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Digest of Education Statistics: 2018
Digest of Education Statistics: 2018

NCES 2020-009
December 2019


Table 701.40. Collections, staff, and operating expenditures of degree-granting postsecondary institution libraries: Selected years, 1991-92 through 2016-17
Collections, staff, and operating expenditures 1991-92 2001-02 2011-12 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17
Total Public Private nonprofit Private
for-profit
Total Public Private nonprofit Private
for-profit
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
Number of libraries 3,274 3,568 3,793 4,134 3,999 1,558 1,611 830 3,944 1,559 1,612 773
Percentage of institutions with libraries --- 85.0 80.6 90.2 91.7 96.0 95.8 78.7 91.4 95.9 95.4 77.5
Number of circulation transactions (in thousands) --- 189,248 154,409 917,510 778,357 450,032 229,091 99,235 768,383 473,808 211,565 83,010
Physical transactions (includes serials) --- --- --- 81,182 67,796 41,240 25,504 1,053 58,244 34,691 22,855 699
Electronic transactions (does not include serials) --- --- --- 836,328 710,561 408,792 203,587 98,182 710,139 439,117 188,710 82,311
Number of circulation transactions per full-time-
equivalent (FTE) student
--- 16 10 60 52 43 67 93 51 45 61 91
                         
Enrollment (in thousands)                        
Total enrollment1 14,359 15,928 20,994 20,209 19,988 14,573 4,066 1,349 19,847 14,586 4,079 1,182
Full-time-equivalent (FTE) enrollment1 10,361 11,766 15,886 15,263 15,079 10,570 3,441 1,068 14,938 10,572 3,454 912
                         
Collections (in thousands)                        
Total number of physical and electronic materials
   (books, media, and databases)
--- --- --- 2,128,233 1,985,142 1,078,659 716,292 190,191 2,209,958 1,188,603 839,164 182,191
Number of books --- --- --- 1,711,851 1,573,341 854,394 594,267 124,681 1,651,471 888,869 640,484 122,118
Physical books --- --- --- 1,036,223 824,767 508,288 312,466 4,013 799,263 485,998 309,346 3,918
Electronic books --- 10,318 252,599 675,629 748,575 346,106 281,801 120,668 852,208 402,871 331,138 118,200
Number of media (includes audiovisual materials) --- --- --- 411,822 410,274 223,725 121,376 65,172 557,541 299,421 198,393 59,727
Physical media --- --- --- 253,826 190,049 135,924 53,580 545 194,634 130,051 64,135 448
Electronic media --- --- --- 157,996 220,225 87,801 67,797 64,627 362,907 169,370 134,258 59,279
Number of databases (electronic only) --- --- --- 4,560 1,527 540 649 338 946 313 288 345
Number of volumes at end of year 749,429 954,030 1,099,951 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Number of volumes added during year 20,982 24,574 27,605 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Number of serials at end of year2 6,966 9,855 --- --- 222,010 124,399 75,307 22,303 290,224 112,429 85,801 91,994
Microform units at end of year --- 1,143,678 1,044,521 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Number of volumes per full-time-equivalent (FTE) student 72 81 69 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Number of books per full-time-equivalent (FTE) student --- --- --- 112 104 81 173 117 111 84 185 134
                         
Full-time-equivalent (FTE) library staff                        
Total staff in regular positions3 67,166 69,526 65,242 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Librarians and professional staff 26,341 32,053 34,423 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Other paid staff 40,421 37,473 30,819 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Contributed services 404 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Student assistants 29,075 25,305 20,509 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
FTE student enrollment per FTE staff member 154 169 243 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
                         
Library operating expenditures4                        
Total operating expenditures (in thousands of current
   dollars)
$3,648,654 $5,416,716 $7,008,114 $7,957,153 $8,085,556 $4,749,633 $3,248,421 $87,502 $8,233,469 $4,835,333 $3,312,472 $85,664
Salaries and wages5 1,889,368 2,753,404 3,443,831 3,422,050 3,455,940 2,127,768 1,290,595 37,577 3,499,591 2,168,144 1,295,935 35,512
Fringe benefits --- --- --- 745,195 759,363 467,031 288,499 3,833 780,980 486,278 290,912 3,789
Computer hardware/software --- 155,791 143,660 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Bibliographic utilities/networks/consortia --- 92,242 123,650 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Information resources 1,240,419 1,990,989 2,790,039 3,016,495 3,083,854 1,753,092 1,292,472 38,290 3,126,353 1,766,804 1,322,388 37,161
Books, serial backfiles, and other materials --- --- --- 604,100 614,389 312,052 297,454 4,883 606,196 298,142 304,108 3,947
Books and serial backfiles—paper --- 563,007 503,851 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Books and serial backfiles—electronic --- 44,792 180,570 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Audiovisual materials 23,879 37,041 37,022 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Ongoing commitments to subscriptions --- --- --- 2,217,573 2,287,252 1,338,496 918,941 29,816 2,349,849 1,375,453 943,571 30,824
Current serials—paper --- 926,105 487,265 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Current serials—electronic --- 297,657 1,436,671 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Preservation 43,126 46,499 26,838 32,339 42,353 27,142 15,095 115 28,459 14,642 13,740 78
Other materials/services expenditures --- --- --- 162,484 139,860 75,401 60,982 3,477 141,848 78,567 60,969 2,312
Document delivery/interlibrary loan --- 22,913 32,490 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Other collection expenditures 1,173,414 52,976 85,334 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Other library operating expenditures 518,867 424,290 506,934 773,413 786,399 401,743 376,854 7,802 826,546 414,106 403,237 9,202
                         
Operating expenditures per full-time-equivalent
   (FTE) student
                       
In current dollars 352 460 441 521 536 449 944 82 551 457 959 94
In constant 2017-18 dollars6 632 641 481 547 558 468 983 85 564 468 981 96
Information resource expenditures per FTE student                        
In current dollars 120 169 176 198 205 166 376 36 209 167 383 41
In constant 2017-18 dollars6 215 236 191 207 213 173 391 37 214 171 391 42
                         
Operating expenditures (percentage distribution) 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0 100.0
Salaries and wages5 51.8 50.8 49.1 43.0 42.7 44.8 39.7 42.9 42.5 44.8 39.1 41.5
Fringe benefits --- --- --- 9.4 9.4 9.8 8.9 4.4 9.5 10.1 8.8 4.4
Preservation 1.2 0.9 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.1
Information resources 32.8 35.9 39.4 37.5 37.6 36.3 39.3 43.6 37.6 36.2 39.5 43.3
Other7 14.2 12.4 11.0 9.7 9.7 8.5 11.6 8.9 10.0 8.6 12.2 10.7
                         
Library operating expenditures as a percent of
   total institutional expenditures for
  educational and general purposes
3.0 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
---Not available.
1 Fall enrollment for the academic year specified.
2 For 2001-02 and later years, includes electronic serials. If a single title comes in both paper and electronic formats, it counts as two serials.
3 Excludes student assistants.
4 Excludes capital outlay. Expenditure data are reported only by degree-granting institutions with total expenditures over $100,000.
5 Includes student hourly wages.
6 Constant dollars based on the Consumer Price Index, prepared by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, adjusted to a school-year basis.
7 Includes computer hardware/software, bibliographic utilities/networks/consortia, and "other library operating expenditures" not individually listed.
NOTE: Data through 1995 are for institutions of higher education, while later data are for degree-granting institutions. Degree-granting institutions grant associate’s or higher degrees and participate in Title IV federal financial aid programs. The degree-granting classification is very similar to the earlier higher education classification, but it includes more 2-year colleges and excludes a few higher education institutions that did not grant degrees. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS), "Academic Libraries Survey" (IPEDS-L:92) and "Fall Enrollment Survey" (IPEDS-EF:92); Academic Libraries Survey (ALS), 2000 through 2012; IPEDS Spring 2015 through Spring 2017, Fall Enrollment component; and IPEDS Spring 2015 through Spring 2017, Academic Libraries component. (This table was prepared July 2019.)