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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 701.60. Number of public libraries, number of books and serial volumes, and per capita usage of selected library services per year, by state: Fiscal years 2015 and 2016
State Number of public libraries1 Number of books and serial volumes Per capita2  usage of selected services per year
In thousands Per capita2 Number of library visits3 Circulation (number of materials lent) Reference transactions4 Uses of public-access internet computers
2015 2016 2015 2016 2015 2016 2015 2016 2015 2016 2015 2016 2015 2016
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
United States 9,068 9,057 750,249 732,240 2.4 2.4 4.5 4.4 7.3 7.2 0.8 0.8 1.0 0.9
Alabama 219 219 9,227 9,007 2.0 2.0 3.5 3.4 4.3 4.3 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8
Alaska 80 71 2,354 2,048 3.6 3.2 4.8 5.4 6.9 7.4 0.5 0.7 1.2 0.9
Arizona 90 90 8,196 7,663 1.2 1.1 3.9 3.7 6.5 6.6 0.6 0.9 1.1 1.0
Arkansas 58 59 6,371 5,722 2.4 2.3 3.9 4.0 5.4 5.2 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
California 184 184 63,676 62,770 1.6 1.6 4.2 4.0 5.6 5.4 0.5 0.6 0.8 0.8
                             
Colorado 113 114 9,943 10,526 1.9 2.0 6.1 6.0 12.0 11.8 0.7 0.8 1.4 1.2
Connecticut 182 182 13,577 13,103 4.0 4.0 6.1 6.0 8.3 8.1 0.9 1.0 1.2 1.2
Delaware 21 21 1,646 1,532 1.8 1.6 4.4 4.4 6.5 6.6 0.5 0.5 0.7 0.7
District of Columbia 1 1 1,863 1,863 2.8 2.7 6.2 5.8 6.0 6.5 1.2 1.2 1.7 1.4
Florida 80 80 30,794 29,261 1.6 1.5 3.7 3.5 5.7 5.5 1.2 1.2 0.8 0.8
                             
Georgia 63 63 16,522 16,839 1.6 1.6 2.8 2.7 3.6 3.7 0.7 0.8 1.1 1.2
Hawaii 1 1 3,197 2,967 2.3 2.1 3.5 3.1 4.5 4.4 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6
Idaho 102 102 4,342 4,289 3.2 3.1 6.3 6.2 11.4 10.9 0.9 0.8 1.4 1.2
Illinois 622 621 42,366 40,487 3.6 3.4 6.0 5.7 9.5 9.1 0.9 0.9 1.2 1.1
Indiana 237 236 23,210 22,693 3.8 3.7 5.7 5.5 12.7 12.2 0.7 0.7 1.1 1.1
                             
Iowa 534 534 11,934 11,749 3.9 3.9 5.9 5.9 8.9 8.8 0.6 0.6 1.0 1.0
Kansas 320 321 9,113 8,972 3.6 3.6 5.6 5.5 10.0 9.9 0.8 0.8 1.2 1.2
Kentucky 119 119 9,171 9,051 2.1 2.1 4.2 4.1 6.9 6.8 1.0 1.0 1.0 1.0
Louisiana 68 68 11,833 11,746 2.5 2.5 4.3 4.3 4.5 4.6 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1
Maine 228 227 5,981 5,903 5.2 5.2 5.8 5.9 7.7 7.6 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.9
                             
Maryland 24 24 11,922 10,459 2.0 1.8 4.8 4.6 9.9 9.8 1.4 1.5 1.0 0.9
Massachusetts 368 368 30,857 30,276 4.6 4.5 6.1 6.1 9.2 9.3 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.9
Michigan 392 396 31,818 29,473 3.2 3.0 4.9 4.7 8.3 7.9 0.9 0.9 1.0 1.0
Minnesota 137 137 14,363 14,339 2.6 2.6 4.4 4.4 9.6 9.3 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.9
Mississippi 52 52 5,704 5,599 1.9 1.9 3.0 3.0 2.6 2.5 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.8
                             
Missouri 149 147 16,288 16,019 3.0 2.9 5.2 4.9 10.0 9.8 0.6 0.6 1.1 1.0
Montana 82 82 2,622 2,627 2.7 2.7 4.3 4.4 6.1 6.1 0.5 0.5 1.2 1.2
Nebraska 247 237 5,733 5,555 3.7 3.6 5.3 5.1 8.2 8.2 0.5 0.5 1.3 1.2
Nevada 22 22 4,116 4,149 1.4 1.4 3.5 3.4 7.3 6.9 0.5 0.5 0.9 0.9
New Hampshire 219 222 5,818 5,619 5.0 4.4 6.4 5.5 8.6 7.9 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.6
                             
New Jersey 282 282 27,177 26,513 3.1 3.1 5.0 4.9 6.4 6.3 0.8 0.8 1.0 1.0
New Mexico 87 88 4,232 4,128 2.6 2.5 4.5 4.4 5.5 5.7 0.6 0.9 1.2 1.1
New York 756 756 69,313 68,858 3.6 3.6 5.4 5.3 6.9 6.8 1.4 1.4 1.1 0.9
North Carolina 80 81 16,021 15,584 1.6 1.6 3.6 3.3 5.2 5.0 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7
North Dakota 72 74 2,173 2,173 3.2 3.2 3.3 3.3 5.9 6.3 0.7 0.8 0.9 0.9
                             
Ohio 251 251 41,024 40,060 3.6 3.5 6.8 6.4 15.9 16.0 1.6 1.6 1.7 1.4
Oklahoma 119 119 7,093 7,351 2.2 2.3 4.2 4.1 6.9 7.0 0.6 0.6 1.1 1.1
Oregon 131 131 9,805 9,497 2.6 2.7 5.5 5.8 15.0 15.5 0.6 0.6 1.0 1.0
Pennsylvania 455 454 25,298 24,617 2.0 2.0 3.6 3.6 5.2 5.1 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
Rhode Island 48 48 4,241 3,561 4.0 3.4 5.6 5.5 6.4 6.1 0.6 0.6 1.2 1.0
                             
South Carolina 42 42 9,108 8,962 2.0 1.9 3.7 3.4 5.7 5.4 0.6 0.6 0.9 0.8
South Dakota 112 112 2,768 2,755 3.7 3.6 4.9 4.9 7.6 7.8 0.5 0.6 1.5 1.4
Tennessee 185 186 11,722 11,648 1.8 1.8 3.0 2.9 4.1 4.1 0.5 0.5 0.8 0.7
Texas 549 544 39,660 39,600 1.5 1.6 2.7 2.8 4.2 4.6 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.6
Utah 72 72 6,627 6,494 2.3 2.2 6.0 5.4 12.6 12.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 0.9
                             
Vermont 159 162 2,791 2,586 4.8 4.7 6.2 6.3 7.4 7.6 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.0
Virginia 91 92 17,210 17,097 2.1 2.1 4.6 4.3 8.8 8.2 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.9
Washington 62 62 13,261 12,825 1.9 1.8 5.7 5.5 12.0 12.1 0.5 0.6 1.3 1.1
West Virginia 97 97 5,005 4,917 2.7 2.7 2.9 2.8 3.4 3.5 0.3 0.3 0.5 0.5
Wisconsin 381 381 18,781 18,401 3.3 3.2 5.5 5.5 10.1 9.9 0.7 0.7 1.0 0.9
Wyoming 23 23 2,384 2,311 4.1 3.9 6.1 6.0 8.4 8.2 0.7 0.8 1.5 1.5
1 Refers to the number of administrative entities that are legally established under local or state law to provide public library service to the population of a local jurisdiction. A public library (administrative entity) may have a single outlet that provides direct service to the public, or it may have multiple service outlets. In 2015, a total of 16,560 stationary service outlets (8,891 central libraries and 7,669 branch libraries) were open to the public; 647 additional service outlets were bookmobiles. In 2016, a total of 16,568 stationary service outlets (8,884 central libraries and 7,684 branch libraries) were open to the public; 659 additional service outlets were bookmobiles.
2 Per capita (or per person) data are based on unduplicated populations of the areas served by public libraries.
3 Includes only the number of physical visits (entering the library for any purpose). The survey does not collect data on the number of online visits.
4 A reference transaction is an information contact that involves the knowledge, use, recommendations, interpretation, or instruction in the use of one or more information sources by a member of the library staff.
NOTE: Data include imputations for nonresponse. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Institute of Museum and Library Services, Public Libraries Survey, fiscal years 2015 and 2016, retrieved June 26, 2018, from https://www.imls.gov/research/public_libraries_in_the_united_states_survey.aspx. (This table was prepared June 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest