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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 602.90c. Percentage distribution of 15-year-old students, by extent to which their schools reported that student learning is hindered by student use of alcohol or illegal drugs and country: Selected years, 2000 through 2015
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Country 2000 2003 2009 2012 2015
Not at all Very little To some extent/a lot Not at all Very little To some extent/a lot Not at all Very little To some extent/a lot Not at all Very little To some extent/a lot Not at all Very little To some extent/a lot
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
OECD average1  54     (0.7) 37     (0.7) 9     (0.4) 51     (0.6) 39     (0.6) 10     (0.4) 50   (0.6) 41   (0.6) 9   (0.3) 53   (0.5) 41   (0.5) 6   (0.3) 45     (0.5) 47     (0.6) 9     (0.3)
Australia 48     (3.3) 48     (3.6) 4 !   (1.3) 37     (2.8) 57     (3.0) 6     (1.3) 49   (3.0) 48   (2.9) 4   (1.0) 49   (1.8) 46   (1.9) 4   (0.7) 34     (2.1) 58     (2.3) 8     (1.1)
Austria 56     (3.9) 38     (3.9) 6 !   (2.1) 59     (4.0) 33     (3.5) 9     (2.2) 59   (4.1) 38   (4.0) 3 ! (1.0) 60   (3.9) 35   (3.8) 6 ! (1.8) 60     (3.4) 29     (3.3) 11     (1.9)
Belgium 52     (3.3) 41     (3.5) 7     (1.7) 47     (3.1) 46     (3.4) 7     (1.9) 43   (2.7) 52   (3.0) 5 ! (1.5) 41   (3.0) 53   (3.0) 6   (1.5) 22     (2.5) 69     (3.0) 9     (1.7)
Canada 19     (1.6) 59     (2.2) 22     (1.8) 13     (1.4) 55     (2.2) 32     (2.1) 11   (1.3) 59   (2.2) 30   (2.1) 13   (1.6) 67   (2.2) 20   (1.9) 10     (1.7) 62     (2.6) 28     (2.5)
Chile 33     (3.7) 54     (4.2) 13     (2.8)     (†)     (†)     (†) 40   (3.8) 46   (4.4) 14   (2.7) 56   (3.8) 32   (3.9) 12   (2.6) 29     (3.2) 49     (4.2) 22     (3.4)
                                                                                                             
Czech Republic 76     (2.8) 22     (2.9) 2 !   (0.9) 59     (2.8) 39     (2.9) 2 !   (0.9) 47   (3.9) 49   (3.7) 5   (1.2) 64   (3.4) 34   (3.4)   (†) 57     (2.6) 38     (2.8) 5     (1.2)
Denmark 83     (2.9) 16     (2.9)     (†) 79     (3.2) 21     (3.1)     (†) 75   (3.1) 25   (3.1) #   (†) 75   (2.9) 22   (2.7) 3 ! (1.1) 70     (3.1) 27     (3.2) 3 !   (1.0)
Estonia     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†) 67   (3.5) 29   (3.3) 4 ! (1.4) 70   (2.5) 29   (2.5) 1   (#) 66     (2.3) 31     (2.2) 3 !   (1.1)
Finland 51     (4.2) 44     (4.1) 5 !   (1.9) 56     (3.8) 41     (3.7) 4 !   (1.6) 50   (4.1) 45   (3.8) 4 ! (1.7) 58   (3.6) 40   (3.7) 2 ! (0.7) 48     (4.3) 48     (4.2) 4 !   (1.4)
France 53     (3.6) 43     (3.9) 4 !   (1.7)     (†)     (†)     (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 35   (2.9) 52   (2.8) 12   (2.2) 19     (2.4) 56     (3.2) 25     (2.7)
                                                                                                             
Germany 48     (3.8) 48     (3.7) 4 !   (1.8) 45     (3.2) 46     (3.8) 9     (1.8) 46   (3.4) 47   (3.7) 7   (1.7) 46   (4.0) 53   (3.8)   (†) 28     (3.2) 61     (3.5) 10     (2.2)
Greece 38     (4.3) 4 !   (1.7) 57     (4.6) 66     (5.8)     (†) 31     (5.7) 77   (3.3) 15   (2.5) 8   (2.3) 75   (3.1) 17   (2.7) 8   (2.1) 71     (3.5) 24     (2.9) 5 !   (1.6)
Hungary 75     (3.5) 20     (3.5) 6     (1.7) 78     (3.0) 16     (2.6) 6 !   (2.0) 56   (4.1) 39   (4.1) 4 ! (1.5) 48   (3.8) 45   (4.0) 7   (1.9) 47     (4.1) 43     (3.7) 10     (2.3)
Iceland 48     (0.2) 37     (0.2) 15     (0.1) 57     (0.2) 38     (0.2) 5     (0.1) 65   (0.2) 25   (0.2) 10   (0.1) 69   (0.2) 27   (0.2) 4   (0.1) 56     (0.3) 42     (0.3) 1     (0.1)
Ireland 48     (4.3) 42     (4.1) 10     (2.7) 26     (3.8) 50     (4.7) 24     (4.0) 34   (4.5) 55   (5.0) 11   (3.1) 48   (3.4) 41   (3.8) 11   (2.6) 41     (3.8) 43     (3.9) 16     (3.2)
                                                                                                             
Israel 72   2  (5.6) 20   2  (5.3) 9   2  (2.3)     (†)     (†)     (†) 74   (3.4) 23   (3.3) 3 ! (1.4) 69   (3.7) 24   (3.5) 8   (1.9) 69     (3.4) 27     (3.0) 4 !   (1.6)
Italy 83     (3.1) 16     (3.0)     (†) 68     (3.0) 31     (3.0) 1 !   (0.3) 56   (1.9) 39   (1.9) 5   (0.8) 65   (2.0) 32   (2.0) 3   (0.7) 57     (3.7) 36     (3.7) 6 !   (1.8)
Japan 98     (1.6)     (†)     (†) 68     (4.0) 31     (4.0)     (†) 82   (2.8) 16   (2.6)   (†) 80   (2.6) 19   (2.5) 2 ! (0.8) 75     (3.3) 24     (3.2)     (†)
Korea, Republic of 91     (1.9) 7     (2.0)     (†) 78     (3.5) 9     (2.2) 13     (3.2) 56   (4.0) 36   (3.8) 8 ! (2.5) 60   (3.8) 33   (3.6) 7   (1.9) 43     (3.1) 44     (3.8) 14     (2.5)
Latvia 65     (5.2) 34     (5.3)     (†) 58     (4.1) 32     (4.2) 11     (2.7) 57   (4.0) 36   (3.9) 6 ! (2.0) 62   (3.7) 33   (3.6) 4 ! (1.5) 59     (2.5) 37     (2.4) 5     (1.2)
                                                                                                             
Luxembourg 17     (#) 71     (#) 12     (#) 19     (0.1) 73     (0.1) 9     (#) 41   (0.1) 54   (0.1) 5   (0.1) 20   (0.1) 79   (0.1) 1   (#) 16     (0.1) 84     (0.1)     (†)
Mexico 56     (4.0) 33     (3.8) 11     (2.6) 59     (3.3) 33     (3.4) 8     (1.1) 51   (1.8) 39   (1.9) 10   (1.3) 53   (2.0) 38   (2.1) 9   (1.2) 34     (2.7) 49     (3.1) 17     (2.1)
Netherlands     (†)     (†)     (†) 30     (4.1) 62     (4.6) 7 !   (2.9) 25   (3.5) 61   (4.1) 13   (2.4) 22   (3.4) 67   (4.1) 11   (2.6) 20   2  (4.6) 58   2  (5.5) 23   2  (4.2)
New Zealand 22     (3.0) 62     (3.7) 15     (2.5) 14     (1.9) 66     (2.8) 20     (2.4) 26   (2.5) 64   (3.0) 10   (2.2) 21   (2.9) 72   (3.5) 7 ! (2.3) 20     (3.0) 73     (3.2) 7     (1.4)
Norway 56     (4.3) 41     (4.2)     (†) 61     (3.8) 35     (3.5) 3 !   (1.4) 68   (3.5) 30   (3.5)   (†) 78   (2.6) 22   (2.6)   (†) 55     (3.6) 43     (3.7)     (†)
                                                                                                             
Poland 40     (4.5) 47     (4.5) 13     (3.3) 41     (3.8) 50     (3.8) 10     (2.3) 72   (3.7) 25   (3.5) 3 ! (1.2) 74   (3.3) 25   (3.4)   (†) 58     (3.6) 39     (3.8)     (†)
Portugal 58     (4.1) 39     (4.2)     (†) 41     (4.2) 57     (4.1) 3 !   (1.3) 53   (3.8) 44   (3.9) 3 ! (1.2) 46   (4.2) 46   (4.0) 8   (2.1) 35     (3.2) 57     (3.5) 8     (1.9)
Slovak Republic     (†)     (†)     (†) 81     (2.8) 15     (2.3) 4 !   (1.8) 69   (3.2) 28   (3.3)   (†) 71   (3.1) 28   (3.1)   (†) 69     (3.1) 27     (2.9) 4 !   (1.2)
Slovenia     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†) 27   (0.6) 61   (0.5) 12   (0.2) 28   (1.0) 66   (1.0) 6   (0.2) 27     (0.7) 65     (0.7) 9     (0.1)
Spain 75     (3.5) 20     (3.2) 5 !   (1.9) 62     (3.7) 34     (3.7) 5     (1.4) 56   (2.6) 39   (2.8) 5   (0.9) 67   (2.2) 29   (1.9) 4 ! (1.2) 54     (3.8) 43     (3.8)     (†)
                                                                                                             
Sweden 74     (3.6) 24     (3.4)     (†) 67     (3.4) 28     (3.1) 5 !   (1.6) 60   (3.9) 39   (3.8)   (†) 62   (3.6) 33   (3.5) 5 ! (1.7) 50     (3.5) 46     (3.6) 4 !   (1.4)
Switzerland 25     (2.6) 64     (3.2) 11     (2.3) 18     (3.2) 62     (3.9) 19     (2.8) 34   (3.5) 57   (3.6) 9   (1.9) 33   (3.7) 58   (3.8) 9   (2.0) 31     (3.1) 54     (4.0) 15     (3.0)
Turkey     (†)     (†)     (†) 67     (4.6) 10 !   (3.0) 22     (3.9) 26   (3.3) 5 ! (1.9) 69   (3.9) 80   (3.3) 15   (2.7) 6 ! (1.8) 70     (3.9) 25     (3.9) 4 !   (1.7)
United Kingdom     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†) 46   (3.6) 51   (3.8) 3 ! (1.1) 53   (3.2) 46   (3.2)   (†) 48     (3.8) 51     (3.8)     (†)
United States 14   2  (3.7) 69   2  (4.2) 17   2  (3.3) 17   2  (2.6) 62   2  (3.3) 21   2  (3.1) 17   (2.7) 63   (3.8) 21   (3.5) 16   (3.1) 67   (4.0) 17   (3.1) 13     (2.7) 68     (3.7) 19     (3.1)
—Not available.
†Not applicable.
#Rounds to zero.
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.
1 Refers to the mean of the data values for all reporting Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, to which each country reporting data contributes equally. This table includes only the OECD countries.                        
2 The item response rate is below 85 percent. Missing data have not been explicitly accounted for.  
NOTE: Responses to the school questionnaire were provided by the principal or someone designated by the principal. The Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) has been conducted every 3 years since 2000. However, data on school environment were not collected in PISA 2006. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.  
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2000, 2003, 2009, 2012, and 2015. Retrieved September 20, 2017, from the International Data Explorer (https://nces.ed.gov/surveys/pisa/idepisa/).(This table was prepared September 2017.)  

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest