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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 604.40. Percentage distribution of 16- to 19-year-olds, by frequency of using computers or the Internet to perform selected activities in everyday life and country or subnational region: 2012, 2014, and 2015
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Country or subnational region1 Use e-mail Use the Internet to understand issues such as health/illness, financial matters, or environmental issues Use spreadsheet or word processing software Use programming languages to write computer code Participate in real-time discussions on the Internet
Every day At least once a week but not every day Less than once a week but at least once a month Less than once a month or never Every day At least once a week but not every day Less than once a week but at least once a month Less than once a month or never Every day At least once a week but not every day Less than once a week but at least once a month Less than once a month or never Every day At least once a week but not every day Less than once a week but at least once a month Less than once a month or never Every day At least once a week but not every day Less than once a week but at least once a month Less than once a month or never
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
OECD average2  52.4 (0.52) 26.1 (0.46) 8.4   (0.29) 13.0   (0.37) 37.4 (0.49) 28.3 (0.47) 14.5 (0.37) 19.8   (0.41) 17.5   (0.38) 36.4 (0.50) 20.3 (0.43) 25.8 (0.44) 2.3   (0.17) 5.8   (0.26) 4.8   (0.21) 87.1 (0.35) 33.3 (0.49) 17.5 (0.40) 7.4   (0.27) 41.8 (0.52)
Austria 45.2 (2.30) 26.4 (2.23) 11.9   (1.55) 16.5   (1.69) 39.2 (2.32) 30.3 (2.11) 17.4 (1.71) 13.2   (1.54) 14.6   (1.73) 38.8 (2.48) 24.0 (2.01) 22.6 (1.54) 1.7 ! (0.61) 7.3   (1.27) 4.6   (0.97) 86.4 (1.54) 33.0 (2.57) 20.2 (2.05) 11.6   (1.68) 35.2 (2.46)
Canada 63.6 (1.70) 21.8 (1.44) 6.8   (0.96) 7.7   (0.99) 38.0 (1.87) 30.7 (1.77) 14.7 (1.19) 16.6   (1.40) 24.4   (1.54) 39.9 (1.90) 18.0 (1.37) 17.7 (1.26) 2.8   (0.64) 3.0   (0.49) 2.7   (0.62) 91.5 (0.97) 31.7 (1.48) 21.8 (1.50) 8.3   (1.02) 38.2 (1.78)
Chile3 39.7 (3.56) 32.7 (2.49) 9.3   (2.39) 18.3   (2.92) 40.0 (3.13) 28.7 (2.98) 16.9 (3.10) 14.4   (2.42) 14.9   (3.21) 38.6 (3.68) 21.4 (4.59) 25.2 (4.70)   (†) 6.7 ! (2.11) 7.6   (2.04) 82.1 (2.70) 17.9 (3.80) 11.7 (2.36) 11.2   (1.72) 59.2 (4.45)
Czech Republic 61.6 (2.94) 26.6 (2.60) 5.3   (1.48) 6.5   (1.35) 73.1 (2.09) 19.1 (1.86) 4.7 (1.16) 3.2 ! (1.25) 17.8   (2.74) 51.4 (3.95) 18.5 (2.16) 12.3 (1.65) 2.4 ! (0.88) 10.1   (2.06) 6.7   (1.30) 80.8 (2.24) 47.2 (3.00) 15.8 (2.72) 5.5   (1.03) 31.5 (3.73)
Denmark 54.8 (2.38) 27.1 (2.17) 9.4   (1.42) 8.7   (1.32) 44.9 (2.15) 26.9 (2.01) 16.2 (1.99) 11.9   (1.51) 47.3   (2.18) 31.0 (2.06) 11.5 (1.56) 10.3 (1.41) 2.4   (0.71) 4.5   (1.25) 5.1   (1.00) 88.0 (1.45) 74.5 (2.23) 13.6 (1.81) 3.9   (0.93) 7.9 (1.20)
                                                                                                 
England (UK) 53.4 (3.64) 28.3 (2.94) 7.4   (1.43) 10.9   (2.30) 27.8 (2.55) 35.0 (3.49) 17.2 (2.64) 20.0   (2.98) 18.8   (2.74) 39.9 (3.50) 15.0 (2.95) 26.3 (2.89)   (†)   (†) 6.7   (1.73) 90.9 (2.15) 27.9 (3.06) 19.9 (3.40) 7.6   (2.14) 44.6 (3.58)
Estonia 68.3 (2.01) 21.1 (1.71) 5.2   (0.85) 5.3   (1.10) 36.5 (1.88) 30.8 (1.73) 15.3 (1.60) 17.3   (1.29) 9.7   (1.23) 40.6 (2.12) 28.7 (1.86) 21.0 (1.84) 1.2 ! (0.52) 6.1   (1.17) 6.1   (1.02) 86.6 (1.41) 33.1 (2.16) 19.8 (1.61) 9.2   (1.25) 37.9 (2.26)
Finland 38.4 (2.44) 44.6 (2.50) 12.3   (1.73) 4.7   (1.04) 27.0 (2.06) 35.6 (2.21) 22.6 (1.99) 14.9   (1.95) 1.9 ! (0.77) 29.8 (2.32) 35.2 (2.48) 33.1 (2.08) 1.0 ! (0.47) 2.7 ! (0.87) 5.8   (1.12) 90.5 (1.34) 33.3 (2.28) 22.1 (2.09) 9.2   (1.63) 35.4 (2.40)
Flanders (Belgium) 62.4 (2.24) 24.3 (2.00) 7.8   (1.19) 5.5   (1.03) 37.6 (2.39) 30.5 (2.34) 15.0 (1.85) 16.9   (1.68) 16.3   (1.59) 52.7 (2.36) 19.1 (2.01) 11.9 (1.73) 2.6 ! (0.79) 6.0   (1.17) 5.9   (1.09) 85.5 (1.71) 23.2 (2.05) 17.6 (1.58) 7.2   (1.24) 52.0 (2.37)
France 56.3 (1.91) 25.4 (1.84) 6.4   (0.96) 11.9   (1.28) 51.0 (2.17) 30.5 (1.90) 7.8 (1.19) 10.6   (1.24) 13.6   (1.31) 32.1 (1.80) 29.1 (1.86) 25.2 (1.83) 5.0   (0.80) 6.4   (1.00) 7.7   (1.16) 80.9 (1.37) 46.9 (1.77) 23.2 (1.59) 9.8   (1.11) 20.1 (1.50)
                                                                                                 
Germany 58.0 (2.53) 27.7 (2.11) 6.5   (1.18) 7.8   (1.31) 37.7 (2.71) 34.9 (2.47) 15.6 (1.62) 11.9   (1.61) 14.7   (1.85) 38.7 (2.40) 29.4 (2.28) 17.1 (1.61) 2.1 ! (0.72) 5.6   (1.11) 5.1   (0.98) 87.2 (1.31) 41.7 (2.70) 22.5 (1.97) 6.9   (1.05) 28.9 (2.56)
Greece3 36.5 (4.47) 20.1 (3.14) 11.5   (2.19) 31.9   (3.82) 42.1 (4.19) 32.4 (3.69) 11.1 (2.63) 14.5   (2.91) 7.2   (1.51) 18.7 (3.23) 16.3 (2.75) 57.8 (3.67) 3.2 ! (1.41) 9.5 ! (2.89) 3.6 ! (1.46) 83.6 (3.46) 27.9 (4.16) 10.3 (2.49) 3.7 ! (1.49) 58.1 (4.17)
Ireland 46.1 (3.32) 32.3 (3.13) 6.9   (1.52) 14.7   (2.14) 29.6 (2.87) 28.4 (2.58) 16.6 (2.09) 25.4   (2.38) 17.0   (1.76) 35.8 (2.93) 17.7 (2.43) 29.5 (2.99) 2.2 ! (0.72) 1.8 ! (0.84)   (†) 95.0 (1.18) 49.6 (3.00) 16.9 (2.18) 2.9 ! (1.02) 30.6 (2.70)
Israel3 36.5 (2.30) 20.6 (2.12) 13.0   (1.67) 29.9   (1.81) 38.8 (2.28) 24.5 (2.16) 13.8 (1.62) 23.0   (1.72) 9.0   (1.29) 22.8 (1.92) 22.0 (2.11) 46.3 (2.34) 5.0   (1.06) 6.4   (1.21) 2.1   (0.58) 86.5 (1.60) 30.0 (2.15) 9.4 (1.21) 7.1   (1.28) 53.5 (2.30)
Italy 53.2 (3.60) 24.3 (3.46) 5.1   (1.50) 17.4   (2.57) 28.4 (3.64) 23.2 (3.28) 13.5 (2.53) 34.9   (3.58) 19.6   (3.27) 35.0 (3.34) 18.9 (2.48) 26.4 (2.81) 4.4 ! (1.65) 7.1   (1.77) 3.2 ! (1.16) 85.3 (2.59) 40.7 (3.40) 23.4 (3.02) 4.9 ! (1.51) 31.1 (3.17)
                                                                                                 
Japan 61.9 (2.92) 12.9 (1.90) 4.0 ! (1.33) 21.2   (2.44) 6.6 (1.51) 20.4 (2.29) 18.4 (2.42) 54.6   (3.61) 1.9 ! (0.78) 24.3 (2.50) 16.0 (2.16) 57.9 (3.14)   (†) 6.3   (1.47) 4.9   (1.29) 88.6 (1.89) 6.1 (1.44) 12.9 (2.00) 4.7   (1.22) 76.4 (2.32)
Korea, Republic of 19.9 (1.89) 34.4 (2.19) 19.5   (1.98) 26.2   (2.03) 8.2 (1.15) 29.3 (1.91) 24.8 (1.94) 37.7   (2.09) 5.0   (1.18) 32.7 (2.29) 26.5 (1.76) 35.8 (2.26) 1.7 ! (0.60) 12.0   (1.50) 10.8   (1.32) 75.4 (1.76) 26.4 (2.34) 28.1 (2.32) 11.6   (1.41) 33.8 (2.42)
Netherlands 73.8 (1.93) 19.5 (1.95) 2.2   (0.64) 4.6   (1.16) 35.3 (2.18) 27.5 (2.36) 16.4 (1.93) 20.8   (1.98) 30.6   (2.34) 42.7 (2.36) 15.7 (1.80) 11.1 (1.50) 1.4 ! (0.55) 5.1   (1.20) 3.0 ! (0.99) 90.5 (1.61) 24.2 (1.86) 13.1 (1.60) 5.6   (1.16) 57.0 (2.57)
New Zealand3 52.5 (2.26) 28.9 (1.93) 7.0   (1.16) 11.7   (1.41) 48.1 (2.15) 30.2 (2.04) 10.2 (1.33) 11.5   (1.46) 17.0   (1.69) 39.7 (2.28) 20.9 (1.62) 22.4 (2.04) 1.5 ! (0.50) 4.7   (0.98) 3.5   (0.91) 90.3 (1.35) 24.9 (2.09) 17.4 (1.65) 7.8   (1.21) 50.0 (2.29)
Northern Ireland (UK) 46.9 (4.46) 29.1 (3.78) 10.7   (2.47) 13.3   (2.94) 34.5 (4.43) 26.3 (3.69) 15.8 (3.09) 23.4   (3.72) 33.0   (3.61) 38.3 (3.15) 11.9 (2.32) 16.9 (3.37) 3.0 ! (1.28) 3.4 ! (1.45) 3.5 ! (1.41) 90.1 (2.29) 30.0 (3.93) 14.9 (2.64) 3.7 ! (1.20) 51.4 (4.06)
                                                                                                 
Norway 46.6 (2.14) 35.1 (2.18) 10.9   (1.37) 7.4   (1.39) 38.7 (2.47) 35.2 (2.18) 16.3 (1.65) 9.8   (1.17) 31.8   (1.96) 39.1 (2.26) 13.3 (1.80) 15.8 (1.72) 1.0 ! (0.42) 4.8   (0.89) 7.8   (1.33) 86.4 (1.66) 44.5 (2.18) 20.6 (1.95) 11.4   (1.57) 23.5 (1.86)
Poland 56.2 (1.77) 28.3 (1.81) 7.5   (1.08) 8.0   (1.11) 42.7 (2.28) 24.2 (2.07) 15.8 (1.65) 17.4   (1.78) 11.8   (1.52) 41.8 (2.23) 24.8 (1.81) 21.5 (1.75) 2.7 ! (0.82) 7.6   (1.13) 5.9   (1.01) 83.8 (1.67) 19.3 (1.81) 16.5 (1.78) 9.5   (1.29) 54.6 (2.19)
Slovak Republic 65.8 (2.70) 28.0 (2.42) 3.3   (0.82) 2.9   (0.74) 48.6 (2.83) 26.1 (2.43) 8.6 (1.30) 16.7   (1.79) 22.8   (2.22) 45.3 (2.71) 14.9 (1.91) 17.0 (1.69) 1.4 ! (0.60) 6.7   (1.29) 3.6   (1.06) 88.2 (1.68) 44.4 (2.55) 23.9 (2.50) 6.9   (1.42) 24.8 (2.50)
Slovenia3 58.2 (2.67) 27.5 (2.63) 7.8   (1.36) 6.5   (1.37) 63.5 (2.44) 18.0 (2.07) 7.3 (1.59) 11.1   (1.58) 11.3   (1.74) 45.3 (2.89) 28.8 (2.29) 14.7 (1.55) 2.1 ! (0.74) 5.5   (1.32) 3.3   (0.70) 89.2 (1.74) 38.6 (2.58) 16.0 (2.04) 6.4   (1.44) 39.0 (2.68)
Spain 70.2 (2.40) 20.2 (2.21) 4.0   (0.95) 5.6   (1.05) 37.5 (2.31) 29.7 (2.18) 10.6 (1.62) 22.1   (2.28) 27.8   (2.33) 36.7 (2.65) 16.1 (1.92) 19.4 (2.03) 3.2 ! (1.00) 6.8   (1.27) 5.9   (1.16) 84.1 (2.06) 40.3 (2.28) 12.7 (1.92) 4.6   (1.10) 42.4 (2.27)
                                                                                                 
Sweden 52.3 (2.47) 29.2 (2.42) 10.3   (1.66) 8.2   (1.49) 43.6 (2.86) 33.6 (2.69) 11.4 (1.74) 11.4   (1.78) 19.2   (2.03) 40.9 (2.44) 24.6 (2.41) 15.3 (1.76) 1.4 ! (0.47) 7.1   (1.51) 3.5 ! (1.07) 88.0 (1.75) 39.7 (2.81) 23.2 (2.39) 10.7   (1.78) 26.5 (2.36)
Turkey3 31.9 (3.26) 13.7 (2.88) 15.8   (2.91) 38.6   (3.90) 13.7 (2.05) 23.6 (3.35) 14.8 (2.20) 47.9   (2.91) 7.4   (1.54) 10.4 (2.16) 11.2 (2.33) 71.0 (2.97) 1.6 ! (0.79) 2.6 ! (0.87) 0.9 ! (0.35) 94.9 (1.42) 11.9 (2.53) 8.6 (1.92) 5.7 ! (1.89) 73.8 (2.96)
United States4 56.5 (2.43) 21.9 (1.89) 8.6   (1.23) 13.1   (1.43) 35.3 (2.43) 26.9 (1.94) 17.1 (1.92) 20.7   (2.02) 23.9   (1.89) 35.6 (2.07) 18.8 (2.11) 21.7 (1.79) 3.4 ! (1.14) 4.4   (1.00) 2.9   (0.60) 89.3 (1.60) 22.0 (1.63) 15.2 (1.62) 10.5   (1.59) 52.3 (2.50)
                                                                                                 
Non-OECD participants                                                                                                
Cyprus5 50.9 (3.27) 21.7 (2.74) 8.7   (1.77) 18.7   (2.60) 32.0 (2.78) 27.0 (2.84) 16.7 (2.36) 24.3   (2.61) 17.8   (2.37) 27.7 (2.76) 18.5 (2.74) 36.0 (2.90) 5.5   (1.45) 3.9   (1.01) 6.2   (1.34) 84.3 (2.04) 42.4 (2.81) 16.6 (2.39) 5.7   (1.37) 35.4 (2.88)
Jakarta (Indonesia)3 22.9 (2.66) 28.0 (2.57) 16.5   (2.59) 32.6   (2.78) 32.3 (3.26) 26.7 (2.44) 19.3 (2.94) 21.7   (2.42) 18.2   (2.72) 44.5 (2.95) 14.8 (2.08) 22.4 (2.39)   (†) 8.2   (1.83) 5.1   (1.41) 83.8 (2.93) 33.3 (2.82) 21.5 (2.52) 8.8   (1.67) 36.4 (2.79)
Lithuania3 50.9 (3.43) 27.5 (2.88) 9.3   (2.01) 12.3   (1.77) 60.3 (3.64) 21.8 (3.13) 8.9 (2.24) 9.0   (1.75) 6.5   (1.57) 35.0 (3.49) 21.8 (2.93) 36.6 (3.29) 1.4 ! (0.63) 9.6   (1.84) 10.0   (2.33) 79.0 (2.86) 20.7 (3.10) 18.4 (2.97) 4.8 ! (1.46) 56.0 (3.30)
Russian Federation6 57.5 (7.21) 19.5 (3.48) 4.3 ! (1.37) 18.6 ! (5.71) 40.6 (5.36) 21.0 (1.94) 8.7 (2.35) 29.7   (5.30) 21.1   (3.47) 38.6 (2.36) 12.7 (2.07) 27.6 (3.77) 1.8 ! (0.73) 4.7   (0.83) 2.6   (0.40) 90.8 (1.07) 36.7 (4.03) 22.5 (2.89) 6.1 ! (1.95) 34.7 (4.01)
Singapore3 45.9 (2.11) 32.8 (2.03) 6.5   (1.18) 14.9   (1.77) 45.1 (2.21) 31.3 (2.39) 10.6 (1.52) 13.0   (1.73) 16.9   (1.93) 35.3 (2.07) 21.9 (2.13) 25.9 (2.05) 3.2   (0.82) 10.6   (1.56) 4.3   (0.95) 81.9 (1.74) 25.6 (2.22) 17.6 (2.04) 8.8   (1.42) 48.1 (2.37)
†Not applicable.                                        
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.                                        
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.                                        
1 Most entities participating in the Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC) survey are countries, but a few of them are subnational regions. Following the name of each subnational region, its country is indicated in parentheses. For example, England and Northern Ireland are both part of the United Kingdom (UK).                                        
2 Refers to the mean of the data values for all reporting Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries and subnational regions, to which each country or subnational region reporting data contributes equally.                                        
3 Data are from 2015. Except where otherwise noted, data for other countries/regions are from 2012.                                        
4 Results from the United States are based on combined data from 2012 and 2014.                                        
5 Cyprus includes only the population under the effective control of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus.                                        
6 The Russian Federation does not include the population of the Moscow municipal region.                                        
NOTE: The main data collection for the PIAAC survey was completed in 2012. Unless otherwise noted, all countries' and subnational regions' results are based on the 2012 round of data collection. A second round of international data collection was completed in 2015; this round was conducted only in nine countries/regions that did not participate in the first round. In the United States only, a supplemental round of data collection was completed in 2014 in order to expand the sample of U.S. adults, allowing for more in-depth data analysis. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.                                        
SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics, Program for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies (PIAAC), U.S. PIAAC 2012/2014; Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), PIAAC 2012 and 2015. (This table was prepared October 2016.)                                        

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest