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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 603.20. Percentage of the population 25 to 64 years old who attained any postsecondary degree, by age group and country: Selected years, 2000 through 2017
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Country 2000 2005 2010 2015 2016 2017
Total, 25 to 64 years old 25 to 34 years old Total, 25 to 64 years old 25 to 34 years old Total,
   25 to 64 years old
25 to 34 years old Total,
   25 to 64 years old
25 to 34 years old Total,
   25 to 64 years old
25 to 34 years old Total,
   25 to 64 years old
25 to 34 years old 35 to 44 years old 45 to 54 years old 55 to 64 years old
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
OECD average1  22.3 26.4 26.5 32.4 30.6 (0.07) 37.7 (0.16) 34.7 (0.04) 42.2 (0.10) 35.8 (0.04) 43.4 (0.09) 36.9 (0.04) 44.5 (0.09) 42.1 (0.08) 33.4 (0.07) 27.2 (0.07)
Australia 27.5 31.4 31.7 38.1 37.6 (---) 44.4 (---) 42.9 (0.30) 48.5 (0.60) 43.7 (0.30) 49.3 (0.59) 45.4 (0.30) 52.0 (0.59) 51.2 (0.58) 42.0 (0.58) 33.8 (0.58)
Austria2 --- --- 24.6 30.6 27.7 (0.14) 33.9 (0.33) 30.6 (0.15) 38.6 (0.35) 31.4 (0.15) 39.7 (0.34) 32.4 (0.15) 40.3 (0.34) 36.8 (0.32) 29.3 (0.26) 23.4 (0.26)
Belgium 27.1 36.0 31.0 40.6 35.0 (---) 43.8 (---) 36.9 (0.21) 43.1 (0.45) 37.5 (0.21) 44.3 (0.46) 40.3 (0.17) 45.7 (0.38) 46.6 (0.35) 38.4 (0.33) 30.5 (0.31)
Canada2,3 40.1 48.4 46.0 53.7 50.3 (0.22) 56.2 (0.43) 55.2 (0.20) 59.2 (0.37) 56.3 (0.20) 60.6 (0.38) 56.7 (0.22) 60.9 (0.40) 63.1 (0.35) 56.6 (0.37) 46.5 (0.37)
Chile2 --- --- --- --- --- (†) --- (†) 22.5 (0.11) 29.9 (0.24) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
                                                     
Czech Republic 11.0 11.2 13.1 14.2 16.8 (---) 22.6 (---) 22.2 (0.12) 31.0 (0.31) 23.0 (0.13) 32.6 (0.32) 23.9 (0.13) 33.8 (0.32) 25.7 (0.25) 18.8 (0.23) 16.6 (0.21)
Denmark 25.8 29.3 33.5 39.8 33.3 (---) 37.6 (---) 37.1 (0.21) 44.5 (0.49) 38.2 (0.22) 45.9 (0.51) 39.2 (0.22) 46.6 (0.50) 45.0 (0.48) 35.7 (0.41) 30.6 (0.38)
Estonia2 28.7 28.7 33.0 32.9 35.4 (0.46) 38.0 (1.03) 38.0 (0.42) 40.5 (0.89) 38.8 (0.42) 41.0 (0.89) 39.7 (0.39) 43.0 (0.85) 41.9 (0.80) 36.9 (0.75) 36.4 (0.76)
Finland2 32.6 38.7 34.6 37.5 38.1 (---) 39.2 (---) 42.7 (0.30) 40.5 (0.68) 43.6 (0.19) 41.1 (0.40) 44.3 (0.20) 41.3 (0.41) 51.5 (0.40) 46.6 (0.39) 38.5 (0.36)
France2 21.6 31.4 25.4 39.8 29.0 (---) 42.9 (---) 34.1 (0.09) 44.7 (0.22) 34.6 (0.09) 44.0 (0.22) 35.2 (0.09) 44.3 (0.22) 43.7 (0.20) 30.8 (0.17) 22.8 (0.16)
                                                     
Germany 23.5 22.3 24.6 22.5 26.6 (---) 26.1 (---) 27.6 (0.07) 29.6 (0.16) 28.3 (0.07) 30.5 (0.16) 28.6 (0.07) 31.3 (0.15) 30.5 (0.16) 26.9 (0.13) 26.3 (0.13)
Greece 17.7 23.9 21.5 25.7 24.7 (0.11) 31.2 (0.24) 29.1 (0.13) 40.1 (0.32) 30.2 (0.13) 41.0 (0.32) 31.0 (0.13) 42.5 (0.34) 31.8 (0.26) 28.8 (0.24) 22.0 (0.22)
Hungary2 14.0 14.7 17.1 19.6 20.1 (---) 26.0 (---) 24.2 (0.12) 32.1 (0.29) 23.7 (0.12) 30.4 (0.29) 24.1 (0.12) 30.2 (0.30) 27.2 (0.25) 21.1 (0.24) 17.7 (0.21)
Iceland2 --- --- 29.5 34.5 32.6 (0.50) 36.2 (0.99) 38.8 (0.53) 40.1 (1.08) 40.5 (0.55) 43.3 (1.16) 42.4 (0.57) 47.4 (1.24) 49.0 (1.16) 41.2 (1.11) 30.3 (1.03)
Ireland 21.6 29.8 29.1 40.7 37.6 (---) 48.3 (---) 42.8 (0.16) 52.0 (0.34) --- (†) --- (†) 45.7 (0.18) 53.5 (0.40) 53.2 (0.34) 41.9 (0.35) 29.9 (0.35)
                                                     
Israel --- --- 43.0 42.9 45.6 (---) 44.2 (---) 48.8 (---) 45.9 (---) 49.9 (0.13) 47.4 (0.25) 50.9 (0.13) 48.0 (0.25) 56.1 (0.24) 50.6 (0.27) 48.1 (0.28)
Italy 9.4 10.4 12.2 16.1 14.8 (---) 20.7 (---) 17.5 (0.07) 25.1 (0.19) 17.7 (0.07) 25.6 (0.19) 18.7 (0.07) 26.8 (0.20) 22.1 (0.15) 14.8 (0.12) 12.8 (0.12)
Japan4,5 33.6 47.8 39.9 53.2 44.8 (---) 56.7 (---) 49.5 (---) 59.6 (---) 50.5 (0.19) 60.1 (0.40) 51.4 (0.19) 60.4 (0.40) 56.4 (0.37) 48.7 (0.42) 41.1 (0.45)
Korea, Republic of4 23.8 36.8 31.6 50.9 39.0 (---) 61.4 (---) 45.4 (---) 68.9 (---) 46.6 (0.25) 69.9 (0.45) 47.7 (0.25) 69.8 (0.45) 62.1 (0.45) 39.6 (0.47) 21.3 (0.52)
Latvia2 18.2 17.3 20.3 21.7 26.9 (0.32) 34.7 (0.74) 31.6 (0.32) 39.9 (0.76) 33.4 (0.32) 42.1 (0.76) 33.9 (0.32) 41.6 (0.75) 38.5 (0.70) 28.5 (0.58) 27.1 (0.55)
                                                     
Lithuania 41.8 39.7 26.5 36.9 32.4 (0.25) 46.3 (0.63) 38.7 (0.27) 54.8 (0.71) 39.7 (0.27) 54.9 (0.70) 40.3 (0.26) 55.6 (0.67) 46.0 (0.59) 32.1 (0.44) 29.5 (0.43)
Luxembourg 18.3 22.9 26.5 37.0 35.5 (---) 44.2 (---) 39.8 (0.37) 49.9 (0.82) 42.9 (0.47) 51.4 (1.07) 40.3 (0.42) 51.4 (0.98) 48.1 (0.88) 34.0 (0.73) 22.5 (0.71)
Mexico2 14.6 17.5 12.7 14.9 14.7 (0.08) 17.7 (0.16) 16.3 (0.08) 20.8 (0.17) 16.8 (0.09) 21.8 (0.17) 17.4 (0.09) 22.6 (0.18) 16.9 (0.16) 14.5 (0.17) 13.4 (0.19)
Netherlands4 23.4 26.6 30.1 35.4 32.4 (---) 40.8 (---) 35.3 (---) 45.1 (---) 36.0 (0.23) 45.2 (0.58) 37.2 (0.10) 46.6 (0.25) 42.4 (0.23) 33.2 (0.18) 27.9 (0.17)
New Zealand --- --- --- --- --- (†) --- (†) 34.0 (---) 39.1 (---) 36.3 (0.35) 43.4 (0.76) 37.7 (0.36) 44.2 (0.76) 42.0 (0.74) 34.3 (0.67) 29.5 (0.68)
                                                     
Norway2 --- --- 32.7 40.9 37.3 (---) 47.3 (---) 42.7 (0.21) 48.1 (0.45) 43.0 (0.21) 48.6 (0.45) 43.2 (0.21) 48.3 (0.43) 49.5 (0.42) 40.6 (0.39) 33.2 (0.40)
Poland4 11.4 14.2 16.9 25.5 22.5 (---) 37.1 (---) 27.7 (---) 43.2 (---) 28.7 (0.11) 43.5 (0.25) 29.9 (0.11) 43.5 (0.26) 37.7 (0.24) 21.3 (0.21) 15.1 (0.16)
Portugal2 8.8 12.9 12.8 19.1 15.4 (---) 24.8 (---) 22.9 (0.14) 33.1 (0.39) 23.8 (0.15) 35.0 (0.41) 24.0 (0.15) 34.0 (0.42) 30.8 (0.31) 19.5 (0.25) 13.2 (0.22)
Slovak Republic 10.4 11.2 14.0 16.3 17.3 (---) 24.0 (---) 21.1 (0.36) 31.3 (0.88) 22.0 (0.37) 33.4 (0.91) 23.1 (0.38) 35.1 (0.96) 23.7 (0.77) 16.0 (0.67) 15.7 (0.60)
Slovenia4 15.7 19.3 20.2 24.7 23.7 (---) 31.3 (---) 30.2 (0.25) 40.8 (0.57) 30.7 (0.25) 43.0 (0.57) 34.3 (0.25) 44.6 (0.58) 39.1 (0.53) 35.1 (0.49) 19.7 (0.39)
                                                     
Spain2 22.7 34.0 28.5 40.7 31.0 (0.08) 40.3 (0.17) 35.1 (0.08) 41.0 (0.19) 35.7 (0.08) 41.0 (0.20) 36.4 (0.08) 42.6 (0.20) 43.9 (0.16) 33.6 (0.15) 24.2 (0.14)
Sweden 30.1 33.6 29.6 37.3 33.9 (0.11) 42.2 (0.23) 39.8 (0.12) 46.4 (0.26) 41.1 (0.13) 47.2 (0.26) 41.9 (0.13) 47.4 (0.26) 50.8 (0.26) 37.3 (0.24) 31.1 (0.23)
Switzerland 24.2 25.6 28.8 31.0 33.9 (0.16) 37.4 (0.39) 39.8 (0.17) 46.5 (0.41) 41.2 (0.17) 48.8 (0.42) 42.6 (0.17) 50.1 (0.42) 47.8 (0.35) 39.6 (0.31) 32.4 (0.33)
Turkey4 8.3 8.9 10.2 12.5 13.1 (---) 17.4 (---) 18.0 (---) 27.5 (---) 19.4 (0.08) 30.5 (0.20) 20.0 (0.08) 31.6 (0.18) 19.6 (0.15) 11.8 (0.13) 9.8 (0.13)
United Kingdom 25.7 28.9 29.7 35.3 38.2 (---) 46.0 (---) 44.2 (0.23) 49.9 (0.48) 45.8 (0.23) 51.8 (0.48) 45.7 (0.23) 51.6 (0.49) 51.2 (0.46) 42.6 (0.43) 36.9 (0.44)
United States2,6 36.5 38.1 39.1 39.4 41.7 (0.15) 42.3 (0.30) 44.6 (0.16) 46.5 (0.31) 45.7 (0.16) 47.5 (0.32) 46.4 (0.16) 47.8 (0.32) 50.3 (0.31) 45.4 (0.32) 42.0 (0.34)
                                                     
Other reporting
   countries
                                                   
China --- --- --- --- 9.7 (---) 17.9 (---) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
Russian Federation --- --- --- --- 50.4 (0.06) 52.5 (0.13) 52.4 (0.06) 56.3 (0.13) 53.1 (0.06) 57.6 (0.13) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†) --- (†)
---Not available.
†Not applicable.
1 Refers to the mean of the data values for all reporting Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, to which each country reporting data contributes equally. The average includes all current OECD countries for which a given year's data are available, even if they were not members of OECD in that year. Standard errors for the OECD average were estimated by the National Center for Education Statistics (NCES).
2 Although all data for years prior to 2015 were originally calculated using the 1997 version of the International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED), the footnoted countries revised earlier years' data to align with the 2011 version of ISCED, which is the most recent. Most of these countries revised all of their data for years prior to 2015. The exceptions are Mexico (which revised only 2005 and 2010 data) and Spain (which revised only 2010 data).
3 All standard errors shown for Canada were calculated by Statistics Canada.
4 For 2016 and 2017, standard errors were estimated by NCES using population estimates provided by Eurostat.
5 Data for all years include some postsecondary nontertiary awards (i.e., awards that are below the associate's degree level).
6 All standard errors shown for the United States were calculated by NCES.
NOTE: Data in this table include all tertiary degrees, which correspond to all degrees at the associate’s level and above in the United States. The International Standard Classification of Education (ISCED) was revised in 2011. Unless otherwise noted, all data for years prior to 2015 were calculated using the previous version, ISCED 1997. ISCED 2011 was used to calculate all data for 2015 and later years. Under ISCED 2011, tertiary degrees are classified at the following levels: level 5 (corresponding to an associate's degree in the United States), level 6 (a bachelor's or equivalent degree), level 7 (a master's or equivalent degree), and level 8 (a doctoral or equivalent degree). For more information on OECD and NCES estimation methodology used for this table, see the "Online Education Database" section of the entry for OECD in Appendix A: Guide to Sources. Standard errors for 2000 and 2005 have been excluded due to limited data availability. Some data have been revised from previously published figures.
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Online Education Database, retrieved September 19, 2018 from http://stats.oecd.org/Index.aspx. Eurostat, unpublished tabulations on population by age group. (This table was prepared September 2018.)

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest