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Digest of Education Statistics
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Table 102.50. Poverty status of all persons, persons in families, and related children under age 18, by race/ethnicity: Selected years, 1960 through 2018
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Race/
ethnicity
and year
Number below the poverty level (in thousands) Percent below the poverty level
All persons In all families1 In families with female
householder, no spouse present
All persons In all families1 In families with female householder,
   no spouse present
Total Householder2 Related children
under 183
Total Related children
under 183
Total House-
holder2
Related
children
under 183
Total Related
children
under 183
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Total4                                                
1960 39,851 (644.0) 34,925 (493.6) 8,243 (177.2) 17,288 (290.6) 7,247 (163.6) 4,095 (116.6) 22.2 (0.34) 20.7 (0.17) 18.1 (0.30) 26.5 (0.29) 48.9 (0.69) 68.4 (1.01)
1965 33,185 (595.4) 28,358 (419.2) 6,721 (156.2) 14,388 (255.6) 7,524 (167.4) 4,562 (124.1) 17.3 (0.30) 15.8 (0.14) 13.9 (0.26) 20.7 (0.26) 46.0 (0.66) 64.2 (0.96)
1970 25,420 (431.8) 20,330 (266.6) 5,260 (110.1) 10,235 (166.2) 7,503 (136.5) 4,689 (102.9) 12.6 (0.21) 10.9 (0.10) 10.1 (0.18) 14.9 (0.19) 38.1 (0.48) 53.0 (0.73)
1975 25,877 (435.2) 20,789 (271.0) 5,450 (112.4) 10,882 (173.0) 8,846 (151.3) 5,597 (114.2) 12.3 (0.20) 10.9 (0.10) 9.7 (0.17) 16.8 (0.20) 37.5 (0.43) 52.7 (0.67)
1980 29,272 (460.0) 22,601 (288.2) 6,217 (121.7) 11,114 (175.4) 10,120 (165.0) 5,866 (117.5) 13.0 (0.20) 11.5 (0.10) 10.3 (0.17) 17.9 (0.21) 36.7 (0.40) 50.8 (0.64)
1985 33,064 (513.3) 25,729 (336.0) 7,223 (141.0) 12,483 (200.4) 11,600 (190.8) 6,716 (134.8) 14.0 (0.21) 12.6 (0.11) 11.4 (0.18) 20.1 (0.23) 37.6 (0.40) 53.6 (0.65)
1990 33,585 (534.4) 25,232 (342.9) 7,098 (144.4) 12,715 (210.0) 12,578 (208.5) 7,363 (147.7) 13.5 (0.21) 12.0 (0.11) 10.7 (0.18) 19.9 (0.24) 37.2 (0.40) 53.4 (0.64)
1995 36,425 (553.5) 27,501 (366.1) 7,532 (149.8) 13,998 (224.2) 14,205 (226.5) 8,362 (159.9) 13.8 (0.21) 12.3 (0.10) 10.8 (0.18) 20.2 (0.23) 36.5 (0.37) 50.3 (0.58)
2000 31,581 (538.4) 22,347 (324.8) 6,400 (140.7) 11,005 (198.1) 10,926 (197.1) 6,300 (139.4) 11.3 (0.19) 9.6 (0.10) 8.7 (0.16) 15.6 (0.21) 28.5 (0.36) 40.1 (0.61)

2005
36,950 (466.0) 26,068 (410.7) 7,657 (124.4) 12,335 (215.9) 13,153 (303.2) 7,210 (178.4) 12.6 (0.16) 10.8 (0.17) 9.9 (0.15) 17.1 (0.30) 31.1 (0.62) 42.8 (0.86)
2006 36,460 (421.7) 25,915 (378.2) 7,668 (113.2) 12,299 (205.6) 13,199 (290.2) 7,341 (170.5) 12.3 (0.14) 10.6 (0.15) 9.8 (0.14) 16.9 (0.28) 30.5 (0.53) 42.1 (0.70)
2007 37,276 (511.9) 26,509 (441.4) 7,623 (136.3) 12,802 (241.1) 13,478 (317.4) 7,546 (193.5) 12.5 (0.17) 10.8 (0.18) 9.8 (0.17) 17.6 (0.33) 30.7 (0.61) 43.0 (0.87)
2008 39,829 (479.0) 28,564 (422.6) 8,147 (127.9) 13,507 (224.3) 13,812 (291.9) 7,587 (180.9) 13.2 (0.16) 11.5 (0.17) 10.3 (0.16) 18.5 (0.31) 31.4 (0.58) 43.5 (0.81)

2009
43,569 (487.0) 31,197 (439.7) 8,792 (131.7) 14,774 (233.1) 14,746 (307.2) 7,942 (178.2) 14.3 (0.16) 12.5 (0.18) 11.1 (0.16) 20.1 (0.32) 32.5 (0.61) 44.4 (0.80)
2010 46,180 (511.9) 33,007 (442.0) 9,221 (130.6) 15,730 (223.9) 15,895 (290.2) 8,648 (174.9) 15.1 (0.17) 13.2 (0.18) 11.7 (0.16) 21.5 (0.31) 34.2 (0.55) 46.9 (0.71)
2011 46,247 (462.7) 33,126 (442.9) 9,497 (132.7) 15,539 (229.0) 16,451 (326.0) 9,026 (196.8) 15.0 (0.15) 13.1 (0.18) 11.8 (0.16) 21.4 (0.32) 34.2 (0.59) 47.6 (0.80)
2012 46,496 (546.4) 33,198 (500.1) 9,520 (140.0) 15,435 (262.1) 15,957 (384.6) 8,664 (224.6) 15.0 (0.18) 13.1 (0.20) 11.8 (0.17) 21.3 (0.36) 33.9 (0.65) 47.2 (0.87)
2013 45,318 (616.6) 31,530 (513.4) 9,130 (150.1) 14,142 (270.3) 15,606 (375.3) 8,305 (217.6) 14.5 (0.20) 12.4 (0.21) 11.2 (0.18) 19.5 (0.37) 33.2 (0.71) 45.8 (0.89)

2014
46,657 (521.0) 32,615 (450.3) 9,467 (138.4) 14,987 (245.2) 15,905 (339.7) 8,491 (201.3) 14.8 (0.17) 12.7 (0.18) 11.6 (0.17) 20.7 (0.34) 33.1 (0.57) 46.5 (0.77)
2015 43,123 (563.2) 29,893 (513.3) 8,589 (147.6) 13,962 (268.3) 14,719 (335.7) 7,854 (197.4) 13.5 (0.18) 11.6 (0.20) 10.4 (0.17) 19.2 (0.37) 30.4 (0.61) 42.6 (0.82)
2016 40,616 (449.1) 27,762 (397.8) 8,081 (120.9) 12,803 (225.0) 13,914 (318.4) 7,613 (194.9) 12.7 (0.14) 10.7 (0.15) 9.8 (0.14) 17.6 (0.30) 28.8 (0.58) 42.1 (0.86)
2017 39,698 (556.4) 26,766 (467.3) 7,758 (135.6) 12,437 (252.0) 13,378 (301.6) 7,242 (193.7) 12.3 (0.17) 10.3 (0.18) 9.3 (0.16) 17.1 (0.35) 27.9 (0.52) 40.8 (0.83)
2018 38,146 (480.7) 25,489 (424.7) 7,504 (126.5) 11,491 (249.1) 12,491 (315.7) 6,664 (191.7) 11.8 (0.15) 9.7 (0.16) 9.0 (0.15) 15.9 (0.34) 26.8 (0.62) 39.1 (0.93)

White
                                               
19705 17,484 (363.3) 13,323 (198.0) 3,708 (90.0) 6,138 (120.7) 3,761 (90.7) 2,247 (68.2) 9.9 (0.20) 8.1 (0.09) 8.0 (0.17) 10.5 (0.17) 28.4 (0.54) 43.1 (0.94)
19755 17,770 (366.1) 13,799 (202.8) 3,838 (91.7) 6,748 (127.9) 4,577 (101.5) 2,813 (77.1) 9.7 (0.20) 8.3 (0.09) 7.7 (0.16) 12.5 (0.20) 29.4 (0.50) 44.2 (0.86)
19805 19,699 (384.1) 14,587 (210.7) 4,195 (96.5) 6,817 (128.7) 4,940 (106.1) 2,813 (77.1) 10.2 (0.20) 8.6 (0.09) 8.0 (0.16) 13.4 (0.21) 28.0 (0.46) 41.6 (0.82)
19855 22,860 (435.1) 17,125 (249.2) 4,983 (112.8) 7,838 (148.3) 5,990 (125.8) 3,372 (90.2) 11.4 (0.21) 9.9 (0.10) 9.1 (0.18) 15.6 (0.24) 29.8 (0.47) 45.2 (0.84)
1990 16,622 (388.2) 11,086 (191.7) 3,442 (94.4) 5,106 (118.4) 4,284 (106.9) 2,411 (77.5) 8.8 (0.20) 7.0 (0.10) 6.6 (0.16) 11.6 (0.23) 25.0 (0.50) 39.6 (0.94)
1995 16,267 (384.2) 10,599 (186.1) 3,384 (93.5) 4,745 (113.5) 4,183 (105.5) 2,299 (75.5) 8.5 (0.20) 6.6 (0.09) 6.4 (0.16) 10.6 (0.22) 22.8 (0.47) 33.5 (0.86)
2000 14,366 (375.9) 8,664 (169.7) 2,896 (89.0) 3,715 (102.4) 3,412 (097.6) 1,832 (69.4) 7.4 (0.19) 5.5 (0.09) 5.4 (0.15) 8.5 (0.21) 18.8 (0.45) 28.0 (0.87)

2005
16,227 (303.1) 9,604 (247.5) 3,285 (80.6) 3,973 (127.3) 4,278 (163.7) 2,158 (93.8) 8.3 (0.16) 6.0 (0.15) 6.1 (0.14) 9.5 (0.30) 22.6 (0.77) 33.1 (1.17)
2006 16,013 (280.1) 9,676 (239.5) 3,372 (79.5) 3,930 (123.5) 4,353 (151.2) 2,206 (85.3) 8.2 (0.14) 6.1 (0.15) 6.2 (0.14) 9.5 (0.30) 22.5 (0.66) 32.9 (1.00)
2007 16,032 (329.9) 9,553 (257.4) 3,184 (86.4) 3,996 (132.7) 4,099 (172.5) 2,101 (100.7) 8.2 (0.17) 6.0 (0.16) 5.9 (0.16) 9.7 (0.32) 21.4 (0.79) 32.4 (1.27)
2008 17,024 (313.4) 10,138 (255.5) 3,383 (83.7) 4,059 (130.7) 4,046 (154.6) 1,985 (88.5) 8.6 (0.16) 6.4 (0.16) 6.2 (0.15) 10.0 (0.32) 21.5 (0.73) 31.7 (1.17)

2009
18,530 (358.3) 11,211 (298.4) 3,797 (101.6) 4,518 (137.6) 4,532 (158.8) 2,144 (89.4) 9.4 (0.18) 7.1 (0.19) 7.0 (0.18) 11.2 (0.34) 23.8 (0.71) 33.5 (1.11)
2010 19,599 (342.7) 11,740 (281.8) 3,922 (96.1) 4,675 (134.0) 4,802 (165.2) 2,269 (83.1) 9.9 (0.17) 7.4 (0.18) 7.3 (0.17) 11.7 (0.33) 24.8 (0.78) 34.8 (1.03)
2011 19,171 (333.4) 11,562 (287.9) 3,955 (92.2) 4,554 (149.5) 4,746 (160.0) 2,321 (89.9) 9.8 (0.17) 7.4 (0.19) 7.3 (0.17) 11.9 (0.39) 23.8 (0.66) 35.5 (1.03)
2012 18,940 (361.6) 11,387 (298.3) 3,835 (93.5) 4,510 (140.5) 4,655 (164.0) 2,245 (91.8) 9.7 (0.19) 7.3 (0.20) 7.1 (0.18) 11.8 (0.37) 24.3 (0.75) 36.5 (1.17)
2013 18,796 (438.9) 10,710 (339.9) 3,717 (114.6) 3,833 (150.1) 4,325 (217.6) 2,001 (111.3) 9.6 (0.23) 6.9 (0.22) 6.9 (0.21) 10.1 (0.40) 22.9 (0.98) 33.6 (1.45)

2014
19,652 (318.3) 11,566 (267.8) 3,927 (92.6) 4,440 (128.4) 4,630 (160.0) 2,174 (94.1) 10.1 (0.16) 7.5 (0.17) 7.3 (0.17) 11.9 (0.34) 24.4 (0.75) 35.8 (1.18)
2015 17,786 (333.0) 10,373 (277.5) 3,460 (89.4) 4,301 (147.3) 4,404 (169.5) 2,198 (96.8) 9.1 (0.17) 6.7 (0.18) 6.4 (0.16) 11.5 (0.39) 22.8 (0.82) 34.8 (1.26)
2016 17,263 (299.6) 9,853 (226.1) 3,406 (85.4) 3,799 (113.9) 4,252 (141.9) 2,122 (83.6) 8.8 (0.15) 6.4 (0.15) 6.3 (0.15) 10.3 (0.31) 21.9 (0.73) 34.3 (1.18)
2017 16,993 (347.0) 9,732 (284.1) 3,233 (91.2) 3,860 (135.5) 3,893 (151.2) 1,922 (88.7) 8.7 (0.18) 6.3 (0.18) 6.0 (0.16) 10.5 (0.37) 20.9 (0.74) 32.8 (1.17)
2018 15,725 (275.6) 8,883 (231.5) 3,153 (87.2) 3,107 (109.4) 3,740 (152.8) 1,711 (80.7) 8.1 (0.14) 5.7 (0.15) 5.8 (0.16) 8.6 (0.30) 20.6 (0.71) 31.0 (1.16)

Black
                                               
19705 7,548 (219.8) 6,683 (134.2) 1,481 (55.3) 3,922 (96.3) 3,656 (92.3) 2,383 (72.0) 33.5 (0.89) 32.2 (0.45) 29.5 (0.88) 41.5 (0.70) 58.7 (0.86) 67.7 (1.08)
19755 7,545 (219.8) 6,533 (132.3) 1,513 (56.0) 3,884 (95.7) 4,168 (99.9) 2,724 (77.7) 31.3 (0.85) 30.1 (0.43) 27.1 (0.82) 41.4 (0.70) 54.3 (0.78) 66.0 (1.01)
19805 8,579 (230.2) 7,190 (140.8) 1,826 (62.1) 3,906 (96.0) 4,984 (111.4) 2,944 (81.3) 32.5 (0.82) 31.1 (0.42) 28.9 (0.78) 42.1 (0.70) 53.4 (0.71) 64.8 (0.97)
19855 8,926 (246.7) 7,504 (153.2) 1,983 (68.7) 4,057 (103.9) 5,342 (123.1) 3,181 (89.9) 31.3 (0.82) 30.5 (0.43) 28.7 (0.79) 43.1 (0.74) 53.2 (0.72) 66.9 (0.99)
1990 9,653 (262.0) 7,993 (165.4) 2,153 (74.4) 4,309 (111.5) 5,877 (135.3) 3,460 (97.8) 31.8 (0.83) 30.9 (0.43) 29.3 (0.80) 44.0 (0.75) 50.4 (0.70) 64.6 (0.98)
1995 9,562 (261.2) 7,924 (164.4) 2,063 (72.7) 4,481 (114.2) 6,391 (142.8) 3,848 (104.2) 29.0 (0.78) 28.2 (0.40) 26.2 (0.75) 41.1 (0.71) 48.1 (0.65) 61.3 (0.92)
2000 7,680 (249.9) 5,957 (134.8) 1,617 (64.9) 3,342 (96.4) 4,593 (115.6) 2,793 (87.3) 22.4 (0.73) 21.0 (0.38) 19.1 (0.67) 30.7 (0.69) 38.2 (0.69) 49.0 (1.03)

2005
8,850 (236.5) 6,917 (227.2) 1,922 (63.9) 3,615 (124.6) 5,127 (200.0) 2,897 (118.9) 24.9 (0.66) 23.8 (0.78) 22.0 (0.70) 34.2 (1.15) 39.3 (1.33) 50.2 (1.63)
2006 8,653 (196.5) 6,749 (184.3) 1,914 (56.2) 3,531 (107.1) 4,945 (162.5) 2,859 (103.1) 24.1 (0.55) 22.9 (0.63) 21.4 (0.62) 33.0 (0.99) 38.9 (1.00) 49.9 (1.30)
2007 8,821 (220.6) 6,966 (207.3) 1,941 (63.5) 3,646 (119.6) 5,181 (181.3) 2,950 (115.4) 24.3 (0.61) 23.5 (0.69) 21.7 (0.64) 34.1 (1.09) 39.3 (1.20) 49.9 (1.53)
2008 8,979 (225.6) 7,003 (221.1) 1,971 (70.4) 3,586 (124.7) 5,278 (198.0) 2,961 (119.8) 24.6 (0.62) 23.6 (0.74) 21.8 (0.72) 34.4 (1.17) 40.3 (1.22) 51.8 (1.50)

2009
9,419 (239.9) 7,223 (207.8) 2,036 (67.4) 3,682 (114.2) 5,179 (192.2) 2,853 (115.1) 25.5 (0.64) 24.2 (0.70) 22.5 (0.67) 35.3 (1.08) 39.6 (1.18) 50.8 (1.51)
2010 10,122 (240.9) 7,681 (217.0) 2,173 (69.1) 4,021 (119.7) 5,546 (171.4) 3,103 (106.3) 27.3 (0.64) 25.8 (0.74) 24.0 (0.69) 39.3 (1.17) 40.7 (1.15) 53.2 (1.51)
2011 10,108 (245.2) 7,665 (235.9) 2,175 (75.3) 3,872 (124.5) 5,540 (200.1) 3,053 (116.6) 27.3 (0.66) 25.9 (0.78) 23.8 (0.77) 38.7 (1.21) 41.9 (1.24) 54.2 (1.55)
2012 10,148 (245.0) 7,636 (245.4) 2,169 (78.0) 3,797 (132.4) 5,344 (211.9) 2,936 (123.5) 27.0 (0.66) 25.5 (0.80) 23.4 (0.78) 38.0 (1.30) 41.1 (1.28) 53.5 (1.61)
2013 10,264 (292.7) 7,761 (257.9) 2,116 (72.0) 3,863 (143.2) 5,439 (218.4) 2,972 (133.7) 27.2 (0.78) 25.8 (0.87) 22.7 (0.75) 38.9 (1.43) 42.5 (1.41) 54.6 (1.73)

2014
10,058 (209.7) 7,458 (196.9) 2,129 (65.8) 3,734 (119.5) 5,306 (179.8) 2,917 (112.2) 26.1 (0.55) 24.5 (0.65) 22.8 (0.61) 37.2 (1.15) 40.3 (1.15) 53.0 (1.48)
2015 9,493 (246.8) 6,910 (233.0) 1,996 (64.0) 3,353 (121.8) 4,923 (191.4) 2,616 (110.9) 24.2 (0.63) 22.4 (0.76) 21.4 (0.64) 33.3 (1.19) 36.1 (1.13) 46.9 (1.53)
2016 8,655 (230.3) 6,238 (213.9) 1,783 (68.6) 3,099 (122.7) 4,452 (192.4) 2,449 (112.2) 22.1 (0.58) 20.2 (0.69) 19.0 (0.68) 30.7 (1.18) 34.2 (1.22) 45.7 (1.62)
2017 8,340 (224.9) 5,820 (205.6) 1,727 (62.8) 2,848 (119.1) 4,259 (170.2) 2,225 (103.5) 21.0 (0.56) 18.8 (0.66) 18.2 (0.63) 28.6 (1.17) 32.4 (1.13) 42.4 (1.63)
2018 8,361 (242.2) 5,863 (215.9) 1,647 (62.7) 2,989 (123.4) 4,089 (183.6) 2,295 (109.8) 21.1 (0.61) 19.1 (0.71) 18.0 (0.67) 30.0 (1.24) 32.4 (1.27) 45.6 (1.80)

Hispanic
                                               
1975 2,991 (176.8) 2,755 (90.2) 627 (41.3) 1,619 (67.7) 1,053 (54.0) 694 (43.5) 26.9 (1.41) 26.3 (0.70) 25.1 (1.41) 33.1 (1.09) 57.2 (1.88) 68.4 (2.37)
1980 3,491 (189.8) 3,143 (97.0) 751 (45.3) 1,718 (69.8) 1,319 (60.7) 809 (47.1) 25.7 (1.26) 25.1 (0.63) 23.2 (1.21) 33.0 (1.06) 54.5 (1.65) 65.0 (2.20)
1985 5,236 (202.8) 4,605 (107.7) 1,074 (48.7) 2,512 (76.6) 1,983 (67.4) 1,247 (52.7) 29.0 (1.01) 28.3 (0.51) 25.5 (0.98) 39.6 (0.89) 55.7 (1.21) 72.4 (1.57)
1990 6,006 (222.4) 5,091 (118.2) 1,244 (54.4) 2,750 (83.3) 2,115 (72.2) 1,314 (56.0) 28.1 (0.95) 26.9 (0.49) 25.0 (0.92) 37.7 (0.85) 53.0 (1.19) 68.4 (1.60)
1995 8,574 (256.1) 7,341 (147.4) 1,695 (64.1) 3,936 (101.9) 3,053 (88.3) 1,870 (67.6) 30.3 (0.85) 29.2 (0.43) 27.0 (0.84) 39.3 (0.73) 52.8 (0.99) 65.7 (1.34)
2000 7,747 (247.8) 6,430 (141.1) 1,540 (63.3) 3,342 (96.4) 2,444 (81.1) 1,407 (60.3) 21.5 (0.70) 20.3 (0.35) 19.2 (0.69) 27.6 (0.63) 37.8 (0.94) 49.8 (1.47)

2005
9,368 (202.4) 7,767 (192.2) 1,948 (51.0) 3,977 (113.4) 3,069 (120.9) 1,774 (76.7) 21.8 (0.47) 20.6 (0.51) 19.7 (0.48) 27.7 (0.78) 39.0 (1.22) 50.2 (1.59)
2006 9,243 (216.1) 7,650 (214.8) 1,922 (61.3) 3,959 (115.1) 3,189 (152.6) 1,848 (88.9) 20.6 (0.48) 19.5 (0.54) 18.9 (0.56) 26.6 (0.76) 36.9 (1.41) 47.2 (1.66)
2007 9,890 (244.8) 8,248 (229.3) 2,045 (60.4) 4,348 (134.9) 3,527 (158.7) 2,092 (98.1) 21.5 (0.53) 20.6 (0.58) 19.7 (0.56) 28.3 (0.87) 39.6 (1.32) 51.6 (1.59)
2008 10,987 (249.6) 9,303 (237.9) 2,239 (60.3) 4,888 (129.2) 3,751 (144.1) 2,218 (86.9) 23.2 (0.53) 22.3 (0.57) 21.3 (0.54) 30.3 (0.79) 40.5 (1.24) 51.9 (1.48)

2009
12,350 (267.3) 10,345 (254.8) 2,369 (62.7) 5,419 (138.6) 4,176 (169.1) 2,437 (100.1) 25.3 (0.55) 24.2 (0.59) 22.7 (0.56) 32.5 (0.83) 40.6 (1.33) 52.2 (1.61)
2010 13,243 (254.4) 11,188 (242.8) 2,557 (64.4) 5,881 (139.4) 4,643 (167.5) 2,715 (107.1) 26.6 (0.51) 25.6 (0.55) 24.0 (0.54) 34.5 (0.81) 44.5 (1.24) 57.0 (1.49)
2011 13,244 (263.5) 11,143 (253.2) 2,651 (59.5) 5,820 (146.1) 4,996 (182.1) 2,955 (120.5) 25.3 (0.50) 24.3 (0.56) 22.9 (0.50) 33.7 (0.84) 44.0 (1.22) 56.8 (1.57)
2012 13,616 (278.2) 11,358 (276.3) 2,807 (71.8) 5,773 (145.5) 4,816 (187.7) 2,809 (114.9) 25.6 (0.52) 24.6 (0.59) 23.5 (0.54) 33.3 (0.84) 42.8 (1.19) 54.7 (1.49)
2013 12,744 (312.0) 10,536 (293.3) 2,613 (78.6) 5,273 (155.7) 4,860 (197.6) 2,763 (114.5) 23.5 (0.58) 22.3 (0.63) 21.6 (0.63) 30.0 (0.89) 41.6 (1.47) 52.3 (1.65)

2014
13,104 (259.8) 10,853 (246.1) 2,684 (60.6) 5,522 (136.1) 4,817 (191.3) 2,739 (113.3) 23.6 (0.47) 22.5 (0.52) 21.5 (0.46) 31.3 (0.76) 40.4 (1.26) 53.3 (1.49)
2015 12,133 (270.2) 10,109 (258.9) 2,502 (71.2) 5,139 (143.6) 4,401 (179.8) 2,463 (108.9) 21.4 (0.48) 20.4 (0.52) 19.6 (0.52) 28.6 (0.79) 37.1 (1.23) 48.7 (1.62)
2016 11,137 (242.8) 9,200 (231.2) 2,253 (60.5) 4,764 (138.9) 4,136 (168.4) 2,430 (111.0) 19.4 (0.42) 18.2 (0.46) 17.3 (0.44) 26.3 (0.75) 34.7 (1.13) 48.4 (1.70)
2017 10,790 (257.0) 8,708 (237.6) 2,156 (59.6) 4,517 (145.6) 4,198 (174.4) 2,447 (112.9) 18.3 (0.44) 16.9 (0.47) 16.3 (0.44) 24.7 (0.79) 34.3 (1.13) 48.5 (1.63)
2018 10,526 (244.8) 8,368 (220.1) 2,057 (60.2) 4,316 (135.4) 3,716 (172.9) 2,106 (111.7) 17.6 (0.41) 16.1 (0.43) 15.5 (0.44) 23.4 (0.73) 31.1 (1.28) 42.5 (1.70)

Asian
                                               
19956 1,379 (111.1) 1,087 (50.7) 258 (24.3) 520 (34.7) 253 (24.1) 139 (17.8) 14.6 (1.12) 12.9 (0.55) 12.3 (1.08) 18.5 (1.10) 28.7 (2.29) 41.8 (4.07)
20006 1,210 (108.8) 863 (46.8) 227 (23.7) 390 (31.2) 272 (26.0) 151 (19.3) 9.8 (0.86) 8.0 (0.41) 7.8 (0.77) 12.3 (0.91) 22.8 (1.90) 37.0 (3.74)

2005
1,391 (85.4) 960 (80.0) 286 (23.6) 309 (34.1) 182 (30.1) 65 (15.1) 11.2 (0.68) 8.9 (0.73) 9.0 (0.73) 11.1 (1.19) 17.9 (2.77) 26.2 (5.06)
2006 1,301 (95.4) 881 (86.5) 252 (24.1) 335 (42.0) 186 (34.5) 89 (20.7) 10.0 (0.73) 7.8 (0.76) 7.6 (0.72) 11.7 (1.45) 18.0 (2.99) 36.8 (6.58)
2007 1,329 (80.5) 916 (79.6) 255 (23.2) 340 (39.2) 205 (36.6) 95 (21.5) 10.2 (0.62) 8.1 (0.70) 7.8 (0.70) 11.8 (1.33) 16.8 (2.77) 32.2 (5.77)
2008 1,528 (89.1) 1,154 (88.6) 334 (24.8) 410 (41.7) 205 (34.2) 85 (18.7) 11.8 (0.68) 10.1 (0.76) 9.8 (0.71) 14.1 (1.41) 16.1 (2.38) 25.5 (4.53)

2009
1,684 (96.8) 1,201 (87.4) 327 (23.6) 434 (39.7) 227 (36.1) 88 (16.0) 12.3 (0.70) 10.0 (0.72) 9.3 (0.65) 13.7 (1.24) 17.4 (2.64) 25.8 (4.25)
2010 1,672 (95.0) 1,211 (90.2) 323 (23.4) 434 (42.0) 281 (45.4) 118 (19.6) 11.9 (0.68) 9.9 (0.74) 9.3 (0.66) 13.7 (1.31) 21.7 (3.09) 35.1 (4.61)
2011 1,871 (114.8) 1,317 (99.8) 385 (29.4) 422 (44.2) 295 (58.4) 124 (34.0) 12.2 (0.74) 9.8 (0.74) 9.6 (0.72) 12.7 (1.32) 20.6 (3.53) 34.4 (6.88)
2012 1,813 (113.6) 1,268 (109.7) 361 (29.4) 422 (46.4) 257 (45.0) 95 (21.9) 11.4 (0.70) 9.2 (0.78) 9.0 (0.69) 12.5 (1.37) 18.3 (2.81) 28.8 (5.46)
2013 1,733 (103.7) 1,134 (89.7) 374 (30.2) 346 (34.3) 227 (43.3) 89 (18.9) 10.4 (0.61) 7.8 (0.61) 8.7 (0.69) 9.9 (0.97) 14.2 (2.54) 24.2 (4.87)

2014
2,019 (121.2) 1,315 (103.3) 393 (31.3) 437 (42.6) 281 (41.5) 110 (19.2) 11.7 (0.69) 8.8 (0.68) 8.9 (0.68) 12.3 (1.20) 17.0 (2.32) 29.0 (4.18)
2015 2,032 (113.4) 1,240 (101.7) 369 (28.9) 412 (044.9) 222 (39.6) 74 (17.0) 11.5 (0.64) 8.2 (0.67) 8.0 (0.62) 11.6 (1.26) 16.2 (2.59) 27.6 (5.28)
2016 1,834 (103.6) 1,126 (91.3) 329 (26.6) 375 (40.3) 307 (44.1) 112 (20.9) 10.0 (0.56) 7.1 (0.57) 7.1 (0.56) 10.2 (1.08) 19.5 (2.57) 38.1 (5.66)
2017 1,902 (116.0) 1,236 (106.7) 376 (32.2) 420 (44.9) 251 (44.8) 112 (23.2) 10.1 (0.61) 7.7 (0.67) 7.8 (0.66) 11.1 (1.20) 15.1 (2.43) 30.3 (5.10)
2018 1,945 (95.9) 1,216 (88.6) 380 (26.5) 409 (45.0) 314 (49.2) 128 (24.6) 10.1 (0.50) 7.5 (0.54) 7.6 (0.52) 10.8 (1.17) 19.6 (3.00) 33.3 (5.37)
1 Persons in family households, which consist of two or more people who are related by birth, marriage, or adoption and are residing together.
2 Refers to the person who owns or rents (maintains) the housing unit.
3 Refers to all children in the household who are related to the householder by birth, marriage, or adoption (except a child who is the spouse of the householder). For 1960 and 1965 only, the data exclude related children who have ever been married.
4 Total includes other racial/ethnic groups not shown separately.
5 Includes persons of Hispanic ethnicity, because data for the White, non-Hispanic and Black, non-Hispanic populations are not available for the indicated years.
6 Includes Pacific Islander as well as Asian.
NOTE: Data are based on sample surveys of the noninstitutionalized population, which excludes persons living in institutions (e.g., prisons or nursing facilities); data include military personnel who live in households with civilians, but exclude those who live in military barracks. Poverty status is determined by the Census Bureau using a set of thresholds for families of different sizes and compositions that are compared with before-tax cash income. For additional information about poverty status, see https://www.census.gov/topics/income-poverty/poverty/guidance/poverty-measures.html. All data in this table are from the Current Population Survey (CPS); poverty estimates may differ from those shown in other tables obtained from the Decennial Census and the American Community Survey (ACS). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity except where otherwise noted.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, Series P-60, Poverty in the United States, selected years, 1960 through 2002; Current Population Survey (CPS), Annual Social and Economic Supplement, 1991 through 2019. (This table was prepared April 2020.)

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