8   (0.31) 12.6   (0.28)
Pacific Islander 118   (3.5) 0.2   (0.00) 100.0   (†) 5.9   (1.25) 31.9   (2.68) 33.8   (2.95) 12.0   (1.71) 16.4   (1.73) 12.7   (1.63) 2.1   (0.53) 1.6 ! (0.50)
American Indian/Alaska Native 519   (7.9) 0.7   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 13.3   (0.95) 27.2   (0.96) 32.3   (1.14) 9.8   (0.72) 17.4   (0.76) 11.9   (0.67) 4.1   (0.39) 1.4   (0.23)
Some other race4 173   (7.0) 0.2   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 12.1   (1.70) 20.8   (1.69) 20.2   (1.24) 7.9   (0.97) 39.1   (2.20) 18.3   (1.72) 12.9   (1.45) 7.9   (0.89)
Two or more races 2,693   (25.5) 3.8   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 6.1   (0.23) 17.4   (0.33) 26.6   (0.44) 11.2   (0.31) 38.7   (0.42) 21.7   (0.45) 10.9   (0.31) 6.1   (0.24)

Household type, by race/ethnicity
                                                                 

Two-parent household
46,327   (79.6) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 7.1   (0.08) 15.5   (0.11) 20.3   (0.11) 10.5   (0.07) 46.6   (0.16) 26.0   (0.11) 13.9   (0.09) 6.7   (0.06)
White 28,826   (58.4) 62.2   (0.09) 100.0   (†) 1.9   (0.06) 12.9   (0.12) 19.8   (0.14) 11.5   (0.10) 53.9   (0.18) 30.1   (0.13) 16.2   (0.11) 7.6   (0.09)
Black 3,197   (24.6) 6.9   (0.05) 100.0   (†) 2.8   (0.20) 17.5   (0.44) 28.5   (0.52) 12.4   (0.32) 38.8   (0.50) 22.4   (0.42) 12.2   (0.35) 4.2   (0.18)
Hispanic 9,680   (47.9) 20.9   (0.09) 100.0   (†) 25.0   (0.28) 24.6   (0.29) 21.4   (0.27) 7.9   (0.16) 21.1   (0.26) 13.4   (0.18) 5.2   (0.12) 2.5   (0.07)
Asian 2,617   (16.4) 5.7   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 6.7   (0.28) 10.2   (0.39) 9.7   (0.27) 6.3   (0.26) 67.1   (0.54) 31.2   (0.54) 21.9   (0.36) 14.0   (0.31)
Pacific Islander 79   (3.8) 0.2   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 2.9 ! (1.20) 30.6   (3.39) 31.7   (3.34) 13.5   (2.25) 21.3   (2.56) 16.7   (2.44) 2.6   (0.72) 2.0 ! (0.65)
American Indian/Alaska Native 244   (7.3) 0.5   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 3.9   (0.61) 20.4   (1.24) 35.3   (1.55) 13.8   (1.14) 26.6   (1.42) 17.3   (1.25) 7.0   (0.82) 2.3   (0.40)
Some other race4 112   (5.5) 0.2   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 6.2   (1.46) 16.8   (2.01) 16.5   (1.55) 7.4   (1.19) 53.1   (2.62) 23.4   (2.25) 18.4   (2.15) 11.3   (1.31)
Two or more races 1,571   (18.8) 3.4   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 1.6   (0.18) 10.6   (0.37) 21.3   (0.49) 11.8   (0.44) 54.7   (0.69) 29.1   (0.65) 16.1   (0.46) 9.5   (0.38)

Single-parent household
24,254   (90.2) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 20.3   (0.18) 29.8   (0.19) 27.9   (0.19) 8.2   (0.10) 13.7   (0.13) 9.6   (0.12) 3.1   (0.06) 1.1   (0.03)
White 9,332   (56.0) 38.5   (0.15) 100.0   (†) 11.3   (0.19) 30.1   (0.26) 29.2   (0.27) 10.0   (0.18) 19.4   (0.22) 13.2   (0.19) 4.5   (0.12) 1.6   (0.06)
Black 6,343   (34.8) 26.2   (0.14) 100.0   (†) 17.2   (0.31) 31.8   (0.39) 32.6   (0.36) 8.2   (0.20) 10.2   (0.23) 7.4   (0.20) 2.4   (0.11) 0.5   (0.05)
Hispanic 6,622   (46.0) 27.3   (0.16) 100.0   (†) 37.4   (0.43) 28.2   (0.34) 21.3   (0.26) 5.5   (0.15) 7.6   (0.19) 5.5   (0.18) 1.4   (0.08) 0.6   (0.05)
Asian 460   (10.6) 1.9   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 18.5   (1.01) 21.5   (0.86) 18.0   (0.94) 8.0   (0.64) 33.9   (1.07) 22.2   (0.94) 7.5   (0.58) 4.3   (0.37)
Pacific Islander 39   (3.0) 0.2   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 12.0   (2.67) 34.6   (4.54) 37.9   (5.03) 9.1   (2.47) 6.4   (1.59) 4.6 ! (1.43)   (†)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 275   (7.5) 1.1   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 21.8   (1.64) 33.1   (1.50) 29.6   (1.47) 6.3   (0.79) 9.2   (0.81) 7.1   (0.77) 1.5   (0.33) 0.6 ! (0.18)
Some other race4 61   (4.4) 0.3   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 22.9   (2.99) 28.1   (2.91) 27.0   (2.50) 8.7   (1.69) 13.3   (1.97) 8.9   (1.60) 2.8   (0.70)   (†)
Two or more races 1,122   (19.8) 4.6   (0.08) 100.0   (†) 12.5   (0.50) 27.0   (0.69) 34.0   (0.72) 10.3   (0.43) 16.3   (0.57) 11.4   (0.48) 3.7   (0.28) 1.2   (0.18)

2018
                                                                 
Total 69,485   (45.3) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 9.4   (0.09) 18.8   (0.11) 19.9   (0.09) 10.1   (0.07) 41.8   (0.16) 22.1   (0.10) 13.7   (0.09) 5.9   (0.05)

Age group
                                                                 
4 years old and under 18,801   (23.9) 27.1   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 8.5   (0.13) 19.5   (0.18) 20.3   (0.15) 9.3   (0.12) 42.4   (0.22) 22.4   (0.16) 13.8   (0.12) 6.1   (0.08)
5 to 17 years old 50,684   (37.9) 72.9   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 9.7   (0.10) 18.6   (0.12) 19.8   (0.10) 10.4   (0.08) 41.5   (0.16) 22.0   (0.11) 13.7   (0.10) 5.8   (0.06)

Race/ethnicity
                                                                 
White 35,143   (19.8) 50.6   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 3.4   (0.07) 14.2   (0.11) 18.1   (0.13) 11.2   (0.10) 53.1   (0.19) 27.7   (0.13) 17.7   (0.12) 7.7   (0.08)
Black 8,976   (37.8) 12.9   (0.05) 100.0   (†) 9.2   (0.23) 25.3   (0.30) 27.9   (0.29) 10.8   (0.25) 26.9   (0.32) 15.1   (0.27) 9.2   (0.19) 2.5   (0.10)
Hispanic 17,689   (20.1) 25.5   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 22.7   (0.23) 27.0   (0.25) 20.8   (0.19) 8.3   (0.14) 21.1   (0.20) 13.2   (0.16) 5.7   (0.11) 2.2   (0.05)
Asian 3,374   (17.3) 4.9   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 6.2   (0.20) 9.8   (0.28) 9.1   (0.25) 6.1   (0.24) 68.9   (0.43) 28.6   (0.37) 26.1   (0.35) 14.2   (0.32)
Pacific Islander 113   (5.1) 0.2   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 9.6   (1.70) 26.6   (2.50) 31.7   (2.81) 8.7   (1.44) 23.4   (2.62) 16.9   (2.07) 5.3   (1.22) 1.2 ! (0.54)
American Indian/Alaska Native 477   (7.3) 0.7   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 11.2   (0.80) 27.2   (0.94) 30.2   (1.02) 11.9   (0.71) 19.4   (0.80) 11.5   (0.70) 5.9   (0.54) 1.9   (0.31)
Some other race4 250   (11.2) 0.4   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 11.7   (1.22) 19.7   (1.51) 19.8   (1.53) 7.7   (0.88) 41.2   (1.79) 18.3   (1.22) 14.3   (1.09) 8.7   (0.87)
Two or more races 3,463   (28.7) 5.0   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 4.5   (0.22) 14.9   (0.42) 21.9   (0.36) 10.5   (0.31) 48.2   (0.51) 24.1   (0.44) 15.8   (0.34) 8.4   (0.24)

Household type, by race/ethnicity
                                                                 

Two-parent household
45,638   (77.4) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 5.7   (0.08) 13.2   (0.11) 16.6   (0.10) 10.4   (0.08) 54.1   (0.17) 27.4   (0.12) 18.4   (0.11) 8.3   (0.07)
White 26,668   (55.6) 58.4   (0.08) 100.0   (†) 1.7   (0.06) 9.6   (0.12) 15.5   (0.13) 11.2   (0.12) 62.0   (0.20) 31.4   (0.14) 21.2   (0.14) 9.4   (0.10)
Black 3,131   (35.6) 6.9   (0.08) 100.0   (†) 2.4   (0.21) 14.2   (0.44) 23.1   (0.50) 12.1   (0.44) 48.3   (0.58) 24.6   (0.54) 17.8   (0.47) 5.9   (0.28)
Hispanic 10,405   (38.6) 22.8   (0.07) 100.0   (†) 18.1   (0.28) 24.5   (0.34) 19.8   (0.27) 9.1   (0.19) 28.5   (0.26) 17.1   (0.23) 8.1   (0.16) 3.3   (0.08)
Asian 2,900   (18.6) 6.4   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 4.9   (0.21) 8.0   (0.28) 7.5   (0.24) 5.6   (0.25) 74.1   (0.47) 29.7   (0.43) 28.7   (0.39) 15.7   (0.35)
Pacific Islander 74   (4.4) 0.2   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 4.6   (1.24) 20.9   (2.82) 35.0   (3.05) 10.0   (2.07) 29.4   (3.38) 21.7   (2.68) 6.1   (1.57) 1.7 ! (0.80)
American Indian/Alaska Native 214   (6.4) 0.5   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 4.1   (0.63) 20.3   (1.46) 29.8   (1.58) 15.0   (1.20) 30.8   (1.48) 17.6   (1.29) 9.3   (1.01) 3.8   (0.62)
Some other race4 148   (8.3) 0.3   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 6.6   (1.15) 14.0   (1.99) 14.8   (1.47) 6.8   (1.07) 57.7   (2.15) 24.0   (1.59) 20.5   (1.60) 13.2   (1.48)
Two or more races 2,099   (22.7) 4.6   (0.05) 100.0   (†) 1.0   (0.12) 7.5   (0.31) 16.1   (0.46) 9.9   (0.35) 65.5   (0.65) 30.2   (0.59) 22.6   (0.48) 12.7   (0.35)

Single-parent household
23,846   (89.8) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 16.4   (0.18) 29.6   (0.20) 26.2   (0.19) 9.7   (0.12) 18.1   (0.15) 11.9   (0.11) 4.8   (0.09) 1.4   (0.04)
White 8,474   (53.0) 35.5   (0.15) 100.0   (†) 8.9   (0.19) 28.5   (0.29) 26.3   (0.25) 11.4   (0.19) 24.9   (0.27) 16.2   (0.19) 6.6   (0.16) 2.2   (0.08)
Black 5,845   (40.0) 24.5   (0.15) 100.0   (†) 12.8   (0.34) 31.2   (0.45) 30.5   (0.41) 10.1   (0.29) 15.4   (0.34) 10.1   (0.27) 4.6   (0.18) 0.7   (0.06)
Hispanic 7,284   (41.3) 30.5   (0.15) 100.0   (†) 29.3   (0.38) 30.7   (0.35) 22.2   (0.31) 7.2   (0.20) 10.6   (0.21) 7.6   (0.17) 2.3   (0.11) 0.7   (0.05)
Asian 474   (10.5) 2.0   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 13.9   (0.98) 20.9   (0.90) 18.7   (1.06) 9.3   (0.67) 37.2   (1.05) 22.1   (0.89) 10.2   (0.62) 4.8   (0.42)
Pacific Islander 39   (3.0) 0.2   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 18.9   (4.01) 37.4   (4.40) 25.5   (4.58) 6.3 ! (1.91) 11.8   (3.07) 7.9 ! (2.58) 3.7 ! (1.69)   (†)
American Indian/Alaska Native 264   (6.6) 1.1   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 17.0   (1.26) 32.8   (1.36) 30.6   (1.47) 9.4   (1.07) 10.2   (0.94) 6.6   (0.77) 3.2   (0.54)   (†)
Some other race4 102   (6.4) 0.4   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 19.0   (2.21) 27.9   (2.72) 26.9   (2.80) 8.9   (1.53) 17.2   (1.94) 9.9   (1.67) 5.2   (1.01) 2.1 ! (0.62)
Two or more races 1,364   (23.1) 5.7   (0.10) 100.0   (†) 9.8   (0.52) 26.3   (0.76) 30.9   (0.74) 11.3   (0.51) 21.7   (0.57) 14.6   (0.50) 5.2   (0.29) 1.9   (0.20)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Parents include adoptive and stepparents, but exclude parents not residing in the same household as their children.
2 Includes parents who completed high school through equivalency programs, such as a GED program.
3 Includes parents with professional degrees.
4 Respondents who wrote in some other race that was not included as an option on the questionnaire.
NOTE: Table includes only children under age 18 who resided with at least one of their parents (including an adoptive or stepparent). Children in single-parent households resided with only one parent, while those in two-parent households resided with two parents. Data are based on sample surveys of the entire population residing within the United States. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS), 2010 and 2018. (This table was prepared November 2019.)

2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest