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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 702.10. Percentage of children ages 3 to 18 living in households with a computer, by type of computer and selected child and family characteristics: Selected years, 2010 through 2017
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Selected child or family characteristic 2010 2013 2015 2016 2017
Total, any computer or smartphone Total, any computer or smartphone Total, any computer or smartphone Total, any computer or smart-phone1 Desktop, laptop, tablet, or other portable wireless computer Smartphone Total, any computer or smart-phone1 Desktop, laptop, tablet, or other portable wireless computer Smartphone
Total1 Desktop or laptop Tablet or other portable wireless computer Total1 Desktop or laptop Tablet or other portable wireless computer
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
Total 85.3 (0.37) 92.6 (0.08) 94.5 (0.06) 96.6 (0.05) 89.5 (0.09) 83.3 (0.13) 73.7 (0.15) 90.9 (0.05) 97.3   (0.04) 89.9   (0.11) 83.3   (0.13) 77.9   (0.16) 94.3   (0.05)
Sex                                                              
Male 85.0 (0.44) 92.5 (0.08) 94.4 (0.07) 96.5 (0.06) 89.4 (0.11) 83.1 (0.14) 73.4 (0.17) 90.8 (0.07) 97.3   (0.05) 89.8   (0.12) 83.2   (0.14) 77.7   (0.18) 94.3   (0.06)
Female 85.5 (0.45) 92.6 (0.10) 94.5 (0.07) 96.7 (0.05) 89.6 (0.11) 83.4 (0.14) 74.1 (0.17) 91.0 (0.07) 97.4   (0.05) 90.0   (0.11) 83.4   (0.14) 78.0   (0.17) 94.4   (0.06)
                                                               
Race/ethnicity                                                              
White 92.4 (0.34) 95.9 (0.07) 97.0 (0.06) 97.9 (0.05) 94.2 (0.09) 90.1 (0.12) 79.8 (0.16) 92.1 (0.08) 98.2   (0.04) 94.3   (0.08) 89.9   (0.12) 84.3   (0.15) 95.6   (0.06)
Black 72.8 (1.30) 87.1 (0.25) 90.2 (0.21) 94.0 (0.20) 81.4 (0.28) 72.3 (0.31) 63.1 (0.36) 87.8 (0.22) 94.9   (0.16) 82.1   (0.32) 72.0   (0.36) 66.9   (0.39) 90.8   (0.20)
Hispanic 74.3 (0.90) 87.2 (0.20) 90.7 (0.16) 94.8 (0.12) 82.5 (0.22) 73.0 (0.25) 65.2 (0.24) 89.4 (0.16) 96.5   (0.10) 83.9   (0.23) 73.8   (0.26) 68.8   (0.30) 93.2   (0.14)
Asian 93.5 (1.18) 97.9 (0.13) 98.3 (0.14) 98.9 (0.11) 97.0 (0.18) 94.8 (0.23) 80.8 (0.34) 93.7 (0.25) 98.9   (0.12) 96.6   (0.19) 94.0   (0.24) 85.1   (0.38) 96.9   (0.18)
Pacific Islander 83.9 (7.10) 87.8 (2.10) 90.9 (1.55) 94.3 (1.50) 77.8 (2.31) 69.3 (2.56) 60.7 (2.71) 85.9 (2.21) 94.0   (1.37) 81.7   (2.28) 72.6   (2.64) 64.3   (3.30) 90.2   (1.66)
American Indian/Alaska Native 72.4 (4.70) 79.0 (0.73) 83.7 (0.82) 87.3 (0.62) 75.6 (0.81) 64.7 (1.01) 61.1 (1.04) 80.3 (0.73) 90.2   (0.61) 75.4   (0.84) 64.7   (0.96) 61.9   (1.03) 84.4   (0.76)
Two or more races 85.2 (2.09) 95.8 (0.19) 97.1 (0.18) 98.5 (0.12) 92.9 (0.28) 86.8 (0.37) 79.3 (0.44) 93.0 (0.25) 98.7   (0.11) 93.1   (0.25) 87.0   (0.35) 83.8   (0.39) 96.1   (0.19)
                                                               
Age                                                              
3 and 4 81.0 (0.76) 90.4 (0.15) 93.1 (0.15) 96.0 (0.10) 86.6 (0.22) 79.0 (0.24) 71.5 (0.27) 91.2 (0.13) 96.9   (0.08) 87.4   (0.19) 79.1   (0.24) 75.8   (0.26) 94.3   (0.11)
5 to 10 83.9 (0.52) 91.8 (0.09) 93.8 (0.09) 96.2 (0.06) 88.3 (0.12) 80.8 (0.16) 74.0 (0.16) 90.6 (0.07) 97.2   (0.06) 89.1   (0.13) 81.0   (0.14) 78.5   (0.18) 94.1   (0.07)
11 to 14 87.3 (0.59) 93.5 (0.10) 95.1 (0.08) 96.9 (0.07) 90.8 (0.12) 85.4 (0.15) 75.4 (0.18) 90.8 (0.10) 97.5   (0.06) 91.1   (0.13) 85.2   (0.17) 79.3   (0.19) 94.4   (0.09)
15 to 18 87.7 (0.49) 93.9 (0.10) 95.4 (0.08) 97.2 (0.06) 91.3 (0.11) 87.0 (0.14) 72.8 (0.21) 91.3 (0.10) 97.6   (0.06) 91.2   (0.15) 86.7   (0.16) 76.6   (0.21) 94.5   (0.08)
                                                               
Metropolitan status2                                                              
Metropolitan3 85.7 (0.40) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
Nonmetropolitan4 82.8 (0.94) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†) (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)
                                                               
Highest level of education
   attained by either parent5
                                                             
Less than high school 57.0 (1.77) 75.7 (0.40) 81.3 (0.35) 87.9 (0.27) 67.4 (0.34) 54.1 (0.38) 48.5 (0.37) 80.8 (0.30) 90.4   (0.28) 68.4   (0.44) 54.8   (0.43) 50.8   (0.43) 85.0   (0.33)
High school diploma or
   equivalent
76.1 (0.91) 87.3 (0.22) 90.2 (0.18) 94.1 (0.13) 80.6 (0.26) 69.6 (0.30) 61.4 (0.26) 87.4 (0.17) 95.3   (0.12) 81.3   (0.24) 69.2   (0.29) 65.1   (0.28) 90.9   (0.13)
Some college 88.7 (0.73) 94.3 (0.13) 95.8 (0.12) 97.5 (0.09) 90.5 (0.15) 83.0 (0.21) 73.3 (0.27) 92.4 (0.13) 98.1   (0.07) 90.5   (0.18) 82.0   (0.22) 77.1   (0.25) 95.4   (0.10)
Associate's degree 91.5 (0.67) 96.7 (0.14) 97.7 (0.12) 98.7 (0.09) 94.9 (0.18) 90.1 (0.24) 79.4 (0.28) 93.9 (0.16) 98.9   (0.08) 95.0   (0.15) 89.9   (0.19) 83.4   (0.27) 96.5   (0.12)
Bachelor's or higher degree 96.8 (0.28) 99.0 (0.04) 99.2 (0.03) 99.6 (0.03) 98.5 (0.05) 97.0 (0.08) 86.6 (0.12) 94.9 (0.07) 99.6   (0.02) 98.4   (0.04) 96.8   (0.06) 90.8   (0.10) 98.1   (0.05)
Bachelor's degree 95.9 (0.40) 98.6 (0.06) 99.0 (0.05) 99.4 (0.04) 98.0 (0.07) 95.9 (0.11) 85.1 (0.17) 94.7 (0.10) 99.5   (0.03) 97.8   (0.07) 95.6   (0.10) 88.9   (0.16) 97.9   (0.08)
Master's or higher degree 98.0 (0.35) 99.4 (0.04) 99.5 (0.04) 99.7 (0.03) 99.1 (0.06) 98.3 (0.08) 88.4 (0.17) 95.0 (0.12) 99.7   (0.03) 99.1   (0.05) 98.2   (0.07) 93.0   (0.13) 98.3   (0.07)
                                                               
Family income (in current
   dollars)
                                                             
  Less than $10,000 53.9 (1.90) 76.4 (0.40) 82.1 (0.42) 87.7 (0.40) 67.1 (0.52) 54.5 (0.50) 49.0 (0.49) 79.5 (0.44) 90.3   (0.29) 68.3   (0.52) 55.1   (0.55) 52.8   (0.57) 84.5   (0.37)
  $10,000 to $19,999 68.4 (1.35) 81.2 (0.34) 85.7 (0.31) 90.6 (0.26) 72.4 (0.44) 59.3 (0.44) 52.7 (0.45) 82.7 (0.33) 92.5   (0.24) 73.0   (0.47) 59.4   (0.48) 55.7   (0.51) 86.8   (0.28)
  $20,000 to $29,999 75.4 (1.34) 86.9 (0.32) 89.2 (0.29) 93.8 (0.25) 79.0 (0.40) 67.3 (0.40) 58.6 (0.43) 86.4 (0.31) 94.9   (0.20) 78.9   (0.41) 65.8   (0.42) 61.6   (0.45) 90.3   (0.23)
  $30,000 to $39,999 84.9 (1.05) 90.6 (0.22) 92.8 (0.22) 95.4 (0.20) 83.7 (0.38) 74.2 (0.47) 64.0 (0.44) 88.7 (0.27) 96.2   (0.16) 84.6   (0.32) 73.6   (0.39) 67.2   (0.42) 91.9   (0.22)
  $40,000 to $49,999 91.1 (0.98) 93.3 (0.22) 94.2 (0.26) 96.5 (0.16) 88.5 (0.28) 80.0 (0.36) 69.3 (0.36) 90.2 (0.25) 97.1   (0.17) 87.8   (0.30) 78.8   (0.36) 71.9   (0.38) 93.2   (0.20)
  $50,000 to $74,999 92.4 (0.71) 95.7 (0.14) 96.6 (0.12) 97.9 (0.08) 92.6 (0.18) 86.6 (0.24) 75.5 (0.28) 92.2 (0.15) 98.2   (0.07) 92.2   (0.17) 85.4   (0.22) 78.2   (0.26) 95.1   (0.11)
  $75,000 to $99,999 95.2 (0.59) 97.5 (0.12) 98.0 (0.09) 98.6 (0.08) 95.9 (0.13) 92.2 (0.19) 81.0 (0.29) 93.6 (0.14) 98.9   (0.09) 95.5   (0.17) 91.2   (0.23) 84.7   (0.29) 96.5   (0.14)
  $100,000 or more 98.3 (0.29) 99.0 (0.04) 99.1 (0.04) 99.4 (0.04) 98.4 (0.06) 96.9 (0.08) 87.7 (0.13) 95.2 (0.09) 99.4   (0.03) 98.4   (0.06) 96.6   (0.08) 92.0   (0.11) 98.2   (0.05)
    $100,000 to $149,999 98.0 (0.44) 98.8 (0.06) 98.8 (0.07) 99.2 (0.07) 97.8 (0.10) 95.7 (0.13) 85.5 (0.21) 94.8 (0.13) 99.3   (0.05) 97.8   (0.08) 95.3   (0.13) 89.9   (0.17) 97.8   (0.08)
    $150,000 or more 98.8 (0.36) 99.3 (0.05) 99.4 (0.05) 99.6 (0.04) 99.0 (0.05) 98.1 (0.08) 90.0 (0.16) 95.7 (0.11) 99.5   (0.03) 98.9   (0.06) 98.0   (0.09) 94.2   (0.13) 98.6   (0.06)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
1 Households indicating they had the types of computers/devices listed in more than one survey question were counted only once in the total. Therefore, the total is less than the sum of the categories. In addition to the types of computers/devices specified, the total includes a small percentage (less than 1 percent) of children whose households had "some other type of computer" not listed in the survey questions.
2 Children living in areas whose metropolitan status was not identified are excluded from this analysis. In 2010, less than 1 percent of children ages 3 to 18 lived in an area with nonidentified metropolitan status.
3 Refers to metropolitan statistical areas, which contain at least one urbanized area with a population of 50,000 or more.
4 Refers to areas that are outside of metropolitan statistical areas.
5 Highest education level of any parent residing with the child (including an adoptive or stepparent). Includes only children who resided with at least one of their parents.
NOTE: Data are based on children living in households and exclude children living in institutions (e.g., prisons or nursing facilities). The surveys asked about "computers" or "types of computer" (including smartphones) in the household. Percentages refer to children whose household members owned or used at home any computers/devices listed in the survey questions or "some other type of computer" that was not listed. Estimates for 2010 may not be comparable to those for later years because the 2010 estimates are based on the Current Population Survey, while those for later years are based on the American Community Survey (ACS). Estimates for 2016 and 2017 may not be comparable to those for 2013 and 2015 because the wording of the ACS computer questions was revised as of 2016. Race categories exclude persons of Hispanic ethnicity.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Commerce, Census Bureau, Current Population Survey (CPS), October 2010; and American Community Survey (ACS), 2013, 2015, 2016, and 2017. (This table was prepared January 2019.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest