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Digest of Education Statistics
2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest


Table 602.90a. Percentage distribution of 15-year-old students, by extent to which their schools reported that student learning is hindered by student absenteeism or truancy and country: Selected years, 2000 through 2015
[Standard errors appear in parentheses]
Country Learning hindered by student absenteeism Learning hindered by student truancy
2000 2003 2009 2012 2015
Not at all Very little To some extent/a lot Not at all Very little To some extent/a lot Not at all Very little To some extent/a lot Not at all Very little To some extent/a lot Not at all Very little To some extent/a lot
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
OECD average1 13     (0.4) 38     (0.7) 49     (0.7) 11     (0.4) 38     (0.7) 51     (0.7) 11   (0.4) 40   (0.6) 49   (0.5) 17   (0.4) 51   (0.6) 32   (0.5) 14     (0.4) 52     (0.6) 34     (0.5)
Australia 13     (1.6) 45     (3.4) 42     (3.4) 10     (1.9) 38     (3.1) 52     (2.8) 10   (1.6) 42   (3.0) 48   (2.5) 21   (1.7) 47   (2.1) 32   (1.6) 22     (1.7) 51     (1.9) 28     (1.3)
Austria 5     (1.4) 39     (3.7) 56     (3.6) 8     (2.1) 39     (4.1) 53     (4.0) 7 ! (2.2) 36   (4.2) 56   (4.2) 13   (2.6) 43   (3.9) 44   (3.9) 8     (1.7) 43     (3.3) 49     (3.3)
Belgium 36     (2.7) 38     (3.3) 26     (2.6) 27     (2.8) 40     (2.9) 34     (2.7) 29   (2.7) 40   (3.0) 31   (2.2) 24   (2.6) 45   (3.0) 30   (2.5) 15     (2.3) 55     (3.1) 29     (2.4)
Canada 4     (0.6) 39     (1.8) 57     (1.8) 4     (0.8) 30     (2.5) 65     (2.6) 4   (0.7) 27   (1.8) 69   (1.8) 4   (0.6) 35   (2.5) 61   (2.4) 6     (1.3) 39     (2.8) 56     (2.7)
Chile 14     (2.7) 44     (3.9) 42     (3.5)     (†)     (†)     (†) 11   (2.5) 32   (3.8) 57   (3.7) 35   (3.5) 48   (4.0) 17   (2.5) 28     (3.1) 54     (3.4) 18     (2.8)
                                                                                                             
Czech Republic 14     (3.2) 31     (3.1) 54     (3.7) 3 !   (1.0) 32     (3.1) 65     (3.2) 5 ! (1.8) 33   (3.3) 63   (3.5) 40   (3.4) 44   (3.7) 16   (2.5) 25     (2.1) 51     (2.8) 24     (2.2)
Denmark 22     (3.0) 58     (3.4) 20     (2.5) 10     (2.1) 51     (3.8) 39     (3.7) 15   (2.7) 47   (3.8) 38   (3.5) 8   (2.3) 58   (3.6) 33   (3.5) 13     (2.3) 51     (3.3) 36     (2.6)
Estonia     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†) 9   (1.7) 42   (3.3) 50   (3.3) 12   (2.0) 51   (3.1) 36   (2.7) 11     (2.0) 52     (2.8) 37     (2.6)
Finland     (†) 26     (3.8) 73     (3.9)     (†) 42     (3.7) 56     (3.7)   (†) 26   (3.6) 73   (3.6) 4 ! (1.5) 48   (3.7) 48   (3.5) 4 !   (1.3) 52     (4.2) 44     (3.8)
France 25     (3.2) 47     (3.8) 28     (3.8)     (†)     (†)     (†)   (†)   (†)   (†) 16   (2.0) 46   (3.4) 38   (3.1) 7     (1.9) 46     (3.5) 46     (3.7)
                                                                                                             
Germany 14     (2.5) 52     (3.1) 35     (3.1) 16     (3.1) 49     (4.1) 35     (3.0) 27   (2.9) 50   (3.9) 23   (3.2) 17   (2.8) 63   (3.2) 20   (2.4) 9     (1.9) 68     (3.7) 23     (3.1)
Greece 3 !   (1.3) 14     (3.3) 83     (3.5) 6 !   (2.3) 28     (4.9) 66     (5.6) 13   (2.7) 49   (4.4) 39   (4.2) 14   (2.7) 56   (3.8) 31   (3.5) 13     (2.3) 61     (3.5) 26     (3.1)
Hungary 6 !   (1.9) 34     (3.3) 60     (3.7) 8     (1.9) 36     (3.2) 56     (3.3) 15   (3.2) 33   (3.6) 52   (3.7) 37   (3.2) 42   (3.5) 21   (2.3) 34     (3.0) 43     (3.5) 23     (2.5)
Iceland 9     (0.1) 43     (0.2) 48     (0.2) 24     (0.2) 38     (0.2) 38     (0.2) 19   (0.2) 55   (0.3) 26   (0.2) 29   (0.2) 64   (0.3) 7   (0.2) 24     (0.2) 58     (0.3) 18     (0.2)
Ireland 3 !   (1.4) 29     (4.4) 68     (4.4) 5 !   (1.9) 32     (4.4) 63     (4.4) 7 ! (2.4) 32   (3.8) 61   (4.0) 7   (1.9) 46   (3.8) 47   (4.0) 7 !   (2.2) 41     (4.1) 51     (4.1)
                                                                                                             
Israel 6 !   (1.9) 22     (3.7) 72     (4.1)     (†)     (†)     (†) 7   (2.0) 39   (4.0) 54   (3.7) 8   (2.0) 44   (3.8) 47   (3.9) 5     (1.4) 46     (4.3) 49     (4.3)
Italy 8 !   (2.4) 27     (3.5) 65     (3.9) 7     (1.7) 25     (3.1) 68     (3.3) 11   (1.3) 39   (2.1) 49   (1.7) 18   (1.8) 47   (2.1) 35   (2.0) 11     (2.1) 54     (3.3) 36     (3.1)
Japan 19     (3.1) 42     (4.1) 39     (4.3) 15     (3.2) 46     (4.4) 39     (3.8) 15   (2.5) 52   (3.6) 33   (3.1) 34   (3.5) 56   (3.7) 10   (2.0) 22     (2.8) 64     (3.0) 14     (2.3)
Korea, Republic of 61     (3.2) 20     (3.1) 20     (2.7) 64     (3.9) 18     (3.2) 17     (3.0) 31   (3.3) 48   (4.2) 21   (3.9) 25   (3.6) 47   (3.9) 28   (3.7) 21     (3.0) 55     (4.0) 24     (3.1)
Latvia     (†) 28     (3.8) 67     (4.7)     (†) 19     (3.5) 79     (3.4) 5 ! (1.8) 27   (3.5) 68   (3.5) 8   (2.0) 43   (3.6) 49   (3.2) 4     (1.0) 52     (2.9) 44     (2.8)
                                                                                                             
Luxembourg 7     (#) 52     (0.2) 41     (0.2) 13     (0.0) 48     (0.1) 39     (0.1) 13   (0.1) 47   (0.1) 40   (0.1) 8   (0.1) 65   (0.1) 27   (0.1) 8     (0.1) 42     (0.1) 50     (0.1)
Mexico 6     (1.7) 41     (4.3) 53     (4.2) 10     (1.8) 46     (3.1) 44     (2.9) 12   (1.2) 48   (1.9) 40   (1.9) 11   (1.2) 51   (1.9) 38   (1.8) 6     (1.3) 47     (3.2) 48     (3.2)
Netherlands     (†)     (†)     (†) 9     (2.4) 47     (4.6) 43     (4.3) 8   (2.1) 58   (4.3) 34   (4.1) 10   (2.7) 65   (3.9) 25   (2.9) 5 ! 2  (2.3) 66   2  (4.7) 28   2  (4.4)
New Zealand 7     (1.8) 42     (3.4) 51     (3.2) 4 !   (1.3) 32     (3.0) 63     (2.9) 9   (1.5) 37   (2.8) 54   (2.6) 9   (2.1) 49   (3.7) 42   (3.3) 11     (1.6) 48     (3.3) 41     (3.4)
Norway 13     (2.8) 52     (3.8) 36     (3.5) 6 !   (1.8) 57     (3.9) 37     (3.7) 7   (2.0) 57   (3.5) 37   (3.4) 19   (2.7) 61   (3.5) 20   (2.8) 18     (2.6) 62     (4.0) 20     (3.3)
                                                                                                             
Poland 6 !   (2.5) 34     (4.6) 60     (5.0) 4 !   (1.6) 49     (3.8) 47     (3.6) 5 ! (1.6) 35   (3.7) 61   (3.8) 16   (2.3) 56   (4.1) 28   (3.8) 17     (2.7) 56     (3.9) 27     (3.4)
Portugal 6 !   (2.1) 32     (4.1) 62     (4.0) 5 !   (1.6) 33     (3.9) 61     (4.1) 14   (2.9) 43   (3.8) 44   (3.5) 17   (3.4) 50   (4.0) 33   (3.5) 10     (1.9) 49     (3.7) 41     (3.5)
Slovak Republic     (†)     (†)     (†) 4 !   (1.4) 34     (3.3) 61     (3.3) 6 ! (1.9) 26   (3.6) 68   (3.7) 18   (2.4) 47   (3.7) 35   (3.3) 24     (2.6) 45     (3.1) 32     (2.8)
Slovenia     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†) 4   (0.2) 26   (0.5) 71   (0.5) 3   (0.3) 43   (0.6) 54   (0.5) 4     (0.3) 43     (0.5) 53     (0.5)
Spain 29     (3.4) 34     (3.7) 37     (3.3) 20     (2.8) 36     (3.8) 44     (3.2) 23   (2.1) 44   (2.2) 33   (2.5) 32   (2.4) 48   (3.5) 20   (2.4) 25     (2.7) 48     (3.8) 27     (3.1)
                                                                                                             
Sweden 7     (2.0) 50     (4.3) 43     (4.2) 5 !   (1.6) 46     (4.2) 48     (4.1) 7 ! (2.1) 41   (3.4) 51   (3.8) 9   (1.9) 62   (3.5) 29   (3.3) 11     (2.1) 61     (4.0) 27     (3.5)
Switzerland 23     (3.1) 51     (4.0) 26     (3.3) 20     (2.5) 53     (4.4) 27     (4.2) 23   (3.5) 50   (3.7) 27   (3.2) 20   (3.2) 62   (3.3) 18   (2.6) 17     (2.4) 55     (3.8) 27     (3.2)
Turkey     (†)     (†)     (†) 5 !   (1.9) 25     (4.3) 70     (4.6)   (†) 11   (2.4) 86   (2.7)   (†) 35   (3.2) 63   (3.2)     (†) 47     (4.0) 51     (3.8)
United Kingdom     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†)     (†) 7   (0.9) 55   (2.9) 38   (2.8) 29   (2.8) 63   (3.1) 8   (1.7) 27     (3.2) 63     (3.5) 10     (2.2)
United States     (†) 38   2  (4.3) 58   2  (4.2) 4 ! 2  (1.3) 27   2  (3.0) 69   2  (3.1) 4 ! (1.7) 39   (3.9) 56   (3.8) 14   (2.6) 45   (4.1) 40   (3.8) 8     (1.9) 46     (3.5) 46     (3.2)
—Not available.                        
†Not applicable.                        
#Rounds to zero.  
!Interpret data with caution. The coefficient of variation (CV) for this estimate is between 30 and 50 percent.  
‡Reporting standards not met. Either there are too few cases for a reliable estimate or the coefficient of variation (CV) is 50 percent or greater.  
1 Refers to the mean of the data values for all reporting Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries, to which each country reporting data contributes equally. This table includes only the OECD countries.  
2 The item response rate is below 85 percent. Missing data have not been explicitly accounted for.  
NOTE: This table is based on a question that changed in 2012. Prior to 2012, the question asked about learning being hindered by "student absenteeism." Since 2012, the question has referred to "student truancy." Responses to the school questionnaire were provided by the principal or someone designated by the principal. The Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) has been conducted every 3 years since 2000. However, data on school environment were not collected in PISA 2006. Detail may not sum to totals because of rounding.  
SOURCE: Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), Program for International Student Assessment (PISA), 2000, 2003, 2009, 2012, and 2015. Retrieved September 20, 2017, from the International Data Explorer (https://nces.ed.gov/surveys/pisa/idepisa/). (This table was prepared September 2017.)  

2018 Tables and Figures All Years of Tables and Figures Most Recent Full Issue of the Digest