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Digest of Education Statistics
2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 102.10. Number and percentage distribution of family households, by family structure and presence of own children under 18: Selected years, 1970 through 2018
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Family structure and presence of own children 1970 1980 1990 2000 2010 2015 2016 2017 2018 Change, 2000
to 2010
Change, 2010
to 2018
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
  Number (in thousands) Percent change
All families 51,456 (257.3) 59,550 (271.4) 66,090 (307.8) 72,025 (311.6) 78,833 (241.0) 81,716 (267.6) 82,184 (268.0) 82,827 (268.6) 83,088 (268.8) 9.5   (0.58) 5.4   (0.47)
Married-couple families 44,728 (243.6) 49,112 (252.7) 52,317 (283.3) 55,311 (289.5) 58,410 (218.6) 60,010 (243.1) 60,251 (243.5) 60,804 (244.2) 61,241 (244.8) 5.6   (0.68) 4.8   (0.57)
Without own children under 18 19,196 (168.7) 24,151 (187.3) 27,780 (218.1) 30,062 (230.5) 33,835 (176.1) 35,970 (199.4) 36,480 (200.6) 37,153 (202.1) 37,430 (202.7) 12.6   (1.04) 10.6   (0.83)
With own children under 18 25,532 (192.0) 24,961 (190.1) 24,537 (206.4) 25,248 (214.1) 24,575 (153.1) 24,040 (167.3) 23,772 (166.5) 23,651 (166.1) 23,812 (166.6) -2.7 ! (1.02) -3.1   (0.91)
One own child under 18 8,163 (112.5) 9,671 (122.0) 9,583 (133.0) 9,402 (136.2) 9,567 (98.5) 9,163 (106.6) 9,131 (106.4) 9,206 (106.8) 9,205 (106.8)   (†) -3.8 ! (1.49)
Two own children under 18 8,045 (111.7) 9,488 (120.9) 9,784 (134.3) 10,274 (142.1) 9,658 (98.9) 9,662 (109.3) 9,581 (108.9) 9,492 (108.4) 9,397 (107.9) -6.0   (1.62)   (†)
Three or more own children
   under 18
9,325 (119.9) 5,802 (95.3) 5,170 (98.5) 5,572 (105.9) 5,351 (74.3) 5,215 (81.0) 5,061 (79.8) 4,954 (79.0) 5,209 (81.0)   (†)   (†)
                                                 
Families with male householder,
   no spouse present
1,228 (44.2) 1,733 (52.5) 2,884 (73.9) 4,028 (90.4) 5,580 (75.8) 6,162 (87.9) 6,310 (88.9) 6,452 (89.9) 6,424 (89.7) 38.5   (3.63) 15.1   (2.24)
Without own children under 18 887 (37.6) 1,117 (42.2) 1,731 (57.4) 2,242 (67.7) 3,356 (59.0) 3,774 (69.1) 3,838 (69.7) 4,057 (71.6) 3,939 (70.6) 49.7   (5.23) 17.4   (2.95)
With own children under 18 341 (23.3) 616 (31.3) 1,153 (46.9) 1,786 (60.5) 2,224 (48.2) 2,388 (55.1) 2,472 (56.1) 2,395 (55.2) 2,484 (56.2) 24.5   (5.01) 11.7   (3.50)
One own child under 18 179 (16.9) 374 (24.4) 723 (37.2) 1,131 (48.2) 1,375 (37.9) 1,433 (42.8) 1,487 (43.6) 1,403 (42.3) 1,339 (41.4) 21.6   (6.17)   (†)
Two own children under 18 87 (11.8) 165 (16.2) 307 (24.2) 483 (31.6) 576 (24.6) 653 (28.9) 663 (29.2) 690 (29.7) 811 (32.2) 19.3 ! (9.31) 40.8   (8.21)
Three or more own children
   under 18
75 (10.9) 77 (11.1) 123 (15.3) 171 (18.8) 273 (16.9) 302 (19.7) 322 (20.3) 302 (19.7) 335 (20.7) 59.6 ! (20.15) 22.7 ! (10.75)
                                                 
Families with female house-
   holder, no spouse present
5,500 (92.8) 8,705 (116.0) 10,890 (141.4) 12,687 (156.9) 14,843 (121.4) 15,544 (137.0) 15,622 (137.3) 15,572 (137.1) 15,423 (136.5) 17.0   (1.73) 3.9 ! (1.25)
Without own children under 18 2,642 (64.7) 3,261 (71.8) 4,290 (89.9) 5,116 (101.6) 6,424 (81.2) 6,993 (93.5) 7,097 (94.2) 7,326 (95.6) 7,267 (95.3) 25.6   (2.96) 13.1   (2.06)
With own children under 18 2,858 (67.2) 5,445 (92.3) 6,599 (111.0) 7,571 (122.8) 8,419 (92.6) 8,551 (103.1) 8,525 (102.9) 8,246 (101.3) 8,156 (100.7) 11.2   (2.18)   (†)
One own child under 18 1,008 (40.1) 2,398 (61.6) 3,225 (78.1) 3,777 (87.6) 4,207 (66.0) 4,192 (72.8) 4,173 (72.6) 4,119 (72.2) 4,032 (71.4) 11.4   (3.12)   (†)
Two own children under 18 810 (35.9) 1,817 (53.7) 2,173 (64.2) 2,458 (70.9) 2,714 (53.2) 2,844 (60.1) 2,794 (59.6) 2,620 (57.7) 2,534 (56.8) 10.4 ! (3.85) -6.6 ! (2.78)
Three or more own children
   under 18
1,040 (40.7) 1,230 (44.2) 1,202 (47.9) 1,336 (52.4) 1,499 (39.6) 1,515 (44.0) 1,557 (44.6) 1,508 (43.9) 1,590 (45.1) 12.2 ! (5.31)   (†)
  Percentage distribution of all families Change in percentage points
All families 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†) 100.0 (†)   (†)   (†)
Married-couple families 86.9 (0.19) 82.5 (0.20) 79.2 (0.22) 76.8 (0.23) 74.1 (0.16) 73.4 (0.18) 73.3 (0.17) 73.4 (0.17) 73.7 (0.17) -2.7   (0.28)   (†)
Without own children under 18 37.3 (0.27) 40.6 (0.25) 42.0 (0.27) 41.7 (0.26) 42.9 (0.18) 44.0 (0.20) 44.4 (0.20) 44.9 (0.20) 45.0 (0.20) 1.2   (0.32) 2.1   (0.27)
With own children under 18 49.6 (0.28) 41.9 (0.26) 37.1 (0.26) 35.1 (0.26) 31.2 (0.17) 29.4 (0.18) 28.9 (0.18) 28.6 (0.18) 28.7 (0.18) -3.9   (0.31) -2.5   (0.25)
One own child under 18 15.9 (0.20) 16.2 (0.19) 14.5 (0.19) 13.1 (0.18) 12.1 (0.12) 11.2 (0.13) 11.1 (0.12) 11.1 (0.12) 11.1 (0.12) -0.9   (0.22) -1.1   (0.17)
Two own children under 18. 15.6 (0.20) 15.9 (0.19) 14.8 (0.19) 14.3 (0.19) 12.3 (0.12) 11.8 (0.13) 11.7 (0.13) 11.5 (0.13) 11.3 (0.12) -2.0   (0.22) -0.9   (0.17)
Three or more own children
   under 18
18.1 (0.21) 9.7 (0.15) 7.8 (0.14) 7.7 (0.14) 6.8 (0.09) 6.4 (0.10) 6.2 (0.10) 6.0 (0.09) 6.3 (0.10) -0.9   (0.17) -0.5   (0.13)
                                                 
Families with male householder,
   no spouse present
2.4 (0.09) 2.9 (0.09) 4.4 (0.11) 5.6 (0.12) 7.1 (0.09) 7.5 (0.10) 7.7 (0.11) 7.8 (0.11) 7.7 (0.11) 1.5   (0.15) 0.7   (0.14)
Without own children under 18 1.7 (0.07) 1.9 (0.07) 2.6 (0.09) 3.1 (0.09) 4.3 (0.07) 4.6 (0.08) 4.7 (0.08) 4.9 (0.09) 4.7 (0.08) 1.1   (0.12) 0.5   (0.11)
With own children under 18 0.7 (0.05) 1.0 (0.05) 1.7 (0.07) 2.5 (0.08) 2.8 (0.06) 2.9 (0.07) 3.0 (0.07) 2.9 (0.07) 3.0 (0.07) 0.3 ! (0.10)   (†)
One own child under 18 0.3 (0.03) 0.6 (0.04) 1.1 (0.06) 1.6 (0.07) 1.7 (0.05) 1.8 (0.05) 1.8 (0.05) 1.7 (0.05) 1.6 (0.05) 0.2 ! (0.08)   (†)
Two own children under 18 0.2 (0.02) 0.3 (0.03) 0.5 (0.04) 0.7 (0.04) 0.7 (0.03) 0.8 (0.04) 0.8 (0.04) 0.8 (0.04) 1.0 (0.04)   (†) 0.2   (0.05)
Three or more own children
   under 18
0.1 (0.02) 0.1 (0.02) 0.2 (0.02) 0.2 (0.03) 0.3 (0.02) 0.4 (0.02) 0.4 (0.02) 0.4 (0.02) 0.4 (0.02) 0.1 ! (0.03)   (†)
                                                 
Families with female house-
   holder, no spouse present
10.7 (0.17) 14.6 (0.18) 16.5 (0.20) 17.6 (0.20) 18.8 (0.14) 19.0 (0.16) 19.0 (0.16) 18.8 (0.15) 18.6 (0.15) 1.2   (0.25)   (†)
Without own children under 18 5.1 (0.12) 5.5 (0.12) 6.5 (0.13) 7.1 (0.14) 8.1 (0.10) 8.6 (0.11) 8.6 (0.11) 8.8 (0.11) 8.7 (0.11) 1.0   (0.17) 0.6   (0.15)
With own children under 18 5.6 (0.13) 9.1 (0.15) 10.0 (0.16) 10.5 (0.16) 10.7 (0.11) 10.5 (0.12) 10.4 (0.12) 10.0 (0.12) 9.8 (0.12)   (†) -0.9   (0.16)
One own child under 18 2.0 (0.08) 4.0 (0.10) 4.9 (0.12) 5.2 (0.12) 5.3 (0.08) 5.1 (0.09) 5.1 (0.09) 5.0 (0.09) 4.9 (0.08)   (†) -0.5   (0.12)
Two own children under 18 1.6 (0.07) 3.1 (0.09) 3.3 (0.10) 3.4 (0.10) 3.4 (0.07) 3.5 (0.07) 3.4 (0.07) 3.2 (0.07) 3.0 (0.07)   (†) -0.4   (0.09)
Three or more own children
   under 18
2.0 (0.08) 2.1 (0.07) 1.8 (0.07) 1.9 (0.07) 1.9 (0.05) 1.9 (0.05) 1.9 (0.05) 1.8 (0.05) 1.9 (0.05)   (†)   (†)
†Not applicable.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is 50 percent or greater.
NOTE: A family household consists of two or more people who are related by birth, marriage, or adoption and are residing together. Own children are never-married sons and daughters, including stepchildren and adopted children, of the householder or married couple. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, Series P20, Household and Family Characteristics, 1994 and 1995; and Current Population Survey (CPS), Annual Social and Economic Supplement, America’s Families and Living Arrangements (F table series), 2000 and 2010-2018. 2018 data retrieved May 24, 2019, from https://www.census.gov/content/census/en/data/tables/2018/demo/families/cps-2018.html. (This table was prepared May 2019.)

2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest