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Digest of Education Statistics
2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 101.20. Estimates of resident population, by race/ethnicity and age group: Selected years, 1980 through 2019
Year and age
group
Number (in thousands) Percentage distribution
Total White Black His-
panic
Asian Pacific
Islander
American
Indian/
Alaska
Native
Two
or
more
races
Total White Black His-
panic
Asian Pacific
Islander
American
Indian/
Alaska
Native
Two
or
more
races
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17
Total                                
1980 227,225 181,140 26,215 14,869 3,665 (1) 1,336 --- 100.0 79.7 11.5 6.5 1.6 (1) 0.6 ---
1990 249,623 188,725 29,439 22,573 7,092 (1) 1,793 --- 100.0 75.6 11.8 9.0 2.8 (1) 0.7 ---
1995 266,278 194,389 32,500 28,158 9,188 (1) 2,044 --- 100.0 73.0 12.2 10.6 3.5 (1) 0.8 ---
20002 282,162 195,702 34,406 35,662 10,469 370 2,102 3,452 100.0 69.4 12.2 12.6 3.7 0.1 0.7 1.2
20052 295,517 196,621 36,147 43,024 12,658 434 2,186 4,447 100.0 66.5 12.2 14.6 4.3 0.1 0.7 1.5
20092 306,772 197,275 37,657 49,327 14,361 488 2,252 5,411 100.0 64.3 12.3 16.1 4.7 0.2 0.7 1.8

20102
309,326 197,387 38,014 50,747 14,762 500 2,269 5,647 100.0 63.8 12.3 16.4 4.8 0.2 0.7 1.8
20142 318,386 197,765 39,497 55,175 16,683 544 2,351 6,371 100.0 62.1 12.4 17.3 5.2 0.2 0.7 2.0
20152 320,743 197,794 39,873 56,364 17,227 555 2,369 6,561 100.0 61.7 12.4 17.6 5.4 0.2 0.7 2.0
20162 323,071 197,794 40,243 57,573 17,759 566 2,387 6,750 100.0 61.2 12.5 17.8 5.5 0.2 0.7 2.1
20172 325,147 197,699 40,580 58,707 18,249 576 2,403 6,933 100.0 60.8 12.5 18.1 5.6 0.2 0.7 2.1
20182 327,167 197,546 40,902 59,872 18,729 586 2,417 7,115 100.0 60.4 12.5 18.3 5.7 0.2 0.7 2.2
20192 329,159 197,395 41,222 60,998 19,210 596 2,432 7,305 100.0 60.0 12.5 18.5 5.8 0.2 0.7 2.2

Under 5
    years old
                               
1980 16,451 11,904 2,413 1,677 319 (1) 137 --- 100.0 72.4 14.7 10.2 1.9 (1) 0.8 ---
1990 18,856 12,757 2,825 2,497 593 (1) 184 --- 100.0 67.7 15.0 13.2 3.1 (1) 1.0 ---
1995 19,627 12,415 3,050 3,245 734 (1) 182 --- 100.0 63.3 15.5 16.5 3.7 (1) 0.9 ---
20002 19,178 11,253 2,753 3,748 686 30 171 538 100.0 58.7 14.4 19.5 3.6 0.2 0.9 2.8
20052 19,917 10,847 2,706 4,607 839 35 171 712 100.0 54.5 13.6 23.1 4.2 0.2 0.9 3.6
20092 20,245 10,395 2,776 5,101 890 39 176 868 100.0 51.3 13.7 25.2 4.4 0.2 0.9 4.3

20102
20,189 10,278 2,780 5,128 891 39 176 898 100.0 50.9 13.8 25.4 4.4 0.2 0.9 4.4
20142 19,872 9,931 2,736 5,135 931 39 171 931 100.0 50.0 13.8 25.8 4.7 0.2 0.9 4.7
20152 19,918 9,921 2,744 5,152 955 40 169 937 100.0 49.8 13.8 25.9 4.8 0.2 0.8 4.7
20162 19,922 9,883 2,745 5,162 979 40 167 946 100.0 49.6 13.8 25.9 4.9 0.2 0.8 4.7
20172 19,892 9,836 2,738 5,170 992 41 165 951 100.0 49.4 13.8 26.0 5.0 0.2 0.8 4.8
20182 19,810 9,767 2,724 5,172 992 41 162 952 100.0 49.3 13.8 26.1 5.0 0.2 0.8 4.8
20192 19,703 9,669 2,704 5,173 996 41 160 960 100.0 49.1 13.7 26.3 5.1 0.2 0.8 4.9

5 to 17
    years old
                               
1980 47,232 35,220 6,840 4,005 790 (1) 377 --- 100.0 74.6 14.5 8.5 1.7 (1) 0.8 ---
1990 45,359 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
1995 49,838 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
20002 53,198 33,008 7,994 8,700 1,829 85 522 1,059 100.0 62.0 15.0 16.4 3.4 0.2 1.0 2.0
20052 53,606 31,379 7,987 10,207 2,047 92 499 1,396 100.0 58.5 14.9 19.0 3.8 0.2 0.9 2.6
20092 53,890 29,851 7,726 11,717 2,290 99 478 1,729 100.0 55.4 14.3 21.7 4.2 0.2 0.9 3.2

20102
53,932 29,496 7,644 12,057 2,350 101 475 1,809 100.0 54.7 14.2 22.4 4.4 0.2 0.9 3.4
20142 53,693 28,290 7,431 12,818 2,549 104 463 2,037 100.0 52.7 13.8 23.9 4.7 0.2 0.9 3.8
20152 53,702 28,010 7,410 13,022 2,599 105 461 2,095 100.0 52.2 13.8 24.2 4.8 0.2 0.9 3.9
20162 53,727 27,748 7,395 13,233 2,643 105 459 2,144 100.0 51.6 13.8 24.6 4.9 0.2 0.9 4.0
20172 53,691 27,476 7,378 13,395 2,689 106 457 2,190 100.0 51.2 13.7 24.9 5.0 0.2 0.9 4.1
20182 53,589 27,186 7,346 13,529 2,733 107 454 2,234 100.0 50.7 13.7 25.2 5.1 0.2 0.8 4.2
20192 53,550 26,953 7,334 13,654 2,769 107 452 2,280 100.0 50.3 13.7 25.5 5.2 0.2 0.8 4.3

18 to 24
    years old
                               
1980 30,103 23,278 3,872 2,284 468 (1) 201 --- 100.0 77.3 12.9 7.6 1.6 (1) 0.7 ---
1990 26,853 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
1995 25,482 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
20002 27,315 16,913 3,780 4,786 1,158 50 239 389 100.0 61.9 13.8 17.5 4.2 0.2 0.9 1.4
20052 29,442 17,741 4,092 5,406 1,351 57 263 531 100.0 60.3 13.9 18.4 4.6 0.2 0.9 1.8
20092 30,530 17,705 4,363 6,006 1,481 64 266 645 100.0 58.0 14.3 19.7 4.9 0.2 0.9 2.1

20102
30,763 17,616 4,436 6,182 1,519 66 266 678 100.0 57.3 14.4 20.1 4.9 0.2 0.9 2.2
20142 31,420 17,323 4,669 6,598 1,661 64 275 829 100.0 55.1 14.9 21.0 5.3 0.2 0.9 2.6
20152 31,136 17,025 4,588 6,647 1,682 62 271 860 100.0 54.7 14.7 21.3 5.4 0.2 0.9 2.8
20162 30,820 16,716 4,495 6,693 1,700 61 266 889 100.0 54.2 14.6 21.7 5.5 0.2 0.9 2.9
20172 30,549 16,463 4,402 6,731 1,715 60 261 916 100.0 53.9 14.4 22.0 5.6 0.2 0.9 3.0
20182 30,457 16,295 4,337 6,820 1,743 60 257 944 100.0 53.5 14.2 22.4 5.7 0.2 0.8 3.1
20192 30,362 16,122 4,274 6,908 1,775 60 255 968 100.0 53.1 14.1 22.8 5.8 0.2 0.8 3.2

25 years old
    and over
                               
1980 133,438 110,737 13,091 6,903 2,088 (1) 620 --- 100.0 83.0 9.8 5.2 1.6 (1) 0.5 ---
1990 158,555 125,653 16,322 11,447 4,190 (1) 944 --- 100.0 79.2 10.3 7.2 2.6 (1) 0.6 ---
1995 171,332 131,839 18,250 14,519 5,628 (1) 1,096 --- 100.0 76.9 10.7 8.5 3.3 (1) 0.6 ---
20002 182,471 134,529 19,879 18,427 6,796 205 1,170 1,465 100.0 73.7 10.9 10.1 3.7 0.1 0.6 0.8
20052 192,551 136,655 21,361 22,804 8,421 250 1,253 1,808 100.0 71.0 11.1 11.8 4.4 0.1 0.7 0.9
20092 202,107 139,324 22,792 26,504 9,700 285 1,332 2,170 100.0 68.9 11.3 13.1 4.8 0.1 0.7 1.1

20102
204,443 139,997 23,154 27,381 10,002 294 1,352 2,262 100.0 68.5 11.3 13.4 4.9 0.1 0.7 1.1
20142 213,401 142,221 24,662 30,624 11,543 337 1,442 2,574 100.0 66.6 11.6 14.4 5.4 0.2 0.7 1.2
20152 215,987 142,838 25,131 31,542 11,991 348 1,467 2,669 100.0 66.1 11.6 14.6 5.6 0.2 0.7 1.2
20162 218,602 143,447 25,609 32,485 12,437 359 1,494 2,771 100.0 65.6 11.7 14.9 5.7 0.2 0.7 1.3
20172 221,015 143,923 26,062 33,412 12,853 369 1,520 2,877 100.0 65.1 11.8 15.1 5.8 0.2 0.7 1.3
20182 223,311 144,299 26,496 34,350 13,260 379 1,544 2,984 100.0 64.6 11.9 15.4 5.9 0.2 0.7 1.3
20192 225,544 144,652 26,910 35,263 13,669 388 1,566 3,096 100.0 64.1 11.9 15.6 6.1 0.2 0.7 1.4
---Not available.
1 Included under Asian.
2 Data on persons of Two or more races were collected beginning in 2000. Direct comparability of the data (other than Hispanic) prior to 2000 with the data for 2000 and later years is limited by the extent to which people reporting more than one race in later years had been reported in specific race groups in earlier years.
NOTE: Resident population includes civilian population and armed forces personnel residing within the United States; it excludes armed forces personnel residing overseas. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding. Some data have been revised from previously published figures. Population estimates as of July 1 of the indicated reference year.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Reports, Series P-25, Nos. 1092 and 1095; 2000 through 2009 Population Estimates, retrieved August 14, 2012, from http://www.census.gov/popest/data/national/asrh/2011/index.html; and 2010 through 2019 Population Estimates, retrieved November 29, 2019, from https://www.census.gov/data/datasets/time-series/demo/popest/2010s-national-detail.html#par_textimage_57373479. (This table was prepared November 2019.)

2019 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest