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Digest of Education Statistics: 2018
Digest of Education Statistics: 2018

NCES 2020-009
December 2019


Table 603.60. Percentage of postsecondary degrees awarded to women, by field of study and country: 2016
Country All fields1 Education Arts and humanities Social sciences, journalism, and information Business, adminis-tration, and law Natural sciences, mathematics, and statistics Information and communication technologies Engineering, manufactur-ing, and construction Agriculture, forestry, fisheries, and veterinary Health and welfare Services2
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12
OECD average3 57.7 79.6 65.8 66.8 57.0 53.3 20.2 25.8 50.7 76.2 49.8
Australia 57.4 78.3 63.9 66.5 52.5 50.1 21.0 22.4 57.8 74.7 51.1
Austria 54.9 82.2 68.6 64.3 57.0 49.6 14.3 21.5 46.9 69.3 80.4
Belgium 59.6 78.7 61.4 70.3 52.6 44.7 5.6 24.6 60.5 75.5 52.3
Canada 57.6 76.0 62.9 70.2 55.8 53.8 30.0 19.7 54.2 76.5 44.4
Chile 56.7 80.1 53.9 66.8 56.5 47.0 12.9 17.4 46.8 78.5 50.7
                       
Czech Republic 61.5 83.7 68.9 67.7 66.3 59.0 15.3 32.7 62.2 82.9 49.4
Denmark 56.4 71.4 65.6 61.4 50.2 53.7 21.3 28.2 64.7 75.7 42.5
Estonia 64.0 92.8 72.9 72.1 70.8 61.0 27.0 32.3 51.4 87.8 45.2
Finland 59.3 83.0 72.1 71.2 61.6 54.3 20.6 22.3 59.5 85.0 62.5
France 56.1 76.6 69.2 65.8 58.9 49.0 16.5 26.1 43.2 74.0 53.8
                       
Germany 50.7 81.1 69.8 65.5 54.4 47.0 18.1 20.5 41.2 70.8 53.3
Greece 59.3 85.7 73.9 63.2 59.7 52.6 38.8 33.5 49.7 73.4 46.6
Hungary 61.3 83.5 66.8 69.3 66.7 52.4 18.8 29.2 48.5 75.9 56.6
Iceland 65.9 83.5 68.7 74.3 61.2 54.6 16.9 36.3 56.9 85.1 72.0
Ireland 51.9 71.3 59.1 61.5 49.5 50.9 20.9 17.6 39.5 76.4 44.9
                       
Israel --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Italy 58.5 93.3 71.2 71.4 52.1 57.9 16.1 31.9 50.4 62.3 20.1
Japan4 49.6 71.7 68.2 50.2 36.2 26.1 --- 13.7 42.0 63.8 78.8
Korea, Republic of 51.1 76.7 66.9 59.4 48.0 46.1 28.6 21.3 42.6 70.7 52.4
Latvia 65.6 92.1 75.7 77.5 70.1 65.2 23.7 26.7 45.7 86.6 53.9
                       
Lithuania 62.4 80.2 72.6 74.6 69.4 60.0 11.6 24.6 46.4 83.2 44.1
Luxembourg 51.8 68.9 62.0 67.7 50.1 45.2 19.6 19.8 22.9 70.4 44.8
Mexico 53.6 72.6 58.3 70.0 55.4 52.5 32.2 28.4 33.8 68.0 29.8
Netherlands --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
New Zealand 56.0 81.5 60.7 67.8 51.9 56.2 24.4 28.9 64.0 78.8 48.8
                       
Norway 58.9 73.4 58.4 61.1 57.6 51.7 16.0 23.1 52.4 83.5 37.5
Poland 65.7 86.7 75.6 70.2 68.4 72.0 17.9 42.0 53.9 73.9 56.9
Portugal 58.7 82.3 61.6 69.6 59.5 61.6 23.5 33.0 64.1 77.4 45.6
Slovak Republic 63.1 81.5 68.1 72.0 65.0 66.1 13.8 28.8 61.7 78.3 41.4
Slovenia 59.5 83.0 70.2 69.5 65.3 62.8 15.5 23.8 57.0 79.3 53.5
                       
Spain 55.9 76.3 58.8 64.0 56.9 50.9 14.0 26.4 43.4 73.0 46.3
Sweden 62.3 81.0 62.0 67.2 62.7 54.6 28.2 31.8 63.5 81.4 64.9
Switzerland 48.9 70.0 62.4 67.9 45.4 42.9 8.9 15.2 36.6 75.2 38.1
Turkey 50.4 72.0 63.3 55.0 47.0 56.4 32.2 28.2 42.2 65.7 36.3
United Kingdom 57.2 75.9 63.3 62.4 53.7 53.0 19.4 23.5 65.0 75.4 42.5
United States 58.4 78.2 60.0 65.2 50.5 52.5 23.6 20.4 52.0 81.4 51.7
                       
Other reporting countries                      
Brazil 61.0 77.0 56.8 70.0 58.4 59.6 14.6 35.2 48.5 76.4 62.7
China --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Colombia 56.3 68.0 51.5 69.4 63.0 56.0 27.0 34.3 41.9 73.1 46.4
Costa Rica 62.1 71.5 59.9 69.6 60.9 53.8 23.3 35.2 46.2 78.1 61.8
India 50.3 61.1 56.1 55.1 46.8 51.3 46.3 30.8 27.4 61.6 66.0
Indonesia 58.8 --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- --- ---
Russian Federation 41.9 60.3 55.7 72.6 49.7 48.4 18.9 20.7 43.5 35.6 19.7
Saudi Arabia 51.8 66.4 64.1 55.0 38.2 67.2 43.6 3.7 18.1 56.3 65.8
---Not available.
1 Excludes degrees in unknown fields of study.
2 Includes personal, hygiene and occupational health, security, transport, and other services.
3 Refers to the mean of the data values for all reporting Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, to which each country reporting data contributes equally.
4 Data on information and communication technologies are included in other fields.
NOTE: All data in this table refer to total tertiary degrees, as calculated using International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011. Total tertiary degrees correspond to degrees at the associate's level and above in the United States. They include degrees at ISCED 2011 level 5 (corresponding to the associate's degree in the United States), level 6 (bachelor's or equivalent degree), level 7 (master's or equivalent degree), and level 8 (doctoral or equivalent degree). Degree fields were classified using ISCED Fields of Education and Training 2013 (ISCED-F 2013).
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Online Education Database, retrieved May 23, 2019, from https://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx. (This table was prepared May 2019.)