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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 603.30. Percentage of the population 25 to 64 years old who attained a postsecondary degree, by highest degree attained, age group, and country: 2017
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]                                                            
Country Associate's degree (short-cycle tertiary) Bachelor's or equivalent degree Master's or equivalent degree Doctoral or equivalent degree
Total, 25 to 64
   years old
25 to 34 years old 35 to 44 years old 45 to 54 years old 55 to 64 years old Total, 25 to 64
   years old
25 to 34 years old 35 to 44 years old 45 to 54 years old 55 to 64 years old Total, 25 to 64
   years old
25 to 34 years old 35 to 44 years old 45 to 54 years old 55 to 64 years old Total, 25 to 64
   years old
25 to 34 years old 35 to 44 years old 45 to 54 years old 55 to 64 years old
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21
OECD average1  7.4   (0.02) 8.0   (0.04) 8.0   (0.04) 8.2   (0.04) 7.1   (0.04) 17.0   (0.03) 23.2   (0.07) 19.0   (0.06) 14.1   (0.05) 11.3   (0.05) 12.5   (0.03) 14.5   (0.07) 15.2   (0.06) 11.3   (0.05) 8.9   (0.05) 1.1   (0.01) 0.8   (0.02) 1.4   (0.02) 1.2   (0.02) 1.0   (0.02)
Australia 11.5   (0.19) 11.5   (0.38) 11.7   (0.38) 12.5   (0.39) 10.3   (0.38) 25.6   (0.26) 31.3   (0.55) 29.4   (0.53) 22.4   (0.49) 17.6   (0.47) 6.9   (0.15) 8.3   (0.33) 8.7   (0.33) 5.5   (0.27) 4.4   (0.25) 1.3   (0.07) 0.8   (0.11) 1.5   (0.14) 1.7   (0.15) 1.5   (0.15)
Austria 15.4   (0.11) 15.8   (0.25) 16.6   (0.25) 16.0   (0.21) 13.2   (0.21) 3.7   (0.06) 9.8   (0.21) 3.0   (0.11) 1.5   (0.07) 0.8   (0.06) 12.2   (0.10) 14.0   (0.24) 15.8   (0.24) 10.7   (0.18) 8.5   (0.17) 1.1   (0.03) 0.8   (0.06) 1.5   (0.08) 1.2   (0.06) 1.0   (0.06)
Belgium 0.5   (0.02) 0.5   (0.05) 0.5   (0.05) 0.4   (0.04) 0.5   (0.05) 22.5   (0.15) 24.7   (0.33) 24.9   (0.31) 22.2   (0.28) 18.1   (0.26) 16.6   (0.13) 20.1   (0.31) 19.9   (0.28) 15.1   (0.24) 11.4   (0.21) 0.7   (0.03) 0.5   (0.06) 1.2   (0.08) 0.6   (0.05) 0.6   (0.05)
Canada2,3 25.5   (0.17) 24.7   (0.31) 27.1   (0.33) 26.3   (0.30) 24.1   (0.30) 21.2   (0.17) 25.9   (0.36) 24.1   (0.34) 20.3   (0.31) 14.8   (0.26) 10.0   (0.14) 10.3   (0.27) 11.9   (0.29) 10.0   (0.23) 7.6   (0.20) [2 ]   (†) [2 ]   (†) [2 ]   (†) [2 ]   (†) [2 ]   (†)
Chile2,4 7.9   (0.07) 8.7   (0.15) 9.0   (0.16) 8.1   (0.14) 5.4   (0.13) 13.3   (0.09) 20.0   (0.21) 14.2   (0.19) 8.6   (0.15) 9.3   (0.17) 1.3   (0.03) 1.2   (0.06) 1.7   (0.07) 1.2   (0.06) 0.9   (0.06) [2 ]   (†) [2 ]   (†) [2 ]   (†) [2 ]   (†) [2 ]   (†)
                                                                                                                         
Czech Republic 0.1   (0.01) 0.1   (0.02) 0.1   (0.02) 0.1   (0.02) 0.1   (0.02) 5.8   (0.07) 12.6   (0.22) 6.4   (0.14) 2.5   (0.09) 1.6   (0.07) 17.3   (0.11) 20.6   (0.27) 18.2   (0.22) 15.8   (0.22) 14.3   (0.20) 0.7   (0.02) 0.5   (0.05) 1.1   (0.06) 0.5   (0.04) 0.5   (0.04)
Denmark 4.9   (0.10) 5.1   (0.22) 5.3   (0.22) 5.2   (0.19) 4.0   (0.16) 20.6   (0.18) 23.3   (0.42) 21.6   (0.39) 19.2   (0.34) 18.7   (0.32) 12.5   (0.15) 17.3   (0.38) 15.9   (0.35) 10.0   (0.26) 7.3   (0.22) 1.1   (0.05) 0.8   (0.09) 2.1   (0.14) 1.2   (0.09) 0.6   (0.06)
Estonia 6.4   (0.20) 0.2 ! (0.07) 5.6   (0.37) 8.5   (0.43) 12.1   (0.51) 12.2   (0.26) 26.0   (0.75) 13.2   (0.55) 6.5   (0.38) 1.7   (0.20) 20.4   (0.32) 16.2   (0.63) 22.3   (0.67) 21.2   (0.64) 22.0   (0.66) 0.6   (0.06) 0.6   (0.13) 0.7   (0.14) 0.7   (0.13) 0.6   (0.12)
Finland 11.5   (0.13)   (†) 5.8   (0.19) 19.5   (0.31) 20.0   (0.29) 16.9   (0.15) 27.0   (0.37) 24.1   (0.35) 10.5   (0.24) 7.1   (0.19) 14.7   (0.14) 14.0   (0.29) 20.0   (0.32) 15.3   (0.28) 9.9   (0.22) 1.2   (0.04) 0.3   (0.04) 1.7   (0.10) 1.3   (0.09) 1.5   (0.09)
France 14.2   (0.07) 14.1   (0.16) 18.2   (0.16) 13.9   (0.13) 10.6   (0.12) 9.7   (0.06) 12.0   (0.15) 12.4   (0.13) 8.9   (0.11) 5.7   (0.09) 10.4   (0.06) 17.6   (0.17) 12.1   (0.13) 6.9   (0.09) 5.7   (0.09) 0.9   (0.02) 0.6   (0.04) 1.0   (0.04) 1.0   (0.04) 0.8   (0.03)
                                                                                                                         
Germany 0.5   (0.01) 0.3   (0.02) 0.4   (0.02) 0.7   (0.02) 0.6   (0.02) 15.2   (0.06) 16.5   (0.12) 14.8   (0.12) 14.9   (0.10) 14.6   (0.11) 11.5   (0.05) 13.6   (0.11) 13.4   (0.12) 9.9   (0.09) 9.7   (0.09) 1.4   (0.02) 0.8   (0.03) 1.9   (0.05) 1.4   (0.03) 1.4   (0.04)
Greece 1.8   (0.04) 1.1   (0.07) 1.1   (0.06) 2.2   (0.08) 2.7   (0.08) 25.6   (0.12) 36.5   (0.33) 25.6   (0.24) 23.4   (0.22) 17.8   (0.20) 3.1   (0.05) 4.6   (0.14) 4.4   (0.11) 2.6   (0.08) 1.0   (0.05) 0.5   (0.02) 0.3   (0.04) 0.7   (0.05) 0.6   (0.04) 0.6   (0.04)
Hungary 1.3   (0.03) 2.7   (0.11) 1.3   (0.06) 0.8   (0.05) 0.4   (0.03) 13.2   (0.10) 14.6   (0.23) 15.4   (0.20) 12.0   (0.19) 10.6   (0.17) 8.9   (0.08) 12.4   (0.22) 9.9   (0.17) 7.5   (0.15) 6.1   (0.13) 0.6   (0.02) 0.4   (0.04) 0.7   (0.05) 0.9   (0.05) 0.5   (0.04)
Iceland 2.7   (0.19) 1.5   (0.31) 2.4   (0.35) 3.5   (0.42) 3.6   (0.42) 21.3   (0.48) 27.2   (1.11) 24.5   (1.00) 18.8   (0.88) 13.5   (0.77) 17.1   (0.44) 18.2   (0.96) 21.4   (0.96) 17.4   (0.86) 10.7   (0.69) 1.2   (0.13) 0.4 ! (0.16) 0.7   (0.20) 1.4   (0.27) 2.5   (0.35)
Ireland 9.8   (0.11) 8.3   (0.22) 11.3   (0.22) 10.7   (0.22) 8.3   (0.21) 24.7   (0.16) 32.3   (0.37) 27.5   (0.30) 21.4   (0.29) 15.5   (0.28) 10.1   (0.11) 12.1   (0.26) 12.9   (0.23) 8.8   (0.20) 5.2   (0.17) 1.0   (0.04) 0.8   (0.07) 1.5   (0.08) 1.0   (0.07) 0.8   (0.07)
                                                                                                                         
Israel 14.3   (0.09) 11.9   (0.16) 14.0   (0.17) 15.5   (0.19) 16.7   (0.21) 23.3   (0.11) 28.2   (0.23) 26.5   (0.22) 19.0   (0.21) 16.7   (0.21) 12.0   (0.08) 7.6   (0.13) 14.3   (0.17) 14.4   (0.19) 12.7   (0.18) 1.3   (0.03) 0.4   (0.03) 1.4   (0.06) 1.8   (0.07) 2.0   (0.08)
Italy #   (†) #   (†)   (†) ---   (†) ---   (†) 4.3   (0.04) 11.1   (0.14) 4.0   (0.07) 2.1   (0.05) 1.5   (0.04) 13.9   (0.06) 15.3   (0.16) 17.3   (0.14) 12.3   (0.11) 11.1   (0.11) 0.5   (0.01) 0.4   (0.03) 0.9   (0.03) 0.4   (0.02) 0.2   (0.02)
Japan5,6,7 21.2   (0.16) 20.2   (0.33) 24.8   (0.33) 22.4   (0.35) 16.7   (0.34) 30.2   (0.18) 40.2   (0.40) 31.5   (0.35) 26.3   (0.37) 24.3   (0.39) [7 ]   (†) [7 ]   (†) [7 ]   (†) [7 ]   (†) [7 ]   (†) [7 ]   (†) [7 ]   (†) [7 ]   (†) [7 ]   (†) [7 ]   (†)
Korea, Republic of5,7 13.5   (0.17) 21.4   (0.40) 19.8   (0.37) 9.2   (0.28) 4.3   (0.26) 34.2   (0.24) 48.3   (0.49) 42.3   (0.46) 30.3   (0.45) 17.0   (0.48) [7 ]   (†) [7 ]   (†) [7 ]   (†) [7 ]   (†) [7 ]   (†) [7 ]   (†) [7 ]   (†) [7 ]   (†) [7 ]   (†) [7 ]   (†)
Latvia 3.0   (0.12) 5.7   (0.35) 3.1   (0.25) 2.1   (0.18) 1.2   (0.13) 18.5   (0.26) 24.2   (0.65) 21.2   (0.58) 15.1   (0.46) 13.7   (0.43) 12.0   (0.22) 11.4   (0.48) 13.9   (0.49) 11.0   (0.40) 11.8   (0.40) 0.3   (0.04) 0.3   (0.08) 0.4   (0.09) 0.3   (0.07) 0.4   (0.08)
                                                                                                                         
Lithuania   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 25.8   (0.23) 39.9   (0.66) 31.2   (0.55) 18.9   (0.37) 15.3   (0.34) 13.8   (0.18) 15.1   (0.48) 13.9   (0.41) 12.8   (0.32) 13.5   (0.32) 0.6   (0.04) 0.6   (0.10) 0.8   (0.11) 0.4   (0.06) 0.7   (0.08)
Luxembourg 2.8   (0.14) 1.8   (0.26) 3.2   (0.31) 3.8   (0.29) 2.4   (0.26) 11.7   (0.28) 16.7   (0.73) 12.6   (0.58) 9.3   (0.45) 6.9   (0.43) 23.8   (0.37) 31.3   (0.91) 30.0   (0.81) 18.7   (0.60) 11.3   (0.54) 2.0   (0.12) 1.6   (0.25) 2.3   (0.26) 2.1   (0.22) 1.9   (0.24)
Mexico 0.5   (0.02) 0.6   (0.03) 0.5   (0.03) 0.5   (0.03) 0.3   (0.03) 15.4   (0.08) 20.7   (0.17) 14.6   (0.15) 12.3   (0.15) 11.6   (0.18) 1.5   (0.03) 1.2   (0.05) 1.7   (0.06) 1.7   (0.06) 1.4   (0.06) 0.1   (0.01) 0.0   (0.01) 0.1   (0.01) 0.1   (0.01) 0.1   (0.02)
Netherlands5 2.2   (0.03) 1.4   (0.06) 2.5   (0.07) 2.6   (0.06) 2.4   (0.06) 21.3   (0.09) 27.4   (0.22) 24.1   (0.20) 18.2   (0.15) 16.4   (0.14) 13.0   (0.07) 17.4   (0.19) 14.9   (0.17) 11.8   (0.12) 8.6   (0.10) 0.6   (0.02) 0.4   (0.03) 0.9   (0.05) 0.7   (0.03) 0.5   (0.03)
New Zealand 4.0   (0.15) 3.7   (0.29) 3.2   (0.26) 4.0   (0.28) 5.1   (0.33) 27.9   (0.33) 34.9   (0.73) 32.0   (0.70) 24.2   (0.61) 19.4   (0.59) 4.8   (0.16) 5.0   (0.33) 5.5   (0.34) 4.9   (0.31) 3.7   (0.28) 1.0   (0.08) 0.6   (0.12) 1.2   (0.17) 1.1   (0.15) 1.2   (0.17)
                                                                                                                         
Norway 11.8   (0.14) 12.7   (0.29) 12.0   (0.27) 12.1   (0.26) 10.2   (0.26) 19.0   (0.17) 21.0   (0.35) 22.0   (0.35) 17.5   (0.30) 15.3   (0.31) 11.3   (0.13) 14.1   (0.30) 14.1   (0.29) 9.6   (0.24) 6.9   (0.22) 1.1   (0.04) 0.6   (0.07) 1.4   (0.10) 1.4   (0.10) 0.8   (0.08)
Poland5 0.1   (0.01) #   (†) 0.1   (0.02) 0.1   (0.02) 0.2   (0.02) 6.7   (0.06) 12.5   (0.17) 7.4   (0.13) 3.7   (0.10) 2.5   (0.07) 22.6   (0.10) 30.8   (0.24) 29.3   (0.22) 17.0   (0.20) 11.9   (0.15) 0.5   (0.02) 0.3   (0.03) 0.8   (0.04) 0.5   (0.04) 0.5   (0.03)
Portugal   (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) ---   (†) 6.1   (0.08) 16.3   (0.33) 4.8   (0.14) 3.1   (0.11) 2.4   (0.10) 17.2   (0.13) 17.3   (0.34) 25.2   (0.29) 15.3   (0.23) 10.3   (0.20) 0.7   (0.03)   (†) 0.7   (0.06) 1.1   (0.07) 0.5   (0.05)
Slovak Republic 0.2   (0.04)   (†) 0.2 ! (0.08)   (†) 0.2 ! (0.07) 2.6   (0.14) 6.0   (0.48) 2.1   (0.26) 1.2   (0.20) 0.8   (0.14) 19.7   (0.36) 28.1   (0.90) 20.6   (0.74) 14.2   (0.64) 14.3   (0.58) 0.7   (0.07) 0.9   (0.19) 0.9   (0.17) 0.4   (0.12) 0.4   (0.11)
Slovenia5 7.5   (0.14) 7.4   (0.30) 7.1   (0.28) 7.7   (0.27) 7.8   (0.26) 7.0   (0.13) 11.1   (0.37) 8.9   (0.31) 5.1   (0.22) 2.7   (0.16) 16.2   (0.20) 21.8   (0.48) 18.5   (0.42) 17.8   (0.39) 7.8   (0.26) 3.6   (0.10) 4.2   (0.23) 4.6   (0.23) 4.6   (0.21) 1.4   (0.11)
                                                                                                                         
Spain 11.2   (0.05) 13.2   (0.14) 14.1   (0.12) 10.9   (0.10) 6.1   (0.08) 9.8   (0.05) 13.0   (0.14) 11.2   (0.10) 8.2   (0.09) 7.3   (0.09) 14.5   (0.06) 16.1   (0.15) 17.8   (0.13) 13.6   (0.11) 10.0   (0.10) 0.7   (0.01) 0.4   (0.03) 0.9   (0.03) 0.8   (0.03) 0.8   (0.03)
Sweden 9.8   (0.08) 11.1   (0.16) 8.5   (0.14) 9.4   (0.14) 10.1   (0.15) 17.0   (0.10) 22.6   (0.22) 20.5   (0.21) 13.8   (0.17) 10.3   (0.15) 13.5   (0.09) 13.0   (0.18) 19.4   (0.20) 12.0   (0.16) 9.4   (0.15) 1.6   (0.03) 0.7   (0.04) 2.4   (0.08) 1.9   (0.07) 1.4   (0.06)
Switzerland8 [8 ]   (†) [8 ]   (†) [8 ]   (†) [8 ]   (†) [8 ]   (†) 21.0   (0.14) 27.0   (0.37) 22.2   (0.29) 19.1   (0.25) 15.5   (0.25) 18.6   (0.14) 20.9   (0.34) 21.3   (0.28) 17.6   (0.24) 14.3   (0.25) 3.0   (0.06) 2.3   (0.12) 4.3   (0.14) 3.0   (0.11) 2.6   (0.11)
Turkey5 5.5   (0.05) 8.4   (0.11) 4.8   (0.08) 3.5   (0.07) 3.9   (0.08) 12.4   (0.07) 20.4   (0.16) 12.3   (0.12) 6.8   (0.10) 5.0   (0.10) 1.7   (0.03) 2.5   (0.06) 2.0   (0.05) 1.0   (0.04) 0.5   (0.03) 0.4   (0.01) 0.2   (0.02) 0.6   (0.03) 0.5   (0.03) 0.3   (0.02)
United Kingdom 10.0   (0.14) 7.6   (0.26) 9.4   (0.27) 11.6   (0.28) 11.7   (0.29) 22.6   (0.19) 29.5   (0.44) 25.8   (0.41) 19.0   (0.34) 15.5   (0.33) 11.8   (0.15) 13.6   (0.33) 14.4   (0.33) 10.5   (0.27) 8.4   (0.25) 1.3   (0.05) 0.9   (0.09) 1.6   (0.12) 1.4   (0.10) 1.4   (0.10)
United States9 10.9   (0.10) 10.5   (0.20) 10.8   (0.19) 11.2   (0.20) 11.0   (0.21) 22.5   (0.14) 25.7   (0.28) 24.0   (0.27) 21.1   (0.26) 19.1   (0.27) 11.2   (0.10) 10.0   (0.19) 13.3   (0.21) 11.2   (0.20) 10.2   (0.21) 1.8   (0.04) 1.5   (0.08) 2.2   (0.09) 1.9   (0.09) 1.7   (0.09)
---Not available.
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met.
1 Refers to the mean of the data values for all reporting Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, to which each country reporting data contributes equally. Standard errors for the OECD average were estimated by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES).
2 Doctoral or equivalent degree data are included in columns for master's or equivalent degree.
3 Standard errors were calculated by Statistics Canada.
4 Data are from 2015.
5 Standard errors were estimated by NCES using population estimates provided by Eurostat.
6 Associate's degree data include postsecondary nontertiary awards (i.e., awards that are below the associate's degree level).
7 Master's or equivalent degree data and doctoral or equivalent degree data are included in columns for bachelor's or equivalent degree.
8 Associate's degree data are included in columns for bachelor's or equivalent, master's or equivalent, and doctoral or equivalent degrees.
9 Standard errors were calculated by NCES.
NOTE: All data in this table were calculated using the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) 2011 classification of tertiary degrees. Includes degrees at ISCED 2011 level 5 (short-cycle tertiary, which corresponds to the associate's degree in the United States), level 6 (bachelor's or equivalent degree), level 7 (master's or equivalent degree), and level 8 (doctoral or equivalent degree). For more information on OECD and NCES estimation methodology, see the "Online Education Database" section of the entry for OECD in Appendix A: Guide to Sources.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Online Education Database, retrieved September 20, 2018, from http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx. Eurostat, unpublished tabulations on population by age group. (This table was prepared September 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest