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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 602.90e. Percentage distribution of 15-year-old students, by extent to which their schools reported that student learning is hindered by students lacking respect for teachers and country: Selected years, 2000 through 2015
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Country 2000 2003 2009 2012 2015
Not at all Very little To some extent/a lot Not at all Very little To some extent/a lot Not at all Very little To some extent/a lot Not at all Very little To some extent/a lot Not at all Very little To some extent/a lot
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
OECD average1  22     (0.6) 54     (0.7) 23     (0.6) 21     (0.5) 57     (0.7) 22     (0.6) 20   (0.5) 56   (0.6) 24   (0.5) 22   (0.5) 59   (0.6) 19   (0.5) 19     (0.4) 61     (0.6) 20     (0.5)
Australia 23     (3.0) 51     (3.9) 26     (3.7) 20     (2.7) 58     (3.3) 22     (2.4) 23   (2.1) 54   (3.0) 23   (2.1) 20   (1.6) 56   (1.9) 23   (1.5) 21     (1.6) 60     (2.2) 19     (1.6)
Austria 27     (3.4) 55     (4.0) 18     (2.7) 33     (3.4) 50     (3.5) 17     (3.1) 28   (3.5) 42   (4.0) 30   (3.6) 25   (3.7) 53   (3.9) 22   (3.3) 28     (3.0) 51     (3.4) 21     (2.8)
Belgium 29     (2.7) 45     (3.4) 26     (3.2) 32     (3.0) 50     (3.2) 18     (2.3) 30   (2.8) 52   (3.4) 17   (2.5) 18   (2.1) 64   (2.7) 18   (2.5) 7     (1.8) 71     (2.9) 22     (2.4)
Canada 15     (1.6) 65     (1.8) 20     (1.4) 12     (1.4) 64     (2.2) 25     (2.4) 15   (1.5) 66   (2.0) 18   (1.8) 21   (1.9) 68   (2.0) 11   (1.5) 14     (1.9) 73     (2.2) 12     (1.9)
Chile 37     (3.8) 53     (4.1) 10     (2.6)     (†)     (†)     (†) 32   (3.9) 55   (4.2) 13   (2.5) 35   (3.1) 46   (3.7) 19   (3.0) 28     (3.3) 51     (3.6) 21     (3.1)
                                                                                                             
Czech Republic 35     (3.3) 51     (3.3) 14     (2.4) 24     (3.1) 60     (3.2) 16     (2.4) 10   (2.3) 51   (3.2) 38   (2.6) 28   (2.9) 56   (3.8) 16   (2.8) 18     (2.6) 53     (3.0) 29     (2.8)
Denmark 42     (3.6) 51     (3.6) 6 !   (1.9) 20     (2.9) 68     (3.4) 13     (2.3) 29   (3.1) 58   (3.2) 14   (2.0) 22   (3.0) 59   (3.7) 19   (2.9) 24     (3.1) 57     (3.8) 19     (2.7)
Estonia     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†) 18   (2.5) 59   (3.2) 23   (2.5) 32   (2.8) 54   (3.1) 14   (2.0) 29     (2.6) 54     (2.8) 17     (2.2)
Finland 7 !   (2.4) 68     (4.0) 25     (3.7) 12     (2.4) 76     (3.1) 12     (2.5) 11   (2.6) 56   (4.0) 33   (4.0) 9   (2.0) 58   (3.4) 32   (3.3) 9     (2.0) 59     (3.4) 33     (3.5)
France 19     (3.1) 61     (4.2) 20     (3.0)     (†)     (†)     (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 25   (2.8) 61   (3.1) 14   (2.0) 20     (2.5) 62     (3.6) 18     (3.0)
                                                                                                             
Germany 14     (2.3) 65     (3.3) 20     (2.4) 18     (2.5) 59     (3.4) 22     (3.2) 22   (2.9) 60   (3.2) 18   (2.5) 18   (2.7) 64   (3.3) 18   (2.6) 14     (2.6) 66     (3.6) 20     (3.2)
Greece 13     (2.7) 24     (3.7) 62     (4.3) 24     (4.4) 28     (4.6) 47     (5.4) 19   (3.3) 56   (4.2) 26   (3.3) 26   (3.5) 56   (3.9) 18   (2.8) 33     (3.4) 52     (4.1) 15     (2.9)
Hungary 38     (4.0) 44     (3.9) 19     (2.6) 47     (4.0) 39     (4.0) 14     (3.2) 34   (3.7) 48   (4.0) 18   (2.5) 36   (3.7) 47   (4.0) 17   (2.3) 26     (2.9) 52     (3.3) 22     (2.8)
Iceland 17     (0.2) 57     (0.2) 26     (0.2) 21     (0.1) 57     (0.2) 22     (0.2) 23   (0.2) 54   (0.2) 23   (0.2) 28   (0.2) 60   (0.2) 13   (0.2) 16     (0.2) 73     (0.3) 11     (0.2)
Ireland 15     (2.8) 54     (4.4) 31     (4.0) 15     (3.2) 62     (4.4) 23     (4.2) 19   (3.4) 52   (4.6) 29   (3.9) 27   (3.2) 53   (3.8) 19   (3.0) 21     (3.3) 66     (3.8) 12     (2.4)
                                                                                                             
Israel 17     (3.2) 57     (5.4) 27     (5.2)     (†)     (†)     (†) 28   (3.3) 53   (4.1) 19   (3.0) 28   (3.7) 52   (4.3) 19   (2.8) 20     (3.2) 62     (4.1) 19     (3.2)
Italy 45     (3.8) 36     (4.3) 19     (3.0) 38     (3.0) 45     (3.7) 17     (2.8) 27   (1.7) 54   (2.2) 19   (1.6) 33   (1.9) 51   (2.2) 16   (1.5) 27     (3.4) 60     (3.5) 13     (2.3)
Japan 20     (3.6) 51     (4.5) 29     (4.2) 11     (2.6) 57     (4.0) 32     (3.2) 19   (2.7) 58   (3.5) 24   (3.2) 14   (2.6) 69   (3.2) 18   (2.7) 16     (2.8) 66     (3.4) 18     (2.4)
Korea, Republic of 23     (3.8) 48     (4.6) 29     (4.4) 34     (4.3) 43     (4.3) 23     (3.6) 11   (2.9) 60   (4.7) 29   (4.3) 12   (2.6) 49   (4.1) 38   (3.8) 18     (2.9) 49     (3.8) 33     (3.2)
Latvia 32     (3.6) 54     (4.1) 13     (3.2) 21     (3.9) 65     (4.6) 14     (3.1) 19   (3.1) 63   (3.7) 18   (2.9) 16   (2.6) 63   (3.5) 21   (3.1) 14     (2.0) 58     (2.5) 28     (2.3)
                                                                                                             
Luxembourg 7     (#) 76     (#) 17     (#) 8     (#) 76     (0.1) 16     (0.1) 11   (0.1) 66   (0.1) 23   (0.1) 3   (0.0) 81   (0.1) 16   (0.1) 9     (0.1) 68     (0.1) 23     (0.1)
Mexico 35     (3.4) 49     (3.4) 16     (2.5) 38     (3.1) 49     (3.4) 13     (1.8) 37   (1.9) 53   (1.8) 10   (0.9) 35   (1.9) 55   (1.9) 10   (1.3) 26     (2.5) 63     (3.1) 11     (2.0)
Netherlands     (†)     (†)     (†) 11     (2.7) 61     (4.8) 28     (4.3) 15   (2.6) 63   (4.1) 22   (3.5) 16   (3.5) 61   (4.5) 22   (3.8) 8 ! 2  (3.1) 63   2  (4.9) 29   2  (4.8)
New Zealand 12     (2.2) 69     (3.0) 19     (2.7) 7     (1.8) 68     (3.4) 24     (3.1) 17   (2.1) 63   (3.0) 20   (2.6) 15   (2.8) 72   (3.5) 12   (2.7) 20     (2.9) 71     (3.2) 8     (1.9)
Norway 4 !   (1.5) 53     (3.6) 43     (3.5) 7     (1.9) 58     (3.8) 35     (3.8) 9   (2.0) 55   (3.3) 35   (3.4) 9   (2.2) 63   (3.6) 28   (3.2) 9     (2.2) 68     (3.5) 22     (3.0)
                                                                                                             
Poland 43     (5.1) 46     (5.3) 11     (3.1) 23     (3.4) 57     (3.7) 21     (3.2) 21   (3.2) 61   (3.5) 17   (2.6) 23   (3.4) 61   (3.7) 16   (3.3) 23     (3.3) 60     (4.2) 17     (3.1)
Portugal 14     (2.2) 54     (4.4) 33     (4.4) 14     (3.0) 70     (3.9) 16     (3.0) 21   (3.5) 55   (4.1) 24   (3.2) 18   (3.5) 52   (4.8) 31   (4.2) 11     (1.9) 58     (3.7) 31     (3.6)
Slovak Republic     (†)     (†)     (†) 37     (3.2) 51     (3.9) 12     (1.9) 17   (3.0) 62   (3.9) 21   (3.5) 16   (3.0) 52   (3.7) 32   (3.5) 21     (2.7) 55     (3.1) 24     (2.8)
Slovenia     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†) 22   (0.2) 52   (0.4) 26   (0.3) 29   (0.7) 61   (0.7) 10   (0.4) 31     (0.3) 51     (0.7) 18     (0.7)
Spain 17     (2.7) 55     (4.1) 28     (3.4) 21     (2.6) 45     (3.6) 34     (3.4) 21   (2.2) 51   (2.8) 28   (2.5) 19   (2.0) 58   (2.5) 24   (2.1) 13     (2.0) 61     (3.3) 26     (3.0)
                                                                                                             
Sweden 17     (2.9) 56     (3.8) 27     (3.6) 10     (2.0) 64     (3.5) 25     (3.4) 12   (2.3) 66   (3.5) 22   (3.1) 20   (2.7) 58   (3.5) 22   (3.2) 20     (2.8) 61     (3.7) 19     (3.1)
Switzerland 20     (2.9) 63     (3.5) 17     (2.8) 19     (3.1) 64     (3.2) 17     (3.6) 26   (2.9) 57   (3.0) 17   (2.3) 22   (2.9) 63   (3.4) 16   (2.4) 18     (2.7) 67     (3.9) 15     (3.3)
Turkey     (†)     (†)     (†) 24     (4.1) 38     (5.1) 37     (5.0) 12   (2.6) 17   (3.2) 71   (3.6) 27   (3.2) 53   (3.8) 21   (3.5) 16     (2.9) 61     (4.1) 23     (3.4)
United Kingdom     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†) 19   (2.5) 69   (3.4) 12   (2.4) 29   (3.6) 61   (3.6) 10   (1.6) 17     (2.6) 70     (3.2) 13     (2.3)
United States 9 ! 2  (3.5) 65   2  (5.3) 26   2  (4.3) 13   2  (2.6) 65   2  (3.3) 22   2  (2.8) 13   (2.5) 65   (3.5) 21   (3.0) 22   (3.6) 63   (4.1) 15   (3.0) 18     (3.1) 64     (3.8) 18     (3.2)
—Not available.                        
†Not applicable.                        
#Rounds to zero.  
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.  
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.  
1 Refers to the mean of the data values for all reporting Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, to which each country reporting data contributes equally. This table includes only the OECD countries.                        
2 The item response rate is below 85 percent. Missing data have not been explicitly accounted for.  
NOTE: Responses to the school questionnaire were provided by the principal or someone designated by the principal. The Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) has been conducted every 3 years since 2000. However, data on school environment were not collected in PISA 2006. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.  
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2000, 2003, 2009, 2012, and 2015. Retrieved September 20, 2017, from the International Data Explorer (https://nces.ed.gov/surveys/pisa/idepisa/). (This table was prepared September 2017.)  

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest