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Digest of Education Statistics
2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 102.20. Number and percentage distribution of children under age 18 and under age 6, by living arrangements, race/ethnicity, and selected racial/ethnic subgroups: 2018
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Age and race/ethnicity Number of
children (in
thousands)
Percentage
distribution
of
children
Percentage distribution of children, by living arrangements
Total Children living with parent(s) or related
to householder1
All other
children2
Married-
couple
household
Female
householder,
no spouse
present
Male
householder,
no spouse
present
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8
All children under age 18                                          
Total 73,273   (27.2) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 63.7   (0.12) 26.4   (0.11) 7.9   (0.06) 2.0   (0.03)
White 36,797   (8.0) 50.2   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 73.8   (0.15) 16.8   (0.11) 7.3   (0.10) 2.0   (0.04)
Black 9,784   (32.6) 13.4   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 33.7   (0.35) 55.4   (0.37) 8.3   (0.19) 2.6   (0.09)

Hispanic
18,622   (9.6) 25.4   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 57.3   (0.21) 31.7   (0.21) 9.2   (0.13) 1.8   (0.05)
Cuban 467   (11.5) 0.6   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 59.2   (1.36) 30.6   (1.30) 8.5   (0.61) 1.7   (0.24)
Dominican 613   (14.0) 0.8   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 44.6   (1.27) 46.0   (1.20) 7.8   (0.58) 1.6   (0.25)
Mexican 12,360   (36.7) 16.9   (0.05) 100.0   (†) 59.0   (0.26) 30.2   (0.27) 9.1   (0.17) 1.7   (0.06)
Puerto Rican 1,731   (21.2) 2.4   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 46.0   (0.83) 43.0   (0.75) 9.1   (0.42) 1.9   (0.18)
Spaniard 190   (7.6) 0.3   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 67.4   (1.87) 22.0   (1.52) 9.0   (1.25) 1.6   (0.40)
Central American3 1,685   (26.4) 2.3   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 54.1   (0.73) 31.3   (0.70) 12.0   (0.54) 2.6   (0.21)
Costa Rican 38   (3.5) 0.1   (#) 100.0   (†) 73.7   (3.87) 20.2   (3.89) 4.8 ! (1.50) 1.3 ! (0.65)
Guatemalan 476   (15.4) 0.6   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 55.0   (1.36) 27.2   (1.21) 14.1   (1.06) 3.7   (0.48)
Honduran 338   (13.4) 0.5   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 49.2   (1.81) 36.9   (1.84) 11.5   (1.08) 2.5   (0.43)
Nicaraguan 95   (6.0) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 60.1   (2.79) 32.0   (3.15) 6.8   (1.48)   (†)
Panamanian 51   (4.1) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 46.5   (4.02) 46.1   (4.48) 6.5   (1.91)   (†)
Salvadoran 671   (16.0) 0.9   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 54.5   (1.23) 30.9   (1.34) 12.4   (0.82) 2.2   (0.23)
South American 881   (18.0) 1.2   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 69.8   (0.96) 22.0   (0.94) 7.0   (0.45) 1.1   (0.14)
Chilean 42   (3.5) 0.1   (#) 100.0   (†) 82.0   (2.61) 12.2   (2.25) 4.0 ! (1.51)   (†)
Colombian 268   (10.8) 0.4   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 66.4   (2.08) 25.3   (2.03) 7.3   (0.90) 0.9   (0.24)
Ecuadorian 182   (8.9) 0.2   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 65.2   (1.98) 23.9   (1.87) 9.2   (1.18) 1.6   (0.41)
Peruvian 145   (8.2) 0.2   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 68.3   (2.12) 23.1   (2.05) 7.9   (1.42) 0.7 ! (0.21)
Venezuelan 128   (8.1) 0.2   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 77.4   (2.11) 17.9   (1.97) 3.9   (1.03) 0.8 ! (0.35)
Other South American 116   (6.3) 0.2   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 74.1   (2.35) 18.0   (2.19) 6.3   (1.17) 1.6 ! (0.62)
Other Hispanic 696   (16.9) 0.9   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 53.4   (1.04) 32.8   (1.07) 9.8   (0.64) 4.0   (0.34)

Asian
3,472   (16.8) 4.7   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 84.4   (0.32) 9.9   (0.25) 4.3   (0.22) 1.4   (0.08)
Chinese4 718   (11.3) 1.0   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 82.3   (0.77) 11.4   (0.58) 4.2   (0.40) 2.1   (0.25)
Filipino 419   (9.2) 0.6   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 79.1   (1.03) 14.1   (0.79) 5.0   (0.57) 1.8   (0.29)
Japanese 70   (4.2) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 85.9   (2.14) 7.4   (1.66) 5.3   (1.46) 1.4 ! (0.46)
Korean 222   (7.1) 0.3   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 88.2   (1.07) 7.5   (0.82) 2.9   (0.60) 1.4   (0.33)
South Asian5 1,205   (16.1) 1.6   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 92.8   (0.41) 4.6   (0.33) 2.0   (0.22) 0.6   (0.10)
Asian Indian 953   (12.4) 1.3   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 93.9   (0.37) 4.0   (0.31) 1.7   (0.20) 0.5   (0.10)
Bangladeshi 57   (3.9) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 85.5   (2.71) 9.1   (1.94)   (†)   (†)
Bhutanese 8   (1.5) #   (†) 100.0   (†) 88.7   (5.30)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Nepalese 45   (3.8) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 88.8   (2.16) 7.5   (1.91) 3.1 ! (1.32)   (†)
Pakistani 129   (6.3) 0.2   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 89.9   (1.67) 6.3   (1.20) 3.1 ! (1.09) 0.6 ! (0.26)
Southeast Asian 632   (13.5) 0.9   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 72.9   (1.03) 16.7   (0.94) 8.5   (0.69) 1.9   (0.26)
Burmese 65   (5.2) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 82.0   (3.59) 11.0   (3.00) 6.2 ! (2.06)   (†)
Cambodian 44   (3.6) 0.1   (#) 100.0   (†) 56.2   (4.62) 33.6   (4.55) 8.8   (2.06)   (†)
Hmong 97   (5.4) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 59.3   (3.33) 20.1   (2.73) 19.4   (2.69) 1.2 ! (0.43)
Laotian 31   (3.1) #   (†) 100.0   (†) 59.7   (5.20) 21.9   (4.10) 15.0   (3.84)   (†)
Thai 29   (3.2) #   (†) 100.0   (†) 67.8   (4.64) 18.8   (3.95)   (†) 6.7 ! (2.56)
Vietnamese 352   (8.3) 0.5   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 78.2   (1.16) 14.3   (1.07) 5.7   (0.69) 1.8   (0.26)
Other Southeast Asian6 14   (2.3) #   (†) 100.0   (†) 86.4   (4.76)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Other Asian 205   (8.0) 0.3   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 83.7   (1.22) 10.1   (1.01) 5.0   (0.85) 1.2   (0.29)

Pacific Islander
125   (5.6) 0.2   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 61.4   (2.59) 27.1   (2.43) 8.0   (1.35) 3.4   (0.88)
American Indian/Alaska Native 545   (6.4) 0.7   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 42.8   (1.09) 38.0   (1.04) 15.1   (0.73) 4.1   (0.32)
Some other race7 269   (11.6) 0.4   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 56.7   (1.81) 31.8   (1.62) 8.7   (0.94) 2.8   (0.49)

Two or more races
3,660   (30.2) 5.0   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 59.0   (0.52) 31.5   (0.50) 7.6   (0.26) 1.9   (0.10)
White and Black 1,569   (25.7) 2.1   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 43.1   (0.79) 45.9   (0.78) 8.4   (0.44) 2.7   (0.20)
White and Asian 1,070   (14.9) 1.5   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 81.6   (0.63) 12.5   (0.51) 5.0   (0.35) 0.9   (0.14)
White and American Indian/
     Alaska Native
360   (10.1) 0.5   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 63.4   (1.11) 25.2   (1.11) 9.7   (0.70) 1.7   (0.28)
Other Two or more races 661   (12.1) 0.9   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 57.7   (1.04) 31.7   (1.03) 8.8   (0.66) 1.8   (0.23)

Children under age 6
                                         
Total 23,423   (29.5) 100.0   (†) 100.0   (†) 63.9   (0.15) 26.2   (0.15) 8.2   (0.10) 1.7   (0.04)
White 11,616   (13.3) 49.6   (0.06) 100.0   (†) 75.5   (0.22) 15.6   (0.19) 7.2   (0.13) 1.7   (0.06)
Black 3,070   (19.5) 13.1   (0.08) 100.0   (†) 31.4   (0.54) 57.2   (0.54) 9.1   (0.28) 2.3   (0.14)

Hispanic
6,055   (15.7) 25.9   (0.06) 100.0   (†) 55.5   (0.34) 32.8   (0.33) 10.2   (0.22) 1.4   (0.07)
Cuban 171   (7.0) 0.7   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 58.1   (1.88) 31.8   (1.86) 9.4   (1.00) 0.7 ! (0.26)
Dominican 213   (6.7) 0.9   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 45.5   (1.91) 45.8   (1.85) 7.4   (0.92) 1.3   (0.35)
Mexican 3,942   (16.9) 16.8   (0.07) 100.0   (†) 56.3   (0.43) 32.3   (0.41) 10.1   (0.26) 1.4   (0.09)
Puerto Rican 567   (10.6) 2.4   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 46.4   (1.25) 42.0   (1.27) 10.0   (0.73) 1.6   (0.29)
Spaniard 58   (3.9) 0.2   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 69.2   (3.26) 20.6   (2.89) 9.6   (2.42)   (†)
Central American3 594   (13.5) 2.5   (0.06) 100.0   (†) 53.2   (1.26) 31.6   (1.16) 13.5   (0.72) 1.7   (0.31)
Costa Rican 13   (2.0) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 81.1   (5.60) 15.7 ! (5.17)   (†)   (†)
Guatemalan 163   (7.7) 0.7   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 53.3   (2.29) 29.8   (2.33) 14.9   (1.60) 2.1   (0.55)
Honduran 130   (7.6) 0.6   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 45.3   (2.54) 38.5   (2.45) 14.0   (1.86) 2.2 ! (0.74)
Nicaraguan 30   (3.0) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 65.6   (4.39) 25.6   (4.13) 8.0   (2.35)   (†)
Panamanian 15   (2.2) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 48.9   (6.94) 42.0   (7.04) 9.1 ! (3.22)   (†)
Salvadoran 236   (8.0) 1.0   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 54.4   (1.92) 30.0   (1.90) 14.1   (1.31) 1.5   (0.38)
South American 295   (9.1) 1.3   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 72.1   (1.33) 19.7   (1.24) 7.5   (0.69) 0.7   (0.20)
Chilean 16   (1.8) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 81.6   (4.75) 11.5 ! (3.95)   (†)   (†)
Colombian 82   (4.7) 0.3   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 70.5   (2.99) 20.4   (2.91) 8.4   (1.52)   (†)
Ecuadorian 68   (4.8) 0.3   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 68.2   (3.23) 22.0   (2.93) 8.5   (1.84) 1.3 ! (0.62)
Peruvian 49   (3.9) 0.2   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 68.8   (3.17) 20.3   (2.64) 10.4   (2.50)   (†)
Venezuelan 42   (3.3) 0.2   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 76.9   (3.13) 21.1   (3.19) 2.0 ! (0.91)   (†)
Other South American 39   (3.6) 0.2   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 77.3   (3.57) 15.1   (3.12) 7.1 ! (2.17)   (†)
Other Hispanic 215   (9.0) 0.9   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 53.2   (1.77) 31.5   (1.67) 12.1   (1.15) 3.1   (0.50)

Asian
1,074   (9.3) 4.6   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 87.3   (0.44) 7.8   (0.35) 4.1   (0.27) 0.8   (0.11)
Chinese4 213   (5.7) 0.9   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 86.3   (0.92) 8.4   (0.78) 4.3   (0.59) 1.0   (0.25)
Filipino 101   (4.2) 0.4   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 78.4   (2.08) 14.7   (1.56) 5.3   (1.09) 1.6 ! (0.51)
Japanese 25   (2.1) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 94.6   (1.67) 3.9 ! (1.64)   (†)   (†)
Korean 59   (3.0) 0.3   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 93.4   (1.32) 3.7   (0.87) 2.2 ! (0.74)   (†)
South Asian5 425   (8.8) 1.8   (0.04) 100.0   (†) 95.0   (0.53) 3.1   (0.38) 1.5   (0.30) 0.4 ! (0.14)
Asian Indian 338   (7.2) 1.4   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 96.0   (0.50) 2.4   (0.34) 1.2   (0.32) 0.4 ! (0.17)
Bangladeshi 19   (1.8) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 93.4   (3.19)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Bhutanese   (†) #   (†) 100.0   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Nepalese 16   (2.2) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 86.9   (3.85) 9.4 ! (3.59)   (†)   (†)
Pakistani 44   (2.9) 0.2   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 91.2   (1.85) 5.5   (1.56) 2.9 ! (1.10)   (†)
Southeast Asian 178   (5.3) 0.8   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 71.7   (1.61) 16.8   (1.29) 10.2   (1.13) 1.4 ! (0.54)
Burmese 24   (2.0) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 85.8   (4.09) 8.8 ! (3.24) 5.0 ! (2.39)   (†)
Cambodian 11   (1.2) #   (†) 100.0   (†) 57.4   (6.06) 33.0   (6.02) 9.4 ! (3.30)   (†)
Hmong 33   (2.6) 0.1   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 51.2   (4.55) 23.6   (3.91) 24.0   (3.62)   (†)
Laotian 11   (1.6) #   (†) 100.0   (†) 48.9   (8.05) 25.2   (6.17) 19.2 ! (6.69)   (†)
Thai 7   (1.2) #   (†) 100.0   (†) 80.4   (6.68) 7.3 ! (3.06)   (†)   (†)
Vietnamese 87   (3.7) 0.4   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 78.7   (1.86) 14.5   (1.59) 6.0   (1.13) 0.8 ! (0.36)
Other Southeast Asian6   (†) #   (†) 100.0   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Other Asian 74   (3.4) 0.3   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 87.8   (1.64) 7.1   (1.15) 4.5   (1.27)   (†)

Pacific Islander
39   (2.8) 0.2   (0.01) 100.0   (†) 65.1   (3.30) 23.7   (2.77) 8.0   (1.90) 3.2 ! (1.42)
American Indian/Alaska Native 160   (3.7) 0.7   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 41.2   (1.62) 40.0   (1.58) 16.2   (1.41) 2.6   (0.46)
Some other race7 97   (5.3) 0.4   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 57.7   (2.64) 29.8   (2.45) 8.9   (1.26) 3.7   (1.04)

Two or more races
1,312   (16.3) 5.6   (0.07) 100.0   (†) 60.1   (0.75) 30.5   (0.69) 7.9   (0.39) 1.5   (0.14)
White and Black 585   (12.8) 2.5   (0.05) 100.0   (†) 41.9   (1.21) 46.5   (1.17) 9.2   (0.68) 2.4   (0.30)
White and Asian 395   (8.1) 1.7   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 87.1   (0.62) 7.7   (0.54) 4.6   (0.45) 0.6   (0.14)
White and American Indian/
     Alaska Native
110   (4.4) 0.5   (0.02) 100.0   (†) 62.4   (1.89) 26.3   (1.75) 10.2   (1.17) 1.1 ! (0.33)
Other Two or more races 222   (7.5) 0.9   (0.03) 100.0   (†) 58.7   (1.80) 31.0   (1.80) 9.3   (1.21) 1.0   (0.27)
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Includes all children who live either with their parent(s) or with a householder to whom they are related by birth, marriage, or adoption (except a child who is the spouse of the householder). Children are classified by their parents’ marital status or, if no parents are present in the household, by the marital status of the householder who is related to the children. Living arrangements with only a "female householder" or "male householder" are those in which the parent or the householder who is related to the child does not have a spouse living in the household. The householder is the person (or one of the people) who owns or rents (maintains) the housing unit.
2 Includes foster children, children in unrelated subfamilies, children living in group quarters, and children who were reported as the householder or spouse of the householder.
3 Includes other Central American subgroups not shown separately.
4 Includes Taiwanese.
5 In addition to the subgroups shown, also includes Sri Lankan.
6 Consists of Indonesian and Malaysian.
7 Respondents who wrote in some other race that was not included as an option on the questionnaire.
NOTE: Data are based on sample surveys of the entire population residing within the United States, including both noninstitutionalized persons (e.g., those living in households, college housing, or military housing located within the United States) and institutionalized persons (e.g., those living in prisons, nursing facilities, or other healthcare facilities). Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, American Community Survey (ACS), 2018. (This table was prepared November 2019.)

2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest