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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 603.70. Percentage of degrees at the bachelor’s level and above awarded in science and mathematics, information technologies, and engineering, by field of study, level of degree, and country: 2016
Country Total, all listed fields1 Natural sciences, mathematics, and statistics Information and communication technologies Engineering, manufacturing, and construction
Bachelor’s Master’s Doctoral Bachelor’s Master’s Doctoral Bachelor’s Master’s Doctoral Bachelor’s Master’s Doctoral
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13
OECD average2 22.8 22.5 44.0 5.7 6.3 23.5 3.7 3.1 3.8 13.5 13.2 16.8
Australia 17.5 20.0 42.2 7.7 2.7 21.9 3.1 7.0 3.8 6.7 10.3 16.5
Austria 27.4 25.3 50.1 8.5 6.9 20.2 4.5 4.1 5.2 14.4 14.3 24.7
Belgium 16.0 19.4 44.1 2.7 5.2 20.4 2.2 0.8 0.6 11.1 13.3 23.1
Canada 19.0 26.1 51.7 9.1 7.6 27.1 1.8 3.9 3.3 8.1 14.6 21.3
Chile 22.5 7.0 55.4 1.2 1.5 39.8 4.1 1.1 1.9 17.2 4.3 13.7
                         
Czech Republic 24.0 26.7 47.5 5.0 5.1 22.2 4.3 4.4 3.6 14.7 17.3 21.7
Denmark 17.2 24.1 42.6 5.0 7.8 17.2 3.2 6.4 0.0 9.0 9.9 25.3
Estonia 24.0 32.4 55.6 5.8 7.5 30.1 6.6 5.8 6.7 11.6 19.1 18.8
Finland 28.5 30.0 43.4 3.1 6.6 18.1 7.0 7.2 7.8 18.5 16.2 17.5
France 20.6 27.8 62.8 9.6 7.4 44.5 3.6 3.4 4.8 7.4 17.0 13.5
                         
Germany 36.2 34.8 44.8 6.2 11.9 28.6 4.9 4.1 3.5 25.0 18.7 12.7
Greece 27.7 29.2 32.5 6.8 14.0 11.0 2.7 4.8 3.5 18.2 10.5 17.9
Hungary 24.6 21.1 36.2 4.3 3.9 22.1 5.0 3.0 4.2 15.4 14.2 9.9
Iceland 22.7 11.7 40.3 4.4 4.7 26.4 7.4 0.4 1.4 11.0 6.5 12.5
Ireland 27.8 19.0 45.7 9.1 5.3 25.8 7.1 7.5 6.0 11.7 6.2 13.9
                         
Israel 20.6 11.8 58.5 4.5 5.8 43.3 5.2 1.2 3.9 10.9 4.8 11.2
Italy 24.4 25.6 48.3 7.8 7.6 24.6 1.3 0.5 5.0 15.2 17.5 18.8
Japan3 20.4 42.2 37.5 3.6 9.9 15.1 16.8 32.4 22.4
Korea, Republic of 32.5 22.9 39.9 7.4 5.4 13.4 2.2 1.3 1.1 22.9 16.2 25.3
Latvia 22.3 20.2 44.2 3.2 4.6 22.8 4.5 3.9 4.1 14.6 11.7 17.3
                         
Lithuania 25.4 18.9 38.6 3.9 4.6 19.1 2.2 1.6 1.9 19.3 12.8 17.6
Luxembourg 15.2 13.3 55.1 3.9 5.7 24.3 4.4 5.4 17.8 6.9 2.1 13.1
Mexico 26.2 9.6 17.0 2.8 2.5 8.5 1.8 0.9 0.7 21.6 6.2 7.7
Netherlands 14.6 18.4 4.2 8.6 2.6 2.1 7.8 7.7
New Zealand 20.0 25.5 45.2 7.0 9.3 26.9 5.8 2.5 4.0 7.2 13.6 14.3
                         
Norway 15.4 20.7 40.1 2.9 7.1 27.5 3.7 2.7 1.9 8.9 10.9 10.7
Poland 22.1 24.0 38.6 3.5 4.9 21.5 3.5 2.5 1.6 15.1 16.6 15.5
Portugal 25.9 33.6 42.7 5.9 6.9 18.3 1.1 0.9 3.1 18.9 25.8 21.3
Slovak Republic 21.9 19.8 38.2 5.7 4.8 17.1 3.9 2.5 3.2 12.2 12.5 17.9
Slovenia 26.5 21.4 24.5 4.6 4.2 6.9 3.3 2.7 5.0 18.6 14.5 12.7
                         
Spain 21.7 20.6 48.1 6.1 4.6 34.2 2.6 1.7 5.6 13.1 14.3 8.3
Sweden 18.3 30.7 52.3 3.7 4.9 21.1 3.8 1.7 5.0 10.8 24.1 26.2
Switzerland 24.1 22.2 50.9 4.0 8.7 31.9 2.8 1.2 3.1 17.2 12.2 16.0
Turkey 18.5 16.8 38.5 4.4 6.0 19.9 0.2 0.5 0.6 13.9 10.3 18.0
United Kingdom 28.8 20.9 47.0 16.8 8.2 28.4 3.8 2.9 4.2 8.2 9.8 14.5
United States 20.2 15.9 41.7 9.8 4.0 23.7 3.6 4.6 2.8 6.8 7.4 15.2
                         
Other reporting
   countries
                       
Brazil 16.0 28.8 31.7 2.0 11.0 15.3 3.2 2.5 1.6 10.7 15.3 14.9
Colombia 23.6 12.3 48.7 1.5 1.1 23.2 4.1 4.1 2.8 18.0 7.1 22.7
Costa Rica 14.6 6.9 8.6 1.9 2.8 7.1 5.0 2.3 1.4 7.7 1.8 #
India 31.4 32.9 41.5 13.7 12.4 28.0 5.0 13.0 2.0 12.8 7.4 11.4
Russian Federation 28.5 29.6 40.0 3.4 3.2 13.9 5.3 4.1 6.8 19.8 22.3 19.2
Saudi Arabia 18.9 5.2 19.8 10.3 2.7 13.0 4.4 0.8 3.2 4.1 1.6 3.6
—Not available.
# Rounds to zero.
1 Includes natural sciences, mathematics, and statistics; information and communication technologies; and engineering, manufacturing, and construction.
2 Refers to the mean of the data values for all reporting Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, to which each country reporting data contributes equally.
3 Data on information and communication technologies are included in other fields.
NOTE: Data in this table refer to degrees classified as International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011 level 6 (bachelor’s or equivalent degree), ISCED 2011 level 7 (master’s or equivalent degree), and ISCED 2011 level 8 (doctoral or equivalent degree). Degree fields were classified using ISCED Fields of Education and Training 2013 (ISCED-F 2013). Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Online Education Database, retrieved October 31, 2018, from https://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx. (This table was prepared October 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest